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CULPEPERS LAST LEGACY: Left and bequeathed to his deareſt Wife, for the publicke good, BEING The Choiceſt and moſt profitable of thoſe Se­crets which while he lived were lockt up in his Breaſt, and reſolved never to be publiſht till after his Death.

CONTAINING Sundry admirable Experiences in ſeverall Sciences, more eſpecially, in Chyrurgery, and Phyſick, Viz.

Compounding of Medicines, Making of Wa­ters, Syrrups, Oyles, Electurries, Conſerves, Salts, Pils, Purges and Trochiſchs.

With two particular Treatiſes; the one of Feavers; the other of Pestilence; as alſo other rare and choice Aphoriſms fitted to the underſtanding of the meaneſt Capacities.

Never publiſht before in any of his other Works.

By NICHOLAS CULPEPER, late Student in Aſtrology and Phyſick.

Printed for N. Brooke at the Angell in Cornhill, 1655.

WORTHY READERS,

My Works have hither to been ſo well knowne unto you, and have merited ſuch juſt applauſe in the world, though envyed by ſome il­literate Phyſitians, that I am the more confident to goe on doing that good which you have received by my former Labours. Viz. 1. Diſpenſatory. 2. Engliſh Phyſitian. 3. That incomparable peece of Se­miotica Uranica enlarged. 4. Cataſtrophe Magnatum. 5. Directory for Midwifes, &c.

This my laſt Peece the reſerve of all the reſt, I had never thought to have publiſhed, till now finding indiſpoſition of body to be ſuch as that I have no other way left to conti­nue my owne fame, and that happy gratitude which I owe to my Country, but by publiſhing theſe my laſt Remaines, which I have left to my d••reſt Wf〈◊〉my Legacy, being the choiceſt Secrets which I lockt up in my breaſt, and never made knowne in any of my former Workes.

And now Reader, to ſpeak more fully in the praiſe of you, be confident what thou haſt here, is what I have gained by my conſtant practice and by which I have obtained a continuall reputation in the World, not doubting but you will receive that ſatisfaction and advantage which I was ever aſſured of my ſelfe; and now if it ſhall pleaſe Heaven to put a Period to My Life and ſtudies, that I muſt bid all things under the Sun farewell: farewell my deareſt wife and Child; farewell Arts and Sciences; farewell all Worldly glories, Adiu Readers.

Nicholas Culpeper.
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CHAPTER I. Of HEAD-ACH in general, with its ſeveral Names and Kinds.

Three ſorts of pain in the head.OF Head-aches or pains in the head ſimply; there are three ſorts,〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉in Greek in Latin Capitis dolor, in Engliſh the Head-ach.

The ſecond is called in Greek〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉,〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 in La­tin Cephalaia, in Engliſh, a continued or inveterate Headach. 〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉.

The third is called in Greek〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉,〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 in Latin Hemicranium, in Engliſh the Megrim,

The two former poſſeſſe the whole head, the lat­ter only the one halfe of it.

By head I meane in all this treatiſe, onely the ſcalpe or ſo much onely of the Head as is covered with haire.

I queſtion whether all inter­nal pains in the head af­flict the eyes, but only ſuch whoſe ſeat is near the optique nerves.And here is pain ingendred ſometimes without the ſcul, ſometimes within, If it lie within the ſcull, there is paine at the roots of the eyes, by reaſon of the immediate influence from thence to the braine; if without the ſcull there is no pain there.

The firſt ſort of headach, called〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉co­meth of diverſe cauſes, as heat, cold, drineſſe, blood, choler, wind, vapor from the ſtomack, drunkenneſſe, feavers, each of which to diſcourſe of, will require a ſeveral Chapter.

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Severall ſorts of〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉.CHAPT. II. Of the Headach〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉coming of heat.

〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉comming of heat.BY Heat I mean only a hot diſtemper without any kind of moiſture or humour. It is cauſed for the moſt part by the vehement heat of the Sun; note, that it is extream hurtfull to the braine, to ſtand bareheaded in the Sun. The cauſe. It is alſo cauſed by immoderate running, jogging or moving; eſpecially to ſuch as are not uſed to it, though it be moſt perillous to thoſe that are uſed to it; it is cauſed alſo by being long near the fire, through anger and furiouſneſſe, and by hot diſeaſes, and ſmels of hot things.

The Signs of headach coming by heat; are be­ſides immoderate pain,Signes. you ſhall feele their Head burning hot when you touch it, their skin dryer then it was wont to be, their eyes looke red, they ſleep little or not at all, and are delighted by ſprin­kling or anointing their head with cold things, and find eaſe by it; other cauſes may be known by the relation of the Patient.

Cautions for the ſicke.Let the air and Chamber where the ſick abideth, be cold by nature, or elſe you muſt make it ſo by art, as by keeping it continually waſhed, by ſtrew­ing there flowers and herbs, and branches of trees that are of a cold nature,Aire. as Roſes, Violets, Water­lillies, Vine-leaves, Bryer-boughs, Willow boughs, Endive, Succory, or the like, alſo to poure water out of one Veſſell into another, near him, to let him ſmell to Noſe-gayes of cold flowers.

Great heed muſt be taken that the Patient ſleep well,Sleepe. yea more than he uſually was wont to do; if3 he ſleep not well as moſt labouring of this diſeaſe do not, provoke him to ſleepe with Diaſcordium; if that will not doe, uſe Laudanum, two grains; if that will not doe, uſe three grains, encreaſing it till it come to ſix; if he ſleep not ſooner, let his Chamber be quiet, free from noiſe and wrangling, for that cauſeth perturbation of mind.

Let his meat be but little,Meat. and let that little be of good digeſtion, as chickens, birds that delight in Mountains and dry places, rabbets, &c. let it be dreſſed with cold herbs, as lettice, endive, purſlain, and verjuyce; alſo Almond-milke, Pomgranates, Raiſons of the Sun,Drinke. I doubt water is not ſo good in cold coun­tries. I think a cool julip were bet­ter. and ripe Pears are wholſome for him; but let him avoid Milk and all other meats of a dilative quality, for they ſend vapors into the head, and are hurtfull for him.

Let his drink be water, in which a little Cinna­mon hath been boyled, or in which ſyrrope of the juyce of Succory, or the juyce of Pomgranates or Lemons is put.

Let him eſchew carnal copulation, exerciſes, and baths, all perturbations of the mind, eſpecially an­ger,Directions negative. Affirma­tive Perfumes. Vnction. If cauſe the diſeaſe you had better uſe vervain ga­thered in the houre of take this as a generall rule. all things that are binding, all things that cauſe ſtupefaction, as crude opium, Mandrakes, Hen­bane, Poppeys, Nightſhade; thoſe things that bind much, though they coole, muſt alſo be avoyded, as juyce of Quinces, Medlers, &c.

Let the ſick ſmell to roſe water mixed with vi­neger, and often ſnuffe ſome of it up into his noſe. Let alſo his forehead, temples, and that part of his head where the paine lies moſt, be anoynted with oyle of fleabane. Let the fleabane be gathered in the houre of Mars, he being (if it be poſſible) in Aries, in a good aſpect to the Moone. So will the infirmity be the eaſier and more ſpeedily cured.

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Have a ſpeciall care that the Patient go to ſtoole, in good order, at the leaſt twice a day;Stoole. if he do not, provoke him firſt with a Cliſter, then with an ownce of lenitive Electuary, every night when he goes to bed; for the people moſt incident to this Infirmity, are ſuch as are of a Cholerique conſti­tution, (though the trouble of this diſeaſe be no abſolute ſigne of a Cholericke-man) which com­plexion moſt commonly cauſeth aſtringency.

〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉comming of cold.CHAP. III. Of the Headach〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉coming of Cold.

BY cold I meane ſimply cold without any Flux of cold humours: for that cauſeth Lethargies: but onely a cold diſtemper.

The cauſe.This paine in the head is cauſed of outward cold, as by tarrying long bareheaded in a cold aire, alſo by ſuddain applying of any wet and cold, or very cold thing to the head.

The ſignes of this are contrary to the ſignes of the other that came of a hot diſtemper; for in this though the paine indeed be vehement, yet the head when it is felt is not hot; their face and eyes do not look red, neither are they hollow, nor ſhrunke, but on the contrary their face looketh full and pale, and their eyes are full and ſwarthy; alſo they de­ſire not cold things, nor find eaſe but paine by them. Cautions.

Let them ſleepe moderately, but no more then u­ſually they uſe to do. Sleepe.

They muſt remaine in a warme aire; if it be cold, remedy it with a good fire. Aire.

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Let them forbeare all meates cold in operation,Meats. all fiſh, water-fowles and milke. Let them eat rear eggs, hennes, chickens, partridge and pheſants.

For drinke, let them uſe Wine moderately,Drinke. and generally for the cure thereof you muſt uſe things that are hot in operation; but in the cure as well of this, as other diſeaſes in the head, you muſt diligent­ly conſider the natural temperature of the braine; for it is ſuch a thing as cannot endure either violent heat or violent cold.

Directions Negative.Let not their bodies be coſtive, but let them have every day a ſtool; if not by nature, give ſuppoſito­ries. Let them avoide ſadneſſe, deepe ſpeculations, and thoughts, ſtudying, and other immoderate af­fections of the mind.

Let them uſe moving of their body,Affirma­tive. walking and if ſtrength ſuffer, riding.

Oyle of Vervaine, is medicinall for the diſeaſe;Motion. let it be gathered in the day and houre of Venus, ſhe aſcending fortunately. Alſo, Rew, Laurell,Unction. If cauſe the diſcaſe uſe Flea­bane an herb of . Or­ris, Dill, Chamomel, Mother of time, Marjoram, are Medicinal for the diſeaſe. For the Oyle, anoint the fore-head temples, noſtrills and holes behind the eares.

Alſo to boyle any of theſe hearbs, eſpecially vervaine, gathered as beforeſaid, in water,Naſalia. and ſnuffe up the decoction in your noſe.

Alſo quilt theſe leaves betweene two caps,Cucufa. and let the patient weare it upon his head.

The innermoſt cap being made of fine ſilke, or Sarſnet, Take Laurell, Mother of time, Marjoram, Roſemary flowers, of each a handfull, Rew halfe ſo much, Penny royall, Calaminth two drams, Cloves, Staechas, one-dram, beat theſe into groſſe ponder, and ſew them up in the Cucufa, or double6 cappe before mentioned, and having firſt ſprinkled the head with Vineger, warme it, and apply it.

Alſo it is very good for the ſick to ſmell to ſuch a Pomander as this. Pomand­er.Take of Storax, Calamitis, two drams, Cloves, Mace, wood of Aloes, of each halfe a Dram, Lavender, two Drams, Gallia mofchata a Dram, Muske, Amber greece, of each two graines, beate them into fine pouder, ſearce them, and with muſſilage made with Gum Tragacanth, and Marjoram water; make it up into a Pomander.

〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉comming of drineſs or moy­ſture.CHAP. IV. Of the Headach〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉coming of drineſſe or moyſture

BY drineſſe here, and moyſture alſo is meant only the baire quality; for although of theſe a­lone, without heate or cold, no paine come, yet hereby the ſtudious in Phyſicke, may learne and diſcerne when the Head-ach commeth of heate and drineſs, when of heate and moiſture, when of cold and dri­neſſe, when of cold and moiſture.

The cauſe.Head-ach through drineſſe is cauſed through drineſſe of the aire, through hunger, much watch­ing, extreame ſtudying, by dry medicines, over much exerciſe, exceſſive uſe of venery, and violent perturbations of the mind.

Head-ach of moiſture is cauſed through moiſture of the aire,The fimp­tomes. moiſt medicines, bathes, hot waters, and other things that moiſten over much.

Drineſſe is knowne by theſe ſignes; there come7 few or no excrements out of the noſe, the eyes be hollow, the patient cannot ſleepe neither before nor in the ſickneſſe; alſo the skin of the head is dry as though it were ſcorched; dry medicines do not eaſe the paine but increaſe it.

Moiſtneſſe is knowne by the ſame that lethargies are, of which hereafter.

Thoſe in whome drineſſe doth trouble the head, let them remaine in a moiſt aire, let them eate meates of good juyce and a moiſtning nature,Diet. as yolks of egges, cocks ſtones and the broth of them, pheſants, partriches, and ſuch meates as moiſten and nouriſh much; let them drinke wine alwayes with water; let them ſleepe largely, provoke them to it; as in the ſecond chapter; let them eſchew motion of the body and exerciſe, and uſe quietneſs and reſt, let them eſchew carnal copulation, hung­er, and thirſt, and all things that do dry, let them uſe baths of ſweet waters, that are warme, let them be merry and pleaſant, and avoyd all perturbations of mind. For paine comming of moiſture, See Le­thargyes.

Let ſuch as have head-ach of drineſſe, uſe to a­noint the ſeame of their head or os triquetrum,Cure by unction. with oyle of fleabane, (ſee Chap. 2.) mixed with oyle of ſweet almonds or alone by it ſelfe.

Let their body be kept ſoluble.

Alſo they may bath their head in water in which ſtrawberry leaves,Stoole. Bath. violet leaves and flowers, mal­lowes and other hearbes that have a moiſtning vertue, have beene boyled.

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CHAP V. Of Headach〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉coming of plentitude or blood.

〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. comming of blood.HItherto I have written of Head-ach comming through alteration of the bare quality only; I now come to Head-ach cauſed of fulneſſe, and abundance of blood. I call fulneſſe in this place, that which the Greekes call〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉that is, when all the four humours abound and be encreaſed in their proportion,〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. or when blood onely abounds.

The cauſe.This is cauſed commonly of eating all ſuch things as ingender abundance of humours in the body, as meates and drinkes of great nouriſhment, plentifully taken; as alſo the neglecting and omit­ting exerciſes, bathes, ſweatings, and uſuall pur­gings, bleedings and evacuations.

The ſignes be theſe,Signes. the face and the eyes be rud­dy, the veines be ſwoln, ſo that the leaſt and ſmal­eſt may be eaſily ſeene; the pulſe is great and ve­hement, the urine reddiſh and thick, the veines of the temples beate more hard, ſtrong and vehement then thoſe at the wreſt; the paine of the head is hea­vineſſe.

Let the ſick be in a cold and dry aire; if you can get no ſuch place naturall,Cure. make it ſo by art.

Let his diet be ſpare;Aire. let him avoyd things that nouriſh plentifully, as egges, fleſh, &c.

Let his drink be barly water in which cold hearbs have been boyled as endive,Meat. ſuccory, purſelane, lettuce,Drinke. or only barly water with a little Cinnamon.

Let him uſe meane exerciſe,Exerciſe. rubbing his body9 often; if his body be ſoluble and no feaver, let him bath often.

In the beginning of the diſeaſe let him blood in the cephalica of that arme on which the griefe lies moſt, if that appeare not, take the middle veine;Bleeding. if bleeding in the arme ſuffice not, let them bleed in the forehead.

If age or weakneſſe, or both, prohibit bleeding, uſe cupping glaſſes to the ſhoulders to draw backe the blood. Cupping.

Theſe done, uſe medicines externall that are cold and aſtringent,Vnction. wherewith you are furniſhed in the ſecond Chapter.

You muſt in this diſeaſe have a ſpecial care that the body be kept ſoluble if neceſſity require and neither feaver nor weakneſſe hinder,Purging. give a deco­ctum Sennae (with rubarbe and agricke at i. ʒ. ) iv. .

After this you may apply ſuch medicines to the headRepelling. as diſperſe the diſeaſe and diſſipate and re­pell the humours, ſuch be mallow ſeedes, fenugreck ſeeds, chamomel flowers, melilot flowers, either in bathes, liniments, or oyles, as you think fit.

Alſo you may bind the lower parts of the body hard,Bindings. (as the things) to call or draw back the hu­mours.

〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉comming of Choler.CHAP VI. Of the Headach〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉coming of Choler.

The cauſeHEad-ach comming of cholericke humours is cauſed of all ſuch things as heate and drye the head unnaturally, as care, anger, paine, labour,10 watching, faſting, eating of meates that be chole­ricke, as Garlique, Onions, pickled herrings, and other meates extraordinary ſalt, &c.

The ſignes be theſe; the pains be like his that hath headach by reaſon of heat,Signes. but that only they have a more ſharp and pricking pain, as though awles or bodkins were thruſt into their heads; their face is pale and wan; their head is moderate­ly hot, bitterneſſe of the tongue, drineſſe of the eyes, noſe and tongue; this diſeaſe chanceth moſt to young and flouriſhing yeares, to ſuch as are cho­lericke of complexion, to them that take over­much buſineſſe in hand, and the like.

Let the ſicke abide in a cold and moiſt aire, which may be procured by the Art ſpecified in the ſecond Chapter,Cure. as by ſprinkling the Chamber with cold water,Aire. by ſtrewing the Chamber with cold herbs, and moiſt flowers and branches of trees their mentioned.

Let his whole diet be moiſt; let him eat meates that be moiſt and of good juyce;Meates. give them Endive, Succory, Lettice, Purſlaine, ſmall fiſhes, that live in gravelly Rivers.

Let his drinke be water only,Drinkes. in which a little Cinnamon hath been boyled; but let him altoge­ther abſtaine from Wine and ſtrong drinke.

Let him be kept quiet,Sleepes. and have long ſleepes; you may provoke ſleep by the rules in the ſecond Chapter; let him be merry, and refraine from all perturbations of mind. Purges. You muſt refrain purging, there be a feaver.

In the beginning of the cure you muſt purge the cholericke humour with medicines fit for the purpoſe; ſuch be Hiera picra, Electuary of the juyce of Roſes, Rubarb, Pillulae aureae, Alephanginae, &c. But if it chance the cholericke humours do reſt quietly in11 any part of the body, as many times it doth, and ſo be­cometh aduſt and burneth the place where it lyeth, and maketh the man uncapable of receiving purging medicines, you muſt uſe preparatives to alter and concoct the humour, till it appear by the urine to be digeſted; the beſt way of all to do this, is to adminiſter a ſpoonfull of Vineger of Squils every morning fa­ſting, and let the party walke a quarter of an houre after it; if you find that too hot, as you ſeldome ſhall, adminiſter it in an ounce of Julep of Roſes, or Syrupus acetoſus.

Alſo you may give an ounce of pulp of Caſſia at night when he goes to ſleep, or lenitive Electuary. Bolus.

If they be very coſtive, as it is the nature of choler to procure costiveneſſe, adminiſter cliſters of the molli­ent herbs, viz. Mallows, Beetes, Violets,Cliſters. Pellitory and Mercury, of each a handfull, boyled in a quart of water to three quarters of a pint, in which (being ſtrained) mingle Diacatholicon i. . Mel roſarum i. . ſpecies Hierae picrae i. ʒ; make it into a cliſter,

Alſo you may uſe Oyle of Fleabane for unction in the manner and forme preſcribed in the ſecond Chapter. Vnct on. Beware of

If the diſeaſe for all theſe medicines, continue ſtill viralent and malignant,Boxing. you may apply cup­ping glaſſes between the ſhoulders, and friction, or rubbing of the armes and legs, time and care con­venient being uſed. 〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. comming of Wind.

CHAP. VII. Of the Headach coming of Windineſſe.

The cauſe.IT is a cauſe of eating abundance of windy things; beſides, the nature of the body, and other12 things were ſuch as were apt to ingender wind.

It is known by a diſtention or ſtretching within the head,Signes. and that without heavineſſe or beating, as alſo by noiſe in the ears.

Let all meats and drinks that ingender wind be utterly avoyded. Diet.

If the Infirmity lie onely in the Head, and aſcend from no other part beneath, as many times it is cauſed onely by weakneſſe and imbecillity of the head, then inward medicines profit little.

But you muſt uſe Concoctive and Diſcuſſive me­dicines, things that concoct wind,Conco­ctives. as Fenugreekeſeed, Lin­ſeed, Chamomel, Yolkes of egges, Saffron, Hens greace. Gooſe greace, &c.

Laſt of all uſe Diſcuſſives, ſuch as be, Oyle of Dill, and Rew,Diſcuſſivs. Lupines, Barley meal, Lilly roots; Nigella, &c.

But if it come from vapours that aſcend from ſome other part,Cliſters. you muſt empty the belly with a ſtrong Cliſter that doth diſſolve wind, made of of the emollient herbes, Anniſeeds, Carraway, Fennell, and Cumminſeeds, adding to the deco­ction Benedicta, laxativa halfe an ounce, of the Electuary I meane, for this glister draws the vapours down from the head.

After this you muſt ſtrengthen the member that it ingender wind no more,Cautions. whether it be the ſto­mack, liver or ſpleen, it were tedious and ſuper­fluous to recite the manner how to ſtrengthen all thoſe parts, and others beſide theſe, which may in their owne affliction afflict the head alſo; for I purpoſe if the Lord give me life and health, and time to write ſeverally and diſtinctly of all the diſeaſes in every part of the body.

Then may you apply to the head things repulſive and driving backe,Repul­ſives. ſuch be, Vinegar, Pomgranate,13 rinds and flowers, Wormwood, Merlilot, Mints, Plantain, Walwort, Shepherds burſe, Nutmegs, Purſlaine, Houſleek, Laurell leaves, &c.

If heat be joyned with wind in the head,Unctions. uſe Oyle of Roſes, which is both repulſive, digestive, and diſcuſſive, mingled with Vineger, which is both repul­ſive and diſcuſſive, and alſo attenuating.

But if there be cold mixed with the wind, then uſe Oyle of Dill and Camomell, mingled with the juyce of Rew and Vinegar.

If the headach continue ſtill malignant, uſe ſnee­zing with white Helebore;Sneezing. but beware of catching cold of the head after it.

After all this to ſtrengthen the head,Cucuſa. and repell the relicts of the diſeaſe, make a Cucuſa of theſe herbs dryed, (that is ſew them betwixt two caps; ſee Chap. 3. Page 7.) viz. Roſes, Knotgraſſe, Willow leaves, Nightſhade, Marjoram, Mother of time, Hyſop, Rue.

Alſo the ſavours of Caſtoreum, Muske, Amber­greece, and to take Venice treacle, or Mithridate in­wardly,Smels. are medicinall for the diſeaſe.

〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉cau­ſed by the Stomack.CHAP, VIII. Of Headach cauſed of the Stomack.

HItherto of diſeaſes cauſed principally in the head it ſelfe;Cauſe. now a word or two of pain of the head that cometh by conſent from other places of the body; and firſt of that which is cauſed by ſome evil affection of the ſtomack; and that is cauſed by ſome ſharpe humour for the moſt part that aboun­deth in the ſtomack, eſpecially in the mouth of it,14 from whence corrupt vapours ariſing doe aſcend into the head.

It may be knowne by that gnawing and biting paine they feele in their head,Signes. by their proneſſe and deſire to vomit; alſo if the ſicke faſt and ſuffer hunger long, their paine is more vehement; for through long abſtinence, the malice of the hu­mour encreaſeth.

Cure by vomiting.In the cure of this diſeaſe, outward medicines will doe no good; the beſt way of cure is by vomi­miting, but firſt prepare the humours by giving Vineger of Squils two or three ſpoonfuls;Conſider the ſtrength of nature in the proporti­on of the vomit. Purging. or four, if two or three worke not, divers mornings before the vomit, (which may be infuſion of Crocus me­tallorum i. . ſ. ) for many time the humors are viſ­cous and ſticke faſt.

If you ſuppoſe the ſtomacke be furred after vo­miting, give a ſcruple of Maſtich pils every night going to bed for a week or ſuch a matter.

As for ſtrengthning the ſtomacke after the di­ſeaſe is cured, I ſhall ſpeake plentifully when I come to ſpeak of the diſeaſes in the ſtomack.

So alſo if headach come from the liver or ſpleen, or any part, you ſhall have plentifull remedies when I come to ſpeak of the places where the cauſe lies, which is needleſſe here; for take away the cauſe, the effect ceaſeth.

CHAP. IX. 〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. comming of drunk­enneſſe. Cauſe.Of Headach cauſed by drunkenneſſe.

THe cauſes are evident enough; for hot Wines, Strong-Waters and ſtrong drinks fill the brain15 with vapours, and ſo much the more if the braine be hot by nature, if the os triquetrum be cloſe ſhut, and the ſutoriums cloſe ſhut; for they beare drinke leſſe before they be drunke then others in which they are more open.

Cure con­ſiſting in evacuati­on and re­frigerati­on.The cure conſiſteth chieflly in theſe two things, evacuation, refrigeration.

If the Wine be yet indigeſted, give a vomit in the firſt place.

If the headach remain after, you muſt uſe refri­geration to drive backe the vapours that aſcend into the head; that doth eſpecially above all things Oyle wherein Ivy leaves have been boyled, by anointing the head and temples and forehead.

To prevent drunkenneſſe are many medicines left by the ancients to poſterity,Preventi­ons. but for mine own part, I, as yet, never tried any of them, as to eat ſix or ſeven bitter Almonds every morning fa­ſting; to drinke a draught of Wormwood-beere ſirſt in the morning; alſo to burne ſwallowes in a crucible, feathers and all, eate a little of the aſhes of them in the morning.

CHAP. X. 〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉comming of feavers.Of Headach cauſed of Feavers.

IF Headach moleſt thoſe that have Feavers,Praefatio you muſt conſider whether the body be laxative or not; for astringency in Feaves alwayes cauſeth headach;Ʋel caeli vel ſigni, incertum eſt, puta ſigni. if it be, then you muſt conſider whether it began with the feaver, or came onely the feaver increa­ſing, near the Criſis, or when the Moon comes to the oppoſition of that ſigne and degree ſhe was in16 at the decumbiture; if ſhe or her beames reach but the place, give no phyſick; for vomiting or flux of blood by the noſtrils will follow.

But if the headach began at firſt with the feaver, it is cauſed through vapours diſperſed abroad through the vehemency of the feaver,Cauſe. as it were boyling up and aſcending into the brain, and the brain alſo for the moſt part in this diſeaſe is weak and not able to repell it, but fit to receive it.

If age permit, you may uſe bleeding. If ſtrength permit, you may uſe cupping-glaſſes, but the chief remedy is by remedying the feaver; for the cauſe being taken away,Cure. Tolle cau­ſam tolli­tur effectus the effect ceaſeth; and I intend hereafter to write a tractate only of feavers, to which I now refer it.

CHAP. XI. 〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉Of the Headach〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉

The dig­notions of〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉from〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉.〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉in Greeke; in Latin, Cephalaea, in Engliſh an old and invetterate headach; it may be knowne from〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉by theſe notes; it hath been of long continuance, exceeding painfull, hard to ceaſe; every light occaſion (as noiſe, loud ſpeech, cleer light, moving, drinking of Wine, ſtrong ſmels, or the like) cauſes ſharp or violent fits, the diſeaſed deſires to lie in the dark, to be quiet, often ſuppoſing that their heads are ſtucke with a hammer, alſo ſome doe feele thoſe things that are about their head, as though they were bruiſed or racked; this diſeaſe ſometimes doth continue painful alwayes, ſometimes it comes by fits, with intermiſſion, ſo that ſometimes they thinke them­ſelves17 perfectly whole. This diſeaſe doth vex Women more then men. In ſome the pia Mater (or skin that knits the ſenſes together, which lyeth round the braine within the dura mater) is vexed, in ſome onely the Pericranium, or skin that covereth the skull round) is vexed.

It is cauſed either by abundance of blood and other humours, or by the ſharpneſſe of the humours,Cauſe. contained either within or without the ſcull, in­flaming the head; alſo it is cauſed through weak­neſſe of the head.

If the pain invade the ſicke with heavineſſe,Signes. it ſheweth the diſeaſe to proceed of fulneſſe and a­bundance of humours; if it come with pricking, gnawing and ſhooting, it betokeneth ſharpneſſe of humours; if it beat like pulſes, it betokeneth inflammation; if there be felt diſtention or ſtretch­ing out, without beating, or heavineſſe, it comes of wind; if there be beating with it, it is a hot wind; if heavineſſe, there are humours as well as wind; if the paine be felt ſuperficially, or out­wardly, the diſeaſe lies in the Pericranium; if in­wardly, it lies in the Pia Mater, and then is there alwayes a paine in the rootes of the eyes; for the tunicles of the eyes have their beginning from the brain.

As for diet and aire, the cauſe being knowne,Cure. you may eaſily gather out of the former Chapter.

If it come through abundance of humours, you may in the firſt place let blood.

Oyle of Vervaine uſed in Unction, is an appro­ved medicine, unles there be inflammations or fea­vers joyned with it; for them uſe Oyle of Flea­bane, both conſidered as in the former Chapters.

Have a great care that ſleep be moderate, and the body ſoluble.

18

You may alſo (for fear of Relapſing) purge the head with ſtrong Gargariſmes, made with juyce of Leeks, Pellitory of Spain, long Pepper, Muſtard, or the like.

Or by ſneezing, if the infirmity lie within the ſcull.

CHAP. XII. Of the Megrim. 〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉.

〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉in Greek;Deſcrip­tion. in Latin alſo Hemicrani­um; in Engliſh the Megrim; is a painfull evill, lying in the one halfe of the head only; the right ſide, or the left; and is diſtinguiſhed by the ſeame that runneth all along the ſcull, from the middle part of the forehead, to the hinder part of the head or nape of the neck; this pain cometh often by fits; and in ſome the griefe is felt without the ſcull; in ſome within, and that deepe in the braine; in ſome, in the Muſcles near the Temples.

It is cauſed by aſcending or flowing of many va­pours or humours,Cauſe. or by the Arteries, or by both; and ſometime it proceeds from the brain it ſelfe, thru­ſting out its excrements and ſuperfluities, when the paſſages are ſtopped.

The Signes whereby you may know whether vapours,Signes. or humours do abound, whether they be hot or cold; whether within the ſcull, or with­out, may be drawne out of the former Chapters, only this I adde; if the pain lie in the Pericranium, the pain is ſo vehement that they canot ſuffer their heads to be touched with ones hand.

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Their Dyet, what they ſhould eat, and what they ſhould eſchew,Diet. may be gathered out of the former Chapters, according to the diverſity of the cauſes; yet let them by all meanes avoid all ſuch things as ſend ſharp vapors up into the Head, as, Gar­lique, Onions, Mustard, Raddiſh roots, &c.

If the Infirmity lie without the Scull,Cure. as moſt commonly it doth, comb the head; if the pain lie on the right ſide, with a combe made of the right horn of a Ram, (I ſuppoſe it were beſt the Ram were killed when the Sun**Or at leaſt when Mars is there. is in Aries) if it lie on the left ſide, with a comb made of the left horn of a Ram; and this (for ought I know) may do it, if the diſeaſe lie within the Scull.

If it lie near the Temples among the Muſces, rub them often (either with your hand or with a cloth) till they be hot, when the pain is over, and that many times remedyeth the diſeaſe if it lie there.

Alſo Euphorbium mixed with Oyle, and put into the ear on that ſide the paine lies, take more or leſſe Euphorbium, according as the parties ſenſes are dull or quicke; a ſcruple of Euphorbium is enough for an ounce of Oyle, and one drop is ſufficient to put into the ear at one time.

Alſo Euphorbium diſſolved in Vinegar, and ap­plyed by way of Unction to the grieved part of the head, profiteth much.

But beware you uſe not Euphorbium, if the diſeaſe come of hot Humours, or Vapours.

Alſo Earthworms beaten to powder, Snailes, Peach kernels, Goats dung mingled with Vinegar of Squils, are medicinall.

If it comes of hot Humours, uſe thoſe medicines preſcribed for the headach coming of hot humours.

20

If it come of plenitude, uſe blood betting.

In fine, purge the Humour that cauſeth the Di­ſeaſe.

CHAP. XIII. Of Ʋertigo or ſwimming in the Head.

VErtigo is a Diſeaſe wherein a man thinketh all that he ſees turnes round;Deſcrip­tion. it is a Diſeaſe my ſelfe have been often for many yeares terribly vexed withall, inſomuch that at the laſt I many times fell down in a ſwoon, and fainted; This Diſeaſe often turneth to the Falling-ſickneſſe, as it had almoſt done in my ſelfe, though after much and vaſt expence of Phyſicke, one Vomit abſolutely cured me; therefore I ſhall be more large in the ſignes of this Diſeaſe.

This Diſeaſe is cauſed through inordinate mo­ving of Vapours that are windy,Cauſe. contained in cer­tain parts of the Brain; this Diſeaſe is cauſed ei­ther, becauſe the Brain it ſelfe is ill-affected, or of Vapours aſcending from the Stomack thither; the Braine it ſelfe is offended by a Humour aeriall, from whence a windy ſpirit moveth inordinately about, and troubleth the apprehenſion; ſo that all things the man ſeeth, ſeeme to turne round alſo; the Brain is offended by the mouth of the Stomack, when windy exhalations are carried from thence to the Brain, which happeneth by corruption or putrefaction in the Stomack, the Vapours of which being penetrating move about the Brain.

Galen makes a great ſtir, and ſo alſo doth Hippo­crates to prove two ſorts of Vertigo; the one called21 Tene••••of a Vertigo; of ſome Scotoma: and this, ſay they, is the moſt dangerous, becauſe it often turns to the Falling-ſickneſſe. Indeed I grant, the dark Vertigo turneth ſooneſt to the Falling-ſickneſſe, becauſe it commeth of Atra bilis, or Choler aduſt: but Fuchſius thinks they erre that think the Diſ­eaſes to be two, becauſe they differ a Tittle in qua­lity: and truly ſo do I. All Gallen's words may not be Authenticks; no, nor Hippocrates his neither: and neither Fuchſius nor my ſelf were nor are ſo ſimple, but we know Choler yellow, will turn black, and aduſt in the Tunicle of the Stomack, and cauſe no other difference then changing the quality, not the nature of the Diſeaſe. But enough of this; I proceed to the Signs.

A darknes or miſt appeareth before their eys that are troubled with this Diſeaſe,Signs. and that upon eve­ry light occaſion, eſpecially if they drink but a cup of ſtrong drink, or wine; or if they turn round: for it chanceth to them if they turn round once, as it doth to others when they turn round often times, ſo that ſometimes they fall down. Al­ſo the ſame effect it brings to him, to ſee another man, or a wheel, or the water run round: there­fore let ſuch objects be avoided; for the vital ſpi­rits beholding it, turn about alſo, and ſo the mo­ving of the Humour that cauſeth the Diſeaſe, is troubled, unequall and inordinate.

When this Diſeaſe lyeth in the brain only, with­out relation to the ſtomack, there followeth ſound in the ears, pain in the head, ſometimes vehement, and heavineſſe there; alſo the ſmelling and other ſenſes are detrimented: their fits are chiefly when the Sun doth heat them, or when their head is hot by ſome other means: for Heat doth diſſolve22 the Humours, and then they turne about the Brain.

And indeed for ought I know, a cleer Sun-ſhine day is hurtfull for thoſe in whom the Diſeaſe proceeds from the Stomack, as mine did; and I found the ſame extreamly prejudiciall to me.

Thoſe in whom the Diſeaſe proceedeth from the Stomack, feel a gnawing in their Stomack be­fore the fit come, and a diſpoſition to vomit, and are as though they were heart-burnt.

Alſo thus you may know of what Humour the Diſeaſe comes, by the apparent colour of things to their eyes: for if they appear yellow, the Diſeaſe comes of yellow Choler: if reddiſh or bloody, it comes of Blood, and is apt to fall into a frenzy or madneſſe; if dark, it comes of Atra bilis, and is a fore-runner of the Falling ſickneſſe, or Apoplexie. And thus much for example ſake.

Alſo theſe Diſeaſes are moſt violent in that time of the year that ſuiteth beſt with their nature; as Choler in Summer, Melancholy in Autumn, &c.

If this Diſeaſe be cauſed by Vapours that aſcend from the Stomack,Cure. as mine did, Vomiting is a ſpeedy cure, and the onely cure I could find.

Cautions. For only that winde cauſeth Whirl­winds.Let the ſick avoid the beams both of Sun and Moon; all Winds, eſpecially South winds: nor let him behold any thing that moves round, nor any deep thing.

Let him avoid faſting and fulneſſe, all meats that engender winde, that are of a dilative quality, and ſend Vapours up to the head: ſuch be Milk, Oni­ons, Garlick, Leeks.

Let him eſchew ſleep in the day, ſaith Galen: but for mine own part I found eaſe in nothing elſe.

23

Let his Meat be of good Juice,Diet, and good Di­geſtion.

If the Diſeaſe come of Blood, uſe Blood-let­ting.

Let the Sick avoid perturbation of mind, anger, fear, ſadneſſe, loud crying and ſinging.

Let him not keep his Head too hot, nor abide in an Aire too hot, or too cold; and let him ſtir his Head as little as may be.

In a word, keep his Stomack clean with Vomits, and his Head with Pil. Alephanginae.

Acetum ſcilliticum is a ſoveraign remedy, and Southernwood is the Herbe proper for the Di­ſeaſe.

CHAP. XIV. Of Frenzie.

〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉Deſcripti­on.〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉in Greek, in Latine alſo Phrenitis, in Engliſh a Frenzie, is a Diſeaſe that troubles the minde, dangerous and difficult to cure: it dif­fers from Madneſſe thus;Definition a Feaver ever accompa­nies a Frenzie, but never Madneſſe.

A Frenzie is a continuall Madneſſe and Furie, with raging and vexation of mind,Diviſion. accompanied with an acute Feaver, cauſed through inflammation of the Brain, or the films thereof.

Three ſorts of Frenzies.There are three internall ſenſes in the Head; Imagination, Judgment, Memory: and a man may be frenetick (or as our common Engliſh word ſaith, Frantick) in any of theſe.

Some are frenetick onely in Imagination; ima­gining they ſee things they do not, and yet do give24 a right judgment of things they do ſee; and re­member every man, and call him by name: in ſuch fantaſie onely is diſtempered.

Other apprehend things truly, yet judge falſly of them; as a Patient I had, that judged his father would kill him, and therefore fled his preſence; as alſo, that he was ſome great perſon. There the ſeat of Judgment is chiefly vexed.

The third is compound of theſe two, and they erre in every thing, and know no body, nor re­member any thing; and in ſuch the Brain is total­ly diſtempered.

The Frenzie is cauſed of abundance of Choler,Cauſe. and cholerick Blood, either in the Brain, or films thereof; and if the Choler be aduſt, the Diſeaſe is vehement and pernicious.

Beſides,Signs. a terrible Feaver and Madneſſe, for the moſt part they cannot ſleep; if they do ſleep at all, it is troubleſom: many times when they do ſleep, they ſtart up out of it ſuddenly, and rage, and cry out furiouſly; they babble words without order or ſenſe, and very ſeldom anſwer directly to a que­ſtion; their Water many times is thin and cleer; and if it be ſo, it is ſo much the worſe: many times the ſoftlier you ſpeak to them, the louder they an­ſwer.

Their Eyes are blood-ſhotten, bleared and ſta­ring, and ſometime dry, and ſometimes full of ſharp and ſcalding tears; moſt of them pull and tear all the cloaths about them to pieces: their Pulſes are ſmall, weak and ſlow, and they fetch their breath but ſeldom: that which cometh of Blood, cauſeth inordinate laughter; and Choler, immoderate fury: alſo ſuch muſt be bound in their beds; they forget every thing ſpeedily that they25 either do or ſay. I have ſeen one call for a Cham­ber-pot, and ſo ſoon as he had it, either had forgot what it was, or elſe forgot to piſſe in it.

Concerning the uſage of the Sick;Aire if it be win­ter, let the aire be warm; if in ſummer, let it be cold: a whited wall is beſt; for diverſity of colours or pictures are naught.

Some are troubled with light in their Fits, and ſome with darkneſſe; therefore you had beſt try them both, and let him have light that is afraid of darkneſſe, and keep him dark that is offended with light: but if the Sick be indifferent, between both, let the ſtrongeſt have light, and keep••e weakeſt darkeſt.

Let his deareſt friends come to him, and let ſome ſpeak friendly to him, and let ſome of them ſpeak harſhly and roughly to him; for there is no rule with ſuch perſons, unleſſe they ſtand in awe of ſome body.

If ſtrength permit,Bleeding. let him bleed largely in the arme, and two or three dayes after under the tongue.

Keep his body laxative. Stool.

Force him to ſleep with Opium;Sleep. if his body be ſtrong, you need not fear to give him four or five grains at a time: alſo hang ſoporiferous things about his Head, as Mandrakes, Nightſhade, Poppy, Henbane, &c. and anoint his head and temples with oyl of Poppy, if he ſleep not without theſe.

Let his drink be water,Drink. in which Cinamon hath been boiled.

Let his meat be exceeding little,Meat. and let that lit­tle be of very good and ſpeedy digeſtion.

Alſo, I have found by experience,Cure Castoreum to26 be very medicinal for the Diſeaſe, taken inwardly.

For other Medicines, your beſt way is to la­bour to remove that Humour which cauſeth the Diſeaſe: of which Medicines you may be furniſh­ed in the peculiar chapter belonging to the par­ticular Humour.

CHAP. XV. Of the Lethargie.

IN direct oppoſition to a Frenzie,Deſcripti­on. is the Diſeaſe called a Lethargie; which cauſeth ſluggiſhneſſe, and an inexpugnable deſire to ſleep.

This word Lethargie, is a Greek word, com­pounded of〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉,〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 which ſignifies forgetfulneſſe; and〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, which ſignifies ſlothfull, or dull: and therefore in ſtead of Veternus, the common Latine word, it might be better (or at leaſt better in my opinion) be called Oblivio iners, a ſluggiſh forget­fulneſſe.

Names. 〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. Subeth. 〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. It is affir­med by many good Phi­ſicians, that there is ſuch a Diſeaſe as Coma Vi­gilans, but as yet I never ſaw any poſſeſſed with it.This ſluggiſh Diſeaſe hath gotten many names; it is called by ſome Grecians〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, of the Arabians Subeth; of ſome Grecians〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉; and this〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, ſay they, is of two ſorts: Coma ſomnolentum, or a ſleepy Coma: the other called Vigilans coma, or a waking Coma; becauſe ſuch as have Lethargies ſeem to be awake many times, when they are not. Many have thought theſe Diſeaſes to be all different, be­cauſe different places have given it different names; yet all confeſſe the cauſe of them all to be the ſame, and then the difference can be onely in the Complexion of the party grieved.

27

It is cauſed of Flegm,Cauſe. which cooleth the Brain overmuch, and moiſtneth it, and thereby provok­eth ſleep.

They are alwayes in a profound and dead ſleep;Signes. their Pulſe is great, and ſtriketh ſeldom, and beat­eth as though it were in water; they fetch breath ſeldom, and weakly, and are ſo ſluggiſh and ſleepy, that they can hardly be forced to anſwer to a que­ſtion: ſometimes they will open their eyes, if you cry aloud to them, but they inſtantly ſhut them a­gain: they are exceeding forgetfull, and alwayes talk idly in their ſleep; they gape and yawn often, and ſometime keep their mouth open, as though they had forgot to ſhut it: ſome are coſtive,Cure. others laxative; their Urine is like Beaſts Urine, ſtink­ing; ſome tremble and ſweat all over.

Let the chamber wherein the Sick doth lye,Aire. be very light, and very warm.

Let his Diet be ſuch things as extenuate,Diet. cut and dry, and let it be ſeaſoned with Anniſeed, Cum­min-ſeed, Pepper, Cinamon, Ginger, Cloves, &c.

For Pot-hearbs, let him uſe Sparagus, Parſley, Fennel, and ſuch like: and after eating, binde the ex­tream parts (viz. the Thighs) hard, that the Vapours aſcend not up into the Head.

You may burn Brimſtone under his Noſe,Naſſali. or aſſa foetida to awake him.

Give him ſtrong Gargariſms,Garga­riſms. made with Pellito­ry of Spain, and Muſtard: alſo you may ſafely put a whole ſpoonfull of Muſtard into his mouth at once.

Alſo you may boil Time, Penny-royall and O­riganum in Vinegar, and dip a ſpunge in it, and hold it alwayes to his Noſe.

You may ſhave off his Hair, and keep his Head28 alwayes moiſtned with Vinegar of Roſes: alſo it is excellent to let it drop down from ſome high place upon the crown of his Head.

Povoke him often to ſneeze with white Helle­bore. Sneezing.

Alſo,Cliſters. in this Diſeaſe you may ſafely adminiſter ſharp and ſcowring Cliſters, with Collocynthis, Agrick, Electuary Benedicia laxativa, ſpecies hierae picrae, and the like, in the common decoction.

The Diſeaſe declining, purge Flegm.

Castoreum is alſo exceeding medicinal for this Diſeaſe,Purge, either taken inwardly, or applied out­wardly.

CHAP. XVI. Of Forgetfulneſſe.

THe loſſe of Memory chanceth ſometimes a-alone, and ſometimes Reaſon is hurt with it.

It is cauſed of Lethargies, and other ſoporiferous Diſeaſes;Cauſe, for they being ended many times leave Forget­fulneſſe behind them, and then it comes of a cold distem­per. This coldneſſe hath ſometimes drineſſe joined with it, and ſometimes moiſture, and ſometimes nothing but a bare diſtemper: to know this, you muſt diligently obſerve the cauſes whence it ari­ſeth.

The cauſes are two; internal, external: if they be internal, either abundance of Flegm, or Melan­choly is the cauſe of it; if there be no ſigns of theſe abounding, then it comes of ſome external cauſe, (unleſſe it come through extream old age.)

The external cauſes you may know by the re­lation92 of the ſick, or thoſe that are about him; if any diſeaſe have newly paſſed and ſo turned into oblivion, if medicines were applied outwardly on adminiſtred inwardly, which extreamely cooled the brain; or if it came of ſtudy, watching, &c.

If the memory be but a little hurt,Signes. it ſhews the braine to be but a little cooled; if reaſon be alſo hurt, then the diſeaſe is vehement.

If it come of a dry diſtemper, the ſick watcheth much, and can hardly be brought to ſleepe.

If moyſture only offend, then are they heavy, in­clined to ſleep, and their ſleepes are long and trou­bleſome.

If cold be joyned with the moyſture, it is a per­fect Lethargy, though perhaps but breeding, and then the excrements are many at the mouth and noſe, proceeding from the braine.

If melancholy be the cauſe, he will not be very deſirous of ſleepe, nor voyd excrements from his brain; beſides all circumſtances, and the ſtate of his whole body incline to cold and drineſſe.

For to give a true judgment of a diſeaſe, you muſt con­ſider the complexion of the party, the region that he lives in, the times of the yeare, the ſtate of the aire, and the diet he hath uſed.

Let his diet be different according to the cauſe of his diſeaſe; as for example,Diet. if it come of coldneſs let it be hot, &c.

But what ever the cauſe be, the aire muſt not be cold, nor the roome darke,Caution. nor any windowes o­pen North or South, for the one cooleth,I ſhould think the Eaſt were worſt. the other ſtuffeth the head.

If it come through age, Phyſicke availes little.

If the memory fail ſuddenly, either falling ſickneſſe or Apoplexy is following,Prognoſti­ca. for cure of which uſe ſuch30 meanes of prevention, as you ſhall be taught to cure them when they are come in their proper chapters.

If it come of other cauſes, viz. of cold, heat the braine; of drineſſe, moyſten the braine.

Things medicinall,Cure. are Caſtoreum, Oleum de late­ribus, Rew, Balme, Betony, Roſemary, Marjoram.

Of Compound, confectio anacardina, Diamoſebum dulce, Diambra, Mithridate, Theriacha. Theſe not only remedy memory loſt, but helpe and mend it being dull.

CHAP. XVII. Of Catalepſis.

Name. 〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. detentio, occupatio, congelatio. Deſcripti­on. 〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉or〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉in Greeke, is called in Lattin, Occupatio, detention, and Deprebenſio; Mo­derne Writers call it Congelatio, in Engliſh it is cal­led congelation, or taking, and by the ignorant ſtruck with a Planet.

It is a ſudden detention and taking both of bo­dy and mind, both ſenſe & moving being loſt, the ſick remaining in the ſame figure of body wherein he was taken; whether he ſit only, or whether his mouth and eyes were open or ſhut, as they are taken in the diſeaſe ſo they remaine.

This diſeaſe is a meane between a Lethargy and a frenzie,Cauſe. for it commeth of a melancholly humour; Therefore in reſpect of coldneſſe it agreeth with a Lethargy, and in reſpect of drineſſe with a frenzy; and the effects are in a medium between them both; Sometimes abundance of blood is joyned with the melancholly humour, and ſometimes on­ly31 pure melancholly; both invade the hinder part of the braine.

They that are taken with this diſeaſe, are alwaies taken ſudddenly,Signes. both ſpeech and ſenſe are taken from him; he neither ſpeaketh nor heareth, his breath ſcarcely to be perceived; he lies like a dead man, his pulſe is ſmall, weake, and very thicke; his egeſtion and urine are either very little or none at all, which ſeemes to proceed from want of ſenſe; for the ſick abounds (moſt commowly) with moy­ſture; For melancholly is an humour dry in operation, not in quality; Their face is ſometimes red, and that is when blood is mingled with the melancholy; and ſometimes ſwarth, and then pure melanchol­ly oppreſſeth; the eyes in this diſeaſe remaine im­moveable, as though they were frozen.

The diet is different according to the cauſe;Diet. on­ly in generall let him avoyd all ſuch meates and drinkes as ſend vapours up into the head; alſo wa­ter is hurtfull be cauſe it ſwelleth the ſpleene. Barly water wherein Cinnamon hath been boyled is good.

If blood abound, and ſtrength and yeares per­mit;Bleeding. let him blood in the Cephalique of the arme, as much as ſtrength will permit.

If melancholly abound,Cliſters. cleanſe the gutts with clyſters made of things proper for melancholly: ſuch be borrage, bugloſſe, fumitory, time, epithimum, polipo­dium, ſenna, caſſia fiſtula, confectio Hamech, &c.

If the head be hot, coole it with oyle of fleabane;Refrige­ration. if too cold, heat it with oyle of vervaine.

Black hellebore corrected with Cinnamon is very medicinall; ſo is mother of time. Cure.

If trembling accompany the diſeaſe, give Caſto­reum.

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As for other remedies, you may find them in the chapters of frenzie, and lethargy before; and in the Chapter of melancholy, which is to follow af­ter.

CHAP. XVIII. Of the Apoplexie.

〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉in Greeke and Latin,〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. is alſo called an Apoplexy in Engliſh; and is a diſeaſe wherein the fountaine and originall of all the ſinewes is affe­cted,Definiti­on. and ſo every part of the body doth ſuddainly loſe ſenſe and motion, throughout the whole body.

If this ſtopping come only in one halfe of the body,Cauſe. it is called the Palley; of which hereafter.

The Apoplexie is cauſed by a groſſe tough and clammy humour, (ingendred for the moſt part by drunkenneſſe;) which (being crude) fills the prin­cipal ventricles of the braine.

It is cauſed alſo by a fall or a blow, which brui­ſeth and ſhaketh the braine, and cauſeth the humours to flow thither.

Alſo thoſe that are brought up in hot countries, when they come to live in cold countries, many times the cold only congealeth the humours and cauſeth the diſeaſe.

There goeth before this diſeaſe a ſharpe paine in the head,Signes. a ſwelling of the veins in the neck, the vertigo and brightneſſe before the eyes, coldneſſe of the extreame parts without cauſe known, pant­ing of the whole body, ſlowneſſe to move, and gnawing of the teeth, while they ſleepe; their urine33 is little in quantity, and black, like ruſt or canker of mettall, and hath a reſidence like meal; they lack ſenſe altogether, and lie with their eyes ſhut, as though they were aſleep and ſnort.

The vehemency of this diſeaſe, may be known by their impediments in breathing; if their breath­ing differ but little from another mans that is in health, it ſhewes the diſeaſe is but weake; but when they can hardly be perceived to breath at all, it is the ſtrongeſt Apoplexie; and little better is theirs where the breath ſeemes to be ſtopped for a while, and then fet with great violence.

This diſeaſe happens moſt frequently to aged people, flegmaticke folke, and to ſuch as uſe ſuch diet as encrea­ſeth flegme.

This diſeaſe is ſeldome cured, and ſeldomer but it leaves the dead palſey behind it; and then it is but halfe cured.

A ſtrong Apoplexie for the moſt part kills a man in 24 hours; many times in halfe the time.

Bleeding is a deſperate phyſicke for an Apoplexie, well befitting ſuch a deſperate diſeaſe; for it kills or cares quickly.

Provoke him to ſtoole, with mighty ſharpe and ſtrong clyſters. Stoole.

Bind the thighes hard, and rub them vehement­ly. Liga­ments:

You may ſhave the head, and bath it with oyle of Rew, Camomel, or Dill. Vnction.

You may faſten Cupping-glaſſes good ſtore to the ſhoulders. Cupping.

You may burne ſtinking things under his noſe, as Ca••oreum, Aſſa Foetida, Saga-penum, Galbanum. Naſalia.

You may provoke him to ſneeze, with white Hellebore. Sneez­ing.

You may apply Caſtoreum, and Euphorbium,34 with vinegar to his head. Cucufa. Vomit.

You may provoke him to vomit with turbith minerale, mercurius vitae, or lac ſulphuris, which is the beſt medicine I know. Lacſul­phuris. I take it doth not procure vomit, but is diapho­retical.

Thus much for the cure of an Apoplexie, if it may be cured.

CHAP. XIX. Of the dead Palſey in one ſide.

〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉in Greeke,〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. in Latine Reſolutio, in Eng­liſh the dead palſey; 'tis a diſeaſe wherein the one halfe of the body, either the right ſide or the left, doth loſe either ſenſe or moving,Definiti­on. or both, either totally or partially.

But note here that the palſey that followeth the Apoplexie,〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. is properly and particularly called by the Greekes〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉

In the palſey ſometimes ſeſne only is loſt, and not moving, ſometimes moving and not ſenſe, and ſometimes both ſenſe and moving; yet the Greeke word〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, ſignifies properly loſs of motion.

A word to ſatisfie the curious,Queſt. that may aske why ſometimes ſenſe only, and ſometimes moti­on only, ſhould be loſt?

You muſt note that the faculty of motion,Anſw. as well as that of ſenſe, flowes from the brain, as from the fountaine, and is derived from thence by the nerves to the inſtruments of ſenſe and motion; and ſo either ſenſe or motion is loſt, according as the ſinews that convey ſenſe or motion are affected in the diſeaſe; therefore it being conſidered that35 divers members participate in two kinds of ſinews; the one for ſenſe, the other for motion,I doe not yet un­derſtand this. the doubt is eaſily cleered. One ſinew may be hurt; and mo­tion is loſt; the other may be hurt, and that fare; then ſenſe is loſt and motion remains; both are hurt, and then farewell (pro tempore) ſenſe and motion.

If members participate but of one ſinew, as few do, (perhaps none) yet Gallen ſaith ſome do, and at preſent I cannot contradict him;I rather adhear to this judg­ment. leſſe vertue is required for feeling then for motion, ſaith he; and ſo if the ſinew be much hurt, ſenſe and motion are both loſt; if it be but little hurt, onely motion is loſt.

The matter indeed is ſcarce worth diſputing for, or writing of, and therefore I proceed.

The Original of this diſeaſe lies ſometimes in the Brain,Deſcrip­tion. and ſometimes in the marrow of the backe.

If the diſeaſe lie in the back, (as but ſeldome it doth) then is the face firme, and then ſometimes halfe, ſometimes the whole body is paralitick, ac­cording as the halfe or whole marrow of the backe is vitiated.

If it come from the Brain, it lies only in ſome particular Pellicles thereof; for if the whole Brain be vitiated, it is an Apoplexy.

Theſe things being firſt duly conſidered, we come to the cauſe.

It is cauſed through vehement and inordinate cold,Cauſe or through groſſe and clammy Humours that ſtop the paſſages, that the animal vertue can­not paſſe freely from the Centre to the Circum­ference.

If it come from the back, it is cauſed through36 Inflamation, or hard ſwelling without ſenſe called Schir­rus, hapning at the backe bone, or nigh to it, or other ſiinewy part, dependant thereon; whereby the ſinews are preſſed together, and ſo ſtopped, that the animal vertue cannot paſſe. It may happen by ablow or wound.

The Diſeaſe is ſo apparent that it needs no Signs.

The Palſey is no acute oſharpe Diſeaſe,Progno­stica. and for the moſt part is curable.

It chanceth (for the moſt part) to ancient people, and beginneth (commonly) in the Winter time.

If the Palſey come by a cut or wound, it is incurable, and very difficult, if the Paralitique members wane, or wan leſſe and leſſe; for then it ſheweth the parts to want ſpirit naturall as well as animal.

Let his Diet be extenuating and drying,Diet. let his Meat be eaſie of digeſtion and roaſted. viz. Birds that frequent dry grounds, Almonds, Raiſons of the Sun, Pine Nuts.

For Pot-herbs,Herbs. let him uſe Fennel, Purſley, Hi­ſop, Marjoram, Sage and Savory.

Let him eſchew Water-fowl,Caution. Fiſh, and all o­ther meats that are cold and moiſt, and fleg­maticke.

Let the Aire he abides in be hot and dry;Aire. if not, make it ſo by Art.

Let him drinke no Wine but Hippocras,Drink. and let him uſe Cinnamon in all his drink, or broth.

It is good for him to indure as much thirſt as he can.

Let his ſleeps be but mean,Slepe. and let him not ſleep at all in the day.

Let him uſe as much exerciſe as well he can. Exerciſe.

Let, him be merry and cheerfull,Mirth. and fly an­ger,37 vexation, and other perturbations of the mind.

If there be ſignes of Plenitude,Bleeding. you may draw out blood (moderately, for feare of over-cooling) of the ſound ſide; elſe forbear.

If he have not a Stool once a day,Cliſters. provoke him with a Cliſter.

Acetum Scilliticum,Cure. or Vinegar of Squils taken two ſpoonfuls every morning, faſting, is a ſoveraign medicine.

So is alſo Caſtoreum. Sneezing.

If it lie in the Brain ſneezing is good, which you may provoke with white Hellebore, but let it be in the Evening, the party in bed, and their head wrapped warm for fear of after-claps. Unction.

Alſo uſe Unctions to the nape of the necke (for their the marrow of the hacke hath its paſſage to the Brain) uſe firſt weak ones, ſuch as Oyle Chamomel,More pro­perly the Brain hath its paſſage to the ſpina­lis me­dulla. Bath. Dill, St Johns Wort or Earthworms. Then after ſome dayes ſuch as are ſtronger, as Oyle of Bricks, or Tile-ſtones, Castoreum and Euphorbium. Where­with you may anoint all the paralitique members, wrapping them up hot afterwards in a Fox skin.

Alſo you may make a Bath with St Johns Wort, Roſemary, Staechas, Sage, Marjoram, and Camo­mel, boyled in Water, wherewith you may bath the paralique members before you anoint them. Ceratum:

Alſo this Cerecloth is excellent to apply to the paralitique members. Take of Oyle ii. . Oyle of Pepper, i. . ſs. Oyle of Euphorbium, ii. ʒ. Aqua vitae ii. . ſs. juyce of ſage & Marjoram or cowſlops of each ii. . ſs. Galanga iii. ʒ. Pellitory of the wall and pep­per, of each a dram, Staechas and Roſemary, of each ii. ʒ. Euphorbium ʒ. ſs. boyle it till the Aqua vitae be conſumed, then ſtrain it, and put wax enough to it to make a Cerecloth.

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Alſo you may make a quilt for his head with Hyſop,Cucufa. Marjoram, St Johns Wort, Sage, Rew, Bay­leaves of each ii. ʒ. Spikenard, Maſtich, Castoreum, and Staechas, of each ii. . Cloves, Mace, Nutmegs, of each i. . red-roſe-leaves well dryed, halfe a handfull, make of them a quilt, as you are taught Chapter 3.

Uſe theſe medicines to the head if the diſeaſe lie there; to the nape of the necke, and the back bone, if the diſeaſe lie there.

CHAP. XX. Of the Palſey in one Member.

ALthough any expert man may draw out of what hath beene written before, the cure of the reſolution of any member, the radix being the ſame, yet to ſatisfie the unskilfull, I thought good to write a line or two.

If any member be paralitique, ſearch from what root the ſinews come that ſupply that member, and mend it there at the root with the former medicines.

There is alſo a kind of Palſey called by the Greeks〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉,〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 in Latin Tortura oris, in Engliſh wrineſſe of the mouth; this you may cure alſo by the aforeſaid medicines: beſides, yomay hold a looking-glaſſe before him, that he may ſee what an ugly face he makes, and ſo labour to a­mend it.

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CHAP XXI. Of the Falling-ſickneſſe.

〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉in Greek, the Latins call it Morbus Co­mitialis,〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. and the Engliſh, the Falling-ſickneſſe.

It is a Convulſion, drawing and ſtretching of all the parts of the whole body, not continually, but at ſundry times, with hurt of the mind and ſenſe.

It is ſo called, becauſe it attacheth both the ſenſe and feeling of the head, and alſo of the mind.

Three cauſes of Falling-ſickneſſe.There be three cauſes of the Falling-ſickneſſe.

The firſt is cauſed when the diſeaſe lieth only in the Brain; and that is cauſed two wayes. 1. When groſſe, tough and clammy Humours flegmaticke, ſtop the paſſage of the ſpirits animal in the Pelli­cles of the Brain. 2. See my Anatomy of the brain.When the ſame opilation is cauſed by Choler.

Secondly, it is cauſed through the evill affect of the Stomacke, ſending up vapours thither, which the brain labours to repell, and by the reluctancy cauſeth the diſeaſe.

Thirdly, it is cauſed through a cold aire which the Patient may feel creeping up from one member or another, to the Brain; but this chanceth but ſel­dome, eſpecially in theſe climates.

There goeth before this diſeaſe,Signes. an unwiſe ſtate of the body and mind; ſadneſſe, forgetfulneſſe, troubleſome dreames, headach, continuall fulneſſe in the head, eſpecially in anger, paleneſſe in the face, inordinate moving of the tongue; many bite their tongues, as ſoon as the fit takes them they fall down, their limbs are drawn together, they ſnort40 and ſometimes cry out: many tremble when the fit comes upon them, and run round, but the pecull­ar ſigne of this diſeaſe is foaming at the mouth.

This diſeaſe happeneth moſt to young folke.

Let the Aire the ſicke abides in,Aire. be hot and dry, if the diſeaſe be cauſed of Flegme, let it becold and moiſt,Diet. if it be cauſed of Choler.

Let him eſchew all meats that are hard of di­geſtion, and ſtopping, and ſuch as are of a dilative quality,Vomit. Cure. My thinks I might have be­ſtowed the pins to have quo­ted a few more me­decines, yet ſeeingis as tis ſee my re­cepts. and all Wine, the older the worſe.

If the Diſeaſe proceed from the Stomack, cleer it by a vomit

The beſt remedy, which is moſt ſure and appro­ved, is, a Male piony root dug up, in riſing on ſunday morning, the Moone encreaſing, Aries culminating; hung about their necks; which by a hidden planetary vertue cureth it. Alſo the juyce of piony roots dog up at that time, and made into a ſyrrup with Sugar taken inwardly doth the like.

CHAP. XXII. Of Convulſion and Cramps.

〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉in Greek; in Latin Convulſio; in En­gliſh Convulſion and Cramp:Definiti­on. is a Diſeaſe in which the ſinews are drawne and pluckt up to­gether againſt ones will.

There are divers kinds of this Diſeaſe,Kinds. three of theſe kinds lie in the neck.

The firſt is called in Greeke〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉; in Latin Distentio; it is when the necke remaineth altoge­ther immovable; ſo that it cannot be turned any way, but muſt alway be held ſtraight forward.

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The ſecond is called Tentio ad anteriora, when the head or necke is drawn down towards the breſt.

The third is called Tenſio ad posteriora, when the head is drawn backward.

The fourth kind of Convulſion, is that which uſually is called the Cramp, and is a drawing to­gether of the ſinews of ſome particular limb.

The fift is that which is uſually called Convul­ſion-fits, and a wreathing or drawing up together all the ſinews on the one ſide of the body.

This Diſeaſe is cauſed through faſting, fulneſſe,Cauſe. pricking of an Artery, or the biting of a venemous beaſt, that the venome come to the Nerve.

The fift of theſe is only mortal, and takes away many young Children.

For Children: Spirit of Castoreum,Cure. Aqua parali­tica Mathioli, Aqua antepileptica langij, are medici­nall.

For aged people; if it come of fulneſſe,Of fulnes. purge and vomit, then uſe the precedent medicines.

If it come of faſting,Faſting. it is more perilous; the beſt remedy that I know then, is the decoction of China roots.

Pricking of a nerve.If it come by pricking an Artery, as many times it doth in blood-letting through the unskilfulneſſe of the Chyrurgion, or unrulineſſe of the Patient. If it be much hurt, the only way I know, is to cut it quite aſ••der, and loſe the uſe of the limb, to ſave your life.

Stinging of vene­mous crea­tures.If it come by ſtinging of any venemous creature, make the wound bigger, and draw out the poyſon with Ʋenice treacle applyed to it plaſter-wiſe.

Finally, wear for the Cramp, a Ring made of a Rams horn, the Ram ſlain in , in the houre of the Sun, he either riſing or culminating.

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CHAP. XXIII. Of the Mare.

〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉in Greeke,〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 in Latine Incubus, is a Diſ­eaſe that happens onely in the night, to people in bed, wherein they conceive themſelves over-preſ­ſed with a great weight, which almoſt ſtrangles them.

The ridi­culous conceits of the vul­gar.The ſimple ſort call it the Mare, and conceit and affirm, that they feel it with their hand, and hear it fall down in the chamber; yea, I have heard one affirm, ſhe heard it come in at the gate. The truth (or rather falſhood) of all this, will appear in the deſcription.

This Diſeaſe is cauſed of exceſſive drinking,Cauſe. alſo of continuall rawneſſe of the Stomack; whence are ſent groſſe and cold Vapours, which fill the ventricles of the Brain, letting the diſperſing of the faculties thereof by the ſinews.

This Diſeaſe alwayes invades thoſe that are a­ſleep,Deſcripti­on. and moſt of all ſuch as lye upon their backs;Signs. they ſuppoſe a great weight lyes upon them, and ſtops their breath, that they cannot move, and dream that they are almoſt ſtrangled, and would cry out, but their voice is ſtopped; and in••ed they groan pittifully, at laſt being ſomething wakened, and able to ſtir, the paſſage is opened and they eaſed.

This Diſeaſe (though ſeeming light) is not to be neglected,Caution. by reaſon of its affinity with the Apo­plexy and Falling-ſickneſſe.

Let him never lie on his back.

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Let his Diet be ſuch as breedeth not wind, nor is of a dilative quality. Diet.

Blood-letting. Cure.If there be ſignes of fulneſſe, uſe bleeding.

Let him not go to bed till digeſtion be perfected; Vinegar of Squils taken two ſpoonfuls in the mor­ning faſting; and if digeſtion be weak,I have been my ſelfe, and have known o­thers ſtrangely troubled with this diſeaſe, ſince the writing hereof, and in a farre different manner from what he e is written; but the margent is too ſmall to hold the Story. one ſpoon­full preſently after meat digeſteth the humours and cures the Diſeaſe.

Keep the head and neck alwayes warm. Alſo you may take inwardly ſuch things as ſtrengthen the braine, ſuch be, Aromaticum Roſatum, Diamoſcum dulce, Diambra, Dianthon, &c.

CHAP. XXIV. Of Madneſſe.

Diffe­rence be­twixt〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉and〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉.〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉in Greek, is a Diſeaſe which the Latins call Inſania and Furor; in Engliſh Madneſſe and Fury, they that have this Diſeaſe be unruly like wild Beaſts.

The difference betwixt this and the Frenzy, is this: A Feaver alwayes accompanies a Frenzy, but never this Diſeaſe called〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, or Madneſſe.

It is cauſed of much blood flowing up into the Brain;Cauſe. ſometimes this blood offends in quantity only, and ſometimes in quality, when it is melan­choly: The ſuper fluity of melancholly, cauſeth alienati­on of mind, and cauſeth the man to be fooliſh and beſide himſelfe.

I ſhall onely in this Chapter treat of madneſſe coming of blood. Signes.

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There goeth before Madneſſe, weakneſſe of the head, tickling of the ears, ſhinings before the eyes, great watchings, ſtrange thoughts approach the mind, heavineſſe of the head, a ravenous appetite, a forwardneſſe to bodily luſt, the eyes ſtare, and ſeldome either winke or beckon.

If it come of blood only, they laugh continual­ly, and the ſicke thinketh he ſeeth before his eyes things to laugh at.

If any Choler be mingled with the blood, then the pricking and ſwift moving of the brain, makes them angry, irefull, moving and bold.

In the firſt place bleed them,Bleeding. and then by the colour of the blood you may diſcerne eaſily the quality predom­nate.

If it be a Woman, breath a veine in the ankles, for that provokes the termes.

Let their Diet be ſuch as breeds little blood, till they are almoſt ſtarved.

In many the humours is waxed groſſe, and ſetled by long continuance, and ſuch are worſt to cure, though perhaps they be patienteſt, for the time, yet looke for them to be furious enough, when the humour is ſtirred, and made thinner.

If it come of blood only, you may draw away blood abundantly, from the arm, under the tongue from the forehead, from the fundament with leaches

If Choler be mixed with the blood I refer you to the Chapter of Frenzy.

If of Melancholy, the next Chapter ſhall in­ſtruct you, only let him eat little, drink no ſtrong drink nor wine; ſleepe much, and go to ſtool or­derly.

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CHAP. XXV. Of Melancholie.

BY Melancholie, here I mean, not the ſimple complexion; for without that, none can live; but the alteration of the complexion in quantity, quality, or ſeat.

It commeth without a feaver,Deſcripti­on. and is engendred of melancholy occupying the mind, and chang­ing the temperature of the brain.

It is cauſed three waies. Sometimes it is cauſed of the common vice of melancholy blood,Cauſed 3 waies. being in all the veines of the body, and ſo hurteth the braine.

Sometimes the blood only in the brain is alte­red,Had this been to do again, I could have done it ten tims bet­ter. the blood in other parts of the body being ſafe.

And ſometimes it is ingendred through inflam­mation about the ſpleene, and ſo ſending up me­lancholy vapours thither.

The moſt common ſignes be fearefulneſſe; ſad­neſſe, hatred, ſtrange imaginations; For ſome think themſelves bruit beaſts, and counterfet their noiſe and voyce;Signes. my ſelfe knew one, this preſent yeare 1645. that thought him ſelfe only a man, and all other men beaſts that came to devour him, and ſtood with a ſtaffe to beat every one that came neer him, whom I perſwaded that he was made of a black pot, and if he did not ſpeedily get him into his houſe, I would throw a ſtone at him, and break him; which was ſo upon his imagination, that he threw away his ſtaffe and ranne in, and would ſuffer none to touch him for feare they ſhould break him.

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Innumerable ſuch fancies are mentioned by Au­thors which I forbear to mention.

This is according to the cauſe; if the cauſe be fear, then they thinke o­thers will kill them; if of grief, they ſeek to kill them­ſelves; if of love, the natu­rall blood is infected becauſe the liver is the ſeat of love, I want room, gueſſe the reſt by theſe.As how one conceited he had a fiſh in his blood, another durſt not piſſe for feare he ſhould drowne the world, a third conceited he had no head, and a fourth that he was made of butter; all which, and the waies and meanes by which they were cu­red you may read in A. P. his Chirurgery: but to proceed. Many deſire death, and ſome do kill themſelves, others are afraid of death, and thinke their beſt friends when they ſee them determine to kill them; ſome laugh; ſome weep; ſome think themſelves inſpired with the holy Ghoſt, and prophecie of things to come.

Alſo the ſtate of their body is ſlender, black, rough dry and hard in touching, and altogether melan­cholious.

This is cauſed through exceſſiveneſſe of ſome paſſion, as love, joy, griefe, &c. or through much ſtudy, watching, ſtopping of the Hemoroides, or Men­ſtrua, or the eating of wicked and melancholicke meats.

But in ſuch in whom it is cauſed by the Spleen, they have rawneſſe, much wind, ſharpe belchings, burnings and greivouſneſſe of the ſides, the ſides are drawn upwards, and many times they have In­flammations there. Alſo Coſtiveneſſe, little ſleep, troubleſome and naughty dreams, ſwimming in the head, and ſound in the eares.

Let him abhor melancholy Diet. Diet,

Let the Aire he abides in be hot and moiſt. Aire.

Let his Meat be hot and moiſt, of good digeſtion and breeding good blood. Young Borrage boyl'd and buttered is good meat for him.

Black Hellebore corrected with Cinnamon,Purge. is47 a good purge for him, ſo is decoction of Epithimam.

Fumitory is a ſoveraigne hearb for the diſeaſe, and ſo is betony.

If the infirmity lie in the whole body,Bleeding. you have no other remedy but you muſt bleed him often, be­cauſe all the blood is corrupted.

If it lie in the head only, bleeding is needles, only follow his humours, and comfort him with Cordi­als and Cephaliques, that ſtrengthen the braine; ſuch be of ſimples, Betony, Red-roſes, Harts-tongue, En­dive, Borrage, bugloſſe and Violet - flowers. Of compounds, Aromaticum roſatum, Diamoſcu dulce, Anacardina, Laeti­ficans, Galleni, Dianthon, ſpecies cordiales temperatae, &c. And his beſt Doctor is Dr Merry-man.

But if it proceed from the Spleen; for Simples uſe Centaury, Penyroyall, Wormwood, and Ger­mander and Bay-berries, apply to the region of the Spleen an Emplaſter of Melilot for the Spleen.

Alſo you may provoke them to ſneeze with Be­tony in powder ſnuffed up in their noſe. Sneezing.

There are divers other manners of cure which I omit here, my ſcope being in this place to treat of it, as it annoyeth the brain only; I may happen to write of the redundance of all the complexions ſeverally and diſtinctly by themſelves; to which I refer you.

CHAP. XXVI. Of Trembling or ſhaking of any Limb, called commonly the ſhaking Palſey.

THis Diſeaſe commonly goeth a little before death, eſpecially in acute diſeaſes and ſur­ſers, and then it is an evident ſigne death is near.

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It many times troubles aged people, and then it is incurable.

It is alſo cauſed by fear;Cauſe. then remove the fear, and the trembling is gone.

Sometimes it comes by accident, as immode­rate cold taken, abundance of groſſe, thicke and clammy humours, much drinking of Wine, &c.

There needs no ſigns to be ſhewed.

For Diet,Diet. uſe ſuch things as cut, divide and ex­tenuate; let him eſchew all things that hurt the ſi­news; all Wines.

The beſt cure that I know,Cure. (which indeed is ſuf­ficient) I have knowne men of ninty years of age, kept from this infirmity,Queſtion leſſe ſuch things as ſtreng­then the Nerves are excel­lent; I am ſorry I was ſo briefe. only at night when they go to bed, by rubbing their fingers between their toes, and ſmelling to them.

Yet if you be troubled with it already, your beſt way is firſt (when you have learned what humour it is that troubles you) to purge out that humour.

In this Treatiſe are many Aphoriſmes, which are marked with a hand in the Margent, which the ſtudious in Phyſicke, eſpecially young Students, if they pleaſe to write them out by themſelves, may find wonderfull uſefull.

Plures gulâ periêre quàm gladio.
FINIS.

FEBRILIA: OR, A TREATISE OF FEAVERS In Generall.

By NICHOLAS CULPEPPER, Student in Aſtrology and Phyſick.

Printed in the Year 1655.

I Reviſed this Treatiſe of FEAVERS; the Method of which was Galen's. This I am confident, it containeth moſt ex­cellent Truths.

Nich. Culpepper.

CHAP. I. A Table of FEAVERS.

A Feaver is an unnatu­ral heat ingendred

  • In the Spirits.
  • In the Humours.
  • In the fleſhie parts.

In the Spirits it cauſeth

  • Ephemeris, or an one day Feaver.
  • Synochus non Putri­da, or a Feaver la­ſting three or four dayes.

In the Humours it cauſeth a rotten Feaver, and the Hu­mours rot

  • Within the Veſſels.
  • Without the Veſſels

Within the Veſſels

  • All the Humours rot and ſo cauſe Sinochus putrida.
  • Onely one Humor, & ſo by Pu­trefaction
    • Of Choler, a continual Tertian.
    • Of Flegm, a continual Quotidian.
    • Of Melan­choly, a continuall Quartane.

Without the Veſſels by putrifaction.

  • Of Choler, an intermitting Tertian Ague.
  • Of Flegm, that is
    • Sweet, an in­termitting Quotidian-Ague.
    • Glazen, it cauſeth Epia­los.
  • Of Melancholy, an intermit­ting Quartane Ague.

In the fleſhy parts it cauſeth

  • Hective Feavers.
  • Maraſmos.
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CHAP. II. A Comment upon the Table of Feavers.

A Feaver is an unnaturall heat, which taketh its beginning at the heart,Definiti­on. and is ſpread from thence through the whole body by the arteries and veines; hurting or letting thereby the operation of the parts thereof.

The body of man is generally divided by Hip­pocrates into three parts; The things contained, the thing containing, and the thing that gives life and motion to both.

  • 1. The things contained are humours;
  • 2 The thing containing the humours is the fleſh;
  • 3 The ſpirits give life and motion to both.

In all theſe three, diſtinctly, and ſeverally, hap­pen feavers.

For if this unnatural heat (for a man may be naturally hot, and is hotter at one time, then at a­nother, yet hath no feaver;) be kindled in the Spirits, it cauſeth either a feaver which the Greeks call〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉in Latine diaria, in Engliſh an one day feaver;〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. becauſe in this feaver, there chanceth but one fit; and that laſteth nor above a day; For and that laſteth not above a day; For as a bottle filled with hot water heats the bottle, ſo the ſpirits being inflamed, heat the body; or

Sometimes it cauſeth a feaver, called〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉non putrida,Three ſorts of〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 and it commonly laſteth (if it be right­ly handled) not above three dayes, the Latines call it diaria, but very improperly; Of this〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉there are three ſorts.

Some continue with equal vehemence, from the2 beginning to the latter end;〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉and〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉the Greekes call this.

Some alwaies encreaſe by little and little, un­till they end; and ſuch the Greekes call〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉and〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉.

Againe ſome decreaſe or diminiſh by little and little,〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. and thoſe the Greekes call〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉

Moreover, if only one humour do putrifie and rot within the veſſels, it cauſeth a feaver the Greekes call〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉which is a continuall feaver;〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. for although there be remiſſion in this feaver be­tween the ſhaking fits, yet the feaver never leaves him, before he be either cured of it, or killed by it.

Diffe­rence between〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉and〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉.So that here in this lies the difference between Synochos, and Synochys; the former hath no remiſſi­on in the fit, but only one continued fit; the latter hath alwaies remiſſion, or ſlacking, though no in­termiſſion as is in agues; In〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉but one fit, in〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉many.

Three ſorts of〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉.Othis〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉are alſo three ſorts; For if the pu­trefaction be of choler only, it cauſeth a continual tertian, called by the Greekes,〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉.〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉

If flegme putrifie within the veſſels, it cauſeth a continuall quotidian.

But if melancholy, a continual quartan.

Dif••ence between, remitting and inter­m t ing feavers.Yet all theſe differ from intermitting Feavers, called (by the Vulgar) Agues; farre and wide, though the fits are diſtant alike.

For firſt, though the humours that cauſe them both be the very ſame; yee in theſe remitting Fea­vers, the humour is contained within the Veines; but in intermitting Feavers, commonly called A­gues, it is diſperſed through the members, and ſo through their violence of ſpreading, the Feaver intermits for a time.

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Secondly, this continual, though remitting Fea­ver, ſtill remaines between the fits, though not with the ſame violence; but an intermiting Feaver or Ague, totally to the Patients apprehenſion, ceaſeth, till the next fit come.

Of which now, a word or two.

Febris in­terpolain. Three ſorts.This Feaver is very fitly called in Latine Febris interpolata, becauſe the fits renew at their time; it is called by ſome, Febris deficiens.

Of this alſo are three ſorts.

  • 1 Tertian,
  • 2 Quotidian,
  • 3 Quartan.

A pure intermiting Tertian is cauſed of choler rotting without the Veſſels. Tertian.

An exquiſite quotidian is called in Greeke〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉and is cauſed of ſweet flegme patrify­ing or rotting without the Veſſels;Quotidian〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. For if the flegme that putrifie be glazen, it cauſeth a Feaver called Epialos.

Epialos is a Feaver, wherein the Patient feeles both heat and cold, immoderately in all parts,Epialos quid. both at one time and at one place.

To this Feaver, belongs an accident called by the Greekes〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉that is,〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 when vehement heat is felt in the bowels and entrailes; and immode­rate cold in the external parts.

An intermiting Quartan is cauſed of melancho­ly rotting without the Veſſels,Quartan. is governed by Sa­turas a planet ſlow, weighty, and ponderous, and therefore the diſeaſe is commonly Chronical and laſting.

I come now to the laſt ſort of Feavers, which the Table ſhews to proceed of heat in the fleſhy parts;Hectica Fbris. and that is called Hectica febris, an Hecticke Feaver.

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For as a hot Veſſell heats the water that is put into it, ſo a Hectike Feaver though the riſe of it be in the fleſh, after the third concoction, yet it heats the humours which the fleſh containes.

This Feaver for the moſt part,Maraſ­mos. without ſpeedy cure, conſumes the whole body, and then is cal­led Maraſmos; and this Maraſmos, ſaith Galen is incurable;Galeus errour. but the good old ſoul was miſtaken; for I have known it cured in more then one, or two; I have had it my ſelf ſince the writing of this.

As for the Peſtilence, it is alſo a Feaver and a ſhrewd one too; I have written of that already, in a treatiſe by it ſelfe; and therefore no more of it now.

There are other Feavers that come by reaſon of the inflammation of ſome member. Inflama­tions.

So that Feaver which comes in the filme that girdeth the ribbs,Pluretia. is called pleuretia.

If from inflammation of the lungs, it is called Pe­ripneumonia. 〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. Erraticae febres.

If of the ſtomack, it is called Typhodes.

Some Feavers alſo are called Erraticae, that keep no certaine time of coming at all; nor any order of fits, and intermiſſion; and ſuch Feavers come commonly of Melancholy.

But in every Feaver, you muſt conſider diligently, whi­ther the Feaver come by any diſeaſe, of any particular member; elſe you will erre egregiouſly in giving Phyſick.

Theſe are all ſimple Feavers, ſome Feavers are compound,Com­pound Feavers. as diverſe Feavers of a like nature joyne together; as intermiting Feavers with in­termiting, &c. For example, two intermitting Ter­tians, or two intermitting Quartaines joyne to­gether, in which laſt the party is ſick two dayes, and well but one; my own child, at the writing5 hereof, had two intermiting Tertians; the one far more violent then the other, and they came at ſome twelve hours diſtance.

But ſometimes, an intermitting Tertian is joyned with a continuall Quotidian;〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 and this diſeaſe is called in Greek〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉and this only is known as yet of compound Feavers, of different natures; the other are ſtill of Feavers of like nature, as con­tinual Feavers with continual, or intermiting with intermiting.

And thus much of my paraphraſe, which though it be ſomewhat long, yet I account nothing tedious that is rational; I know many words might have been added, but not one might have been left out. For by ignorance in, or negligence of this, many lives are loſt; which by due obſervance of this, might be preſerved.

CHAP. III. Of〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉or an one day Feaver.

〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉in Greek; in Latin Diaria;〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 in Engliſh an one day Feaver, becauſe it hath but one fit, which continueth but one day, if rightly hand­led; if not, it turneth to other diſeaſes,

It is cauſed when the breath is inflamed above nature, without any putrefaction,Cauſe. and this chanceth many wayes.

Firſt, through binding or thickning of the skin, which ſtoppeth the vapours that were wont to flow out by the pores, which being hot and ſharpe in­gender a Feaver.

Secondly, by wearineſſe.

6

Thirdly, by watchings, crudilities and lack of digeſtion.

Fourthly, by ſadneſſe, care and ſorrow.

Fifthly, by anger and vehement paſſion of the mind.

Sixthly, by feare.

Seventhly, by vehement heat of the Sun.

Eighthly, by hunger and drunkenneſſe.

Ninthly, by ſwellings and kernels about the throat; for all theſe heat the ſpirits and inflame them.

Signes. Generall. Six.The Signes are of two ſorts.

Firſt generall ſignes; whereby this Feaver is known from any other Feaver.

Secondly, particular ſignes, which ſhew from which of all theſe ſeverall cauſes the Feaver comes.

The generall ſignes are ſix.

  • 1. They change the pulſe, in greatneſſe and ſwiftneſſe, but it keeps that proportion, in order, ſoftneſſe, and equality, it did according to nature.
  • 2. The Urine ſeldome or never turnes from a naturall ſtate.

A naturall Ʋrine is ſubrufe in colour, meane in ſub­ſtance, and if you ſhake it, it ſparkles like Sacke.

Yet I deny not but Ʋrines alter ſomething accor­ding to the predominant complexion of the party, even in men of perfect health.

  • 3. Their heat of body is gentle, pleaſant and caſie.
  • 4. They end commonly by moiſt ſweet ſweats.
  • 5. Vehement pain in the head and ſtomack, and other parts.
  • 6. Abhorring of Meat, and inſatiable Thirſt.
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Signes. Of watch­ing.The particular Signes.

If it come of watching, there followes a naugh­ty colour, ſwelling of the face, heavineſſe of the eyes, that he can hardly lift them up, the haires of the eye-lids are moiſt, and the pulſe ſmall; for watching hinders digestion, and cauſeth crudities, when theſe ſignes ariſe.

Care and ſorrow.If it come of care or ſorrow, the body is leane; if ſorrow be the cauſe, the colour is cleerer; if care, darker, hollowneſſe and dryneſſe of the eyes, diſcoloured skin.

If of anger,Anger. the eyes ſeeme to ſticke out farther then they uſe to do, the face is red, and the pulſe lofty.

If of ſadneſſe, the pulſe is ſmall,Sadne••. feeble and rare.

If of feare, the face is pale,Feare. for feare ſends the blood from the circumference to the center, the pulſe is ſwift, unequall and ſharp.

If it come through burning and heat of the Sunne, their skin is hot and dry,Sun. and their head ſeemeth to burne, the eyes are red and troubled, and the veines in the temples forehead, and under their eyes are ſtretched and puffed up.

If of cold, there followeth heavy diſtillations and rheums,Cold. aſtringency; for cold bindeth and keepeth the vapours within the skin.

If of wearineſſe, the skin is exceeding dry,Wearines. and the pulſe exceeding ſmall.

If of drunkenneſſe or hunger,Drunken­neſſe. the ſicke may tell you.

If of Kernels, or Impoſtumation of the throat,Kernels. the pulſe is great, ſwift and often, their face ſwol­len, their Urine pale.

For cure,Cure. you muſt obſerve the generall rule contraria contrariis medentur.

8

Let their generall diet be meats of good juyce,Diet. and eaſie of digeſtion.

Give ſuch as have their diſeaſe of anger or ſun­burning, cool and moiſt diet.

If of cold, a diet that doth moderately heat; againſt watching and ſadneſſe, a diet that moiſt­neth and provoketh ſleep.

If of wearineſſe; let them eat as much meat as they can well digeſt.

More over you muſt regard the Patients ſtrength, his naturall temper, the time of the yeare, age and u­ſuall cuſtome of the ſicke, and accordingly order your Phyſick.

If the natural temper of the body be cholericke, you muſt feed them with meat at the beginning of the fit,•••tio. for it is very ſubject, if the body be kept faſting to turn to an acute rotten Feaver.

See the body be kept laxative;Stoole. if he go not na­turally to ſtoole, provoke him with an emollient Cliſter.

Finally,Bath. ſo ſoon as the fit begins to wane; bath him in a warm bath, made with ſweet hearbs boy­led in water; for that will open the pores, and let out the vapours.

CHAP. IIII. Of Synochus non pistrida, being a Feaver which laſteth three or four dayes.

THis Feaver is cauſed,〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. quid. either becauſe the ſmall pores of the skin are ſtopped,Cauſe. or becauſe the body it ſelfe is moderately thickned through cold, or after bathing, or by ſharpe binding medicines,9 heat of the Sun, or any other thing that dries the skin.

It may be thus knowne.

Firſt, by touching,Signs. for the skin is harder and more compact, then it was wont to be.

Secondly, by the heat, which at firſt ſeemes gen­tle and eaſie, but after you have held your a hand while, you ſhall feel it ſharper.

Thirdly, the Unine is not much altered from its naturall ſubſtance and colour, for this diſeaſe lies in the ſpirits, not in the blood.

Fourthly, the body fals not away, but their eyes are ſwollen, and fuller of moiſture then uſually.

Fifthly, the pulſe is equall, ſwift, vehement, and frequent.

Cure. Bleeding.For cure of this diſeaſe, you may ſafely draw out ſo much blood as age, ſtrength, and the ſeaſon of the year permit.

After bleeding uſe things that clenſe and ſcowr;Abſter­gents. ſuch are Oximel, Hyſop, Origanum, Smallage, and obſerve whether the heat abate by this diet.

For if by the third day you find little heat left,Bath. you may ſafely bath him with ſuch things as are ſcouring, ſuch be Orris and Aristolochia roots, Smal­lage, ſalt-peeter, boyled in water and honey.

But if the Feaver then increaſe, or on the fourth day, then either you were miſtaken at firſt in the diſeaſe, or elſe the Feaver is altered, and ſome hu­mour putrified.

CHAP. V. Of a rotten Feaver, called Synochus putrida.

Synochus putrida quid.SYnochus putrida, is a Feaver which holds from the beginning to the ending without any great10 mutation, or ſenſible change, and may well be cal­led a conſtant or ſtable Feaver.

Of this are three ſorts; I deſcribed them in the ſecond Chapter.

This Feaver is cauſed by the rotting of all the humours equally within the Veſſels,Cauſe. and eſpecially in the great Veſſels about the arm-holes and ſhare. and this chanceth, when fervent heat is kept in by violent binding and ſtopping, which is within the body; for when heat and moiſt things cannot breath out, they putrifie and rot preſently.

Therefore this feaver is ſeldome ingendred in thin ſpare folke, nor in cold bodies, nor old age, but in ſuch as abound in blood, of groſſe, fat, or fleſhy bodies, or ſtuffed with hot excrements.

This is properly known from Synochus non putri­da,Signes. becauſe there are ſignes of rottenneſſe in the U­rine, and the pulſe of a man ſicke of this, but not ſo in the former.

The other ſignes all agree with the former.

The Cure of this feaver | muſt begin with blood-letting,Cure. Bleeding. and that in the beginning of the diſeaſe, if you can.

Cold drinke is moſt perilous in this diſeaſe;Caution. firſt becauſe it cauſeth obſtructions, and hindreth the attenuation of the clammy humours.

Secondly, cold drinkes hurt weake members; ſome by drinking cold drinke in this feaver, have gotten ſuch ſore throats|, that they could not ſwallow; in ſome the Stomacke is hurt, that they could not digeſt; in ſome the Bladder; generally that part that is weakeſt is moſt ſubject to hurt; and being hurt, cannot performe its proper office.

But blood-letting you may uſe at any time, if ſtrength permit, provided it be not upon a full ſto­macke.

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Such as have this feaver, have alwayes looſneſſe and ſometimes vomit up Choler.

Let his drinke be barly water,Diake. ſweetned with ſyrrup of Violets, and a little Oyle of Vitrioll to make it tart.

Let his diet be light of digeſtion,Meat. and let him eat it at his uſuall times of eating; for then it will digeſt beſt.

Alſo Oranges, Lemmons, Oxymel, and Ver­juyce, are medicinall for him.

CHAP. VI. Of continual Feavers called by the Greekes〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉.

〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉in Greeke is a continuall feaver, that hath ſome certaine ſlacking betweene the fits;〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 yet no abſolute intermiſſion, till the end of it, and by this only it is knowne from Agues or intermitting feavers, therefore I ſhall omit the ſignes till then. Cauſe.

This feaver is cauſed by rotting of one particu­lar humour only within the Veſſels; I ſhewed it in the firſt and ſecond Chapters, I remit you to that.

I ſhall only treat of that which is called of the Greekes〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉by it ſelfe, in the next Chapter, for that is the moſt dangerous, and wind up the reſt together in this. A Com­pendium of the cure of Feavers.

In the generall cure of feavers of this ſort, theſe things muſt be conſidered.

Firſt, the Feaver.

Secondly, the rottenneſſe.

In the Feaver.In the feaver two things muſt alſo be conſi­dered.

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Firſt, How that part which is already kindled and inflamed, may be remedied.

2 How that which is not kindled, may be letted and hindred from inflammation.

Alſo two things muſt be conſidered touching the rottenneſſe or putrification. In the rotten­neſſe.

Firſt, how the humours already putrified may be healed.

Secondly, how thoſe that are not putrified may be kept from putrefaction.

Heac, qui non animadvertit, errabit nimis.

In the begining of the feaver, if ſtrength and age permit,Bleeding. let blood; for that lets out the inflamed blood, and cooles the reſt.

Obſtru­ctions.The body thus cooled, you muſt cure the ob­ſtructions, and that without heating the Patient, leſt you increaſe the feaver, and cauſe more putre­faction.

This is beſt done by Clyſters,Clyſters. and ſweates; for Clyſters, take only the common decoction with Moloſſus,Sweats. and Diacatholicon.

For ſweates, you may uſe either Venire treacle, Matthiolus his great antidote, Serpentary roots, E­lectuarium de ovo: Conſideratis conſiderandis.

To ſtop and hinder the humours not inflamed from inflaming, uſe cooling juleps, made with bar­ly water, Harts-horne, Ivory, Scorzonera roots, Zedoary, &c. Syrupe of Violets, &c.

To prevent putrefaction, avoyd all meats, I mean fleſh, and all broths of fleſh.

To bring away humours already putrified, boyle a white Lilly roote in White-wine, and let him drinke it.

For outward medicines, Vine branches, Water Lillies,Lecalia. Endive, Succory, Wood-ſorrel, Sorrel, Let­tuce,13 Knot-graſſe, Vinegar, theſe or any of theſe beaten, and the juice mingled with oyl of Roſes, and wool dipped in it, and applied to the Stomack, mightily allay the heat.

But have a care by all means, that you do not apply this at the beginning of the Feaver, for then the heat lies in­ward, and this will add more violence to it, but onely when the heat is come to the externall parts, for then it cheriſheth the Lungs, and provoketh ſleep.

Provoke ſleep with Diaſcordium;Sleep. if that prevail not, uſe Laudanum.

But have a care of Opiats, at the beginning of the Diſ­eaſe.

For Cordials, Scorzonera-roots, Bezoar,Cordials. Sirrup of Citron-pils, and Syrrup of Balm of Fernelius, Confection of Alchermes, and de Hiacyntho, Electua­rium de Ovo, any of theſe may be adminiſtred, conſi­deratis conſiderandis.

CHAP. VII. Of a Burning Feaver, called〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉.

〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉Qad Cauſe.〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉in Greek, is called in Engliſh a Burning Feaver, or continuall Tertian.

It is cauſed of Choler, rotting or putrifying with­in the Veins, together with the Blood.

Thoſe that have this Diſeaſe,Signes. their Tongue is dry, rough & black, with gnawing of the Stomack, immoderate thirſt, and watching; their Dung is li­quid and pale.

Let the place wherein the Sick lies be cool,Cure. Aire. the aire ſweet; if it be not cool, mkit ſo by art; of which you have examples in my Criti a Cephalica, vol. 3. lib. 2.

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Let him drink for his ordinary Drink,Drink. water wherein Barly, Cinamon, and ſuch Herbs as cool and moisten, ſuch be Lettice, Sorrell, Wood-ſorrell, Purſlane, &c. have been boiled.

Alſo Syrup of Violets, Violet and Straw-berry-leaves, Water-lillies and Verjuice, juice of Lem­mans and Oranges, are medicinal,

With the other Medicines mentioned in the former Chapter; and Bleeding.

If theſe Medicines prevail not,Bliſters. but the Humours flow up, and lye heavy on the Head, which you may know by their talking idly, you muſt apply Bliſters to the in-ſide of the Wreſts, and the in-ſide of the Calves of their Legs.

If that prevail not, but you perceive their caſe deſperate,Pidgeons. apply Pidgeons to the ſoles of their Feet.

But if in a deſperate caſe it oppreſſe their Sto­mack or Heart, I have known ſix grains of Mercu­rius Vitae cure them; yet in my opinion Lac Sulphu­ris had been better.

CHAP. VIII. Of an Intermitting Tertian Feaver, com­monly called a ſecond dayes Ague.

OF all Agues, this onely is mortall, yet the other two may turn to another Diſeaſe that may kill, but they kill not themſelves.

And this Ague, though ſometime it be mortall, yet is of all other moſt frequent; and if rightly handled, eaſieſt cured.

It vexeth young folks moſt.

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I ſuppoſe the reaſon why this Ague is moſt frequent, to be becauſe Choler by reaſon of its heat,Cauſe. is moſt apt to ſtir with violence.

This Diſeaſe is cauſed of Choler, pure, ſincere and unmixed, carried with violence by the ſenſi­tive parts of the Body.

This Diſeaſe happeneth uſually to perſons Cholerick by nature, in their flouriſhing age, and in Spring time. Signs.

The ſigns of this Diſeaſe are, a vehement Cold, rigour and ſtiffneſſe in the beginning of the Fit; the Patient thinketh his Body is pricked; ſoreneſs of the Bones, as though they were nipped, an exact order and equality of the Pulſe; for as the Feaver encreaſeth, the Pulſes are raiſed in ſtrength, vehe­mency and frequency.

In the vehemency of the Feaver, it cauſeth thirſt, and burneth up the Patient; his Breath is ſwift, and hot as fire, and