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A GRAVE ADVISE, FOR THE SVPPRESSING OF SEMINARY PRIESTS, JESUITS, AND OTHER Popiſh Inſtruments, without effu­ſion of bloud, or infliction of capi­tall puniſhment.

Preſented to His Majeſty by many perſons of Quality.

LONDON. Printed in the yeare of our Lord, July. 19. 1644.


CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE REPRESSING of Prieſts, Jeſuites, and Re­cuſants, without drawing of Blood.

I Am not ignorant, that this later Age hath brought forth a ſwarm of buſie heads, which meaſure the great my­ſteries of State by the Rule of their ſelf-con­ceited wiſdome; But if they would cōſider, that the Common-wealth governed by grave Coun­ſellors, is like unto a Ship directed by a skilfull Pylot, to whom the neceſſities of occaſions and grounds of Reaſon, why hee ſteereth the Helme to this or that point of the Compaſſe, are better knowne, then to thoſe that ſtand a­loofe off; they would perhaps be more ſparing if not more wary in their Reſolutions.

For my owne particular, J muſt confeſſe, that J am naturally too much inclined to his2 opinion, who once ſaid; Qui bene latuit, bene vixit, and freſhly recalling to mind, the ſay­ing of Functius to his Friend at the houre of his untimely Death:

Diſce, meo exemplo, mandato munere fungi:
Et fuge ceu Peſtem,〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉.

J could eaſily forbeare to make my hand­writing the Record of any opinion, which ne­vertheleſſe I proteſt to maintaine, rather deli­beratively then by the way of a concluſive aſ­ſertion; Therefore without waſting precious time any longer, with needleſſe Prologue, I will briefly ſet downe the queſtion in the termes following:

Whether it be more expedient to ſuppreſſe Po­piſh practiſes, againſt the due Allegiance to his Majeſtie, by the ſtrict execution of the Lawes Touching Jeſuites, and Seminary Prieſts, or to reſtraine them to cloſe Priſon during life, if no reformation following.

The doubt propounded conſiſting of Two Branches, neceſſarily requireth to be diſtinctly handled, that by comparing either part the conveniency, mentioned in the Queſtion, may be cleered with more facilitie.

1. In favour of the firſt Diviſion there are not a few, who grounding themſelves on an ancient Proverbe,〈…〉〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, A dead man bites not: Affirme that ſuch are dangerous to be preſer­ved3 alive, who being guilty, condemned, and full of feare, are likely for purchaſe of life and liberty, to ingage their utmoſt in deſperate ad­ventures againſt their King and Countrey.

2. No leſſe is it to be feared, that while the Sword of Juſtice is remiſſe in cutting off hai­nous offenders, againſt the dignity of the Crowne, the miſled Papall multitude in the in­terim, may enter into a jealous ſuſpence, whe­ther that forbearance proceed from the feare of exaſperating their deſperate humours, or that it is now become queſtionable, whether the execution of their Prieſts be ſimply for matter of State, or pretended quarrell for Religion.

3. And whereas in a remedileſſe inconveni­ence, it is lawfull to uſe the extremity of Lawes againſt ſome few, that many by terrour of the Example may be reformed; what hope can there be, that clemency may tame their hearts, who interpret his Majeſties grace in Tranſpor­ting their Prieſts out of this Realme to be a meere ſhift, to rid the Priſons of thoſe whom Conſcience could not condemne of any capitall crime.

4. Neither are their vaunting whiſperings to be neglected, by which they ſeeke to con­firme the fearefull Soules of their party, and to inveigle the ignorant, doubtfull, or diſconten­ted perſons; for if the glorious extolling of their powerfull Friends, and the expecting of a golden day be ſuffered, to winne credit with4 the meaner ſort, the relapſe cannot be ſmall, or the meanes eaſie to reforme the Errour, with­out a generall combuſtion of the State.

5. Let experience ſpeake ſomewhat in this behalfe, which hath evidently diſcryed within the current of few yeares; That the forbea­rance of Severity hath multiplied their Roll in ſuch manner, that it remaines as a Corraſive to thouſands of his Majeſties well affected Subjects.

6. To what purpoſe ſerves it, to muſter the names of the Proteſtants, or to vaunt them to be ten for one of the Roman faction, as if bare figures of numeration could prevaile againſt an united party reſolved and adviſed aforehand, how to turne their faces with aſſurance unto all dangers, while in the meane time, the Pro­reſtants neſtling in vaine ſecurity, ſuffer the weed to grow up that threateneth their bane and mercileſſe ruine?

7. Sometimes the Oath of Supremacie cho­ked their preſumptuous imaginations, and yet could not that infernall ſmoake be wholly ſmothered, nor the Locuſts iſſuing there out, be cleanſed from the face of this Land. Now that the Temporall power of the King, contai­ned in the Oath of Allegeance, is by the Papall Sea, and many of the Adorers thereof, impu­dently avowed to be unlawfull; ſhall the broachers of ſuch Doctrine be ſuffered to live, yea to live and be received of us, for whoſe5 deſtruction they groane daily?

8. To be a right Popiſh Prieſt, in true En­gliſh ſenſe, is to beare the Character of a diſloy­all Renegade, of his naturall obedience to his So­veraigne; Whom, if by connivence he ſhall let ſlip or chaſtice with a light hand; what immunity may not Trayterous delinquents in leſſer degrees expect or challenge after a ſort, in Equity and Juſtice.

9 Jf there were no receivers there would be no Theeves: Likewiſe, if there were no Har­bourers of the Ieſuites, it is to be preſumed that they would not trouble this Iſle with their preſence; Therefore Rigor muſt be ex­tended againſt the Receiver, that the Jeſuite may be kept out of doores; were it then indif­ferent Juſtice to hang vp the Acceſſary and let the Principall goe free; namely to ſuffer the Prieſt to draw his breath at length, while the entertainer of him vnder his Roofe ſubmits his body to the Executioners hand? Without doubt if it be fit to forbeare the chiefe, it will be neceſſary to receive the ſecond offender in­to protection. Wherewith a miſchiefe muſt enſue of continuall expence; and ſcandalous reſtraint of ſo great a number.

10. Reputation is one of the Principall Ar­teryes of the Common-wealth, which Maxime is ſo well knowne to the Secretaries of the Pa­pacie; That by private Forgeries and publicke impreſſions of Calumniations, they endeavour6 to wound us in that vitall part; Howſoever therefore, ſome few of that ſtampe being bet­ter tempered then their fellowes in defence of this preſent government, have not ſpared to affirme; That tyranny is vnjuſtly aſcribed there­vnto, for ſo much as freedome of Conſcience, after a ſort, may be redeemed for money; Notwith­ſtanding there want not many Pamphleters of their ſide, who opprobriouſly caſt in our teethes, the converting of the Penalty, in­flicted on Recuſants, and refuſers of the oath of alleageance from the Kings Exchequer to a particular purſe: ſurely we cannot preſume that theſe Libellers may be diſſwaded from ſpitting out their venome maliciouſly againſt vs, when they ſhall ſee their Prieſts mewed vp without further proceſſe of Law: For ei­ther they will attribute this calme dealing to the Juſtice of their cauſe, the ſtrength of their party or patience, or that tract of time hath diſcovered our Lawes importing overmuch ſharpeneſſe in good policy, to be thought fit­ter for abrogation, by non vſance, then repea­led by a publicke decree.

11. Moreover it is fore-thought by ſome, that if theſe Seminaries be onely reſtrayned, that they may prove hereafter like a ſnake, kept in the Boſome, ſuch as Bonner, Gardiner, and o­thers of the ſame Livery ſhewed themſelves to be after Liberty, obtained in Queene Maries7 dayes; And if the loſſe of their Ghoſtly Fa­thers agrieve them, it is probable, that they will take Armes ſooner, and with more courage to free the Living, then to ſet vp a Trophie to the dead.

12. Howſoever the Ieſuites Band is knowne in their Native ſoyle, to be defective in many reſpects, which makes them vnderlings to the Proteſtants; as in authority, armes and the Protection of the Lawes, which is all in all: Nevertheleſſe, they inſinuate themſelues to for­raigne Princes, favouring their party, with pro­miſes of ſtrange aſſiſtance at home; if they may be well backed from abroad; To which purpoſe they have divided the Inhabitants of this Realme into foure Sects; Whereof Ranking their Troupes in the firſt place (as due to the pretended Catholiques) they aſſu­med a full fourth part to their property, and of that part againe they made a Subdiviſion into two portions; namely of thoſe that open­ly renounced the eſtabliſhed Church of En­gland, and others whoſe certaine number could not be aſſigned: Becauſe they frequented our ſervice, our Sacramēts, reſerving their hearts to their Lord God the Pope. The ſecond party they allot to the Proteſtants, who retaine yet, as they ſay, ſome Reliques of their Church; The third Ranke and largeſt, was left vnto the Puritans, whom they hate deadly,8 in reſpect, that they will hold no indifferent quarter with Papiſtry. The fourth and laſt ma­niple; They aſſigne to the Politicians: Huomini (ſay they) Senza Dio, & Senz ani­ma: Men without feare of God, or regard of their Soules; Who buſying themſelves onely with matters of State, retaine no ſenſe of Re­ligion: without doubt, if the Authors of this partition have caſt their account aright, we muſt confeſſe, the latter Broode is to be aſcri­bed properly vnto them; For if the vndermi­ning of the Parliament Houſe, the ſcandalizing of the King in Print, who is Gods annoynted; And the refuſall of naturall obedience, be workes of thoſe that neither ſtand in awe of God or Conſcience; well may the Papiſts boaſt, that they are aſſured of the firſt number; and may preſume likewiſe of the laſts friend­ſhip, when occaſion ſhall be offered; For the preventing of which combination; it is a ſure way to cut off the Heads; that ſhould tye the knot, or at leaſt, to brand them with a marke in the forehead, before they be diſmiſſed, or after the opinion of others, to make them vnwel­come to the faeminine Sexe; which now with great fervency imbraceth them.

Theſe are for the moſt part Arguments ven­ted in ordinary diſcourſe, by many who ſup­poſe a Prieſts breath to be contagious in our Engliſh Ayre; others there are, who maintaine the ſecond part of the queſtion, with reaſons9 not vnworthy of obſervance.

Death is the end of Temporall woes; But it may in no wiſe be accounted the grave of memory; Therefore howſoever it is in the power of Ju­ſtice to ſuppreſſe the perſon of a man, the opi­nion for which he ſuffered (conceived truly or vntruely in the hearts of a multitude) is not ſubject to the edge of any ſword, how ſharpe or keene ſoever: I confeſſe that the Teeth are ſoone blunted, that byte only out of the malice of a ſingular faction: But where poyſon is dif­fuſed through the veynes of a Common-wealth with intermixture of Blood, good and bad, ſe­paration is to be made rather by vacuation, then by preſent inciſion: The greateſt byter of a State is Envie ioyned with thirſt of Re­venge, which ſeldome declares it ſelfe in plaine Colours, vntill a Jealouſie conceived of perſo­nall dangers breaketh out into deſperate reſolu­tions: Here comes it to paſſe, that when one mal-contented member is grieved, the reſt of the body is ſenſible thereof; neither can a Prieſt or Ieſuite be cut off without a generall murmure of their Secretaries, which being confident in their number, ſecretly arme for oppoſition, or confirmed with their Martyrs blood, (as they are perſwaded) reſolve by pati­ence and ſufferance to glorifie their cauſe; and to merit heaven. Doe we not daily ſee, that it is eaſier to confront a private Enemy, then a ſociety or Corporation: And that the hatred10 of a State is more immortall then the ſpleene of a Monarchy; Therefore except it be de­monſtrated, that the whole Roman City which conſiſts not of one broode, but of a ſucceſſion of Perſons may be cut off at the firſt ſtroake, as one entrei head, I ſee no cauſe to thinke our ſtate ſecured by ſitting on the ſkirts of ſome few Seminaries, leaving in the meane time a multitude of ſnarlers abroad, who alrea­dy ſhew their Teeth and onely waite opportu­nity to bite fiercely. I will not deny, that whom we feare, we commonly hate; provi­ded alwaies, that no merit hath interceeded a reconciliation; For there is great difference between hatred conceived againſt him that will take away the life, and him that may juſtly doe it, and yet in Clemency forbeares to put it in effect, For the latter breedeth re­verent awe, whereas the former ſubjecteth to ſervile feare, alwaies accompanied with deſire of innovations. And although it hath bin affir­med of the Church of Rome; Quod Pontifici­um genus ſemper crudele; Nevertheleſſe out of Charity, let us hope that all Devils are not ſo black as they are paynted; Some or per­haps many of them there are, whom Conſci­ence or in default thereof, pure ſhame of the world will conſtrain to confeſſe, that his Ma­jeſtie moſt graciouſly diſtinguiſheth the Theory of Popery, from the Active part there­of; as being naturally inclined; Parvis pec­catis11 veniam, magnis ſeveritatem commodare; nec poena ſemper, ſed Saepius poenitentia Contentus eſſe.

2. Miſtaking of puniſhments, legally inflicted, commonly proceeds from fond pit­ty, or the intereſt which we have in the ſame cauſe, both which beget blind partiality. Ad­mit then that the Papall ſide, affecting merit, by compaſſion may be meerely touched, with the reſtraint of their Seminaries; that cannot be denyed, I hope, except they had the hearts of Tygers; that in humanity they will pre­ferre their eaſe of durance before the Rigor of death: And albeit that PARSONS, BELLAR­MINE, and the POPE himſelfe, conſtraine their ſpirituall Children, to thruſt their fin­gers into the fire, by refuſing the oath of allea­geance: Notwithſtanding we have many Te­ſtimonies in Judiciall Courts, and printed Bookes, that the greater part of them are of that Theban Hunters mind, who would rather have ſeen his Dogs cruell Acts, then have felt them, to his owne coſt.

Garnet himſelfe alſo in one of his ſe­cret Letters lamented, that after his death, hee ſhould not be enroled amongſt the Martyrs: Becauſe that no matter of Religion was objected againſt him, yet it plainely appeares in his demeanure; That hee would gladly have ſurvived12 the poſſibility of that glory, if any ſuch hope had remained, neither is it to be preſumed, that being in priſon, he would ever have conceived that we durſt not touch his Reverence, or that the Law was remiſſe, which had juſtly condem­ned him and left his life to the Kings mercy, it was the diſtance of the place and not perſons, that interpreted the ſending over Seas of the Prieſts, to be a greater Argument of their in­nocency, then of his Majeſties forbearance: For had Father Parſons himſelfe bin Coram no­bis, his ſong would rather have been of mer­cy then Juſtice. It is truely ſaid, that we are all inſtructed, Better by examples then precepts; Therefore if the Lawes printed, & indictments recorded cannot controle the Calumniations of thoſe that wilfully will miſtake Treaſon for Religion, By the execution of 2. or 3. of that Backbiting number, I doubt not, but the queſti­on may readily be decided, Namqueimmedica­bile vulaus enſe recidendum eſt, ne pars ſincera trahatur.

To dally with Pragmaticall Papiſts, eſpeci­ally with thoſe that by their example & coun­ſell pervert his Majeſties Subjects, I hold it a poynt of meere Injuſtice: For what comfort may the good expect when the bad are by con­nivence freed to ſpeake and imboldened, to put their diſloyall thoughts in execution? For ex­plaining therefore of my meaning, it is ne­ceſſary13 to have a regard vnto the nature of the Kings Liege people, that are to be reformed by example of Iuſtice, & other forrayners who will we, nill we, muſt be cenſurers of our actions.

It hath been truly obſerved, that the Nations of Europe, wch are moſt remote from Rome, are more ſuperſtitiouſly enclined to the dregs of that place, then the neare neighbours of Italy: whether that humor proceed from the cōplexi­on of the Northern bodies wch is naturally more retentive of old Cuſtomes, then hotter Regions; or that the vices of the City, ſeated on 7. Hils, are by crafty Miniſters of that Sea, concealed from the vulgar ſort, I liſt not now diſcuſſe, but moſt certaine it is, that the people of this Iſle exceed the Romans in zeale of their profeſſion: Inſomuch, that in Rome it ſelfe, I have heard the Engliſh Fugitives taxes by the name of Pichia­petti Ingleſi. Now as our Countrymen take ſu­rer holdfaſt of Papall Traditions, then others: ſo are they naturally better fortified with a cou­rage to endure death for the maintenance of that cauſe; For this Clymate is of that tem­perature, out of which Vegetius holdeth it fit­teſt, to chooſe a valiant ſouldier, where the heart finding it ſelf provided of plenty of blood to ſuſtain ſodain defects, is not ſo ſoone appre­henſive of death or dangers, as where the ſtore­houſe of blood being ſmall, every hazard ma­keth pale Cheeks and trembling hands (Angli) ſay ancient writers, bello intrepidi, nec mortis14 ſenſu deterrentur: And thereunto Botero the I­talian beareth witneſſe in his relations of many ſtrangers, therefore comming out of for­raine parts, among the Rarities of England, deſi­red to ſee whether report hath not bin too la­viſh in affirming that our condemned perſons yeeld their bodies to death with cheerfulneſſe. And were it not that by daily experience, we can call our ſelves to witneſſe of this truth, J could produce the Reverend Judge Forteſcue, who in commendation of our Engliſh Lawes, made ſuteable, as he well obſerveth, to the in­bred conditions of the Inhabitants of this Soyle, avoweth that the Engliſh people in tryall for criminall cauſes are not compelled by Tortures to confeſſe, as in other Nations it is vſed, for as much as the quality of the Engliſh is known to be leſſe fearefull of death, then of Torments, for which cauſe, if the Torments of the Civill Law were offered to an innocent perſon in En­gland, he would rather yeeld himſelfe guilty and ſuffer death, then endure the horror of lin­gring paines; Inſulani plerumquefures (ſaith one) and ſo true it is, that this Country is ſtai­ned with that imputation, notwithſtanding that many are put to death, to the end that others, by their fall, might learne in time to beware: if then it doth appeare that terror prevailes not to keep men from offences, which are condem­ned by Law and Conſcience, what aſſurance can there be to ſcare thoſe who are conſtantly ſa­tisfied in their minds, that their ſufferings are15 either expreſly or by implication for matter of Religion and health of their Soules; In ſuch a caſe to threaten death to Engliſhmen; Quibus nihil intereſt humive, ſublimive putreſcant, is a matter of ſmall conſequence, Purpuratis Gal­lis, Italis aut Hiſpanis iſta minitari, to a ſet­led reſolution of death, menaces to prolong a wea­riſome life, prevaile much more in ſuch caſes. Rightly did Clement the 8th conſider that by burning two Engliſhmen in Rome for ſuppoſed Hereſie, he rather impaired his cauſe, then bet­tered it; Jnſomuch that many preſent at the reſolute death of Mr. Marſh, who was brought to duſt in Campo di Santa Fiore, ſpared not to proclaime him for a Martyr, carried away of his aſhes for a Relique, & wiſhed their ſoules in the ſame place with his; which newes brought to the Popes eare, cauſed him (as it was bruted a­bout in Rome) ſolemnly proteſt; That none of the Engliſh Nation ſhould publiquely from that time forward, be conſumed with fire; On the o­ther ſide, if we read the volumes written in praiſe of their Prieſts conſtancy, their Martyrologie or Kalender of Martyrs, and Path way of ſalvati­on, as it were chalked out vnto the Papiſts, by ſacrificing their lives for the Pope; we ſhall find that by taking away of one, we have confirmed and invited many; whereof I could give particular in­ſtances, if I thought any ſcruple were made in that point.

As for forraigne parts, which hold with the Papall Supremacy, it is cleere, that they16 will be ſevere and partiall Judges in this cauſe; For albeit that here in England it is well known to all true and loyall Subjects; that for matter of Roman Doctrine, no mans life is directly cal­led into queſtion: But that their diſobedience in reaſon of State, is the only motive of their proſecution; Nevertheleſſe where a great Can­ton of Chriſtendome is rooted in a contrary o­pinion, & things in this world are for the moſt part eſteemed by outward appearance; this Land cannot eſcape malicious ſcandals, neither ſhal there be want of Colledges to ſupply their faction with Seminaries. Therefore again, and again I ſay, that if the ſtate of the queſtion were ſo ſet that it were poſſible by a generall execu­tion of the Prieſts and their Adherents, to end the controverſie, J could in ſome ſortwith bet­ter will ſubſcribe thereunto; But ſeeing J find little hope in that courſe, J hold it ſafer to be ambitious of the victory, which is purchaſed with leſſe loſſe of blood, and to proceed, as Tul­ly teacheth his Orator; who when he cannot whol­ly overthrow his Adverſary, yet ought he to doe it in ſome part, and with all endeavour to confirme his owne party in the beſt manner that may be.

4. He that forbeareth to ſowe his ground in expectance of good winde, or a favourable Moone, commonly hath a poore Crop, and a leane Purſe; So ſhall it fare with this ſtate, if private whiſ­perings of diſcōtented perſons, that never learnt to ſpeak well, be too nicely regarded; yet ought17 they not to be ſlightly ſet at nought, leſt our credit grow light, even in the Ballance of our deareſt friends. The Papaſticall Libels informe againſt vs, as if we were deſirous to grow fat with ſucking of their Blood, the very walls of their Seminary Colledge at Rome, are bedaw­bed with their lying phanſies, and in every cor­ner, the Corner-creepers leave ſome badge of their malicious ſpleen againſt vs, crying out of cruelty and perſecution: But if the penalty of death be changed into a ſimple indurance of Priſon, what moate can they find in our eyes to pull out; or with what Rhetorick can they defend their obſtinate malipertneſſe, wch with repaying vs ill for good, deſerve to have coales of indignation powred vpon their heads, Visne muliebre conſilium, ſaid Livia to Auguſtus, let ſeverity ſleepe a while, and try what alteration the pardoning of Cinna may procure; The Em­perour harkened to her Counſell, and thereby found his Enemies mouthes ſtopt, and the ma­lice abated; ſome there are perchance, that will terme this Clemency, innovation, and vouch the Precedent of that City, who per­mitted none to propound new Lawes, that had not a Corde about their necks, ready for ven­geance, if it were found voprofitable: But let ſuch Stoyicks know, that there is great diffe­rence between the penning of a new Law, and adviſe given for the manner of executing it; neither by their Leaves, are all Jnnovations to18 be rejected; For divine Plato teacheth vs, that in all Common wealths, vpon juſt grounds, there ought to be ſome changes; And that Stateſmen therein muſt behave themſelves like skilfull Muſitians, Qui artem Muſices non mutant, ſed muſices modum.

5. That an evill Weede groweth faſt, by ex­ample of the new Catholiques increaſe is cleerely convinced; But he that will aſcribe this generation ſimply to his Majeſties Heroi­call vertue of Clemency, argueth out of the falla­cy which is called Ignoratio Elenchi. Was not the zeale of many cooled towards the laſt end of Queene Elizabeths Raigne, hath not the im­pertinent heate of ſome of our owne ſide be­reft us of part of our ſtrength? And the Papa­cy with tract of time gotten a hard ſkinne on their Conſciences; Parva metu primo, mox ſe­ſe attollit in altum: But if we will with a bet­ter inſight, behold how this great quantity of Spawne is multiplied, we muſt eſpecially aſcribe the cauſe thereof to their Prieſts, who by their deaths prepare and aſſure more to their ſect, then by their lives they could ever perſwade. It were incivility to diſtruſt a friend, or one that hath the ſhew of an honeſt man, if he will franckly give his word, or confirme it with a ſacred Oath: But when a proteſtation is made upon the leaſt gaſpe of life, it is of great effect, and poſſeſſeth thoſe that cannot gain-ſay it upon19 their owne knowledge. The number of theſe Prieſts, which now a dayes come to make a Tragi­call concluſion, is not great; Yet as with one Seale many Pattents are Sealed, ſo with the loſſe of few lives numbers of wavering ſpirits may be gained, Sanguis martyrum ſemen Eccle­ſiae; And though theſe Prieſts having indeed a diſadvantagious cauſe, are in very deed but counterfeit Shadowes of Martyrs unto a true vnderſtanding, yet will they be reputed for ſuch by thoſe that lay their ſoules to pawne vnto their Doctrine, with whom, if we liſt to con­tend by multitude of voyces, we ſhall be cryed down, without all peradventure; For the gate of their Church is wide, and many there are that enter thereinto.

6. By divers meanes, it is poſſible to come to one and the ſelfe-ſame end; ſeeing that then the ſome of our welwiſhings is all one; Name­ly that Popiſh Prieſts may have no power to doe harme; It is not impertinent to try ſundry pathes, which may leade vs to the perfecting of our deſires. Politicians diſtingniſh; Inter rempub: conſtitutā & rempub: conſtituend: Ac­cording to the ſeverall natures whereof, Statiſts are to diſpoſe of their Counſels and Ordinan­ces. Were now the Rhemiſts and Romuliſts new hatched out of the ſhell, the for­mer courſe of ſeverity might ſoone bury20 their opinions with their perſons; But ſithence the diſeaſe is inveterated, va­riety of Medicines is Judiciouſly to be applyed. The Romans did not puniſh all Crimes of one and the ſelfe-ſame nature with extremity of death; For ſome they condem­ned to perpetuall Priſon, and others they ba­niſhed into an Iſland, or ſome remote Coun­try, even in the caſe of Religion, they were very tender to dip their fingers in Blood; For when Cato was Conſul, and it ſeemed good vn­to the Senate to ſuppreſſe with violence the diſ­ordered Ceremony of the Bacchanals, brought by a ſtrange Prieſt into the City; He with­ſtood that Sentence, alleadging that there was nothing ſo apt, to deceive men as Religion; which alwaies preſents a ſhew of Divinity; And for that cauſe, it behoved to be very wa­ry in chaſtizing the profeſſors thereof, leſt any indignation ſhould enter into the Peoples mindes, that ſomewhat was derogated from the Majeſtie of GOD. Others more freely, have not ſpared to place Religion (J meane that Religi­on which is ignorantly zealous) amongſt the kinds of Frenſie, which is not to bee cured otherwiſe then by time, gi­ven to divert or qualifie the fury of the Conceit;

Tantum Religio potuit ſuadere malorum!


How ſoever, in valuing the power of a city, or ſtrength of Arguments, quality, and worth is to be preferred before number: Neverthe­leſse, where the uttermoſt of our force is not known, it imports much to have it conceived, that the multitude ſtands for us; for doubts and ſuſpitions caſt in an Enemies way, ever­more make things ſeeme greater, & more dif­ficulty thā they are indeed; we have by Gods mercy, the ſword of juſtice drawne on our behalfe, which upon ſhort warning, is able to diſunite the ſecret Vnderminers of our quiet, we have a King zealous for the houſe of the Lord, who needeth not to feare leſſe ſucceſſe in ſhutting up of Prieſts, then our late Queen had in reſtraining them in Wisbich Caſtle; where leſt their factious ſpirits ſhould grow ruſty, they converted their Canker to fret upon themſelves, and vomiting out gall in quodlibets, ſhewed that their Diſeaſe was chiefly predominant in the ſpleen. What tem­peſts they have raiſed in their Colledge at Rome, their owne bookes, and many Tra­vellers can witneſſe; The ſtorme whereof was ſuch, that Sextus Quintus complained ſeriouſly of the vexation, which he received oftner from the Engliſh ſchollers, then all the Ʋaſſals of his Triple Crowne. And untruly is the Magiſtrate noted of negligence, or over­much ſeverity, that laveth waite to catch the Foxes, and the little Foxes, which ſpoile the30 Ʋinyard; Though afterwards without fur­ther puniſhment, he reſerve them to the day, wherein God will take account of their Stew­ardſhip. For if Ariſtotles City defined to be a ſociety of men, aſſembled to live well, be the ſame, which in our Law hath refe­rence to the maintenance of the poore in peace: ſo long as we taſte of the ſweet of a peaceable Government; we cannot ſay, but that we live well, and that the City conſiſt­ing of Men, and not of Walls, is happily guided.

8. An Oath is a weake Band to containe him that will, for pretended Conſcience ſake, hold no Faith with Hereticks, or by abſolu­tion from a Prieſt, thinketh himſelfe at liber­ty to flye from any promiſe, or proteſtation whatſoever.

Therefore when I remember, that Wat­ſone the Prieſt, notwithſtanding his invectives againſt the Jeſuites, gained liberty to forge his trayterous inventions, and had others of his ſociety in the complot: I judge it ſafer to make Recluſes of them, then to ſuffer ſuch to dally with us by Bookes, and ſome idle in­telligences caſt abroad onely, as a Miſt to31 bleare our eyes: but how ſhall we find the meanes to apprehend thoſe diſguiſed Roma­niſts, that borrow the ſhapes of Captaines, Marchants, Gentlemen, Citizens, and al ſorts of people, and by equivocation, may deny themſelves to be themſelves? In anſwer to this queſtion, I will firſt ſhew the Reaſon, why they are not purſued and taken, and here­after make an overture, how they may be boulted out of their Hutches. The Nature of Man, howſoever in hot bloud it be thirſty of revenge; in a cooler temper, it hath a kind of Nauſea, as I may call it, or a diſtaſte of ta­king away of the lives, even of the Nocent: Inſomuch that in all Aſsizes and Seſſions, an offender can hardly be condemned, whom the fooliſh pitty of many will not after a ſort excuſe, with laying ſome imputations on the Judge, part on the Jury, and much on the Ac­cuſer; and ſuch is their blind affection, that the Priſoner who, perhaps, was never recom­mended for handſomneſſe, will be eſteemed of them, for one of the propereſt men in the company: from hence it comes, that the name of a Serjeant, or a Purſevant is odious, and the Executioner, although he be the hand of Iuſtice, is eſteemed no better then an Enemy of Mankind, and one that loſt hone­ſty and Humanity in his Cradle. Reverend Maſter Foxe was wont to ſay, that Spyes and32 accuſers, were neceſſary Members in a Com­monwealth, and deſerved to be cheriſhed, but for his owne part, he would not be of any of that number, or wiſh his friends to affect ſuch impliments, and albeit that the Law permits and commands every man to appre­hend a Fellon; doe we not commonly ſee very many content to ſtand by and looke on, while others performe that office?

Likewiſe, it is evident, that if ſuch as are tender of their reputations, be very ſcrupu­lous, perſonally to arreſt men for civill acti­ons of debt, they will be more unwilling inſtruments of drawing their bodies to the Racke, or the Gallowes; eſpecially when their is any colour of Religion to be pretended in their defence; The diverſity of mens faces is great, but the difference of their minds in this Caſe is more variable, wherein the mea­neſt have thought as free as the higheſt, be­ſides this, there are too many of the blind Commonalty, altogether Popiſh, though not reconciled Papiſts, who, in their fooliſh igno­rance, will ſay, it is pitty any ſhould dye for their Conſcience, though indeed they make honourable amends for their Treaſon; verily I know not, what miſgiving of their mind it is, that maketh men forecaſt the poſſibility of alteration in matters of Religion, and for that reſpect, they are exceeding backward, in diſcovery and laying hands on Seminaries,33 yea, and are timorous, in enacting ſharpe Lawes againſt them, as thoſe that ſilently ſay among themſelves, Sors hodierna mihi; cras erit illa tibi: ſome alſo ſurvive, who remem­ber, that in Queene Maries time, the Prote­ſtants alleadged a Text, that the Tares ſhould not be plucked up before Harveſt: Nay, ſhall I ſpeak a Bugges word; there is no ſmall number, that ſtand doubtfull, whether it be a gratefull worke to croſſe Popery, or that it may be done ſafely without a fowle aſperſi­on of Puritaniſme, or a ſhrewd turn, for their labours at ſome times, or other: By which unhappy ambiguity it comes to paſſe, that theſe, Animalia amphibia, the Prieſts I mean, that prey on the ſoules and bodies of either Sex, unattached revell where they liſt, though they be no more ſeene, then a man dancing in a net. How much fitter were it for us cou­ragiouſly to invite them to our party, by Preaching, or coufuting them by writing, and unto the ſtate wherein we ſtand, wiſely to ap­ply the exhortation of the Aſſyrian King to his ſouldiers, you are fooles (quoth he) if there be any hope in your hearts, to redreſſe ſorrow, by flight, or rather endeavour to make them flie that are the cauſers of your griefe, aſſu­ring your ſelves, that more periſh in flight, then in the battle, even as many ſeeking to meete the Papiſts halfe way, diſcomfort our owne party.

349. It followeth now, according to the Me­thode preſcribed before, that an overture be made, how to get the Jeſuites and their ſhad­dowes, the Prieſts into poſſeſſion: it hath bin heretofore recited, that the unwelcome name of a Blood-ſucker, a Buſiebody, or a Puritane hath bin ſhrewd ſcarecrowes unto many ho­neſt minds, by abrogating therefore of thoſe or ſuch like imputations, many will be ſtirred up to undertake the apprehending of the Ad­verſaries unto the truth: eſpecially, when for their paines and time imployed, they ſhall deſerve, and have the titles of good Pa­triots, dutifull Subjects, and zealous Chriſti­ans: how ready is every common perſon to carry a Malefactor to the ſtockes, rather then to the goale or Execution, and doubtleſſe, they will be no leſſe forward to attach a Prieſt when they are aſſured that the worſt of his puniſhment ſhalbe a ſimple reſtraint within the walls of ſome old Caſtle. A certaine kind of People there is, with whom mony playes a more forcible Orators part, then any per­ſwaſion of the dutifull ſervice, which they owe to their Common-wealth: Theſe men will not be negligent to give intelligence, and alſo to procure it faithfully provided, that reward may helpe to line their thred-bare purſes, and exempt them from need to ſell35 liberty unto Seminaries: and where aſſu­rance of gaine is propounded, for diſcovery what Maſter or Houſekeeper will truſt his ſervant with keeping of his Prieſt, or ſleepe quietly while he is engaged to the danger of a Mercenary? I remember, that in Italy it was often told me, that the bountifull hand of Sir Francis Walſingham, made his intelligencers ſo active, that a Seminary could ſcarcely ſtirre out of the Gates of Rome, without his privi­tie: which ſucceſſe, by mediation of Gold, may as readily be obtained from Sivill, Valc­dolid, Doway, Lovaine, Paris, and other places; and by forewarning given of their approach, they may be waited for at the Ports, and from thence, ſoone conveied to a ſafe Lodging. But whence ſhall the ſtreame follow that muſt feed this bounty? It is a doubt eaſily ſa­tisfied. If ſome thouſands of pounds out of the Recuſants penalties be reſerved in ſtock, and committed by his Majeſty into the diſ­poſition of zealous diſtributers, who will not be afraid to conclude Perdat fiſcus ut ca­piat Chriſtus: neither need we ſeeke any fur­ther ſuccour to repaire decayed Caſtles, and therein to defray the charge of the Prieſts, with a ſure guard to keepe them: then the foreſaid forfeitures, that by the Juſtice of the LAVV may bee collected:36 which courſe, if ever it come happily to bee entertained, and that Recuſancy cauſe to be an ignominous prey to the ſubjects, the procee­dings for Religion ſhall be leſſe blamed, and perhaps altogether unjuſtly accuſed, by any graceleſſe, Gretzerus or Cacodaemon, Joh annes, tincting their pennes in Gall, and vineger, For beſides occaſion of calumniation, given by ſuites of that nature, it is evident that ma­ny Recuſants that would be indicted for the King, and the effecting of the project afore­ſaid, ſhall eſcape without puniſhment, and be borne out againſt the power of a private per­ſon, begging them to no other purpoſe, then hath heretofore bin uſed, and albeit the pe­nalty be rated at xxa moneth, yet was it ne­ver the Law-makers intent, that ſuch as was not able to pay ſo great a ſumme, ſhould goe ſcot-free. But that according to the proporti­on of their abilitie, they ſhould doe the pe­nance of their purſes for their diſobedience; whereas now (if the voice of the People, which is ſaid to be the voice of God, is to be credited) the poorer ſort is skipt over, as if they ought no ſoules to God, nor duty to their Soveraigne, a poore man, ſaith one, is to be pittied, if he offend thorow neceſſity: but he doe amiſſe voluntarily, he is more ſevere­ly to be chaſtifed; foraſmuch, as wanting friends, and meanes to beare him out, it ſhew­eth that his fault proceedeth from preſump­tion.

3710. Let us now preſuppoſe that all the whole Regiment of Ieſuites and Seminaries, were lodged in ſafe cuſtody, may we then perſwade our ſelves that Popery will vaniſh like a dumb ſhew? I am cleerly reſolved, that though it receive a great Eclipſe, notwithſtanding, with­out other helpes, the Kingdome of Anti­chriſt will onely lye hidden as a weed, that ſeemes withered in Winter, and is ready to ſprout out with the Spring. Temporall Armes are Remedies ſerving for a time: but the Spirituall ſword is permanent in opera­tion, and by an inviſible blow workes more then Mortall man can imagine. The Word of God carryeth this two edged Weapon in its mouth, which is to be vſed by faithfull Miniſters of the Church, whom pure zeale, without reſpect to wordly promotion or perſons, ought to encou­rage. Of Judges, the Scripture ſaith Eſtote fortes, and daily we ſee that ſitting in their ju­diciall ſeares, God inſpireth them with grea­ter courage, then whē, as private Perſons, they are to give their opinions: No leſſe is the power of the holy Ghoſt in his ſervants, that out of the Pulpit are to deliver his Embaſſage. Let them therefore not be diſ­mai'd to ſpeak out plainly, and tell the truth without running a middle courſe betweene heate & cold. Unprofitable deſcanting upon the Scripture with an old Poſtell, or for want38 of better matter, waſte the poore time ſhut up in an houre Glaſſe, with skirmiſhing a­gainſt the worthy Pillars of our owne pro­feſſion. Rumour which is ever ready to take hold of evill, hath raiſed a ſecret, though (as I hope) a cauſeleſſe ſuſpition; that there ſhould be ſome ſecret combination under hand, by changing the ſtate of Queſtions, to put us in our old dayes, to learne a new Catechiſme; and when they haue brought us out of con­ceit with the Reverend Interpreters of the Word, to uſe us then, as the Wolves (men­tioned in Demoſthenes Apologie) handled the Shepheards, when they had delivered up their Dogs. Moſt ſacred was that Speech of our moſt gracious King concerning Ʋorſtius; he that will ſpeake of Canaan, let him ſpeake the Language of Canaan. How can we draw others to our Church; if we cannot agree, where, or how to lay our Foundation? Or how may we cleanſe the Leprous Diſeaſe of diſſenſion, which the Papiſts, which are leaſt aſſured to themſelves, and moſt doubtfull of their ſalvation, are not aſhamed to aſcribe unto many of us? I would not have Mini­ſters indiſcreet, like Dogs, to bark againſt all, whether they know, or know them not. I like better the opinion of Ariſtotle, who adviſeth thoſe that ſtand in guard of a place, to be curſt; onely to ſuch as are about to endam­mage the City. If Purſevants, and other civill Officers, would learne to keepe this rule, they39 might goe about their buſineſſe, with much credit. The imagined feare of inviting the Romiſh faction, by force to deliver their ghoſtly Fathers out of priſon, move me not a whit; For I cannot believe, that they e­ſteeme them at ſo deare a price, that they would runne the hazard, by freeing others out of hold, to put themſelves into their places. ſome will ſay, that a man of ſtraw is a head good enough for a diſcontented Multitude. That the Papiſts are very Cholericke, it ap­peares ſufficiently by their writings: yet it hath pleaſed God to ſend thoſe curſt Cowes ſhort hornes, that when they could not finde a man of ſufficiency to ſerve their turne, they were faine to doe homage to Garnets ſtraw; forgetfull as they are, that ſuch ſtubble cannot endure the tryall of fire; but unto us, that ought to be doers, as well as Profeſſors of the Goſpell, let this remaine as a memorable Theoreme: Religion is the Mother of good Order; good Order, is the cauſe of proſperous Fortune, and happy ſucceſſe in all Counſels, and enterpriſes; wherefore in what eſtate ſoever, their wanteth good Order, it is an evident Argument, that Religion goes backward.

11. I have ever held it for a kind of inju­ſtice, to omit the executiō of mean laws, made to prevent the effects of idleneſſe, & then to apply main extremity of the ſword, whē the proling habit gotten by ye vice comes to light. No leſſe is the courſe uncharitable (with par­don40 for this preſumption be it ſpoken, when vee ſpare them that have no Religion at all, and cenſure thoſe that can give account of ſome­what tending to that purpoſe.

He that is in miſery muſt be borne with­all if he ſpeak miſerably, and when the child from his Mothers Breſt hath ſuckt nothing but Popery, a man had need to be angry with diſcretion, if he heare him ſpeake in the voyce of a Papiſt. God calleth ſome by mi­racle; but the ordinary meanes is his Word: if that means, in many places of this Land be wanting; of what Religion is it likelieſt, the people will be? I ſuppoſe, that few men will gainſay my aſſertion, that outward ſenſe will direct them to Popery which is fuller of Pa­geants, then of ſpirituall doctrine. And what is the cauſe, that after ſo many yeares of prea­ching of the Goſpell, that the common peo­ple ſtill retaine a ſent of the Roman perfume? The cauſe is, for that the formall obedience of comming to Church, hath bin more expected, then the inſtruction of private families; pub­lique Catechiſing is of great vſe, but the firſt elements thereof are to be learnt at home: and theſe, which we learn from our Parents, ſtick moſt ſurely in our minds. What was the cauſe why the Spartans continued their governmēt ſo many Revolutions of times, without mu­tations? Hiſtories record, that learning their Countrie Cuſtomes from their infancy, they41 would not be induced to alter them; And in this our native ſoyle, we perceive that the common Lawes which relye on antient Cu­ſtomes, are better obſerved then late Statutes of what worth ſoever they be: ſo doth it fare with the poore People, which being once ſea­ſoned with the old Dregs of Papiſme, will hard­ly be drawne from it: till the Learning of the true Faith be growne to a Cuſtome. I will pre­ſcribe no order or affaires, to effect this; But I ſuppose, that the antient laudable courſe by the Biſhops confirmation, will not be ſuffi­cient to fulfill ſo great a taske; the Mini­ſters muſt and ought, to be the principall and immediate hāds to give aſſiſtance to ſo grati­ous a worke, and in caſe, any be defective in their duty, the Reverend Biſhops may take notice thereof in their Viſitations.

Perhaps it will be thought a hard taske to conſtraine old People to learne the A.B.C. of their Chriſtian Beliefe. But how hard ſo­ever it be, I hold it no incivility to prepare people of all Ages for the Kingdome of hea­ven. By the order contained in the Booke of Common prayer, on Sundayes and Holidayes, halfe an houre before the Evenſong, the Curate of every Pariſh ought to examine Children ſent vnto him in ſome points of the Catechiſme, and all Fathers, Mothers, Maſters, and Dames ſhould cauſe their Children, Apprenti­ſes, and ſervants, to reſort unto Church,t the42 time appointed: There obediently to heare, and be ordered by the Cutate; untill ſuch time, as they have learnt all that in the ſaid Book is commanded: And when the Biſhop ſhall appoint the Children to be brought be­fore him, for their confirmation, the Curate of every Pariſh ſhall ſend or bring in wri­ting, the names of thoſe Children of his Pa­riſh, which can anſwer to the Queſtions of the Catechiſme; and there ought none to be ad­mitted to the Holy Communion, untill ſuch time as he can ſay his Catechiſme, and be con­firmed: many times I have ſtood amazed, to behold the magnificence of our Anceſtors Buildings, which their Succeſſors at this day are not able to keepe up; But when J caſt mine eyes upon this excellent Foundation: laid by the grave Fathers of the Church, and perceive their children neglect to build ther­upon: with exceeding marvaile, I reſt almoſt beſides my ſelfe. For never was their better Ground-plot laid, which hath bin ſeconded with leſſe ſucceſſe. It was not the hanging vp of the Bull of Pius Quintus on the Biſhop of Londons doores, or the forbearing to hang vp Prieſts, that hath wrought this Apoſtaſie: but the idleneſſe, and inſufficiency of many Tea­chers, conſpiring with the Peoples cold zeale, that hath bin the contriver of this unhappy Web. Untill the xith. yeare of Queen Eliza­beth's Raigne, a Recuſants name was ſcarcely knowne: The reaſon was, becauſe that the43 zeale, begotten in the time of the Marian perſecution, were yet freſh in memory; And the late Perſecutors wat ſo amazed with the ſuddaine alteration of Religion, that they could not chooſe but ſay Digitus Dei eſt hic. In thoſe dayes, there was an emulation be­tween the Clergy and the Laity: and a ſtrife aroſe, whether of them ſhould ſhew themſelves moſt affectionate to the Goſpell; Miniſters han­ted the houſes of worthieſt men, where Ieſuits now build their Tabernacles; and poore Country Churches were frequented with the beſt in the Shire. The Word of GOD was pretious, Prayer and Preaching went hand in hand together: untill Archbiſhop Grin­dals diſgrace, and Hatfields hard conceit of prophecying, brought the flowing of theſe good graces to a ſtill water: The name of a Papiſt ſmelt ranck, even in their owne No­ſtrills, and for pure ſhame to be accounted ſuch, they reſorted duly, both to our Chur­ches and exerciſes: But when they ſaw their great Coriphaeus Sanders had ſlily pinned the name of Puritans, upon the ſleeves of Prote­ſtants, that encountred them with moſt cou­rage, & perceived that the word was pleaſing to ſome of our own ſide, they took hart agrace to ſet litle by the ſervice of God, & duty to their Soveraign, therwith ſtart up frō among us, ſome that might have bin recommended for their zeale, if it had bin tempered with diſ­cretion, who fore-running the authority of the Magiſtrate, took upon them in ſundry places44 and publikely to cenſure, whatſoever agreed not with their private conceits, with which croſſe humours vented in Pulpits and Pam­phlets, moſt men grieve to be frozen in zeale, and in ſuch ſort benummed, that whoſoever (as the worthy Lord Keeper Bacon obſerved in thoſe dayes) pretended a little ſparke of ear­neſtneſſe, he ſeemed no leſſe then red fire, hot in compariſon of the other; And as ſome things fare the worſe, for an ill Neighbours ſake, dwelling beſide them, ſo did it betide the Proteſtant, who ſeeking to curbe the Papiſt, or reprove an idle Droane, was incontinent­ly branded, with the ignominous note of a Preciſian. All which wind, brought plenty of water to the Popes Mill, and there will moſt men grind, where they ſee apparence to bee well ſerved.

12. If without great inconvenience the chil­dren of Papiſts could be brought up out of their company, it were a happy turne: But I find it to be full of difficulty; There is provi­ſion made to avoid Popiſh Schoolemaſters, but there is no ward againſt Popiſh Schoole­miſtreſſes, that infect the ſilly Infants while they carry them in their Armes, which mo­veth me to ſuppoſe that the former propo­ſition to examine how Children and ſervants are brought up; and truly to certifie the liſt45 of the Communicants, and Recuſants, will be the readieſt meanes to let his Majeſty know the yearly increaſe or decreaſe of the church in every Dioceſſe: And whoſoever ſhall ſend his children, or any of his Majeſties ſubjects, to be placed in Monaſteries, or Seminary Colledges, or Popiſhly to be brought up in forraine parts: I thinke that for puniſhment both the one & the other, worthily might be diſfranchiſed of the priviledges, due to natural Engliſh-men; ſo far-forth, as any good by the Lawes may deſcend to them: But not to be exempted from the penalties thereof; or the Regall juriſdiction of the Crowne. J know well that contradiction is odious, and makes a man ſeeme ambitious, to be thought more underſtanding then others. In which caſe, the Spanyard uſeth onely to terme him preſum­ptuous, whom he would call Foole, if civility would beare it. But in my defence, J hope it ſhall ſuffice againe, to revive my former prote­ſtation, that J diſcourſe by the way of propoſition, rather then Arrogance of defining any thing: with pardon therefore, may I be permitted to ſay. That the firſt eaſie Law of xijd. inflicted on him that could not give a reaſonable ex­cuſe, for his abſence from Church on Sun­dayes, was one of the beſt Ordinances, that hath hitherto bin enacted. But while wee ſought to make new Statutes, ſavouring of more ſeverity, we neglected the old, and were46 loath to execute the new: For it is a certaine Rule, that whoſoever in policy will give li­berty, and yet ſeeme to ſuppreſſe a crime, let him procure ſharpe Lawes to be proclai­med, which are onely neceſſary for ſome times, and rare occaſions to be put in Execu­tion; but not to be an ordinary worke, for e­very day of the Weeke. Daily uſe likewiſe teacheth us, that it is leſſe grievous to puniſh by an old Law, then by a new: Forſomuch, as Truth it ſelfe, ſeldome gets credit without proofe, and it is hard to free the people of ſuſpi­tion, that new Lawes are not rather invented a­gainſt the particular perſons and purſes of men, then againſt the corrupt manners. By force of which reaſon, I am induced to conceive that the old uſe of the Church, contained in good nurture, and Eccleſiaſticall cenſures will much more prevaile to muzzell Popery, then any freſh deviſes whatſoever. Neither doe J thinke it blame-worthy, to affirme that our cauſe hath taken harme, by relying more on the Temporall, then the Spirituall Armes. For while we truſted that Capitall puniſh­ments ſhould ſtrike the ſtroake; we have ne­glected the meanes, which would, for the moſt part, have diſcharged the need of ſuch ſeverity. The Oath of Allegeance is not of­fered generally, to ſervants and meane Peo­ple; who if they had taken the Oath by ab­ſolution of a Prieſt, might recoyle from it,47 or change their opinion at leiſure, without a­ny ready meanes to diſcover their Leger-de­maine: that Oath J feare will not bee often preſsed, and to them that ſhift from place to place, how can it be tendered? The principall Papiſts now cover themſelves, in the crowde of the multitude: but if we can diſcover the affection of the multitude, they eaſily will be unmasked, and being ſingled out, reſt aſhamed of their nakedneſſe; which under correction of better judgment, may be effected, if every new commer, to inhabit in a Towne, and ſer­vants newly entertained within a Weeke, or xiiij. dayes, be cauſed to repaire to the Mi­niſter, there in preſence of the Churchwardens, and other honeſt men; to ſubſcribe unto ſuch briefe and ſubſtantiall Articles concerning Faith, and Allegeance, as ſhall be according to Gods Word, and Juſtice, ordained to diſtin­guiſh the ſheepe from the Goates. In forraine Countries, every Hoſt is bound to bring his Gueſt before an Officer; there to certifie his name, with the occaſion of his comming, & intended time of his abode in thoſe parts; and in caſe he ſtay longer, he muſt again renew his Licence, ſo curious and vigilant: alſo are they to keepe their Cities from infection, that without a Certificate, witneſsing their com­ming from wholſome places, they may not eſcape the Lazeretto. No leſſe ought wee to be watch­full to prevent the contagion of our Soules,48 then other Nations are of their bodies, every thing is hard, and ſcarcely pleaſing in the be­ginning: But with time, ſome ſuch courſe may be readily put in Execution: which I propound rather as matter for better heads, to worke on; then peremptorily to be inſi­ſted on in the ſame Termes.

But leſt any charge me with Temerity; that when I deſire to know the multitudes incli­nation, by the meanes aforeſaid: I ſatisfie my ſelfe with their Parrots Language, pro­nouncing it knowes not what: I thinke it not impertinent, to put them in mind, that here­tofore I have required inſtructions, both pre­cedent and ſubſequent; and am ever of the mind, that though all this cannot be done at once; yet it is neceſſary alwayes to be doing our beſt: knowing, that not to goe forwards in Re­ligion, is the ready way to goe backwards. It is not the outward obedience of comming to Church, that diſcovers the inward thought of the heart: it is the confeſſion of the Tongue that muſt utter theſe ſecrets. And where the Curates are inſufficient, or the Pariſh great, I wiſh they had Catechiſtes to aſsiſt them, main­tained by the Purſes of the Recuſants: which Penſion being collected for Gods cauſe, will free us of ſcandall; though it grieve them to pay the ſpirituall Army, waged againſt their owne Stratagems: ſurely by giving them way in petty matters, they are growne to be49 very maſterfull in their party: Plato affir­meth, that the Popular ſtate proceeded from the Licence, which the people took to make immode­rate Applauſes in the Theaters: when, as by arrogating that immunity, without contro e­ment, in place of their Governors, and per­ceiving the Nobility to joyne with them in the ſame paſſions, they thought their Heads as worthy to governe, as any of thoſe that were made out of the ſelfe-ſame mould: In like manner, while we ſuffer ignorance o­penly to maintaine ſuch petty glimpſes of Popery, as are thought to be ſcarce worthy, to be look't at, and in ſmall matters runne an indifferent courſe, which neither make ſure friends, nor feeble Foes; unawares they take the bridle from us, and eate out Religion, as it were by an inſenſible Gengrena.

Principiis obſta, ſerò, medicina paratur.
Cum mala per longas convaluere moras.

For by ſufferance of breaking ſmaller Lawes, People are emboldned to ſet the grea­ter at nought.

To comprehend all things in a Law, which are neceſſary to the Reformation, I neither hold it profitable nor expedient; yet it is diſcretion to provide for the moſt important: ſmaller matters, whereof the Lawes ſpeake not, are to be commended to the diſcretion50 of Parents, Maſters, and other reverent per­ſons, who by example and advice, may pre­pare younglings, by education and cuſtome, to obey the Lawes: eſpecially ſuch as are in high place ought, in this behalfe, to be like Caeſars Wife. Non ſolum crimine, ſed etiam cri­minis ſuſpitione vacare, and with circumſpe­ction to behave themſelves; that the world may conceive, in requiring obedience to God and their Soveraigne, that they hold the multitude rather for companions, then ſlaves: if great men take another way, they may ſe­duce many by example; though by Words they expreſſe not their concealed opinions; Tace & loquere, ſaid God to Moſes, it is the ſpeech of the heart, which utters more then words and ſyllables: And in our common Lawes, it is held maintenance, when a great Perſonage, onely by his preſence countenan­ceth a cauſe. Neither let us ſecure our ſelves with this Argument: the Papiſts are plyable in ſmall matters, ergo, they will yeeld in greater; And becauſe they tooke no Armes in 88. therefore it were needleſſe curioſity to ſuſpect them now: for who knowes not, that ſmall baites are uſed to take the greateſt Fiſh, vt cum eſca una etiam hamus devoretur. Warineſſe is the ſinewes of Wiſdome, and nothing is more dangerous, then to be ſecure in matters of State: Therefore for the Lawes already made, I wiſh that the moſt effectuall51 of them, which leaſt concernes life, may be executed; For better it were not to make them, then by neglect to ſet them at liberty; ſeeing that many offences there are, which men would abſtaine from, if they were for­bidden, but when a ſtrict commandement is avoided without puniſhment, therout ſprings an unbridled Licence, hardly to be reformed by any rigour.

To conclude, I ſay freely, that who ſo en­deth his dayes by a naturall death, he ſhall be ſubject to receive many mens doomes, for e­very particular offence; But when for Reli­gions ſake, a man triumpheth over the ſword, that one eminent vertue razeth out the me­mory of other errours, and placeth him, that ſo dyeth, in Paradice; if common opinion may be lawfully vouched; which glory having many followers, and admirers, awaketh even dull ſpirits to affect their footeſteps, and to ſell their lives, for the maintenance of the ſame cauſe: J need not envy the name of a Martyr to the Jeſuit; for his cauſe if it be rightly weighed, will blanch that title: but I deſire to have all thoſe Lineaments defaced, which may com­pound that counterfeit Image, in proſecuting of which purpoſe, if J have failed in my ad­vice, and by confuſed handling intricated the queſtion, J humbly requeſt, that a wiſe mans verdit, may mitigate the heavines of ye cenſure. 52It is neither good to praiſe bad Counſels, be­cauſe of their good ſucceſſe; nor to con­demne good Counſels, if the Events prove not fortunate; leſt many be animated, to adviſe raſhly, and others diſhartned, to coun­ſell gravely.

Illi mors gravis incubat,
Qui notus nimis omnibus,
Ignotus moritur ſibi.
Senec. Trag.

About this transcription

TextA grave advise, for the suppressing of seminary priests, Jesuits, and other popish instruments, without effusion of bloud, or infliction of capitall punishment. / Presented to His Majesty by many persons of quality.
Extent Approx. 65 KB of XML-encoded text transcribed from 24 1-bit group-IV TIFF page images.
SeriesEarly English books online.
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Bibliographic informationA grave advise, for the suppressing of seminary priests, Jesuits, and other popish instruments, without effusion of bloud, or infliction of capitall punishment. / Presented to His Majesty by many persons of quality. [2], 52 (i.e. 44) p. [s.n.],London :Printed in the yeare of our Lord, July. 19. 1644.. (Numbers 21-28 omitted in pagination.) (Reproduction of original in: William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, University of California, Los Angeles, California.)
  • Anti-Catholicism -- England -- Early works to 1800.

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ImprintAnn Arbor, MI ; Oxford (UK) : 2013-12 (EEBO-TCP Phase 2).
  • DLPS A85553
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  • EEBO-CITATION 43077502
  • OCLC ocm 43077502
  • VID 151562

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