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THE DECLARATION AND RESOLUTION Of many thouſands Citizens of LONDON CONCERNING The Army, under the Command of the Lord Generall Fairfax, and their preſent Proceedings touching the Treaty; And the further proceedings of the Citizens concerning the Papers ſent up from the Army.

Alſo, Ten Propoſitions from His Majeſties loyall Subjects within the Realm of England, to the Citizens and Army, concerning the Reign and Government of their Dread Soveraign Lord King Charles.

[blazon of the City of London

8ber ye 12th 1648 Printed for C. VV. and are to be ſole neer the Royall Exchange in Cornhill.


THE PROPOSALS Of the Subjects of ENGLAND Concerning The Reign and Government of their Dread Soveraign Lord the KING.

SUfficient Authority makes a juſt and lawfull Parliament, endued with abſo­lute power, and not to be diſſolved by a­ny departure: To which may be added, the third Record or Act of Continuance, againſt the which the King hath no power, nor any Court in the Kingdom; and whatſoever is done with­out2 it, about it, or againſt it, is void in Law. Hear then poor people theſe poyſoned poſitions penned in pa­pers againſt the King, Legis non habet vigorem, quod principi placet, Bract. f. 107. Gods Miniſter ought to do that which is only right, and his will is of no force for a Law, becauſe it ought to ſubſcribe to the Law, and not the Law to it. See Errours for Arguments to move you.

There is Art in Errours, and Errours in Arguments are armed with truth:

The King is to be obeyed, his life preſerved, and his Laws obſerved, and by them, both he and his people are to be protected.

His promiſes art to them that ſhall obey his perſo­nall Comands in his Camp againſt his higheſt Court, condemned of Ordinances.

As first that of the Militia, which deveſts his Majeſty of his power to protect his people. 2 That of Men and Money to be laid upon them to protect themſelves. 3 To rebell against his perſonall Commands. 4 To kill him in his Army. 5 To rule him and all his people by an arbitra­ry Government. 6 To change Religion. 7 Maintain Re­bellion. 8 Commit his best ſubjects. 9 Commend and countenance his enemies. Laſtly, Keep him from his Par­liament.

I ſhall eaſily anſwer all theſe. The Kings power to protect his people muſt be known, what it is, where it is, and in whom it is. What it is? No Regalt, perſonall, or private power, but a righteous, politike, and publike power. In a word, not the judgment of the King meer­ly Royall, Imperiall, and Arbytrary, but the judgment of the Kingdom legally, and judicially performed.


Where it is? Not in the Camp and Cabinet of the King, but the great Councell of the Kingdom.

In whom it is? Not in the perſons departed, but in the three Perſons that remain by the Writ of Suwmans, and Act of Continuance.

For the perſons departed againſt both, have no cauſe to call their powers after them, but are condemned by both as violaters of their own Acts, and therefore the buſineſſe to be conſidered, is left in truſt with them, forſaken by the others, and it is not the Parliament but the King himſelf that deveſts himſelf of his owne po­wer, by his own Act and default; and having tranſfer­red his power to his Court, he may not recall it from them.

2 Men and Money; Anſwer, but the iminent danger the Parliament is to take care for, and moſt againſt them that are departed, and call as many as they can at home and abroad to rebell againſt their owne Autho­rity, for out of Parliament they have none; and the Royall power rebels againſt the politique, and the po­litique defends it where it ought to be, and reſiſts it where no Law can juſtifie it.

3 To rebell againſt the perſonal Commands of the King is no rebellion, but the reſiſtance of wrong, and Re­bellion is properly againſt the Kings Authority which de­fends the perſon, and the perſon cannot be ſafe without it, but caſts it ſelf wilfully into peril, to periſh with Rebels againſt the care of the common protection.

44 To kill the King is no good mans intention, and his party is the Argument of the war, which being againſt his own authority, muſt be ſuppreſſed for his ſafety in his own body.

5 The Parliament is no Arbitrary Government, and what the three powers do is judiciall in caſes extra­ordinary, and Ordinances need no other Lawes then their own powers.

6 To change what is humane, is no alteration of Re­ligion.

7 Rebellion is againſt the Parliament, not by it.

8 They are not the beſt ſubjects that reject the Parliament.

9 They are not the Kingdoms enemies that fight for the Parliament.

Laſtly, his Majeſties fears cannot be in his ſupreame Councell, where He and we all are ſafe.

A Declaration of the power of a King, and the Loyalty of His Subjects.

THE Oath of God binds every Subject to keep the Kings Commandement, which he may doe, when he is deemed to doe the contrary, and ſhall not need to make haſt out of his ſight, that face ſhall change for the better, that boldly holds out in well doing. We muſt not ſtand in any evill, for ſo we may ſuffer his juſt diſpleaſure that hath dominion o­ver us.

And therefore all men ought to be carefull of what they are juſtly commanded, and fear not words that5 want warrant. Kings are men, and have their paſſions, and muſt have time to digeſt them, and return where they ſhould be and happy ſhall they be when they un­derſtand their powers aright.

We have waded through a moſt weariſome way, clogged with clamour as the thickeſt clay, or as clouds of duſt that blind every mans eyes, and the more we ſtir, the more we ſtrive to choak our ſelves, and it were happy we were out of the way in ſome other Kingdom to ſeek our own peace, if the Parliament may not make it. The Aſſembly was confuſed, Acts 19.32. and the major part knew not why they met.

Such Aſſemblies there be too many, where multi­tudes meet.

Can any man rejoyce that Tumults turned the King from his Councell, and now we hear men rejoyce that they hope the like Tumults will turn the Councell out of the Kingdom.

And if we loſe both, where ſhall our happineſs be? The beſt deſire is, that both may meet, and except that be, we are like to expect greater Tumults to take all from Us We ſhould ſee better betwixt parties, if we our ſelves would not be parties. The beauty of truth, is her nakedneſſe, and therefore ſhe ſeeks no corners: but falſhood is ugly, and therefore like ill complexi­ons uſeth varniſh. The Parliament paints not, but is plain, and they that have erred ſet Colours on their Cauſes to contend with truth it ſelf.


The Declaration of the Citizens of London, con­cerning the Treaty, and the Army.

DIvers of the Citizens of London having received ſeverall papers from the Army, touching the Treaty, and bringing to condigne puniſhment the abet­tors and fomenters of the late war and commotions within this Kingdom, have declared their unanimous. Reſolutions to joyn with them therein, and to live and die, and ſtand and fall with them in the ſaid Ingage­ment, even for thoſe particulars of common Right and Freedom for which they firſt took up arms; and doe further declare, that they will by Gods aſſiſtance, ſe­cond them with their utmoſt power and might in their greateſt ſtraights and difficulties againſt all oppoſiti­on whatſoeve.

This is the ſenſe and reſolution of many thouſands well affected Citizens in and about the City of London, who ſubſcribed to the large Petition, preſented to the Houſe of Commons, concerning a perſonall trea­ty with the King.


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TextThe declaration and resolution of many thousands citizens of London concerning the army, under the command of the Lord Generall Fairfax, and their present proceedings touching the treaty; and the further proceedings of the citizens concerning the papers sent up from the army. Also, ten propositions from His Majesties loyall subjects within the realm of England, to the citizens and army, concerning the reign and goverment of their dread soveraign Lord King Charles.
Extent Approx. 9 KB of XML-encoded text transcribed from 5 1-bit group-IV TIFF page images.
SeriesEarly English books online.
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(EEBO-TCP ; phase 2, no. A82059)

Transcribed from: (Early English Books Online ; image set 162313)

Images scanned from microfilm: (Thomason Tracts ; 75:E467[18])

About the source text

Bibliographic informationThe declaration and resolution of many thousands citizens of London concerning the army, under the command of the Lord Generall Fairfax, and their present proceedings touching the treaty; and the further proceedings of the citizens concerning the papers sent up from the army. Also, ten propositions from His Majesties loyall subjects within the realm of England, to the citizens and army, concerning the reign and goverment of their dread soveraign Lord King Charles. [2], 6 p. Printed for C.VV. and are to be sole [sic] neer the Royall Exchange in Cornhill,[London] :[1648]. (Place and date of publication from Wing.) (Annotation on Thomason copy: "8ber [i.e. October] ye 12th 1648".) (Reproduction of the original in the British Library.)
  • England and Wales. -- Army -- Early works to 1800.
  • Great Britain -- History -- Civil War, 1642-1649 -- Early works to 1800.

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  • Text Creation Partnership,
ImprintAnn Arbor, MI ; Oxford (UK) : 2013-12 (EEBO-TCP Phase 2).
  • DLPS A82059
  • STC Wing D552
  • STC Thomason E467_18
  • STC ESTC R205257
  • EEBO-CITATION 99864674
  • PROQUEST 99864674
  • VID 162313

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