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A DECLARATION TO All His Majeſties loving Subjects within the Kingdome of England and Dominion of Wales; Concerning a KING and His Repreſentative Councell, touching the Government of His People, according to the known Laws of the Realme. With the opinion and proceedings of ſeven Ambaſſadours concerning the Go­vernment of the Common-wealth.

[HONI SOIT QVI MAY Y PENSE: blazon or coat of arms of the British royal family]


Imprinted at York by THO: BROAD. And Reprinted at London, MDCXLVIII.


A DECLARATION FROM Divers Well-affected Subjects within the City of LONDON TO The Free-born People of England; Concerning the Kings Majeſty, and his Great and Repreſentative Councell of this Kingdome.

WHereas in naturall things, the Head being cut off, the reſt cannot be called a Body; no more can in politique things, a Multitude or Com­munality without a Head, be incorporate: Therefore if a People deſiring to live in So­ciety, and willing to erect either a politique Body or a King­dom, muſt of neceſſity chuſe one to govern that Body, who2 in a Kingdom of Regendo, is called Rex, and ſo by the peo­ple is eſtabliſhed a Kingdome: which Government is abſo­lutely the beſt.

And as the Head of the Phyſical body cannot change the reyns and the ſinews thereof, nor deny the members of their proper ſtrength and neceſſary nutriture: no more can a King who is Head of the politick Body, alter or change the Laws of that Body, or take from the people their goods or ſubſtance againſt their wils; for a King is choſen & bound to maintain the Laws of His Subjects, and to defend their bodies and goods; So Brute arriving in this Iſland with his Trojans, elected here a gallant and politick Government, which hath for the moſt part continued ever ſince: For, though wee have had many changes, within this his Maje­ſties Realm of England, as firſt the Romans, then the Saxons, then the Danes; and laſtly, the Normans, yet in the time of all theſe Nations and during their Ragns, the Kingdom was for the moſt part governed in the ſame manner as now it is, Plutarch ſaith, that all at first that governed were called Ty­rants, but afterwards the good Governours called Kings.

For though a man by force do ſubdue Cities and Coun­tries, yet he ought to rule according to reaſon; and if hee know God, according to the Law of God: but when he is admitted King by the people, and hath his power from them He may not ſubject the people to any other power, and therefore ought not (as a party hath formerly alleadged) to uſe his great and prerogative at his Majeſties owne will and pleaſure.

And here I think it not amiſſe to ſet down ſome few laws and Cuſtomes of other Common-wealths, whereby their good Government may appeare, they not being Chriſtians, Ptolomeus King of Egypt feaſted one day ſeven Ambaſſa­dours, which at his requeſt ſhewed unto him three of their3 principal Laws and Cuſtomes, expreſſing themſelves in this manner, viz.

The Ambaſſadour of Rome's Speech to Ptolomeus King of Egyyt, in theſe words, We have the Temples in great reve­rence, we are very obedient to our Governours, and we do puniſh wicked men ſeverely.

2. The Carthagenian Ambaſſadour his Speech, viz. Our Noble men nover left fighting, the Artificers never left labou­ring, &c.

The Cicilian Ambaſſador's Speech, In our Common­wealth justice is exactly kept, and Marchandize is exercizedith truth.

The Rodian Ambaſſador ſaid, That at Rodes old men were honest, young men ſhame fac't, and women uſe very few words.

The Athenians ſaid, In our Common-wealth rich men are not ſuffered to be divided into factions, nor poor men to be idle, nor the Governours to be ignorant.

The Lacedemonians ſaid, In Sparta envy reigneth not, for all men are equall, nor covetouſneſſe, for all goods are com­mon, nor ſloth, for all men labour.

The Siconian Ambaſſador ſaid, In our Common-wealth voyages are not permitted, becauſe they ſhould not bring home new factions, Phyſitians are not ſuffered least they ſhould kill the ſound, nor Lawyers to take upon them the defence of cauſes and ſuits, &c.

The Kings of England ought to be juſt in their ſentence according to the words of Solomon, Wiſd. 1. ſaying, Love ju­ſtice you that judge the Earth, for a juſt King doth advance his Countrey, and the King that judgeth the poor rightly, his throne ſhall be exalted.

Now to ſhew what manner of man is fitteſt to go­vern, I read in Livie, that men borne in armes, great in deeds, and ready in eloquence, ought to be choſen Coun­cellours, and that men of quicke ſpirits, ſharpe wits, learn'd4 in the Law, and eloquence, ſhould be for the City, for a Prince ought to be a Martiall man, ſtout and couragious to defend his Subjects, and offend his enemies, not to be curious to ſpeak eloquently, but to deliver his mind plainly, and wiſely, it being more neceſſary for a Prince to do well, then to ſpeak wel. Poucinus ſaith, thoſe are to be hated, who in their acts are fools, and in their words phyloſophers; for wiſe words are not commendable, if the deeds be not anſwerable; they therefore, ſaith Plato, that will have glory in this life, and at­tain to glory after death, and be beloved of many, and feared of all, let him be vertuous in good works, and deceive no man, with vain words.

All good and worthy Princes have laboured to attaine to this wiſdome, and to exact Jvſtice moſt exactly; inſomuch, that ſome have not ſpared their owne children, ſo ſacred a thing they euer held juſtice to be; as for example. King Ed­gar of England, had diligent care to do juſtice, as in Winter time he would ride up and down the Country, and make en­quiry of his Officers and Governours, and puniſhed them ſeverely that offended the Law.

And as the followers of Juſtice ſhall not only be glorious on earth, but live in eternal glory; ſo the Princes that mini­ſter injuſtice, and do not judge rightly ſhall reap infamyon earth, and undergo the high diſpleaſure of God; for the roy­all Prophet ſaith, that God is terrible to the Kings of the earth, Pſal. 75.

Seldred a Saxon King of England, not executing Juſtice, was killed by the Divell, as he was banquetting with his No­bility.

Divers other Kings for their injuſtice have loſt their King­doms, being tran ferred from Nation to Nation for injuſtice and injures; therefore it behoveth a Prince to take ſpecial care hereunto.


And it is requiſite, that a Prince be true of His word, both towards God and Man, for Soloman ſaith, that a lying lip doth not become a Prince, Prov. 17.

Many examples might be given touching ſeveral Princes who have been puniſhed for breach of Faith, as for exam­ple.

Charles the 70. King of France, when Hee was Dolphin, made Iohn Duke of Burgundy believe that He would make peace with Him, whereupon they met at a place appointed where Charles cauſed the Duke to be killed; but Charlos af­ter this, was forced to aske Philip forgiveneſſe openly by his Embaſſadors.

Charles the laſt Duke of Burgundy having given ſafe con­duct to the Earle of St. Paul Conſtable of France tookhim priſoner, and delivered him to the French King, who put him to death for his treachery, and ſet the ſaid Earl free.

Thus you may ſee how honourable it is for a King toeep His word and promiſe with His Subjects, and what they de­ſerve that falſifie their faith; for, a faithleſs Prince is belo­ued of none, but hated of all. Therefore, a Prince ought to be very carefull in making choice of His Councellors; for Pla­to ſaith, that many Princes are vndone for want of faithfull frionds and ſervants to councell them; therefore, Alfrea King of England ſought out the wiſest and most learnedſt men to be of his Councell.

The Emperour Conſtantius to make proof of his friends, made ſhew to abandon Chriſtian Religion, and to turne to Idolatry, He was inſtantly applauded by a great number, whom preſently he baniſhed the Country, for a Prince ſhal never want followero, I wiſh that our gracious Soveraigne would make this preſident, but to my former diſcourſe. Councellours, ſaith Julius Caeſar, in one of his Orations to the Senate, ſhould not be lead by malice, friendſhip, anger nor mer­cie,6 and if they concur in one lawfull opinion, though the Prince be oppoſite; yet it is fitteſt he ſhould yeeld to them, for ſo did the Emperour Mercus Antonius, ſaying, It muſt be as you will, for it is greater reaſon, I being one, ſhould follow your opinion, then you being many, wiſe, and learned, ſhould yeeld to mine.

For if a Prince take ayd of a ſtranger ſtronger then him­ſelf, he may thereby endanger his State, as for example, Heruls, Goths, and Lumberds came into Italy for ſuccour, but at the laſt became Lords thereof, ſo did they of Franconia with their King, and France and the Saxons did the like to England.

Therefore it is expedient, that a Prince be both vigilant and careful in preſervation of his Crown and Kingdoms, and not to require any ayd or aſſiſtance from forraign Nations, but endeavour to preſerve the liberty and freedome of his Subjects, and that he be careful of ſhedding innocent bloud either by tyranny, malice, ambition, policy, or falſe reports and informations, for to be a tyrant is odious to God and Man, and in great hazard and danger of bringing himſelfe to an evill end.


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TextA declaration to all His Majesties loving subjects within the Kingdome of England and dominion of Wales; concerning a King and his representative councell, touching the government of his people, according to the known laws of the realme. With the opinion and proceedings of seven ambassadours concerning the governement of the common-wealth.
AuthorG. N..
Extent Approx. 11 KB of XML-encoded text transcribed from 5 1-bit group-IV TIFF page images.
SeriesEarly English books online text creation partnership.
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(EEBO-TCP ; phase 2, no. A89800)

Transcribed from: (Early English Books Online ; image set 161489)

Images scanned from microfilm: (Thomason Tracts ; 67:E429[13])

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Bibliographic informationA declaration to all His Majesties loving subjects within the Kingdome of England and dominion of Wales; concerning a King and his representative councell, touching the government of his people, according to the known laws of the realme. With the opinion and proceedings of seven ambassadours concerning the governement of the common-wealth. G. N.. [2], 6 p. by Tho: Broad ;Imprinted at York :And reprinted at London,MDCXLVIII. [1648]. (Signed at end: G.N.) (Annotation on Thomason copy: "Feb: 29", "1647".) (Reproduction of the original in the British Library.)
  • Kings and rulers -- Early works to 1800.
  • Great Britain -- Politics and government -- 1642-1649 -- Early works to 1800.

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ImprintAnn Arbor, MI ; Oxford (UK) : 2014-11 (EEBO-TCP Phase 2).
  • DLPS A89800
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  • STC Thomason E429_13
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  • EEBO-CITATION 99864091
  • PROQUEST 99864091
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