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THE COPIE OF THREE PETITIONS As they were preſented to the Honourable, the Com­mons aſſembled in Parliament, September 14th. and 15th. 1647.

  • 1. From the County of Bucks, againſt two great oppreſſions, viz. Tythes, and Free-quarter.
  • 2. From the County of Oxford.
  • 3. From Oxford, Bucks, and Hertford, for purging the great Fountain of Juſtice: that at laſt, Juſtice might run down the Land like a ſtream, to waſh away the pollutions thereof.

LONDON, Printed for William Larnar, and are to be ſold at the Black-Moor, neer Biſhopſ-gate. MDCXLVII.


TO THE HONOURABLE THE Commons aſſembled in Parliament.The humble Petition, of the Inhabitants of the County of Bucks.


THat your Petitioners have for their good affection to the Par­liament and publick intereſt of the Kingdom, gone through many difficulties, and been expoſed to much danger in their per­ſons, beſides their great impoveriſhing and weakning of their e­ſtates; and now that God hath ſubdued the common enemy, and given hopes of a well-grounded peace, they hope to have reaped the fruits thereof, by the removall of all common grievances, and the enjoying a freedom in their eſtates, in ſome meaſure anſwera­ble to the price they have paid, and the many hazards they have undergone, but ſtill finde their expectations almoſt fruſtrate, by reaſon of the heavy burthen that lies upon your Petitioners, by the continuing of Tithes upon them, going under the notion of the tenth of their increaſe, but is really (the Rents, Charges and Loſſes conſidered) the third part of the yeerly value of their Lands in til­lage: and your Petitioners condition is made now more grievous, by reaſon of this unequall payment is ſtrengthned by ſeveral Or­dinances lately paſſed for that purpoſe, which cauſeth the greateſt part of the whole eſtates of your Petitioners to be in the diſpoſing of the Juſtices of Peace, (many of which are intereſſed in Tythes, if refuſall be made of that which amounts to a third part of their eſtates, to the great diſcouragement of your Petitioners and others that are Owners or Farmers of Land in Tillage, and wherein much of the welfare of this Kingdom doth conſiſt.)

Your Petitioners likewiſe ſtill undergo a heavy burthen, by reaſon of the Free-quarter taken amongſt us, by the Army, and if not timely prevented (by the conſtant paying of the Army) will be the ruine of them, and their Families, and bring a far greater2 burthen and charge upon this Kingdome, then the conſtant pay­ment of the Army would amount unto.

Your Petitioners therefore moſt humbly pray this Honour­able Houſe to take their ſad condition into your pious conſider­ation, and to make proviſion for removall of the payment of Tythes, leaving it to your wiſdomes to conſider of a more e­quall and peaceable way for the maintaining of the Miniſtery, and rendring a reaſonable ſatisfaction for the impropriations: And that you will be pleaſed to eaſe your Petitioners, and all other that are ſufferers by Free quarter, by the conſtant pay­ment of the Army, either by your further Authoritie to compell the Collection of money in Arrear, or by ſome other Taxes to be impoſed, that the ſouldiers having a conſtant ſupply of mo­ney, may make their own proviſions in ſuch places as are moſt commodiouſly fitted for their entertainment.

And your Petitioners ſhall ever pray.

TO THE HONOURABLE THE HOUSE of Commons in Parliament aſſembled.The Petition of the Inhabitants of Oxford-shire,


THat amidſt the various diſpenſations of Divine providence, in the diverſity of bleſſings confer'd upon mankind, nothing ren­ders more delight and content to mans naturall affections, then li­berty, and peculiarly in his externall enjoyments, the want of which (as experience tells us) renders an irkſom, yea an intolle­rable condition, effecting exclaimation and complaint of oppreſſi­on with ſighs, ſobbs and groans for Liberty.

Now among the reſt of thoſe ſore preſſing grievances under which this Nation hath been long ſubjected, there is one of heavy3 weight, endeavouring irrecoverably to ſink and drown our whole eſtates and livelyhoods in that common and vaſt ocean of oppreſ­ſion and cruelty, (viz.) The uſurped and conſtrained maintain­ance of our Lordly-rich-Miniſters, and Annual revennues of in­croaching impropriators, by that intollerable tax and oppreſſion of taking away part of our Stock and years hard labour, under the notion of Tythes, Offerings, Oblations, Obventions, Church-dues, or Tenths of increaſe, whereby there is taken from us the tenth of our dayly earnings, by the ſweat of our brows, the tenth of our ſubſtance and ſtock, in the tenth of our crop, wherein our ſtock and years labour ly, yea though our crop anſwer not our charge by many degrees, and the year never ſo unſeaſonable, yet is the tenth thereof taken from us, without any conſideration of our loſſes or deduction of our charge, ſo that at the length, the rich Parſon be­ing a man of many hundreds, yea ſomtimes of thouſands per An­num, poſſeſſeth himſelf of our whole ſtock and ſubſtance, where­by we are forced to lay down our Trade of Tillage, and put either to ſhifts, or day labour, for our ſelves and families.

And there is that makes heavier this our intollerable oppreſſion and burden, rendering it more burthenſome then before, (viz.) A late additionall Ordinance, commanding the continuance of this direfull oppreſſion, paſſed by thoſe that wee have thus long looked and waited upon, and whom wee have aſſiſted with our perſons and purſes, endangering our lives, and leaving our liveli­hoods, expecting future eaſe and reformation: yet wee ſtill finde men Judges in their own cauſes, whereby we are ſenſible of much oppreſſion, injuſtice, and Arbitraryneſſe: men exacting, and ille­gally recovering what we find directly contrary to the Doctrine of the Goſpel, and the power of Godlines, which though however required, or recovered by Magiſtrates, we conceive our ſelves and others, in Conſcience and Covenant, bound to extirpate as Popiſh, and in nature as oppreſſive.

And many of us being men of mean eſtates, in Tillage, and al­moſt ſwallowed up in our eſtates, by Taxations, Plundering, Quar­tering of Souldiers in the time of war, and now alſo at Free quar­ter: yet if wee but ſue for, and ſeeke after Liberty in our owne (which in nature we are bound to do, it being our proper and na­turall right,) and to refuſe bondage and thraldom, which we can­not4 but do, our conditions are thereby many degrees worſe, and our dammages greater then before.

Even at this time, many of us ly under unnumerable Judge­ments, and the time of Execution almoſt expired, which unleſſe the Ordinances commanding the payment of Tythes, be ſpeedily repealed, will be executed.

It is therefore our humble and earneſt deſire that it would pleaſe your Honours to take the premiſes into your ſerious and ſpeedy conſideration, and haſten the application of ſuch remedy as may tend to Gods glo­ry, and the good of your Petitioners, wherewith you are intruſted, by the ſpeedy ſtoppage of ſuch Judge­ments as are iſſued out againſt your Petitioners, which if not granted, wil ſuddainly be executed, contrary to Chriſtian and Subjects liberty, in the property of their good.

And your Petitioners ſhall ever pray, &c.


TO THE HONOURABLE THE HOUSE Of Commons, aſſembled in Parliament.The humble Petition of divers Well affected Inhabitants of the Counties of Oxon, Bucks, and Hertford.


THat this poor bleeding Nation hath had its expectations of Peace and Freedom, long fruſtrated, and its burdens and mi­ſeries increaſt, by the preſence, power, and prevalency of ſome deſperate enemies to publick good in the ſupreme Councel; And that lately Divine Providence hath made a clear diſcovery of ma­ny of them, by their ſitting at Weſtminſter uſurping a Parliamen­tary power, when the free Parliament was forc'd away and ſuſ­pended, and endeavouring by pretended Votes; Orders, and Ordinances, to have raiſed a new bloudy war, and brought the King forthwith to London upon his own terms, to the danger of ruining all well affected people; Hereby giving a fair opportunity to this Honourable Houſe to have expell'd thoſe Incendiaries.

But to the grief of our hearts we underſtand, that this happy opportunity of removing thoſe Obſtructors of all that really tends to the peoples good, hath hitherto been neglected, and notwithſtanding the urgent importunity of the Army for their removal, many of them ſit and Vote in this Honourable Houſe, and others that are now abſent, have liberty to return, when they ſhall ſee their advantage to proſecute their wicked intentions.

And we cannot but conceive that from the prevalency of thoſe ill-affected perſons in the Houſe, have proceeded thoſe dange­rous delaies (ſince the free Parliament was brought to Weſtminſter in ſafety by the Army) in clearing and ſecuring the Peoples rights and freedoms, and that grievous and intollerably burdenſom Or­dinance for enforcing all to pay treble damages that ſhall refuſe (though for Conſcience ſake) to pay tythes. Conſidering there­fore that our ſad experience witneſs, that none of the juſt deſires of the people can be expected to be anſwered [ſeeing we cannot prevail after ſome yeers ſolicitation, that the burden of paying6 Tythes ſhould be removed from our Conſciences] nor a happy Peace ſealed, in caſe theſe Incendiaries be permitted to Vote in this Honourable Houſe.

We are inforc'd to intreat you, that the way that God hath in goodneſs opened to free the Nation from the power of its Ene­mies in this great Councel, may be forthwith conſidered, and that it be immediately declared, that all and every of thoſe per­ſons that lately ſate at Weſtminſter, when the Paliament was by force ſuſpended, ſhall incur ſome great penalty, in caſe any of them ſhall preſume, after this day, to ſit in this Honourable Houſe, before they ſhall have given ſatisfaction concerning their aforeſaid ſitting in the pretended Parliament, and ſhall have given ſuf­ficient evidence that they did neither procure, nor give their con­ſent to any of thoſe pretended Votes, Orders, or Ordinances, tend­ing to the levying of a new war; or for the Kings forthwith com­ing to London.

That thus the obſtructers of Juſtice being ſpeedily removed, Juſtice may bee executed on offenders, and without any further protraction of time, the loud cries of the oppreſſed Pri­ſoners may have free and impartial audience to their effectual re­demption, the intollerable burdens of the diſtreſſed Commons on their Conſcience and Eſtates might be removed; a conſtant certain pay for the Army in an equal way provided; and the peace and freedom of the Nation firmly eſtabliſhed.

And your Petitioners ſhall truly pray, &c.


About this transcription

TextThe copie of three petitions as they were presented to the Honourable, the Commons assembled in Parliament, September 14th. and 15th. 1647. 1. From, the county of Bucks, against two great oppressions, viz. Tythes, and free-quarter. 2. From the county of Oxford. 3. From Oxford, Bucks, and Hertford, for purging the great Fountain of Justice: that at last, justice might run down the land like a stream, to wash away the pollutions thereof.
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SeriesEarly English books online.
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(EEBO-TCP ; phase 2, no. A80538)

Transcribed from: (Early English Books Online ; image set 160519)

Images scanned from microfilm: (Thomason Tracts ; 64:E407[29])

About the source text

Bibliographic informationThe copie of three petitions as they were presented to the Honourable, the Commons assembled in Parliament, September 14th. and 15th. 1647. 1. From, the county of Bucks, against two great oppressions, viz. Tythes, and free-quarter. 2. From the county of Oxford. 3. From Oxford, Bucks, and Hertford, for purging the great Fountain of Justice: that at last, justice might run down the land like a stream, to wash away the pollutions thereof. [2], 6 p. Printed for William Larnar, and are to be sold at the Black-Moor, neer Bishops-gate.,London, :MDCXLVII. [1647]. (Annotation on Thomason copy: "7ber [i.e. September] 20.".) (Reproduction of the original in the British Library.)
  • Tithes -- England -- Early works to 1800.
  • Great Britain -- History -- Civil War, 1642-1649 -- Early works to 1800.
  • Buckinghamshire (England) -- History -- Early works to 1800.
  • Oxfordshire (England) -- History -- Early works to 1800.
  • Hertfordshire (England) -- History -- Early works to 1800.

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ImprintAnn Arbor, MI ; Oxford (UK) : 2013-12 (EEBO-TCP Phase 2).
  • DLPS A80538
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  • EEBO-CITATION 99864118
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