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THE DECLARATION Of Lieutenant-Generall CRUMWEL Concerning the Levellers; And His Letter and Repreſentation to the Agitators of the reſpective Regiments who have deſerted and decla­red againſt the Parliament, the Councell of State, and the late proceedings of the High Court of Juſtice.

WITH The Declaration, Reſolution, and Propoſals of the ſaid Level­lers, preſented to the view of the World, intimating the Grounds and Reaſons of their Engagement, and to die as one man with their ſwords in their hands, rather then to be inſlaved.

ALSO, Two Fights between the Levellers and the parliamenteers, neer Worcester and Banbury, the particulars thereof, and the number killed; with the Levellers Summons to the City of COVENTRY.

[printer's or publisher's device

Imprinted at London, for G. H. May 14. 1649.

1

THE DECLARATION Of Lieut-General CRUMWEL Concerning The Levellers; and the particulars of a Fight neere Banbury, and the City of Worcester; With the Levellers Summons to the City of Coventry.

Right Honoured,

THis morning his Excellency the Lord Gene­rall Fairfax, and Lieutenant General Crumwell, randezvouzed with their Horſe and Foot neer Andover, where the Lieu. Gen. rode to the head of each Regiment, declaring, That He was reſolved to live and die with them, and that as he had often engaged with them againſt the common Enemy of this Nation, ſo was2 he reſolved still to perſist therein, againſt thoſe Revolters which are now called by the name of Levellers; not doubt­ing but that they would as one man unite, and with una­nunous ſpirits follow him, for the ſubduing of them, and bringing the chief Ring-leaders thereof to exemplary pu­niſhment.

Many declared a great willingneſſe to engage with him: Others rejected it, ſaying, they would not fight againſt their friends: But they are now upon their march towards Salisbury, for the reducing and bring­ing of thoſe Regiments to obedience and ſubjection that have declared againſt them: from whence wee hear, that they are reſolved rather to die, then yeeld to any thing which ſhall infringe their liberty, or pervert the freedom of their Nativity.

Many of the ſaid party have agreed upon a Decla­ration, containing theſe enſuing heads:

  • Firſt, they de­clare againſt the preſent Parl, and their proceedings.
  • 2 Againſt the Councell of State.
  • 3 Againſt the Ge­nerall Councell of the Army.
  • And 4. againſt the pro­ceedings of the late Court of Juſtice

Their chieRing leader is one Capt. Tompſon, who was formerly con­demned by a Councell of War to be hanged, but by the goodneſſe and compaſſion of the Lord Gen. he was ſpared: this is the man who draws all men after him, his number is conceived to be about 400. and in his warch up and down hee daily gains new Proſelites to him: On Wedneſday laſt he marcht to Coventry, where he found reiſtance, and the Gates ſhut againſt him demand••f the Gates were ſo holy that he might not enter;) and after the exchange of two or three Vol­lies, he left the place, and marched thence to Toſſiter,3 where coming in very late at night, he ſeized upon ca­ptain Farmer the Poſt maſter there, who, after they had carryed him as a priſoner up and down with them, they were content to releaſe him upon his Parol to come up to London to the Councel of State, to pro­cure the releaſe of three of their Brethren, who were taken poſting up of their papers about Banbury; if he could not procure this he was to return as their priſo­ner to Banbury.

Some blows have been already diſputed neer Banbu­ry between 100 of the Lord Gen. horſe, and 20 of the Levellers, and after a ſharp conflict, the Levellers declining engagement, retreated towards Oxford, but no great harm done on either ſide: there is a body of horſe about Oxford ready to joyn with them, comman­ded by Mr. Everard, after uniting, its ſaid they intend Weſtward.

Some difference hath alſo been in the City of Wor­ceſter, and the Levellers who had entred the City for­ced to retreat out again with t••loſſe of five men: the Generall and the Lieutenant Generall hath ſent a Let­ter to the Agitators and Commanders in chief of the ſaid party, for preventing of theffuſion of bloud, and healing of the preſent breach, and quenching thoſe flame of Diſcord, which are ready to break forth in ſeverall parts of this Nation; and its hoped a happy & mutuall econciliation will be embrced, before the involving and ſhedding of any more bloud within the Rowels of this Nation.

4
SIR,

IN the middeſt of all our calamities and diſtracti­ons, great are the differences in theſe parts; new coles are even now kindling, and the turbulent ſpi­rits and affections of men begin to break forth in a moſt violent and viſible flame; for the common peo­ple ſlight the authority of Magiſtracy, and ſay they will no longer walk under the vail and ſhadow of re­formation, but endeavour the ſpeedy reforming there­of; and in order thereunto, many have declared, that they will joyn with the Levellers, for the reſtauration of the peoples freedoms to its juſt ſplendor and pro­priety, &c. The foundation whereof, takes its firſt Riſe from the preſent actings of certain troopers in this county, who have declared, and remonſtrated to the people, That the preſent tranſaction of affaires, are both arbytrary and tyrannicall, and that they will have a new Parliament, in the diſsolving whereof, an equall Re­preſentative ſhall be freely choſen and elected: But it is hoped that all theſe vapours will be ſoon expelled & blown over: For ſome diſcoveries are already made, That they had a deſign to ſurprize the Cities of Yorke, Oxford, Briſtol, Glouceſter, and many other places in the VVeſt of England, and that they had an intent to draw into a body and randezvouz, where they reſolved to ſet up a ſtandard of Sea-green Colours; they declare, that they have a great influence in divers Regiments of the Army; but care is taken to prevent their Deſigns, and it is not doubted but the well affected of Col. Scroops Regi­ment, Col. Harriſons, and divers others wherein they buſ­ſie, will be undeceived, for many thouſands have declared against their preſent actings, and are reſolved to ſacri­fice5 lives and fortunes for the Parliament against all op­poſition whatſoever.

But yet notwithſtanding all oppoſition, they are re­ſolved to proceed, and to inſiſt upon further particu­lars, a breviate whereof I ſhall here inſert, according to the full demonſtration thereof, viz.

How happy were England were mens deſigns of en­ſlaving here at an end, how gladly ſhould we here break off, and praiſe the Lord for his goodneſſe to England? but alas the peoples hearts, are full of grief, and their eyes are full of teares, as ever, they cry out, they are deceived, their expectations is fruſtrated, and their liberty betrayed; they take up Davids complaint it is not an open enemy that enſlaves them, not damme Cavaliers, nor rigid envious and ſurly Preſbyters, but Religious and Godly friends, that have prayed, decla­red and fought together for freedom with them, that with their ſwords have cut in ſunder the chaines of o­ther Tyrants, and yet now are become the greateſt Ty­rants over their brethren themſelves, which when they can refrain from fighing & ſobbing, they in their bro­ken and ruſtick language thus expatiates: all the form of Government being corrupted and abuſed, the Law and adminiſtration perverted, and the peoples liber­ties betrayed; it was promiſed that a new foundation ſhould be layd by an agreement of the people, to ſuch righteous Principles of Juſtice and common right, that as to human reaſon it ſhould be impoſſib for any Tyrants in this or future generations to introduce bon­dage upon the people.

••oclamation hath been lately made in the name of the Levellers, throughout the Counties of Oxford, Glou­ceſter,6 Worceſter, &c. for all free born people to come in to their aſſiſtance; the diſgeſti•••••reof is very hard, & few have little appetite to that engagement.

The Levellers new and ultimate propoſals.

Firſt, That honeſty is the beſt policy: the deep plots and witty contrivances of men in power, when incon­ſiſtent with the will of God, requiring them to do Judgement and Juſtice, and to take the yolks from the oppreſſed, have alway been abortive, for God will not be mocked; and experience tels us, that ſelf-ſee­kers though otherwiſe Godly and gallant men, yet are and ſhalbe ſaved as by fire; witneſſe many worthy members of Parliament, who endeavouring by a Treaty to ſecure themſelves, are by the Lord with diſgrace laid aſide; hee thereby no doubt intending much good to their ſoules, Foelix quem faciunt aliena pericula cautum, he is a happy man that takes warning by other mens harms.

Secondly, Carnal mixtures with corrupt intereſts, are deſtructive to them that make them.

FINIS.

About this transcription

TextThe declaration of Lieutenant Generall Crumwel concerning the Levellers; and his letter and representation to the agitators of the respective regiments who have deserted and declared against the Parliament, the Councell of State, and the late proceedings of the High Court of Justice. With the declaration, resolution, and proposals of the said Levellers, presented to the view of the world, intimating the grounds and reasons of their engagement, and to die as one man with their swords in their hands, rather then to be inslaved. Also, two fights between the Levellers and the parliamenteers, neer Worcester and Banbury, the particulars thereof, and the number killed; with the Levellers summons to the city of Coventry.
AuthorCromwell, Oliver, 1599-1658..
Extent Approx. 10 KB of XML-encoded text transcribed from 5 1-bit group-IV TIFF page images.
Edition1649
SeriesEarly English books online text creation partnership.
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(EEBO-TCP ; phase 2, no. A80894)

Transcribed from: (Early English Books Online ; image set 165103)

Images scanned from microfilm: (Thomason Tracts ; 86:E555[12])

About the source text

Bibliographic informationThe declaration of Lieutenant Generall Crumwel concerning the Levellers; and his letter and representation to the agitators of the respective regiments who have deserted and declared against the Parliament, the Councell of State, and the late proceedings of the High Court of Justice. With the declaration, resolution, and proposals of the said Levellers, presented to the view of the world, intimating the grounds and reasons of their engagement, and to die as one man with their swords in their hands, rather then to be inslaved. Also, two fights between the Levellers and the parliamenteers, neer Worcester and Banbury, the particulars thereof, and the number killed; with the Levellers summons to the city of Coventry. Cromwell, Oliver, 1599-1658.. [2], 6 p. for G.H.,Imprinted at London :May 14. 1649.. (Reproduction of the original in the British Library.)
Languageeng
Classification
  • Levellers -- Early works to 1800.
  • Great Britain -- History -- Civil War, 1642-1649 -- Early works to 1800.

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