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THE DECLARATION OF THE LEVELLERS CONCERNING Prince Charles AND Their Treaty with His Excellency the Lord Generall Fair-fax; the particulars of another great Fight; the ſuc­ceſſe thereof, and the number killed and taken priſoners.

ALSO, The Declaration of the Counties of York, Lincoln, Nottin­gham, Liecester, and Warwickſhire, concerning the Par­liament, Army, and Levellers.

TOGETHER With a new Declaration from Scotland, touching Religion, KING and KINGDOME.

Imprinted at London, for C.W. 27. May, MDCXLIX.


A great FIGHT Between The Parliaments Forces and the Levelers, on Munday laſt, divers killed and taken priſoners, and their Declaration touching Baistoll.


COl. Reynolds with the Troops of horſe that ſtuck to him, reſolving to oppoſe the Level­lers, marched towards Banbury, and diſcovered a prrty commanded by Captain Thompſon marched up to them and the Scouts having met and parlyed, Collonel Reynolds men brought word to him, that the Lrvellers, deſired to know a reaſon of their approach and what it was they deſired; Collonel Reynolds ſent word he demanded their Cullers, and their Leader ſo him: this begat a ſhort parley, and Captain Thomp­ſon called a councell, but in the mean while ſome of the Souldiers ſlunk away, ſome one: way and ſome a­another, ſome with horſes and ſome without: They2 were all of horſe both one party and the other; ſome moved that Captain Thompſon and the Cullers, might be delivered up, but his Quarter-maſter ſaid no, they were all equally engaged, and that as they had joyned together, ſo they might live and dye together: but at laſt, Captain Thompſon was adviſed to eſcape if hee could, and accordingly he mounted, and attempted, to be gone, with his Lieut. and ſome others; but by ad­vertizement from the reſt, Col. Reynolds had notice thereof, and ſent out his Lieut. with two more after him, who approached near him capt. Thomſon whee­led about, and ſhot the Lieut. Party dead, the other two being ſome ſpace behind, they came up to them, and after a ſhort diſpute one of them was wounded, & the other diſmounted, and Thompſon and the reſt, who are about twenty are gone to thoſe that diſſerted col. Scroop. And thoſe that would to come in to col Reynolds, the reſt to march away: and ſome 60 of them being ill armed went away, and 40 came in to Colonell Rsy­nolds, the coulours were delivered, and Thompſons cor­porall and another delivered priſoners, beſide ſome o­ther priſonrs that are taken. But afterwards the Ox­ford Troop, commanded by Lieut. Rawley. Capt. Smiths Lieut comming up to joyn with Thompſon (not know­ing what was done, nor of any approach of col. Reynolds againſt them, but expecting ſome from Rutland, and o­ther parts to have joyned with them,) col. Reynolds ſent out a gallant Troop, commanded by his Lieut. who in a Parly with them, demanded whither they mar­ched; they anſwered to their friends, it was asked who they meant, it was anſwered capt. Thopſon: hereupon col. Reynolds men charged them, & they anſwered them againe, ſome were hurt on both ſides, but the Oxford Troop took ſome priſoners: After which another par­ty3 was ſent after to purſue them; and have taken and diſperſed them.

But Captain Everard hath ſtill a conſiderable party, and is marching Weſtward, to joyne with the reſt of their Brethren in thoſe parts, who in his way on Tueſday laſt met with ſome oppoſition by the Lord Generals Forces, and after a ſharp diſpute many of the adverſe party were diſſipated and levelled, about twenty taken priſoners, and almoſt as many killed.

The min B••y are at Marlborough, whether the L. Generall ſent a Meſſage and Declaration to them to of­fer indempnity if they would ſubmit; and in order ther­unto ſome overtures hath been made for a reconciliati­on, Major White, Major Gibbons, and Captain Bayley be­ing employed as Commiſſioners on the Lord Generals part to treat with them: ſome progreſſe hath bin made therein, but the Levellers ſtand upon high terms, and no­thing will appeaſe their fury but a new Repreſentative; their number increaſeth, and many come in to them dai­ly, yet divers of the Officers and old Souldiery deſerts them. The Country is divided, in reference to both par­ties; but that which takes the deepeſt impreſſion and in­fluence upon the peoples affections, is, Their declaring for Magistracy, Libety, and Freedom, their inviting the people into their aſſistance, under fair pretences for Charls the ſecond, and that they intend nothing more then the re­ſtauration of the Common-wealth of England to its juſt li­berty, ſplendor, and proprietyy, and to expell and diſſipate all obstructive Clouds both in Church and State; but it iap­parent that the chief promoters of that deſgn are Ene­mies both to Magiſtracy and Miniſtery, and that if once they ſhould become powerfull, their little finger would be far more heavier, then the loyns of thoſe who have bin entruſted before them.

Right Honoured,

THis morning his Excellency the Lord Gene­rall Fairfax, and Lieutenant General Crumwell, randezvouzed with their Horſe and Foot neer Andover, where the Lieu. Gen. rode to the head of each Regiment, declaring That He was reſolved to live and aie with them, and that as he had often engaged with them againſt the common Enemy of this Nation, ſo was he reſolved still to perſist therein, againſt thoſe Revolters which are now called by the name of Levellers; not doubt­ing but that they would as one man unite, and with una­nimous ſpirits follow him, for the ſubduing of them, and bringing the chief Ring-leaders thereof to exemplary pu­niſhment.

Many declared a great willingneſſe to engage with him: Others rejected it, ſaying, they would not fight againſt their friends: But they are now upon their march towards Salisbury, for the reducing and bring­ing of thoſe Regiments to obedience and ſubjection that have declared againſt them: from whence wee hear, that they are reſolved rather to die, then yeeld to any thing which ſhall infringe their liberty, or pervert the freedom of their Nativity.

Many of the ſaid party have agreed upon a Decla­ration, containing theſe enſuing heads: Firſt, they de­clare againſt the preſent Parl. and their proceedings. 2 Againſt the Councell of State. 3 Againſt the Ge­nerall Councell of the Army. And 4. againſt the pro­ceedings of the late Court of Juſtices Their chief Ring leader is one Capt. Tompſon, who was formerly con­demned by a Councell of War to be hanged, but by the, goodneſſe and compaſſion of the Lord Gen. he was ſpared: this is the man who draws all men after him, his number is conceived to be about 400. and in his watch up and down hee daily gains new Proſelites to him: On Wedneſday laſt he marcht to Coventry where he found reſiſtance, and the Gates ſhut againſt him (demanded if the Gates were ſo holy that he might not enter;) and after the exchange of two or three Vol­lies, he left the place, and marched thence to Toſſiter, where coming in very late at night, he ſeized upon ca­ptain Farmer the Poſt maſter there, who, after they had carryed him as a priſoner up and down with them, they were content to releaſe him upon his Parol to come up to London to the Councel of State, to pro­cure the releaſe of three of their Brethren, who were taken poſting up of their papers about Banbury; if he could not procure this he was to return as their priſo­ner to Banbury.

Some blows have been already diſputed neer Banbu­ry between 100 of the Lord Gen. horſe and 200 of the Levellers, and after a ſharp conflict, the Levellers declining engagement, retreated towards Oxford, but no great harm done on either ſide: there is a body of horſe about Oxford ready to joyn with them, comman­ded by Mr. Everard, after uniting, its ſaid they intend Weſtward.

Some difference hath alſo been in the City of Wor­ceſter and the Levellers who had entred the City for­ced to retreat out again with the loſſe of five men: the Generall and the Lieutenant Generall hath ſent a Let­ter to the Agitators and Commanders in chief of the ſaid party, for preventing of the effuſion of bloud, and healing of the preſent breach, and quenching thoſe flames of Diſcord, which are ready to break forth in ſeverall parts of this Nation; and its hoped a happy & mutuall reconciliation will be embraced, before the6 involving and ſhedding of any more bloud within the Bowels of this Nation.

Letters from the North ſay, That the Coun­ties of Yorkſhire, Lincolnſhire, Nottinghamſhire, Lie­ceſterſhire and Warwickſhire, have declared for the par­liament and Army, and are reſolved to unite and aſſociate againſt thoſe called Levellers.

The Estates of Scotland have likewiſe declared Generall Pluſcarden and other his Aſsociates, and all ſuch as ſhall joyn with them guilty of the crime of high Treaſon, and pro­hibite all manner of perſons whatſoever to give any man­ner of aſſiſtance, or countenance the perſons aforeſaid, un­der the pain of being eſteemed Rebels, and enemies to Reli­gion, King and Kingdom.

But the buſineſse is rather worſe then better; for Ogleby, Pluſcardy and Middleton grow numerous, waving the Declaration of the States, and were the last week at Athol; ſince which time David Leſley hath randezvouzed with his whole body of Horſe and Foot, and is now marched af­ter them.


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TextThe declaration of the Levellers concerning Prince Charles, and their treaty with His Excellency the Lord Generall Fairfax; the particulars of another great fight; the successe thereof, and the number killed and taken prisoners. Also, the declaration of the counties of York, Lincoln, Nottingham, Liecester [sic], and Warwickshire, concerning the Parliament, Army, and Levellers. Together with a new declaration from Scotland, touching religion, King and Kingdome.
Extent Approx. 11 KB of XML-encoded text transcribed from 5 1-bit group-IV TIFF page images.
SeriesEarly English books online text creation partnership.
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(EEBO-TCP ; phase 2, no. A82176)

Transcribed from: (Early English Books Online ; image set 165115)

Images scanned from microfilm: (Thomason Tracts ; 86:E555[26])

About the source text

Bibliographic informationThe declaration of the Levellers concerning Prince Charles, and their treaty with His Excellency the Lord Generall Fairfax; the particulars of another great fight; the successe thereof, and the number killed and taken prisoners. Also, the declaration of the counties of York, Lincoln, Nottingham, Liecester [sic], and Warwickshire, concerning the Parliament, Army, and Levellers. Together with a new declaration from Scotland, touching religion, King and Kingdome. [2], 6 p. for C.W.,Imprinted at London :17. May, MDCXLIX. [1649]. (A newsletter -- Thomason Catalogue.) (Reproduction of the original in the British Library.)
  • Charles -- II, -- King of England, 1630-1685.
  • Scotland -- History -- 1649-1660.
  • Levellers -- Early works to 1800.
  • Burford (England) -- History -- Early works to 1800.

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ImprintAnn Arbor, MI ; Oxford (UK) : 2014-11 (EEBO-TCP Phase 2).
  • DLPS A82176
  • STC Wing D699
  • STC Thomason E555_26
  • STC ESTC R205728
  • EEBO-CITATION 99865022
  • PROQUEST 99865022
  • VID 165115

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