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A LETTER From the Lord General Cromwel, Concerning the Rendition of the Caſtle of Edinburgh To his Excellency on ARTICLES.

Together with the Paſſages between His Excellency and the Governor in order hereunto, and the ARTICLES upon which the ſame were Surrendered, and a Liſt of the Ordnance and Ammunition therein.

ORdered by the Parliament, That the Letter ſent from the General from Edinburgh, dated the 24. Decem. 1650. Together with the ſeveral Papers therein incloſed; together with the Articles for the Rendition of the Caſtle of Edin­burgh; and the Liſt of the Ordnance and Ammunition taken there, be forthwith printed and publiſhed.

Hen: Scobell, Cleric. Parliamenti.

London, Printed by Edward Husband and John Field, Prin­ters to the Parliament of England, 1650.


IT hath pleaſed God to cauſe the Caſtle of Edinburgh to be ſurrendred into our hands this day about Eleven a clock: I thought fit to give you ſuch account thereof as I could, and the ſhortneſs of time would permit. I ſent a Summons to the Caſtle upon the Twelfth inſtant, which occaſioned ſeveral exchanges of Returns and Replies; which for their unuſualneſs I alſo thought fit humbly to preſent to you. In­deed the Mercy is very great and ſeaſonable. I think I need ſay little of the ſtrength of the place, which if it had not come as it did, would have coſt very much Blood to have attained, if at all to be attained, and did tye up your Army to that inconvenience, that little or nothing could have been attempted whileſt this was in Deſign, or little fruit had of any thing brought into your power by your Army hitherto without it. I muſt needs ſay, not any skill or wiſdom of ours, but the good hand of God hath given you this place. I believe all Scotland hath not in it ſo much Braſs Ordnance as this place. I ſend you here incloſed a Liſt thereof, and of the Arms and Ammunition, ſo well as they could be taken on4 a ſudden. Not having more at preſent to trouble you with, I take leave, and reſt,

Your moſt humble Servant, O. Cromwel.

A Copy of the Summons to the Governor of Edinburgh Caſtle.


WE being now reſolved (by Gods aſſiſtance) to make uſe of ſuch means as he hath put into our hands towards the reducing of Edinburgh Caſtle, I thought fit to ſend you this Summons. What the grounds of our relation to the Glory of God, and the common Intereſt of his people, we have often expreſſed in our Papers tendred to publique view; To which though credit hath not been given by men, yet the Lord hath been pleaſed to bear a gracious and favorable Teſtimony; and hath not onely kept us conſtant to our Profeſ­ſions, and in our Affections to ſuch as fear the Lord in this Nation, but hath unmasked others of their Pretences, as appears by the preſent Tranſactions at St. Johnſtons. Let the Lord diſ­poſe your Reſolutions as ſeemeth good to him; my ſenſe of Duty preſſeth me for the end afore­ſaid,5 and to avoid the effuſion of more Blood, to Demand the rendring or this place to me upon fit Conditions. To which expecting your Anſwer this day, I reſt,

Your Servant, O. Cromwel.
For the Governor of Edinburgh Caſtle, theſe.
My Lord,

I Am intruſted by the Eſtates of Scotland with this place; and being ſworn not to deliver it to any without their Warrant, I have no power to diſpoſe thereof by my ſelf. I do therefore deſire the ſpace of Ten days, wherein I may conveniently acquaint the ſaid Eſtates, and receive their Anſwer, and for this effect your ſafe Conduct for the imployed in the Meſſage: Upon the receipt of their Anſwer, you ſhall have the reſolute Anſwer of

My Lord,
Your moſt humble Servant, VV. Dundas.

IT concerns not me to know your Obligations to thoſe that truſt you: I make no queſtion the Apprehenſions you have of your Abilities to reſiſt thoſe Impreſſions which ſhall be made upon you, are the natural and equitable Rules of all Mens Judgements and Conſciences in your condition, except you had taken an Oath beyond a poſſibility, I leave that to your conſideration, and ſhall not ſeek to conteſt with your Thoughts; onely I think it may become me to let you know, you may have honorable Terms for your ſelf, and thoſe with you; and both your ſelf, and the Soldiers, have ſatisfacti­on to all your reaſonable Deſires; and thoſe that have other Imployments, Liberty and Protection in the exerciſe of them. But to deal plainly with you, I will not give liberty to you to conſult your Committee of Eſtates, becauſe I hear, thoſe that are honeſt amongſt them enjoy not ſatisfaction, and the reſt are now diſcovered to ſeek another Intereſt then they have formerly pretended to: And if you deſire to be informed of this, you may by them you dare truſt at a nearer diſtance then Saint John­ſtons. Expecting your preſent Anſwer, I reſt

Your Servant O. C.
For the Governor of Edinburgh Caſtle, theſe.
My Lord,

IT much concerneth me to conſider my Obligations, to be found faithful in the Truſt committed to me; and therefore in the fear of the living God, and of his great Name, called upon in the accepting of my Truſt, I do again preſs the Liberty of acquainting the Eſtates, the time is but ſhort, and I do expect it as anſwerable to your profeſsion of Affection to thoſe that fear the Lord; in the mean time I am willing to bear Information of late proceedings from ſuch as he dare truſt, who is

My Lord, Your humble Servant VV. Dundas.

BEcauſe of your ſtrict and ſolemn Admiration of me in the Fear and Name of the Living God, that I give you time to ſend to the Committee of Eſtates, to whom you undertook the keeping of this place, under the Obligation of an Oath, as you affirm. I cannot but hope, that it is your Conſci­ence and not Policy, carrying you to that Deſire: The granting of which, if it be prejudicial to our Affairs, I am as much obliged in Conſcience not to do, as you can pretend cauſe for your Conſci­ence ſake to deſire it. Now conſidering our merci­ful and wiſe God bindes not his people to Actions ſo croſs one to another, but that our bands may be8 as I am perſwaded they are, through our miſtakes and darkneſs, not onely in the Queſtion about the ſurrendering of this Caſtle, but alſo in all the pre­ſent Differences, I have ſo much reaſon to believe that by a Conference you may be ſo well ſatisfied in point of Fact of your States (to whom you ſay you are obliged) carrying on an Intereſt deſtructive and contrary to what they profeſſed when they committed that Truſt to you, having made to de­part from them many honeſt men through fear of their own Safety, and making way for the Recepti­on of profeſt Malignants, both in their Parliament and Army; but alſo may have laid before you ſuch grounds of our Ends and Aims, to the preſervation of the Intereſt of honeſt men in Scotland as well as England, as will (if God vouchſafe to appear in them) give your Conſcience ſatisfaction. Which if you refuſe, I hope you will not have cauſe to ſay, That we are unmindful of the great Name of the Lord, which you have mentioned; nor that we are wanting to Anſwer our Profeſſions of Affection to thoſe that fear the Lord. I am willing to ceaſe Hoſtility for ſome hours or convenient time, to ſo good an end as Information of Judgement and Satisfaction of Conſcience, although I may not give Liberty for the time deſired, to ſend to the Committee of Eſtates, and at all ſtay the proſecu­tion of my attempt. Expecting your ſudden An­ſwer, I reſt

Your Servant O. C.
My Lord,

WHat I preſſed in my laſt proceeded from Con­ſcience, and not from Policy; and I con­ceived, That the few days deſired, could not be of ſuch prejudice to your Affairs, as to bar the deſired expreſsion of profeſſed affection towards thoſe that fear the Lord. And I expected, That a ſmall de­lay of our own Affairs ſhould not have preponderate the ſatisfaction of a deſire preſſed in ſo ſerious and ſolemn a maner for ſatisfying Conſcience. But if you will needs perſiſt in denyal, I ſhall deſire to hear the Information of late proceedings from ſuch as I dare truſt, and have had occaſion to know the certainty of things; ſuch I hope you will permit to come alongſt at the firſt conveniency, and during that time all acts of Hoſtility, and proſecution of Attempts be forborn on both ſides, I am,

My Lord,
Your humble Servant, VV. Dundas.

YOu will give me leave to be ſenſible of De­lays out of Conſcience of Duty. If you pleaſe to name any you would ſpeak with now in Town, they ſhall have liberty to come and ſpeak with you for one hour, if they will; provided10 you ſend preſently. I expect there be no loſs of time. I reſt,

Decemb. 14. 1650.
Your Servant, O. C.
To the Governor of Edinburgh Caſtle, theſe.

HAving acquainted the Gentlemen with your deſire to ſpeak with them, and they making ſome difficulty of it, have deſired me to ſend you this encloſed. I reſt,

Decemb. 14. 1650.
Your Servant, O. C.
Right Honorable,

WE now hearing that you was deſirous to ſpeak with us, for your information of the poſture of Affairs, we would be glad, and we think you make no doubt of it, to be refreſhing or uſeful to you in any thing; but the matter is of ſo high concernment, eſpecially ſince it may be you will learn ſomewhat upon our information, in managing that important Truſt put upon you, that we dare not take upon us to meddle. Ye may therefore do as ye finde your ſelves clear, and in capacity, and the Lord be with you. We are

Your Honors humble Servants, M. Jaffray. Mr. Jo: Cuſtaires.
To the Right Honorable, the Governor of Edinburgh Caſtle, theſe.
My Lord,

I Expreſſed that Conſcience which you pretended to be your Motive that did induce you to Summon this Houſe, before you did attempt any thing againſt it, ſhould alſo have moved you to have expected my An­ſwer to your demand of the Houſe, which I could not out of Conſcience ſuddenly give, without mature Deliberation, it being a buſineſs of ſuch high Im­portance, you having refuſed that little time which I did demand, to the effect I might receive the Com­mands of them that did intruſt me with this place; and yet not daring to fulfil your deſire, I do demand ſuch a competent time as may be condeſcended upon betwixt us; within which, if no relief come, I ſhall ſurrender this place upon ſuch honorable Con­ditions as can be agreed upon by Capitulation: And during which time, all acts of Hoſtility, and proſe­cution of Attempts on both ſides may be forborn. I am

My Lord,
Your humble Servant VV. Dundas.

ALl that I have to ſay is ſhortly this, That if you will ſend out Commiſſioners by Eleven a Clock this Night, throughly Inſtructed and Au­thorized12 to Treat and Conclude, you may have Terms honorable and ſafe to you; and thoſe whoſe Intereſts are concerned in the things that are with you, I ſhall give a ſafe conduct to ſuch whoſe names you ſhall ſend within the time limited, and order to forbear ſhooting at their coming forth, and going in: To this I expect your Anſwer within one hour, and reſt

Your Servant O. C.
For the Governor of Edinburgh Caſtle, theſe.
My Lord,

I Have thought upon their two Gentlemen, whoſe names are here mentioned, to wit, Major Andrew Abernathy, and Captain Robert Henderſon, whom I purpoſe to ſend out inſtructed, in order to the carry­ing on of the Capitulation; therefore expects a ſafe Conduct for them with this Bearer. I reſt

My Lord,
Your humble Servant VV. Dundas.

I Have here incloſed, ſent you a ſafe conduct for the coming forth and return of the Gentlemen you deſire, and have appointed and authorized Colonel Monk, and Lieutenant Colonel White, to meet with your Commiſſioners at the Houſe in the ſafe conduct mentioned, there to Treat and con­clude of the Capitulation on my part. I reſt

Your Servant O. C.
For the Governor of Edinburgh Caſtle, theſe.

YOu are on ſight hereof to ſuffer Major Andrew Abernathy and Captain Robert Henderſon, to come forth of Edinburgh Caſtle to the Houſe of Maſter_____Wallace in Edinburgh, and to re­turn back into the ſaid Caſtle, without any trouble or moleſtation.

To all Officers and Soldiers under my command.

YOu are hereby authorized and fully inabled as Commiſsioners on my behalf, to Treat with and conclude upon ſuch Articles as to you ſhall ſeem meet14 with the Commiſsioners appointed by Dundas Eſquire, now Governor of the Caſtle of Edinburgh, for the ſurrender of the ſame. And what Agree­ment you ſhall make herein, I do by theſe Preſents pro­miſe to ratifie, and make good.

O. C.
To Colonel Monk, and Lieutenant Colonel White.

December 19. 1650. Articles Treated of, Concluded and Agreed upon by Major Andrew Abernathy and Captain Ro­bert Henderſon, on the one part, on the behalf of Walter Dundas Eſq Governor of the Caſtle of Edinburgh; And by Colonel George Monk and Lieutenant Colonel Francis White, on the other part, on the behalf of His Excellency the Lord General Cromwel, For the Rendition of the ſaid Caſtle, according to the Articles en­ſuing:

I. THat the Caſtle of Edinburgh, with the Ca­non, Arms, Ammunition, Magazine, and Furniture of War, Except what ſhall be excepted in the enſuing Articles, be rendred to his Excel­lency the Lord General Cromwel, or whom he ſhall appoint, on Tueſday next, being the Four and twentieth of this preſent December, by Twelve of15 the clock, without wilful ſpoil or embezlement.

II. That the publique Regiſters, publique Moveables, private Evidences and Writs, be tranſ­ported to Fife or Sterling; and that Waggons and Ships may be provided for the tranſporting of them.

III. That for all the Goods in the Caſtle be­longing to any perſon whatſoever, an Edict may be proclaimed to the people about Edinburgh, To come own and receive their own; and if any be at a far diſtance or dead, a place may be provided in the Town of Edinburgh for keeping the ſame until they be owned; and after owning, may have liberty to carry them where they pleaſe.

IV. That all perſons whatſoever, not belong­ing to the Gariſon, as Men, Women and children, may have liberty to go whither they will without trouble, and there have the free execiſe of their callings and imployments, with ſafety both of themſelves and goods.

V. That the Governor of the ſaid Caſtle, and all Military Officers, Commanders and Soldiers, of whatſoever condition, none excepted, may de­part without any moleſtation, with their Arms and Baggage, with Drum beating, Colours flying, Matches lighted at both ends, and Ball in their Mouthes, as they uſually are wont to march, and all their Goods, with a free conduct to Brant-Iſland in Fife; or if any of the aforeſaid perſons deſire to tranſport themſelves or goods any where elſe for their greater convenience, it may be with freedom granted.


VI. That all Officers and Soldiers, as well ſick as hurt, ſhall have free liberty to remain in Edinburgh till they recover, and to enjoy the bene­fit of theſe Articles

VII. That a number of Horſes and Waggons, as many as the Governor ſhall need for his own par­ticular uſe, as alſo for the Officers and Soldiers, ſhall be lent them for the carrying of the foreſaid Baggage to the aforeſaid places.

VIII. That Captain Lieutenant Colonel Lerr, Lieutenant Stratten, Thomas Binney Gunner, and Patrick Summeral Gunner, be ſent to his Excellency the Lord General Cromwel this preſent Thurſday by Twelve of the clock, for Hoſtages for the per­formance of the fore-written Articles; And that the General ſhall keep Sentinels about the Caſtle under the Rock.

I do approve, ratifie and confirm the Articles above-writen, W. DUNDAS. And. Abirnethy. R. Henderſon.

A Liſt of the Ordnance, &c. in the Caſtle.

Braſs Pieces.

5 French Canons, or Canons of 7. 9 Dutch half Canon or 24l ders. 2 Culverings. 2 Demi-Culverings. 2 Minion. 3 3l ders. 2 Falcons. 28 Braſs Drakes, called Monkeys.

Iron Guns.

The great Iron Murderer called Muckle Megg. 4 Iron Ordnance. 10 Iron Drakes called Monkeys.

2 P••ards.

About 7 or 8000 Arms Between 3 and Fourſcore Barrels of Powder. Great ſtore of Canon ſhot.


About this transcription

TextA letter from the Lord General Cromwel, concerning the rendition of the Castle of Edinburgh to his Excellency on articles. Together with the passages between His Excellency and the Governor in order hereunto, and the articles upon which the same were surrendered, and a list of the ordnance and ammunition therein. Die Martis, 31 Decembr. 1650. Ordered by the Parliament, that the letter sent from the General from Edinburgh, dated the 24 Decem. 1650. Together with the several papers therein inclosed; together with the articles for the rendition of the Castle of Edinburgh; and the list of the ordnance and ammunition taken there, be forthwith printed and published. Hen: Scobell, Cleric. Parliamenti.
AuthorCromwell, Oliver, 1599-1658..
Extent Approx. 21 KB of XML-encoded text transcribed from 9 1-bit group-IV TIFF page images.
SeriesEarly English books online.
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(EEBO-TCP ; phase 2, no. A80924)

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About the source text

Bibliographic informationA letter from the Lord General Cromwel, concerning the rendition of the Castle of Edinburgh to his Excellency on articles. Together with the passages between His Excellency and the Governor in order hereunto, and the articles upon which the same were surrendered, and a list of the ordnance and ammunition therein. Die Martis, 31 Decembr. 1650. Ordered by the Parliament, that the letter sent from the General from Edinburgh, dated the 24 Decem. 1650. Together with the several papers therein inclosed; together with the articles for the rendition of the Castle of Edinburgh; and the list of the ordnance and ammunition taken there, be forthwith printed and published. Hen: Scobell, Cleric. Parliamenti. Cromwell, Oliver, 1599-1658., England and Wales. Parliament.. 16 p. Printed by Edward Husband and John Field, printers to the Parlaiment of England,London :1650.. (Reproduction of the original in the British Library.)
  • Edinburgh Castle (Edinburgh, Scotland) -- Early works to 1800.
  • Scotland -- History -- 1649-1660 -- Early works to 1800.
  • Great Britain -- History -- Commonwealth and Protectorate, 1649-1660 -- Early works to 1800.

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