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A DECLARATION by the Presbytery at Bangor, in Ireland, July 7. 1649.

Setting forth the apparent ruine of Religion, and the great violation of the COVENANT fol­lowing upon the preſent change of Command in this Province:

With ſome obſervations upon the Lord Vicount of ARDS late Declaration, of July 4.

Printed Anno Dom. 1649.

A DECLARATION by the Presbytery at Bangor, the ſeventh of July, 1649. &c.

AS we have upon every remarkable change of af­faires in this land, from our watch-towre blowen the trumpet unto the people, by ſetting before them the true ſtate of their owne con­dition, and giving them warning of their due­tie in theſe darke and troubleſome times: So a greater myſterie of iniquity being now diſco­vered, then was any before, and of greater danger to the peo­ple of God, then any former deſigne which hes been known among us; we cannot forbeare to cry aloud to our flockes, to beware of ravenous Wolves who are riſen to devour them. The danger we were in by Sectaries, we have formerly repre­ſented at large, and have ſufficiently vindicate our ſelves in all our actions relating to them: The late unexpected invaſion by Malignants, we have faithfully informed our people of, and preſſed upon them their duety for oppoſing the ſame. And now it hath pleaſed the Lord to ſuffer men among our ſelves to be our enemies, theſe who took ſweet counſell together with us, renewed the Covenant, and entered in a ſolemne Declaration: do now lift up themſelves againſt us, and un­der a pretence of delivering us, have indeed been the princi­pall inſtruments to ruine us and the work of God among us, if the Lord reſtraine them not from the accompliſhing their whole deſigne: The chief head of thoſe who pretend autho­rity above the reſt, is the Lord Vicount of Aids: whoſe pre­ſen actions are ſo repugnant to his former Profeſſions, that no Chriſtian or ingenuous man can think upon them without horrour and deteſtation: His forwardneſſe to renew the Co­venant: His fervency to have a ſolemne band and Declarati­on ſubſcribed and entered into: His large promiſes to defend Religion: His diſclaiming all conjunction, with Popiſt or Rebells with words of zeal and diſdaine: His iſinuations upon all honeſt men for gaining them to him: His conſenting to all publick orders againſt Malignants being compared with his late undertakings, muſt clear to preent to even mans view the great diſſimulation and betraying of the people and Co­venant he is guilty of; for which our ſorrow and grief is no leſſe, then our rejoycing, had been great to have ſeene his Lordſhip ſtand faithfull, which was one of our chiefeſt de­ſires.

For (whereas the danger of ſuch accidents being foreſeen) an Article was inſert in the Declaration, to acknowledge the Kings Commands; Hee confirming all the Articles of the Covenant, before hee were admitted to the exerciſe of his Royall power, without which clauſe many would have trem­bled to joyn with him: Yet he hes now cloathed him ſelfe with a Commiſſion from his Majeſtie, who as yet refuſes to give any ſatisfaction in Religion unto the juſt deſires of the Kingdome of Scotland. Yea, his conceſſions are leſſe then theſe granted by his Royall Father; which yet were declared by Church and State, unſatisfactorie, and therefore, the exe­cuting of ſuch a Commiſſion, is nothing elſe but an endeavour to ſet up the Kings Majeſtie, not onely before Religion, but in a quarrell deſtructive unto it. For the firſt difference be­tween the King and his people, was touching his abſolute and unlimited power in Civill things, and his adherance to Prela­cie, and maintaining their power; for which both our late Soveraigne, and his Majeſtie who now is, did raiſe Armes againſt their Subjects, and to this day that ſame quarrell is avouched and owned by his Majeſtie: and all his Commiſſions tend to the bringing him to that power which was juſtly de­med to his Royall Father. And it ſeemes the Lord of Airds does owne the ſame, for hee ſayes in his new Declaration of the fourth of this inſtant directly. That the Kings Commiſſi­on did ever procure reſpect and obedience untill the worſt of a mee, which muſt needs be meaned of that time, when the Kingdomes were united by a Covenant, in oppoſition to ſuch Commiſſions given by the King to Malignants. And that one phraſe may give us a taſte what may be expected fromhe reſt〈◊〉his Declarations concerning his profeſſions to Religion. For if the refuſing any Commiſſions from the King, was in the〈◊〉oftimes, then ſurely the taking a Covenant, the Union of the Kingdomes, caſting out Praelace, bringing downe Ma­lignants, all againſt a perſonall Commiſſion is accounted by his Lordſhip, to How from the iniquity of the times: More­over in his Declaration hee further diſcovers his thoughts of Reformation, when hee profeſſes to endeavour the bringing of the King to his Throne, whence hee is debarred by wicked men, who (as hee ſayes) hes overturned Church and State in other his dominions (by which we conceave, he underſtands both Scotland and England, ſince no other but this is excepted) whereby his Lordſhips judgment of the government of Scotland would appear to be that it is both Civilly and Ecceleſiaſtically overturned; what good ſhall we expect from him for Religi­on who thinks ſo. Yea, it appeares his Lordſhip thinkes that ſame of us, when hee ſayes; There were ſome who would have had him run in abſolute oppoſition to the Kings partie, as well as to Sectaries: By whom wee conceave among others, he muſt underſtand the Miniſterie, who were indeed earneſt to oppoſe Sectaries and Malignants equallie, which in his judgement is but a preferring our own opinions and ends to the well of the Kingdome. What aſſiſtance ſhall wee expect from him in the future for the good of Religion, when hee makes our former faithfullneſſe our reproach. And whereas he promiſes to indeavour to procure from His Majeſty a feeling of our Religion, we conceive Him to meane Religion either in the large extent as it can take in Prelacy, and as He calls it thereafter, The Proteſtant Religion, or elſe we believe He hes little ground to think that He will obtain that from His Majeſtie, which He hes refuſed to grant to His faithfull Subjects of Scot­land, to wit. An eſtabliſhment of the Solemne League and Covenant; without which Religion can never be truly ſecured here, it being to ſmall purpoſe though His Majeſty ſhould tol­lerat Presbyteriall Government in this Province for a time, and yet refuſe to ſetle it in the reſt of His Dominions.

It is moreover obſervable, that his Lordſhip never menti­ons Presbyteriall Government in all his Declaration, nor doth he once name the Covenant, or promiſe any thing in relation to it which is too groſſe a character of his Lordſhips diſaffection to Reformatin, and may ſeem clearly to be done that He may be anſwereable to His Majeſty for his Profeſſions, that they are no larger then His Commiſſion allowes Him to make them, which is not, either to defend o••res Dy•••i〈◊〉Government or the Covenant, but to receive His commands from the Marqueſſe of Ormond, who hebeen ſtill an Enemie to both, and who hath made a Peace with the Rebels deſtru­ctive to Religion; unto which Peace the Lord Airds contrary to his many profeſſions and ſubſcriptions, his now joyned himſelf: For his Commiſſion imports no leſſe binding him (as we are Informed) to protect and be carefull of His Maje­ſties Catholick ſubjects. His late actions alſo declares it, for He imployed Iriſh Papiſts in His ſervice for ſubduing the two Gariſons of Befaſt, and Craigfergus, as is clear, not only by His avouching the chief command over them, and giving them Orders, but alſo in His Declaration He ſeems not ob­ſcurely to juſtifie their invaſion, calling them by the friendly names of ſtrangers, and making their quarrell to be but a preſſing the Kings intereſt, which He ſayes, was not ſuffici­ently ſecured among us. And in another placed ſpeaking of them, He ſayes that the Quarters are not able to bee ſuch a burthen without ruine. By which ſeems His L••would not weary of them, if the Quarter could be able to beare them, all which as it is but a mockry of the Publick Decla­ration, ſo it is a notorious breach of Covenant, for He is ſworn to oppoſe all Malignants who are againſt that ſolemne League, or would divide the King from His People in their defence of it, yeHe joynes with Malignants who blaſphemes the Covenant. In the Covenant Hee is ſworne to extiat Poperie and Prelacie, yet Hee puts on a Commiſſion which binds Him to maintain Proteſtant Religion in the large ex­tent and Papiſts in the exerciſe of their Religion. Yea, the Marqueſſe of Ormond, from whom He is to receive commands is an avouched maintainer of Prelacie, and retains ſtill the old Engliſh Liturgie (as Wee are informed) in his publick devoti­ons. In the Covenant Hee is ſworn to endeavour the bring­ing to puniſhment thoſe who would divide the King from his Kingdomes or one of them from another, yet Hee exe­cute ſuch a Commiſſion which foments the diſtance betwixt His Majeſtie and the Kingdome of Scotland, and is a mighty obſtruction unto His Majeſties granting of Their juſt deſires. In〈◊〉Covenant He is ſworne to defend to His uttermoſt pow••all thee who〈◊〉in the Covenant, in the defence the〈…〉He under〈◊〉long of ſtrengthning, betrayed Cove­nant〈…〉bound〈…〉to the Covenant, by bring­ing for th〈…〉bounde the power of a command oppoſite to the Covenant. As theſe things makes clear as the beames of the Sun, the unlawfullnes of his Authority by ſuch a Com­miſſion (any thing his L. brings in defence of it in his De­claration notwithſtanding) for Hee pretends nothing there but neceſſitie and His good intentions, none of which can excuſe Him from ſo unhard of violation of his vowes and ſub­ſcriptions, neither are the miſeries ſo great which His Com­miſſion met with at his firſt making uſe of it as thoſe which his ſo ſinfull an engagement ſhall bring on hereafter, for the judgement He pretends to prevent by joyning with Malig­nants againſt Sectaries, will prove but Phyſick of no value to this poor Land, and will involve them in ſadder judgements then any they could have apprehended from both the former, if they had continued conſtant oppoſers equally of both and joyned with neither. Shall he proſper that doth theſe things, or ſhall Hee break the Covenant and be delivered? The faith­full man ſweareth to his own hurt and changeth not.

For this cauſe, as the Ambaſſadours of Chriſt, Wee beſeech our people in his ſteed, not to joyn hands with ſuch a courſe, or to medle with them who are given to change: And part­cularly Wee charge all who hes renewed the Covenant, and hes entred into the Declaration of the Armie and Countrie not to joyne in executing of ſuch a Commiſſion by taking charge in the Armie under the preſent command or ſerving them, either as Officers or Souldiours, elſe We foretell them in the name of the God of Truth, that the quarrell of the Covenant ſhall purſue them, and they ſhall wring out the dregs of the cup, which Malignants hes beene drinking theſe many years by paſt. Yea, their judgement ſhall be enlarged far above the former, becauſe both they have ſeen the others plagues, and hes of late renewed the Covenant which Malig­nants oppoſe.

We do alſo in the name of Jeſus Chriſt, warne the people of our charge to keep themſelves free from all complyance with their ungodly courſe, either by ſpeaking favourably of them, acknowledging the Authority of the preſent command under the Marqueſſe of Ormond and the Lord of Airds, by im­poſing of Ceſſe upon others for maintaining their unlawfull Power, or by conſtant obeying their Orders, in paying Ceſſe unto their Armie, which is nothing elſe but a ſubmiſſion un­to their Authority, a ſtrengthning of their hands, and an up­holding of them who maintain a quarrell deſtructive to the Covenant, all which is ſinfull complyance and a breach of Covenant als well as to fight in their quarrell, for it is a pro­moving of their courſe, tho not by Armes, yet by ſupplying that which is the ſinews of War, Money and Victuals. Nei­ther can any neceſſity be an excuſe to it, for Wee ought to chooſe affliction rather then ſinne, to help the ungodly and to ſtrengthen the hands of the wicked, is an evill worſe then any ſuffering.

The Lord who ſuffered this Land to make defection when they were called to action againſt this partie, is now calling them for a time to ſuffering rather then complyance, ſo to try more narrowly the fidelity of his People, and their love to his Truth more then their Goods or Lives, otherwiſe the ſudden deſtruction which ſhall come on the Malignants here ſhall likewiſe overtake the Land, and make their ſufferings then far greater with an evill conſcience, then they ſhall now indure for well doing, and the God of Truth ſhall fulfill his promiſe to his people, that thoſe who indure cheerfully the ſpoyling of their Goods, ſhall have in heaven a better and more induring ſubſtance, yea, ſhall have an hundreth fold heer, and in the end life everlaſting.

There are none in this land who formerly ſuffered for righ­teouſnes ſake who needs this day to repent it, and for whom the Lord provided not abundantly in their greateſt want: and therefore we do again exhort them to ſtand faſt to the Cove­nant, that neither perſwaſion nor terrour may with-draw them from the Truth which is now oppoſed, but that they lament for former ſins which brings on theſe calamities, turne in to the Lord and imbrace the Goſpel, and to rejoice in the croſſe of Chriſt, and when the times of refreſhing ſhall come from the preſence of the Lord, their ſins ſhall be blotted out, and the Lord ſhall return their captivity like the ſtreames of the South.


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TextA declaration by the presbytery at Bangor, in Ireland, July 7. 1649, setting forth the apparent ruine of religion, and the great violation of the covenant following upon the present change of command in this province: with some observations upon the Lord Vicount of Ards late declaration, of July 4.
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SeriesEarly English books online.
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(EEBO-TCP ; phase 2, no. A82071)

Transcribed from: (Early English Books Online ; image set 168337)

Images scanned from microfilm: (Thomason Tracts ; 87:E568[5*])

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Bibliographic informationA declaration by the presbytery at Bangor, in Ireland, July 7. 1649, setting forth the apparent ruine of religion, and the great violation of the covenant following upon the present change of command in this province: with some observations upon the Lord Vicount of Ards late declaration, of July 4. 8 p. s.n.],[Edinburgh? :Printed Anno Dom. 1649.. (Reproduction of the original in the British Library.) (Place of publication from Wing.)
  • Presbyterianism -- Early works to 1800.
  • Ireland -- History -- 1649-1660 -- Early works to 1800.
  • Ireland -- Church history -- 17th century -- Early works to 1800.

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ImprintAnn Arbor, MI ; Oxford (UK) : 2013-12 (EEBO-TCP Phase 2).
  • DLPS A82071
  • STC Wing D566
  • STC Thomason E568_5*
  • STC ESTC R206245
  • EEBO-CITATION 99865419
  • PROQUEST 99865419
  • VID 168337

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