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The Hiſtory of the Life and Death of Hugh Peters that Arch-traytor, from his Cradell to the Gallowes.

WITH A Map of his prophane Jeſts, cruell Actions, and wicked Counſels.

Publiſhed as a Warning piece to all Traytors.

[At the time of our late Sacred Kings tryall, this was the villains Text to ani­mate their Roman preſident & the Jeſhiſh Court for the ſpeedy horrid Murder.]

Bind your Kings in chaines of Iron and your Nobles in fetters.
[the hanging of Hugh Peters]

Behold his Reward

Jan: 3d. LONDON, Printed for Fr. Coles, at the Lambe in the Old-Baily, 1661. Jan. 3. 1660


The Hiſtory of the Life and Death of Hugh Peters that Arch-Traytor, with a Map of his erronious Actions, &c.

CHAP. 1. Of Hugh Peters his Birth and Education.

H Ʋgh Peters was borne in Cornwall, in a little Village named Sudbury, not farre from Launſon; his Fathers name was Edward Peeters, by trade a Dyer of Stuffes, but counted a man of good repute and civell behaviour, and gave his Son Hugh what Education hee could, as did belong to a Father; hee was as the ancientry of the Countrey doth report, bred up ſix yeares in the free Schoole of Launſon, after which being fourd very prone and pregnant to Learning.

CHAP. 2. Of Hugh Peters going to Oxford, and Inveſted in Brazen-Nos'd Colledge, and all his Prancks play'd there during his time.

HEe was from thence transferr'd to Oxford, and there inveſted in Brazen-Nos'd Colledge, during2 which time he was alwaies given to Scoffs, Ieſts and jeering; yet he took Learning in abundance, for all that hee was not much reſpected; for the Schollers deſpis'd him, the Proctors did not care for him, none very well loved him, hee carried the faireſt Tongue of moſt men, but the diſſemblingeſt heart of all men; hee would promiſe as faire as any one ſhould, and performe as little as any one alive; he was a man never given to the vice of Swearing, yet hee would Lie moſt intollerable, he was never of no Magnanimous Spirit, he would fight with no one in open armes, but they muſt beware of him of a pri­vate miſchiefe; As to inſtance, hee once ſeduced a company of Schollers to goe foure miles out of the Towne to a Parke of the Kings intending to ſteale ſome Deere, and there he began firſt to be a Thiefe and a Traytor againſt his King and Soveraigne, but marke the ſtory and you ſhall heare what a notori­ous piece of Villanie this young Iudas did invent being but tender like a Cockatrice Egge, even to betray the innocent Beaſts of the Parke; It chanc't the Moone did ſhine when hee and his gang were with drawne over into the Parke, and the Keepers walking the Round and ranging about, perceived them armed with Gunnes and Croſ-bowes, and they with Foreſt Bills encountred with them and defeated them, purſuing them quite to the Townes end, but then fearing ſome other aſſiſtance retired backe to the Parke againe till next morning, and then came to Oxford and enquired after theſe Deere killers; faith3 thoſe of his Company were faine to abſent the Col­ledge, quit the Towne and be gone; So there hee wrought their Ruine and deſtruction in the firſt place; for in regard they durſt not make appearance in the Colledge; ſome took to the High way by wch means they were Hang'd; but accoding to the old Proverb, The verieſt Thiefe ſcapes best. For the crafty Fox and Ring-leader himſelfe, was neither diſcovered, taxed, nor ſuſpected, yet obſerve the malice and treachery of this Iudas, a weeke after following hee goes and buyes a pecke of Apples, and cuts off the top next the ſtalke of every one, picks out the Core, put in Ratſ­bane and ſtopt them up againe with the ſame pieces; obſerving that Deere doth love Apples exceſſively, he caries one evening to the ſame Parke, and throws them about for the Innocent beaſts, wherby ſeverall of them were poyſoned to death. Thus did hee vent his Malli­cious poyſon againſt man and Beaſt; You'l ſay 'twas enough to deſerve hanging but his time was not come.

But a Thiefe and a Traytor he was from the begin­ning: But to proceed hee had not beene paſſing the ſpace of three yeares in this Colledge; Tell this un­paralleld fact was Committed; for by his craft and cloſe concealing mind, hee kept it private and unknowne two yeares longer; which time being expi­red, it thus came out. He and ſome others being in a Taverne: The Wind wrought ſtrong began a diſ­courſe in this manner. Said one, as I was once com­ming over a Parke being rutting time I was like to be4 ſpoyl'd with a Bucke; But I thinke I met with him: For I broke his Heape-bone with a Piſtall bul­let. Why introth ſaid Peeters, and I receiv'd and a­buſe once by two Keepers, but I thinke his Sweet meat had but Sowre ſawce: For in eating the Fruit which I preſented there fell more in one Night, then in the Garden of Eden in a whole Yeare.

Why ſaid the other, Adam was not there, ſaid Peeters againe, that doth not argue the Serpent was not there.

Whereupon Notice being taken by one who was not his Cordiall friend: So that the Colledge came to heare of it.

CHAP. 3. How Peeters was cal'd before the Proctors of the Schoole with his Accuſation, for killing and poyſoning Deere; For which hee was expel'd the Colledge.

HOw Peeters was call'd before the Bench, taxt upon't, but ſtoutly deny'd it; Inſomuch that one of the Proctors told him he was a Brazen-fac'-Fellow: He anſwered then he learn'd it in Brazen no­ſed Colledge, upon which he was preſently expel'd, Ox­ford then being too hot for him, hee haſted away to Woodſtock, at which place there lay a Biſhop; to whom he made his Addreſſe for an Ordination to Preach, but went away without his Errand.

Thus having not obtain'd his Requeſt, rather then ſtand Idly Hee made bold of himſelfe; And there­upon5 inſinuated with one Perſon then another Perſon, one Sermon here and another there: Telling the Igno­rant people, Doomes day was come, and the Dayes they lived in were the Later dayes.

Hovering up and downe the Countrey amngſt the Lay Committee: So that hee was taken for a little ſmall Prophet: But all this while Oxford remain'd his Antagoneſt and durſt not come there, which caus'd Him to his Power, to ſpit his Venome at that Town as formerly he did to the Dere: For at Enſtone in Oxfordſhire he preacht the Unniverſitie a prophane place, and ought to be refin'd and purged.

But that would not prevaile, hee was faine to quit the Towne and repaire to London, where at Biſhopſ­gate Church, hee preacht downe the Biſhops, rai­ſed Sectory, which too many were to prone for to follow.

But preſently then hee met with able Devines, which ſcorned to diſpute with ſuch a Quickſilver'd braine Fellow; Yet to pleaſe the People, and the ig­norant multitude were faine to argue, croſſe him, and thwart him, to beate downe Riſing ſedition.

CHAP. 4. How Peters being Confuted in London by ſome able Divines for his erronious Errors, did marry a wife and ſent her to Virginia and himſelfe to New Eng­land.

WEll then this contentious Hypocrite Seduc't a young Gentlemans daughter to Marry with6 him: And not long he lived with her, but the Spi­rit of Cavalation ſtruck in betwixt them.

Then did he act Richard the 3.d, Tis true hee did not breake her Necke, but he ſent her to Virginiae to be made a Slave on.

And went himſelfe to New-England, wherein hee continued three yeares, till the very Natives were faine to give him Money to be rid of him.

Then to England hee came againe, as the Proverb is, An Ill hearbe growes any where.

And juſt as the Warr's was broke out in Flames: this Atheiſt came again to lay more Fuell to the fire.

Preſently ſtrucke into the Army, got preferment Chaplin to the Lord Brookes his Regiment: At which time Newes was Novelties, and none could declare more in a private Alehouſe then Hee could in a pub­lique Pulpit: The ignotant did praiſe him, the learned deſpiſe him: So that hee was like the Fox, when once hee was well knowne Hee was faine to quit his Burough.

Even ſo hee qickly departed from Brookes, and fell into Fairfax Army, and there hee preacht, the Soul­diers into ſo much obedience, that they were ready to ſtone him away: Then he bethought himſelfe whoſe Pallat he could pleaſe beſt, that if any Devill was on Earth he would find him.

For Townes nor Cities would not entertaine him, he knew the Sea (or Amy) muſt ſo ſtricke into Oli­ver Cromwell, then Lieutenants Generall, where now wee will hunt him, like a Fox by the Smell.


CHAP. 5. How Peters got his Preferment with his Maſter Noll, and his going with him into Ireland.

NOw Reader obſerve, that no ſooner had his Maſt­er and hee diſputed, but they were Haile-Fellow well met: trim tram, like Maſter like Man.

Now Oliver was ſubtile, and of the ſame kind Pe­ters was, for in a Moneths time, hee found out what Peeters was, and Peeters what he was, ſo they became unto one another, as plyable as a clacke to a Mill-Wheele.

And Oliver made him not only his Chaplin but his privy Counſellour Varſooth.

Tooke him over to Ireland with him: For Oliver knew he was a Servant fit for his turne, and Peeters knew, hee was a Maſter for his: So a little before Tredath fight, Peters preacht to Oliver in the Camp, and quoted his Text in the 45. Pſalm, and part of the ſixt verſe, Thy arrowes are very ſharpe and the People ſhall be ſubdued unto thee: For truly ſaid hee Ichu deſtroyed the houſe of Ahab King of Iſraell even to that, which piſt againſt the Wall, for it was the work of the Lord, and thou which art going to doe this mighty worke, behave thy ſelfe like Maccabees, who ſlew of the Philiſtins in one day threeſcore and ten thouſand.

8Therefore ſmite them to the Earth and leave not one alive.

The Tyrant did as the Traytour had ſaid, and turn'd the City into ſtreames of blood: So this was his ſeventh horrid Act of Villany: From thence to England came againe: Becauſe many men to looſe their Eſtates, and this Hypocriticall Peeters was the firſt that transformed the Word from Malignant to Delinquent.

So after a great deale of Miſchiefe, the Parlia­ment were willing to bee ridde of them ſent them to Scotland; In which Travell two Soldiers being ſhort of money knockt a Gooſe in the Head, beſides having done ſome ſmall affront to Peeters before; Saying, hee was their holy divine Prophet: Which in troth they wronged him; He caus'd them to be hang'd for't, But Dunbar in Scotland, Edenborough, Fife and Ster­ling: For all his good deeds there, wee'l give him in to the Bargaine.

And diſcourſe of their horrid and deteſtable Plots in Counſell at the Caſtle of Windſor, laſtly at Ware.

In which wee will ſhew the very eſſence of his Roguery, Villany, Ieſts and Miſchiefe.

CHAP. 6. How Peters and his Maſter Noll ſate in Counſell at Windſor and Ware, to contrive the Murder of the King, and diſſolution of the Parliament, thereby to aſſume the Power.

IN Windſor, hee and his Maſter ſate three Nights together up, to contrive for and how to uſurpe the9 Government: The King being then at Holmby, by Peeters advice they pitcht upon a perfidious il-borne brat, one Ioyce to ſecure the King. Who did accor­dingly, after which they with-drew to Ware, where at diſtance from the Army in a Field by their ſelves Concluded, the King to bee Murdered, the Parlia­ment interupted, and Oliver to raigne Potentate, as hee confeſt when hee lay ſicke at Plimouth.

Which was all accordingly done, but when the Houſe was interrupted, ſo many as were Secluded were put in Hell at Weſtminſter, in which place Pe­ters ſtood with his Pen and Inke ro take a liſt how many they were; after preached a Sermon at St. Albones ſtouping in the Pulpit like an Actor in a play, which a great one in mſchiefe, ſaid he had been in Hell, and there had ſeene a great many Parliament men; ſtill blinding the people, only to advance his Maſters intereſt.

Which being done, and all things accompliſhed, hee was inveſted in his throne of wickedneſſe, yet he would flout his Maſter, jeere his Competitors, ob­ject to all.

For in the Pulpit at White-Hall ſome perſons be­ing in the Chappell he did not affect, Heaſon was un­der the Gallery, Peters ſaid there ſate a blind Cobler had more grace in his face then any of them all.

At another time his Maſter askt him, what Col­ledge he received his Education in, he ſaid in Brazen-Nos'd Colledge.

His Maſter ſuppos'd he had jeer'd him of his Noſe, ſaid he was a Brazen nos'd fellow to anſwer him ſo;

10At another time in St. Iames his Parke being his Maſter in a Coach and hee on Horſe-back, it chanc't to raine, whereby his Maſter ſent him his owne Coat to preſerve him from the ſhower; Peters ſent him word again, he would not be in his Coat for 500. l.

See how the Traytor himſelfe did hint at the un­worthineſs of his Maſters cauſe.

Another time his Maſters Son Richard himſelfe and another Gentleman to the number of three, were at the Devill Taverne at Temple bar, fifteen Shillings being to pay, faith Richard would pay but his club, what but your club ſaid Peters. Come hang it I'le pay my 3. Crownes, thats more ſpent in an houre then your Father could get eaſily in ſeaven yeares; but ſud­denly after Noll poſted away, Richard defeated, and Peters faine to ſhift for himſelfe.

CHAP. 7. How Peters after the Deceaſe of his wretched Maſter, and the totall Defeat of all his wicked Rabble was faine to ſhift for himſelfe, his narrow Eſcapes and Appre­henſion, with his going to Triall and from thence to the Gallowes.

NOw this miſerable Catiffe was in a worſe conditi­on then ever was Caine for ſleying his Brother Abell, then was he faine to ſhuffle and cut, and try his wits to the purpoſe, for hee knew the Game ſtood up­on his Life, but perceiving the game to be dangerous, reſolved the beſt way to play leaſt in ſight which hee did for a certaine while, but being cloſely purſued11 and chaſed, he was conſtrained to take hold in South-warke, his dables being diſcovered, a Meſſenger was ſent to apprehend him; but hee like a Fox did ſoone quit his Borough, and ſo miſt for that time; but not long after he was taken and ſecured, though ſtrongly denyed he was not Peters; queſtionleſs a Fox if that he could ſpeake, to quit himſelfe from Death would ſweare hee was a Lambe; But Peters guilt and erro­neous actions could not appeare in the coat of Inno­cency, ſo forthwith was brought to the Tower, and a while after to Newgate and at the Old Baily tooke faire tryall before the Iudges, who gave him Sentence to be drawne from thence on a Sledge to Charing-Croſſe to be Hang'd, drawne and Quartered, which was done: and now his quarters hangs on the Gates, and his Head on London-Bridge, where wee will leave them to the Readers judgment, whether hee was more honoured in a Tyrants counſell, or on the Gibbet at Charing-croſſe.

So farewell to an unparalled Traytor ne­ver to be forgotten in the rolls of Infamie.

Good Sir forbeare who ere you are that laugh,
J needs muſt write Hugh Peters Epitaph:
J cannot ſay the Body lyeth here,
But point unto the Gates his Limbs are there.

The Epitaph.

IN ſtead of ſaying, in this place doth Lie,
I now muſt ſay upon the Gates on high
There hangs Hugh Peters Limbs, a Traytor that
Rebellion it ſelfe did ſtand amazed at:
To ſee ſuch Confidence in mortall Man,
Hard Natur'd, like unto a Flinty ſtone
Tuter'd in Cruell barbarous Tyrannie.
Like to the Imps in Hell are wont to be
Hot ſeared Conſcience to himſelfe alone,
Sprung from Mount Aetna's horrid burning Zone.
High piece of baſeneſs that preſum'd to tell
Newſes in Pulpits, as if he'd come from Hell,
No queſtion of it, for 'tis Certainly
None trod ſuch ſteps, none knew it ſo well as he.
Hee being Pluto's Chaplin needs could bring
Tydings from Hell to act againſt his King;
Grand piece of Impudence, that durſt to bee
Plung'd in that barbarons horrid Villanie.
Like to an Impious baſe prophane relector.
When hee was Chaplin to his Lord Protector.
Numerous more lke this J ſhould relae,
Which hee did act aganſt the Church and State;
For which the Ground did thinke him farre unfit,
His Duſty reliques ſhould compare with it.
13The Earth did ſcorne his Corpes though in a tombe
Should have a burying place within her wombe
Hold Muſe bee ſilent, for thou haſt done faire
And leave him on the Gates to Fowles of th'ayre,
Who ſcorne for to approach his filthy Tombe,
But what the Traytor hee have done.
T. H.

About this transcription

TextThe history of the life and death of Hugh Peters that arch-traytor, from his cradell to the gallowes. With a map of his prophane jests, cruell actions, and wicked counsels. Published as a warning piece to all traytors. At the time of our late Sacred Kings tryall, this was the villains text to animate their Roman president & the jeshish court for the speedy horrid murder. Bind your kings in chaines or iron and your nobles in fetters.
Extent Approx. 19 KB of XML-encoded text transcribed from 8 1-bit group-IV TIFF page images.
SeriesEarly English books online.
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(EEBO-TCP ; phase 2, no. A86399)

Transcribed from: (Early English Books Online ; image set 119288)

Images scanned from microfilm: (Thomason Tracts ; 156:E1055[2])

About the source text

Bibliographic informationThe history of the life and death of Hugh Peters that arch-traytor, from his cradell to the gallowes. With a map of his prophane jests, cruell actions, and wicked counsels. Published as a warning piece to all traytors. At the time of our late Sacred Kings tryall, this was the villains text to animate their Roman president & the jeshish court for the speedy horrid murder. Bind your kings in chaines or iron and your nobles in fetters. [2], 13, [1] p. printed for Fr. Coles, at the Lambe in the Old-Baily,London :1661.. (With title page woodcut; repeated on verso of final leaf.) (Annotation on Thomason copy: "Jan: 3d. 1660. "; the second 1 in the imprint date has been crossed out.) (Reproduction of the original in the British Library.) (The words: 'At the time . . . horrid Murder.' are enclosed in square brackets.)
  • Peters, Hugh, 1598-1660 -- Early works to 1800.
  • Execution and executioners -- Early works to 1800.
  • Treason -- England -- Early works to 1800.

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ImprintAnn Arbor, MI ; Oxford (UK) : 2011-04 (EEBO-TCP Phase 2).
  • DLPS A86399
  • STC Wing H2167
  • STC Thomason E1055_2
  • STC ESTC R207990
  • EEBO-CITATION 99866998
  • PROQUEST 99866998
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