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A LETTER FROM The Lord Lieutenant OF IRELAND, TO The Honorable William Lenthall Eſq Speaker of the Parliament of England, Relating the good Succeſſes God hath lately given to The Parliament Forces there.

Die Lunae, 25 Februarii, 1649.

ORdered by the Parliament, That this Letter be forth­with printed and publiſhed.

Hen: Scobell, Cleric. Parliamenti.

London, Printed by Edward Huſband and John Field, Printers to the Parliament of England. 1649.


For the Honorable William Lenthal Eſq Speaker of the Parliament of England.

Mr. Speaker,

HAving refreſhed our men for ſome ſhort time in our Winter-quarters, and health being pretty well recovered, we thought fit to take the Field, and to attempt ſuch things as God by his Providence ſhould lead us to upon the Enemy: Our Reſolution was, to fall into the Enemies Quarters two ways, the one party being about fifteen or ſixteen Troops of Horſe and Dragoons, and about Two thouſand Foot, were ordered to go up by the way of Carick into the County of Kilkenny, un­der the Command of Colonel Reynolds, whom Major General Ireton was to follow with a Reſerve; I my ſelf was to go by the way of Mayallo over the Black-water, towards the County of Limerick, and the County of Tipperary, with about Twelve Troops of Horſe, and three Troops of Dragoons, and be­tween Two and three hundred Foot. I began my march upon Tueſday the Nine and twentieth of Ja­nuary from Youghall, and upon Thurſday the One and thirtieth, I poſſeſſed a Caſtle, called Kilkenny, upon the edge of the County of Limerick, where I left Thirty Foot: From thence I marched to a ſtrong Houſe belonging to Sir Richard Everard (called Clogheen) who is one of the Supreme Councel, where I left a Troop of Horſe and ſome Dragoons: From thence I marched to Raghill Caſtle, which was poſ­ſeſt by ſome Ulſter Foot, and a Party of the Enemies4 Horſe, which upon Summons (I having taken the Captain of Horſe Priſoner before) was rendred to me. Theſe places being thus poſſeſſed, give us much com­mand (together with ſome other Holds we have) of the White-Knights and Roches Countrey, and of all the Land from Mayallo to the Shewer-ſide, eſpecially by another Caſtle taken by my Lord of Broghill, called Old-Caſtle-Town, ſince my march, which I ſent to his Lordſhip to endeavor; as alſo a Caſtle of Sir Edward FitZ-Harris, over the Mountains in the County of Limerick, I having left his Lordſhip at Mayallo, with about Six or ſeven hundred Horſe, and Four or five hundred Foot, to protect thoſe parts, and your Intereſt in Munſter, leſt whileſt we were abroad, Inchiquin, whoſe Forces lay about Limerick and the County of Kerry, ſhould fall in behinde us; his Lord­ſhip drew two Canon to the foreſaid Caſtle (which having Summoned they refuſed) his Lordſhip having beſtowed about ten ſhot upon it, which made their ſtomacks come down, he gave all the Soldiers Quarter for life, and ſhot all the Officers (be­ing ſix in number) to death; ſince the taking of theſe Gariſons, the Iriſh have ſent their Commiſſioners to Compound for their Contribution as far as the Walls of Limerick. I marched from Raghil Caſtle over the Shewer with very much difficulty, and from thence to Fethard, almoſt in the heart of the Coun­ty of Tipperary, where was a Gariſon of the Ene­my; the Town is moſt pleaſantly ſeated, having a very good Wall with round and ſquare Bulwarks, after the old maner of Fortification; We came thither in the Night, and indeed were very much di­ſtreſſed5 by fore and tempeſtuous wind and rain: After a long march, we knew not well how to diſpoſe of our ſelves, but finding an old Abby in the Suburbs, and ſome Cabbins and poor Houſes, we got into them, and had opportunity to ſend them a Summons; they ſhot at my Trumpet, and would not liſten to him for an hours ſpace; but having ſome Officers in our Party which they knew, I ſent them, to let them know that I was there with a good part of the Army; we ſhot not a ſhot at them, but they were very angry, and fired very earneſtly upon us, telling us, That it was not a time of night to ſend a Summons: But yet in the end, the Governor was willing to ſend out two Commiſſio­ners, I think rather to ſee whether there was a force ſufficient to force him, then to any other end: After almoſt a whole night ſpent in Treaty, the Town was delivered to me the next morning upon Terms, which we uſually call Honorable, which I was the willinger to give, becauſe I had little above Two hundred Foot, and neither Ladders nor Guns, nor any thing elſe to force them that night, there being about ſeventeen Companies of the Ulſter Foot in Cowhel about five miles from thence, they quit it in ſome diſorder, and the Soveraign and the Aldermen ſince ſent to me a Peti­tion, deſiring that I would protect them, which I have alſo made a Quarter. From thence I marched towards Callan, hearing that Colonel Reynolds was there with the Party beforementioned; when I came thither, I found he had fallen upon the Enemies Horſe, and routed them, being about One hundred, with his For­lorn, took my Lord of Oſtories Captain Lieutenant, and another Lieutenant of Horſe, Priſoners, and one of6 thoſe who betrayed our Gariſon of Iniſcorthy, whom we hanged: The Enemy had poſſeſſed three Caſtles in the Town, one of them belonging to one Butler, very conſiderable, the other two had about One hun­dred, or One hundred and twenty men in them, which he attempted, and they refuſing Conditions ſeaſonably offered, were put all to the Sword; indeed ſome of your Soldiers did attempt very notably in this Service, I do not hear there were ſix men of ours loſt. Butlers Caſtle was delivered upon Conditions for all to march away, leaving their Arms behinde them, wherein I have placed a Company of Foot and a Troop of Horſe, un­der the Command of my Lord Colvil, the place being ſix Miles from Kilkenny; from hence Colonel Reynolds was ſent with his Regiment to remove a Gariſon of the Enemies from Knocktofer (being the way of our com­munication to Roſs) which accordingly he did; we marched back with the reſt of the body to Fethard and Caſhel, where we are now quartered, having good plenty both of horſe meat and mans meat for a time; and being indeed, we may ſay, even almoſt in the heart and bowels of the Enemy, ready to attempt what God ſhall next direct; and bleſſed be his Name onely for this good ſucceſs; and for this, that we do not finde that our men are at all conſiderably ſick upon this Expedition, though indeed it hath been very bluſtring weather. I had almoſt forgot one buſineſs, the Major General was very deſirous to gain a Paſs over the Shewer, where indeed we had none but by Boat, or when the weather ſerved; wherefore on Saturday in the evening he marched with a Party of Horſe and Foot to Arfi­nom, where was a Bridge, and at the foot of it a ſtrong7 Caſtle, which he about four a clock the next morn­ing attempted, killed about thirteen of the Enemies Outguard, loſt but two men, and eight or ten wound­ed, the Enemy yielded the place to him, and were poſſeſſed of it, being a very conſiderable Paſs, and the neareſt to our Paſs at Cappoquin over the black water, whither we can bring Guns, Ammunition, or other things from Youghal by water, and over this Paſs to the Army: The County of Tipperary have ſub­mitted to One thouſand five hundred pounds a moneth Contribution, although they have ſix or ſeven of the Enemies Gariſons yet upon them. Sir, I deſire the charge of England, as to this War, may be abated as much as may be, and as we know you do deſire out of your care to the Commonwealth; but if you ex­pect your work to be done (if the marching Army be not conſtantly paid, and the courſe taken that hath been humbly repreſented) indeed it will not be for the thrift of England, as far as England is concerned in the ſpeedy reduction of Ireland: The money we raiſe upon the Counties, maintains the Gariſon Forces, and hardly that; if the active force be not maintained, and all contingencies defrayed, how can you expect but to have a lingering buſineſs of it? ſurely we deſire not to ſpend a ſhilling of your Treaſury, wherein our Conſciences do not prompt us: We ſerve you, we are willing to be out of our trade of War, and ſhall haſten (by Gods aſſiſtance and Grace) to the end of our work, as the Laborer doth, to be at his reſt; this makes us bold to be earneſt with you for neceſſary ſup­plies, that of money is one, and there be ſome other things which indeed I do not think for your ſervice to8 ſpeak of publiquely, which I ſhall humbly repreſent to the Councel of State, wherewith I deſire we may be accommodated. Sir, The Lord who doth all theſe things, gives hopes of a ſpeedy iſſue to this buſineſs, and I am perſwaded will graciouſly appear in it; and truly there is no fear of the ſtrength and Combina­tion of Enemies round about, nor of ſlanderous tongues at home, God hath hitherto fenced you againſt all thoſe, to wonder and amazement, they are tokens of your proſperity and ſucceſs; onely it will be good for you, and us that ſerve you, to fear the Lord, to fear Unbelief, Self-ſeeking, Confidence in an Arm of Fleſh, and opinion of any Inſtruments that they are, other then as dry bones: That God be merciful in theſe things, and bleſs you, is the humble prayer of, Sir,

Your moſt humble Servant, O. CROMVVEL.

About this transcription

TextA letter from the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, to the Honorable William Lenthall Esq; Speaker of the Parliament of England, relating the good successes God hath lately given to the Parliament forces there. Die Lunæ, 25 Februarii, 1649. Ordered by the Parliament, that this letter be forthwith printed and published. Hen: Scobell, Cleric. Parliamenti.
AuthorIreland. Lord Lieutenant (1649-1650 : Cromwell).
Extent Approx. 11 KB of XML-encoded text transcribed from 5 1-bit group-IV TIFF page images.
SeriesEarly English books online.
Additional notes

(EEBO-TCP ; phase 2, no. A80934)

Transcribed from: (Early English Books Online ; image set 165554)

Images scanned from microfilm: (Thomason Tracts ; 91:E594[12])

About the source text

Bibliographic informationA letter from the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, to the Honorable William Lenthall Esq; Speaker of the Parliament of England, relating the good successes God hath lately given to the Parliament forces there. Die Lunæ, 25 Februarii, 1649. Ordered by the Parliament, that this letter be forthwith printed and published. Hen: Scobell, Cleric. Parliamenti. Ireland. Lord Lieutenant (1649-1650 : Cromwell), Cromwell, Oliver, 1599-1658., England and Wales. Parliament.. 8 p. Printed by Edward Husband and John Field, printers to the Parliament of England,London :1649. [i.e. 1650]. (Annotation on Thomason copy: "ffeb 28".) (Reproduction of the original in the British Library.)

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ImprintAnn Arbor, MI ; Oxford (UK) : 2011-04 (EEBO-TCP Phase 2).
  • DLPS A80934
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