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For brevity ſake ſet downe in Queſtions and Anſwers. AND Written and publiſhed to prevent the Sinne of raſh Judging.

By a well-wiſher to the Work.

LONDON, Printed by Robert Ibbitſon. 1647.


Charitable Conſtructions of the Deſigne Of the TRUSTEES uſually ſitting at Sadlers Hall.

A. SIR I pray you what doe you conceive is indeed their Deſigne?

B. To make their Nation more learned, and military; more learned, for the ſaving of ſoules, becauſe as thoſe who 2 Pet. 2.16. Were undiſcipled and unprinci­pled did wreſt the things hard to bee underſtood to their own deſtruction ſo doe many even now among us. More military, for the ſaving of ſoul••.

A. But will not the excerciſe of Armes occaſion quarrelling, ſedition &c. and ſo rather kill more than keep more alive?

B. No, for 1. The diſcipline of warre (ſtrictly)2 obſerved preventeth all quarrelling, fewer Duells being fought icamps••en in cities and townes.

2 If men doe quarrell, they〈◊〉one another with ſwords cuos and many things elſe as well as with any other inſtruments of warre.

3 But not therewith ſo well defend them­ſelves againſt the invaſions of forraigne enemies nor helpe their friends.

A. But by what meanes doe the Truſtees endevour to make this a learned Nation?

B. By ſending all hopeful poore Schollers now ready unto the Univerſities, & maintaining them there eithein part, or in all, as they ſhall need. And to this purpoſe the Truſtees have appointed a Probationary Colledge here in London, uno which they firſt bring them, and through which they paſſe them to the Univerſities as the Ro­mans did through the Temple of vertue unto the Temple of honour and this they doe.

1 That they might ſatiſfie every one of their (the Truſtees) conſciences of the ſaid Schollars maturity and ripeneſſe for the ſaid Univerſities.

2 For the Schollers proficiencies, for if the ſaid Schollers (notwithſtanding certificates from Country Schooles) be not fully ripe, the Truſtees mature them for ſome Months in the Probatio­nary Colledge, leaſt the ſaid Schollers by going raw to the Univerſities ſhould be diſcouraged.

3 That the Truſtees might have ſome experi­ence how in the ſaid Colledge theſe Probationers3 doe ſettle to their ſtudies.

4. That the Truſtees might provide the ſaid Schollers godly and fit Tutors in the Univerſi­ties.

A. But will the Truſtees admit no men of yeares into their Probationary Colledge.

B. Yes if they be men of great naturall parts like Apollos mighty in the ſcriptures and withall, Orthodox, ſound in the faih for they conſider the preſent neceſſities in which thouſands of Con­gregations are: And that ſuch men in a ſhort time ſpent in Latine, Rethorick, Logic, &c may quickly bee very ſerviceable in the Church.

A. But will they admit no younger Schollers then ſuch as are ready or almoſt ripe for the Ʋniver­ſities?

B. I conceive that yet they have no reaſon to to doe ſo untill all ſuch as bee mature bee firſt provided for, indeed (if that being done they have more monie they may contribute unto mi­nors, I meane younger Schollers.

A. But whileſt the Schollers doe abide in the ſaid Probationary Colledge what ſhall bee done unto them? or ſhall they do as you heare and conceive?

B. A few Profeſſors ſhall inſtruct them, the Schollers, at certaine houres ſhall queſtion and anſwer each others by asking and anſwering in Latine the queſtions in our Engliſh Catechiſ­mes citing the Scriptures, brought to prove the anſwers in Latine troping them and turning them4 into Sylogiſmes before their Profeſſors, whereby with the (Lords bleſſing) the ſaid Schollers will be

  • 1. well principled.
  • 2. perfect in the ſacred Scrip­tures.
  • 3. more expert in Rethorick.
  • 4. bee excer­ciſed (at the leaſt ſomewhat) in Logick.

2. Beſide the profeſſors lodging and diet ſhall­be given to two or more ſtrangers, Schollers up­on condition that they read weekly ſuch lectures of the Artes as they excell in: which the for­raigne Schollers (as it is conceived) will take as a curteſie in England and during their ſtay in the ſaid Colledge, bee willing to performe, and not loſe their faculties in thoſe arts by diſ-uſe.

A. But by what meanes intend the Truſtees to raiſe mony for ſo vaſt and expencive a worke?

B. Two wayes. 1. God hath given eſtates and hearts unto ſome as unto David 1 Sam. 24.24. and they give groſſe ſummes becauſe they bee able, and will not offer unto the Lord of that which coſt them nothing.

2. There are others unable to give groſſe ſums and yet they are willing to abſtain from one meale in a weeke and give the value thereof towards this good worke, that they alſo (whether Child­ren or Servants in Godly families) might like­wiſe ſhare in the bleſſing: which they (as by the motives in a little booke written and in many mens bands) may happily conceive to bee better given unto poore Schollers then unto any other poore whatſoever.


3 So much victualls as is thereby ſpared the Common-wealth gaineth, and the poore will pay the leſſe for victuals, a point very conſiderable in theſe dayes, now dearth is ſo much felt already by ſome, and feared by others.

A. But by both theſe meanes if much money come in, though the ſaid Truſtees being many and men of knowne integrity, unto thoſe who by their ſubſcriptions make them their Truſtees, yet if they give no account but unto themſelves, they muſt expect to bee aſperſed as their betters have been,

B. For proviſion againſt the ſcourge of tongues, I underſtand that the ſaid Truſtees have taken this courſe: Namely to requeſt one faithfull and well affected Common-councelman of every ward in London to come as often as they can, and pleaſe, and to ſit with them, and to bee eye and eare witneſſes how they behave themſelves, and if any of theſe Common-councel men die in their yeare or not choſen the next yeare, that the reſt of the ſix and twenty Common-councell, elect another Common-councell man in his roome, and that theſe 26 will be pleaſed to audite the Truſtees accompts out of the Truſtees own Books once every yeare and declare in open Common coun­cell how they ſhall find the ſame accompts.

The like requeſt is made by the Truſtees unto twelve Reverend Miniſters (in every Claſſis of the Province of London one) to come as before) and ſit with the ſaid Truſtees: to examine6 the ſaid Probationary Schollers maturity for the Univerſities and to aſſiſt the Truſtees in providing good Tutors in the Univerſities for the ſaid Schollers.

A. But divers Aldermen, Miniſters, Common coun­cell men, and others have undertaken this worke al­ſo and therefore the Truſtees who you mention that uſually ſit at Saddlers Hall may doe well to deſiſt ſince the other, by greater ſummes of money given them will fruſtrate this deſigne, and make it now need­leſſe and ſuperfluous,

B. 1 Many monthes before theſe aroſe or did appeare in this good work, the Truſtees of Sad­lers Hall, were Legally called to bee Truſtees by many ſubſcribers both of groſſe ſummes and alſo of weekly meales, and how can they with a good conſcience now give over and not performe that truſt, and diſpoſe of thoſe monies according to the ſame truſt?

2 The other combination at the firſt decla­red their intentions to be only to maintaine ſuch poore Schollers as were already in Univerſities, & were likely to come from thence for want of maintainance, as appeareth by the firſt print­ed paper of their project, indeed ſithence that time they have made an overture of ſending more Schollers alſo unto the Vniverſities.

3 But their annuall ſubſcriptions (which mens Eſtates muſt needs feele) may faile as Land­floods, and experience of contributions of that7 kind after a little while commonly doe.

And ſhould the Truſtees at Saddlers Hall (be­fore mentioned) let their truſt, and work fall upon the othersſſay of ſo great uncertainty?

A. All this while you have not diſcovered how you conceive the Truſtees will endeavour to make this alſo a military Nation.

B. I conceive (by what I heare) that ſince Schollers (eſpecially the hardeſt ſtudents) have need (after their ſedentary labors) of bodyly re­creation by way of motion to maintaine them in health, and that no recreations are more excel­lent or honorable then the excerciſes of Armes for young ſtudents, (and for the defence of the Church and Common-wealth they are incom­parably the beſt) that the Truſtees intention is to have the ſaid Schollers to exerciſe with ſmall Muskets, and Bowes and Pikes, with which Bowes and Pikes, by uſe (f need re­quire) they will as eaſily fight joyntly (as a man taught in a Fence Schoole will) with a ſword and a dagger, and is not this a moſt excel­lent deſigne? For a ſingle pike man ſtandeth one­ly (as a man condemned by a councell of warre) and is ſhot to death by the enimies Muskets and is of no other uſe (in one battle of an hundered) then to keep of the Horſe: whereas with his pike and bow hee may not only doe that ſervice but father off than the Musket can reach, wound the enemies in all their ranckes both of horſe and8 foote with his barbed Arrows, which are farre worſe then any bullets, and that in many reſpects as might bee ſhewed, and the moſt expert war­riers of our time acknowledge and doe now be­gin to practiſe.

A. But I heare (how true I know not) that the ſaid Truſtees intend, to paſſetheir Schollers from their Probationary Colledge with more popular ſo­lemnity then many that are wiſe and well affected think meet: if they intend to doe ſo, what doe you conceive may bee the reaſons moving them thereunto?

B. Truly if they ſhall doe ſo, I dare not con­demn them for indiſcreſion.

1 Becauſe of the Old Adage honos alit artes, honour nouriſheth or advanceth Arts.

2 The multitude is moved unto benificence, by ſence, as well as by ſolid reaſon, yea, much more.

3 The wiſeſt nations in all ages, have advan­ced the publique good with coſtleſſe honours. The Grecians and Romans by Laureating Learn­ed men and Conquerours. And our degrees in Schooles at this day are of the ſame nature.

4 To honour learning (at this day ſo much decried) ſeemeth not ſuperfluous.

5 Paul obſerving the prevalency of earthly honours, to make men ſtrive to excel others by arguments from the leaſt to the greater, urgeth us to ſtrive for heaven by honour and glory 1 Cor. 9.24. &c. 1 Theſſ. 2, 19. 2 Tim. 2, 5, and 4, 8.


6 If honours bee given in London for learning, and the report thereof carried by every carrier into every Country, may not this probably make many Schoolmaſters and Schollers ambitious to excell others in teaching and learning: yea and parents to ſend their Sonnes to Schooles, and by that meanes much advance both Arts and Armes?

A. Only one queſtion more and I have done,

Rumors, and ſomewhat written and printed inti­mating an intention to found an Ʋniverſity here in London makes many not only in the Ʋniverſities but others that have been of other Ʋniverſities affraid of the Truſtees declining thoſe Ʋniverſities ancient honours, by ſuch a new erection? and this I feare may doe hurt.

B. I have peruſed the bookes you mention and conferred with ſome of the ſaid Truſtees, and truly I am neſcious or elſe there is no cauſe of any ſuch feare. For,

Firſt, I find the ſaid Truſtees (eſpecially ſuch of them as have been of either of our Univer­ſities) for the doctrine which they have attained unto in thoſe Univerſities, as deſirous as any at this day in the ſaid Univerſities to preſerve the dignity of the Univerſities: therefore they will not do ought that tendeth to the detriment of ei­ther of them.

Secondly, I doe not ſee that by this Eſſay they can poſſible hurt them if they would, but10 very probable it is that happily they may helpe them by this meanes.

For either they will not be able to, found an Univerſitie here in London or elſe they will bee able?

If they attempt it, and doe ſomewhat yet faile to effect it fully, then all that they ſhall doe will but advance the Univerſities as the e­rection of Schooles doe in all parts of the King­dome, and untill an Univerſity bee here com­pleated, London (all the mane while) ſhall more and more repleniſh Cambridge and Oxford both.

And therefore whereas others would not have an Univerſitie in London to bee mentioned un­till Cambridge and Oxford were full: I cry out, hoyſt up a new Univerſity (towards which here in London people will ſooner give pounds then ſhillings to fill Cambridge and Oxford) and ſhould this money be refuſed and loſt, which is offered unto Chriſt by men and women yearely living and dying eſpecially of the attempting to erect a new Univerſity, will ſooneſt of all other meanes repleniſh Cambridge and Oxford.

Whileſt any man is building a Colledge is he not alſo providing of Schollers to put into it? and doth not that fill other Schooles and Colledges.

For a man buyeth plants firſt in the Market and then planteth them in a Nurſery, and after, when they are more growne bringeth them into his Garden or Orchard.


Thus Nurſeries furniſh Orchards, and Orch­ards Nurſeries: and new Univerſities furniſh old Univerſities with young Schollers, and old Univerſities furniſh new Univerſities with elder Schollers: This is evidently ſeen in the new Col­ledges which have been built in Cambridge or Oxford, that the new have not emptied but ra­ther filled the old.

And ſo would a new Univerſity, our old U­niverſities ſuppoſe that Northampton ſhire men or one Citizen borne in that County would build a faire houſe to make Colledge of and either call it the Northamptonſhire-Colledge, or after his owne name: ſure he would either be prompt­ed by his owne providence, or ſome would put it into his mind how he ſhould fill it with Schol­lers, and bid him write into Northamtonſhire, unto poore people to ſend their Sons to Schoole and he would give them ſchollerſhips in that Col­ledge, and if others would but maintaine their Sonnes a little while at Cambridge or Oxford, he would give them followſhips: would not this do ſomewhat towards the filling both of Country Schooles and alſo of the Univerſities preſently: and if more Countries or men did the like would it not doe much more? But ſay that in the end London ſhould growe to be an Univerſity, then would it not decline Cambridge or Oxford?

1 I anſwer no, for by ſuch time as London is12 grown to be an Univerſity; Cambridge and Oxford will be full.

2 Even then when they are filled there will not be Schollers enow, for there is not Colledge roome in them both, either to furniſh us with a Miniſtery numerous enough for all our occaſions; or, if we were (as the bookes mentioned prove) now fully ſtocked with ſuch a miniſtery, bee able to maintaine that ſtock.

3 New Colledges built by the Jeſuites doe not empty the old Colledges, nor among the Papiſts make the old Colledges (or order of the Jeſuites) to be leſſe eſteemed.

4 The more Colledges there ſhall be founded in Cambridge or Oxford the more honours will accrue unto thoſe Univerſities ſo long as there is imployment for thoſe Schollers, and the more Univerſities bee founded in England, the more will it make for Englands honour ſo long as Eng­land ſhall have uſe of all thoſe Schollers, as in­deed at this day England hath of as many more, as Cambridge and Oxford now have, can hold, or poſſibly ſend forth.

5 When new Colledges are built in the U­niverſities the reſt of the Colledges are well pleaſed that thoſe new Colledges are built: and why ſhould not both our Univerſities bee as well pleaſed that a new Univerſitie ſhould be founded elſewhere in England, as a new Colledge13 in either of their Vniverſities? For whatſoever can bee alleadged againſt the founding of a new Vniverſitie in England, may as well and better be al­leadged againſt the build­ing of ſo many new Colledges in our old Univerſities.


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TextCharitable constructions of the designe of the trustees usually sitting at Sadlers-Hall. For brevity sake set downe in questions and answers. And written and published to prevent the sinne of rash judging. By a well-wisher to the work.
AuthorIbbitson, Robert..
Extent Approx. 18 KB of XML-encoded text transcribed from 8 1-bit group-IV TIFF page images.
SeriesEarly English books online.
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(EEBO-TCP ; phase 2, no. A87295)

Transcribed from: (Early English Books Online ; image set 119555)

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About the source text

Bibliographic informationCharitable constructions of the designe of the trustees usually sitting at Sadlers-Hall. For brevity sake set downe in questions and answers. And written and published to prevent the sinne of rash judging. By a well-wisher to the work. Ibbitson, Robert.. [2], 13, [1] p. Printed by Robert Ibbitson,London :1647.. (A well-wisher to the work = Robert Ibbitson. Cf. Wing.) (Identified as Wing C2065 on UMI microfilm set "Early English books, 1641-1700".) (Annotation on Thomason copy: "May 22".) (Reproduction of the original in the British Library.)
  • Charity laws and legislation -- England -- Early works to 1800.

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