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A DECLARATION OF THE LORDS and COMMONS Aſſembled in Parliament, Concerning the preſent lamentable, and miſerable Condition of Ireland, the poore Proteſtants in ſome places being forced to kill their Horſes to ſatisfie their Hunger, and very many others having periſhed by Famine.

With ſome ſad and ſerious Motives propounded by both Houſes, to all pious and well affected Engliſhmen for their ſpeedy Reliefe, a thing earneſtly to be intended conſidering what courſes are now ſet on foot at Oxford, for bringing thoſe barbarous Rebels into this Kingdom.

Whereunto are added, The ſeverall Propoſitions made by the Commit­tees of the Houſe of Commons, and the Committee of Adventurers choſen in London out of the body of the Adventurers, and ratified by the Houſe, for the more perfect incouragement of all that wiſh well to the generall cauſe of Religion, the relieving of the Proteſtant brethren in Ireland, and the ſafety of this State and Kingdome.

ORdered by the Lords and Commons Aſſembled in Parliament, that this Declaration, with the Propoſitions and Votes ſhall be forthwith printed and publiſhed.

H. Elſynge Cler. Parl. D. Com.

LONDON, Printed by George Miller, Iune 24. 1643.


WE the Lords and Commons aſſembled in Parliament, being by ſeverall Letters ful­ly informed both from the Lords Iuſtices, and Councell of Dublin, and alſo from other parts of the Kingdom of Ireland, of the extreamly neceſſitous condition of the whole Army and the teſt of the diſtreſed Proteſtants of that Kingdom, out of a compaſſionate ſenſe of the miſeries of their Brethren there, and their tender care to prevent the extirpation of the Proteſtant Religion ſo generally aimed at: have though fit to publiſh to the view of all piouſly affected perſons, the lamentable eſtate of that diſtreſed King­dome, which is now by the unhappy influence of our diſtractions here, reduced to that extremity that in moſt parts of the Army, our Souldiers want Bread for their bellies, Clothes for their backs, and Shooes for their feet, to give them a neceſſary ſub­ſiſtence; and in ſome parts thy have beene forced to kill their Horſes to ſatisfie their hunger, very many of the poor Engliſh in ſeverall places having periſhed by famine.

4Nevertheleſſe it hath pleaſed Almighty God, to imprint ſuch ſpeciall markes of his unlimitted favours, upon the endea­vours of our ſeverall Armies there, tht we have more then probable cauſe to hope, that if we ſhall cheerefully addreſſe our ſelves to ſend them ſeaſonable ſupplies, hée will not yet permit the ruine of our Religion and Countreymen in that king­dom. Which we are the more inducd to believe, ſince we are credibly informed, that the wants of our Adverſaries doe in moſt parts equalize, in many far excéed ours, where they have beene forced to eate, not the fleſh only but the very hides of their Horſes to kéepe them from ſtarving, which have brought ve­ry many of them to ſuch a condition of weakeneſſe, that they appeare rather like walking Anatomies then fighting me, ſo that we have no reaſon to ſuſpect, but that our Armies there (if not ſuffered firſt to ſtarve) may by Gods bleſſing yet ſoon reduce that Kingdome.

Nor can it be unknowne to any underſtanding and judicious obſerver, that whatever bee pretended by the Rebells, yet the true cauſes heightning them to ſuch a degree of barbarouſ­neſſe, are, the inveterate hatred they beare to the true Religion, and their ambitious deſires as is moſt evident by the ſeverall Commiſſions from the Rebels, ſtiling themſelves the ſupream Counſell of the confederate Catholiques of Ireland, iſſued to men of War whom they maintained at Sea to ſpoyle the trade of this Kingdome, making themſelves abſolute and indepen­dent on this Kingdome, and which is not a little fomented by all the Popiſh party throughout Chriſtendome, as appeares by the large contributions ſent from all parts thither of Mo­ney, Armes, Ammunition and experienced Commanders: And can it be that Gods enemies ſhould be more violent, and inde­fatigable for reſtoring Idolatry in a Kingdome forraine to theirs, then we zealous in propugning Gods truth in our owne againſt both barbarous Traytors and monſtrous Idolaters?5 ſhall the common incendiaries of both Kingdomes ſtrip them­ſelves of all they have to accompliſh our deſtruction, by devour­ing that rich and fruitfull Iſland; And ſhall the good people of this Nation, of the ſame bloud and Religion with them, think any thing too deare for redeeming them, whom wee ought to our powers to preſerve; ſeeing hereby, we alſo ſecure our own both Religion and Liberties, preventing the acceſſe of the Rebells from thence by inabling our Army to continue there, which will conſequently containe them within that Kingdome, A thing earneſtly to be intended, conſidering what coures are ſet on foote at Oxford, for bringing them into this King­dome:

Not to inſiſt how much it imports all the Adventurers, Lenders and Contributers, all Merchants and indeede the whole Nation to advance a conſiderable ſumme to what they have applyed unto that worke for the now compleating there­of, Nor to be more particular in laying before the World, how the King (ſeduced by evill Councels) doth deny his con­currence to the Bill lately ſent him as a moſt neceſſary expedient for that worke.

Wee have therefore thought fit to appoint a ſpeciall Com­mittee for that purpoſe, and have reſolved in the midſt of our diſtractions here, (as a thing wherein the wellfare of our Re­ligion, the honour our Engliſh Nation, and the ſafety of this Kingdome is ſo neerely concerned) to contribute by all poſſible meanes to the preſervation of that Kingdom.

And although the great burdens which lie upon the ſubjects for maintenance of the Armies, raiſed for the neceſſary de­fence of this kingdome, will not ſuffer us to lay any preſent charge upon them, yet our tender care of Ireland is ſuch, that in purſuance of a vote of the Houſe of Commons, an Ordinance is now ready to paſſe, whereby a charge ſhall he ſet of two hundred thouſand pounds upon this Kingdome, to be aſſeſſed6 upon the ſeverall Counties, according to the Proportion of the Bill of four hundred thouſand pounds, and to be paid in two yeers, by which time we hope the diſtractions of this Kingdome by Gods mercy may be ſo ſetled, that the Subjects ſhall with eaſe and cheerfulneſſe beare this neceſſary burden, and by this meanes wee conceive this future charge will give preſent credit for the reliefe of the ſtarving condition of Ireland, which is intended to be laid upon this Kingdom, as an adven­ture for land in Ireland, for the benefit of the ſeverall Coun­ties proportionable to the ſummes that ſhall bee raiſed in the particular Counties to bee imployed to the eaſe of their pub­li••e charge. And doe likewiſe earneſtly recommend the care of that worke to all ſuch as are really affected to our Religion, and the Cauſe we have in hand, to advance Moneys for that uſe, either by way of adventure, loane, or weekly Contribu­tion in ſuch manner as ſhall be agreed on by the Committee, and approved by the Parliament, wherein both Houſes of Par­liament intend to ſhew that good example which they hope all others will follow.

For what may bee advanced by way of adventure, it is al­ready provided in a late Ordinance of Parliament, that all new Advnturers ſhall receive the ſame Advantages grant­ed to the formr in the Act of Parliament for the Advenurers of Ireland, and in the ſame Ordinance proviſion is made for the ſecurity of all ſuch as ſhall voluntarily lend to ſo pious a Worke; All which Monies now propoſed to bee advanced, ſhall onely have their aſpect forwards (without conſideration of former areas) and bee diſpoſed of with all poſſible cre to the beſt advantage of this preſent Summers ſervice: And for what hath beene formerly raiſed to that purpoſe, it ſhall moſt evidently apeae to all the World, that it hath beene with a great overplus diſpoſed of for the uſe of Ireland, And that all aſperſions of that nature caſt upon the Parliament have beene7 but the malitious pretences of diſaffected perſons, to excuſe their own backwardneſſe, and diſhearten ſuch as deſire to prevent the ruine of our Religion, which we hope by our cordiall and ſeaſon­able indeavours may ſpéedily be prevented, and this Warre ſoone brought to a happy concluſion, And herein the concurrence of moſt of the Officers of that Kingdome adminiſters great en­couragement, who are deſirous (ſo well they affect that worke) to underwrite the one halfe of their Arreares due by way of Adventure for Land, and alſo take the one halfe of what ſhall grow due and is to come, likewiſe on the Condition of the Sub­ſcribers at the reducing of that Kingdome, deſiring onely to ſub­ſiſt untill the worke be finiſhed.

We have ſo juſt reaſon upon theſe many and convincing grounds to be ſenſible of the extraordinary Care and pious In­tentions of the well affected Party in this Kingdome, as we muſt not or cannot doubt of their ready Zeale in the ſetting for­ward of ſo Pious, ſo Charitable a worke, wherein the Religion we profeſſe, lies at the ſtake: and the lives of ſo many thouſand of our poore Proteſtant brethren are in apparent danger, unleſſe by preſent reliefe their approaching ruine be timely prevented, nor can we well expect that God will long bleſſe us, if we be wanting to our brethren, whoſe preſervation is ſo immediately linked to our owne ſafety, that we have much cauſe to ſuſpect this Kingdome is much indangered, when we have once abſo­lutely loſt that of Ireland.

For ſuch is the malice of the Rebels to our Nation, that if they once root us out of that Kingdome, thy will not deſpaire by themſelves and their Confederates wholly to extirpate both us and our Religion out of the Chriſtian World.

For remedy whereof in ſo much as the generall waies ob­ſerved on the laſt Act of Contribution hath not procured ſuch meanes of reliefe as are neceſſaty, (though divers both Perſons and Pariſhes have been very bountifull) ſeverall of that8 Kingdome with others are therefore directed to ſolicite the buſineſſe by ſuch particular applications as may be hoped (in a wor•…e ſo earneſtly crying for reliefe) will beget competent ſupplies for giving that Kingdome a being, and in all likelihood preſerving this from finall undoing, which as it muſt be ac­knowledged to the already Contributers, ſo is and ſhall be eſtéemed by thoſe who hereafter put hand to the worke as a moſt acceptable ſeruice to this and that Kingdome.

Theſe things conſidered, we deſire that all well affected peo­ple would heartily apply themſelves to prevent ſuch miſchiefe by chearefull contributing to ſo Pious a worke, which will be an Act in the eſteeme of all the world very commendable and ex­treamely acceptable to God and all good men.


THe Committee appointed by the Houſe, the 29th of May, 1643. for the better expediting the Affaires of Ireland, together with the Committee of the Ad­venturers in London newly elected, or any eight of them, ſhall have power to call to their Aſſiſtance ſuch other perſons as they ſhall thinke fit, And the ſaid Com­mittee of Adventurers, ſhall have equall power to Vote with the Committee of the Houſe of Commons in all matters con­cerning the managing of the Moneyes now to be raiſed for Ire­land by way of Adventure or otherwiſe; And this Committee ſhall have likewiſe power to appoint Treaſurers to peruſe the Accompts of ſuch as have beene formerly imployed, to be rea­dy for the view of the Houſe, to reward ſuch as they muſt ne­ceſſarily imploy in this ſervice, and to iſſue out any of theſe Moneyes now to be raiſed for the affaires of Ireland by Order from this Committee, and to manage all matters for the good of the future ſervice according as they ſhall find moſt expe­dient, being ſtill to give an accompt to the Houſe of their Pro­ceedings as oft as ſhall be required.


Reſolved upon the Queſtion, THat this Houſe doth declare, that they will in a ſhort time ſend over a Commander in Chiefe into Ireland, ſuch as this Kingdome ſhall have good cauſe to confide in.

Reſolved upon the Queſtion, THat this Houſe doth thinke it fit to ſend over Committees into the ſeverall Provinces of Ireland, whereof one in each to be of the Houſe of Commons, and one choſen by the Adventurers, from whom they may expect ſuch continuall Intelligence of the conditions of each Province, that they may make their Proviſions accordingly.

Propounded from the Committee THat an Ordinance may be brought in for the Adventurers, who ſhall now depoſite a fourth part of what formerly is ſubſcribed and paid, that they ſhall have ſo many Acres of Land added to what is allot­ted by the former Act of Parliament, as ſhall make their former propor­tian of Acres double to what is graunted by the Act, as alſo for what they ſhall now pay upon the Ordinance, with all Priviledges as former­ly. And whoſoever ſhall ſubſcribe De novo, ſhall have the like double proportion of Land for his new ſubſcription.

THe Adventures to be ſet in ſuch Province as they ſhall clouſe.

9THat ſuch as deſire to Plant together, may be permitted ſo to doe, they declaring the ſame at their new ſubſcriptions, or withinMoneth.

THat the Houſe declares an Act or Acts of Parliament ſhall be pre­pared in due time, to paſſe both in England and Ireland for con­firming whatſoever now paſſeth by Ordinance.

Reſolved, &c. THat this Houſe doth agree, that an Ordinance be prepared and drawne in purſuance of theſe Propoſitions.

H. Elſyng. Cler. Parl. D. Com.

FOr as much as many both Adventurers for Land in Ire­land and others, are willing to apply themſelves by all good meanes for bringing that great good worke to ſome perfection, well knowing, what conſequence the loſſe of that Kingdome will be to this, both in relation to the ſecurity and firme peace of the State, and alſo in reſpect of the Cauſe of Religion, which muſt be deepely wounded in caſe that King­dome ſhould become wholy Popiſh. And for as much as the Subſcriptions upon the ſeverall Acts of Parliament doe not ingage a third part of the Land deſigned to be applied to that10 work by thoſe Acts, and that the time limited for underwri­ting by thoſe Acts is elapſed; We being deſirous to make up what was wanting in the former Subſcriptious, in ſome proportion to our Abilities, doe humbly offer, That both Hou­ſes of Parliament will give ſuch incouragement as may in­duce thoſe who are Merchants, and live on Trades, to ad­venture Conſiderable Summes, by paſſing an Ordinance in theſe following or the like particulars.

That ſo much of the City and Suburbs of Limbricke as is Eſcheated with the Iſland of Eniſhcattery, and the fiſhings of the River, with other immunities belonging to the City, and Twenty foure Thouſand Acres of Confiſcated Profitable Land next contiguous to that City may be ſecured to the Ad­venturers who ſhall now underwrite, the ſaid City and Land being made over to them & their heirs, &c. in free and common ſoccage as of his Majeſties Caſtle of Dublin, with ſuch Immunities as are graunted to the City of Briſtoll, and ſuch other Priviledges as be contained in the Acts of Parliament for Subſcriptions on Lands in Ireland; Provided the ſe­verall Summes to be underwritten doe amount in the To­tall unto Sitty Thouſand Pounds, there being reſerved to his Majeſty for the ſame, the Yearely rent of one Thouſand two Hundred and Fifty Pounds per Annum.

That the Towne of Galloway in Connaught with Twen­ty Thouſand Acres of Land and Immunities as aboveſaid ſhall be ſecured unto ſuch as adventure for that City and Land, provided, That the totall of the ſubſcriptions amount unto Fifty Thouſand Pounds, his Majeſties Rent one Thouſand and Forty pounds.

That the City of Waterford in Munſter, with thirty Thou­ſand Acres of Land and Immunities as aforeſaid, ſhall be11 ſecured to ſuch as adventure for that City and Land, Pro­vided the totall of their Subſcriptions amounts unto Sixtie Thouſand Pounds, the Rent to his Majeſty per Annum, one Thouſand two Hundred and Fifty Pounds.

That the Towne of Wexford with twelve Thouſand Acres of Land and Immunities as aforeſaid, ſhall be ſecured to ſuch as adventure for that Towne and Land Provided the totall of their Subſcriptions, amount unto Fifteene Thou­ſand Pounds, the Rent to his Majeſty per Annum, three Hundred and twelve Pounds eight Shillings eight Pence.

And ſeeing the courſe of paſſing Bills is ſo much obſtruc­ted, that the Kingdome of Ireland will be loſt if ſome effe­ctuall and ſpeedy courſe be not taken, The Adventurers de­ſire to be ſecured, that ſuch Conditions as ſhall be now paſt by Ordinance, ſhall be turned into an Act or Acts of Parliament for their more fit and unqueſtionable ſecurity which they hum­bly conceive will much further the worke.

That thoſe who have or ſhall underwrite any conſiderable Summe upon the ſaid Propoſitions for Cities, and have for­merly adventured, or ſhall underwrite for Lands in the King­dome at large, ſhall be accomodated to have his Lands ſet out as neere unto thoſe Cities (for which he ſhall ſubſcribe) as may be.

And in caſe the reſpective Summes whereat the ſaid Cities Townes and ſaid Lands adjacent are valued be not wholy underwritten yet the underwriters ſhall have ſo much in proportion out of thoſe Cities, Townes and Lands adja­cent as their adventure ſhall amount unto, to be ſet forth by in­different Commiſſioners to be Named by both Houſes.

12THe Houſe doth allow of theſe Propoſitions, And it is Or­dered that the Houſe will apply their Authority for making good of the ſame.

H. Elſyng, Cler. Parl. D. Com.

THe Propoſitions afore-mentioned being now agreed unto, Theſe are further to ſignifie, that the following Title is prefixed to ſeverall Books for the ſeverall Com­panies, whereunto all that are ſo diſpoſed, are deſired this day to repaire, and ſuch as are at preſent in this Aſſembly this 24th. of June, 1643. are deſired to reſort to their ſeverall Companies, where the ſame Books are now remaining Such others as be not of any Companies of London, and whoſe hearts God inclines to Contribute in this Pious worke, are intreated to reſort unto Grocers-Hall, where Books are alſo remaining, and Treaſurers appointed, as in the foregoing Declaration appeares.


VVHereas the Honourable Houſe of Commons have fully condiſcended to the Propoſitions made by the joynt Committee of Adventurers, as by an Order of the 19th. of Iune 1643. doth appeare, That ſo good a worke may not ſuffer through the want of neceſſary ſupply, which is now ho­ped may be ſoone brought to a very good condition; We whoſe Names are under written, doe hereby oblige our ſelves to the pai­ment of the ſummes to our Names affixed at Grocers-Hall unto M. Iames Bunce, M. Thomas Foot, M. Iohn Kenderick Alder-men, and M. Sam: Avery Eſquire Treaſurers, appointed for that ſervice, whoſe acquittance, or any two of them ſhall be ſufficient to entitle the ſaid Subſcribers to ſuch Adventure unto which they ſhall ſub­ſcribe, and be a diſcharge for ſuch other paiments as ſhall be brought in upon the other Propoſitions; the ſeverall paiments to be made as followeth. viz. One third within Ten Dayes, another third within one Moneth after, and the laſt third within two Moneths after that; So as all our Adventure is to be fully paid in within three Moneths after our ſaid Subſcription; And we whoſe Names are underwritten, will make our Election to which of the Propoſitions we will apply our Adventure, at the time of our ſaid firſt paiment.


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TextA declaration of the Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament, concerning the present lamentable, and miserable condition of Ireland, the poore Protestants in some places being forced to kill their horses to satisfie their hunger, and very many others having perished by famine. With some sad and serious motives propounded by both houses, to all pious and well affected Englishmen for their speedy reliefe, a thing earnestly to be intended considering what courses are now set on foot at Oxford, for bringing those barbarous rebels into this kingdom. Whereunto are added, the severall propositions made by the committees of the House of Commons, and the committee of adventurers chosen in London out of the body of the adventurers, and ratified by the House, for the more perfect incouragement of all that wish well to the generall cause of religion, the relieving of the Protestant brethren in Ireland, and the safety of this state and kingdome.
AuthorEngland and Wales. Parliament..
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Bibliographic informationA declaration of the Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament, concerning the present lamentable, and miserable condition of Ireland, the poore Protestants in some places being forced to kill their horses to satisfie their hunger, and very many others having perished by famine. With some sad and serious motives propounded by both houses, to all pious and well affected Englishmen for their speedy reliefe, a thing earnestly to be intended considering what courses are now set on foot at Oxford, for bringing those barbarous rebels into this kingdom. Whereunto are added, the severall propositions made by the committees of the House of Commons, and the committee of adventurers chosen in London out of the body of the adventurers, and ratified by the House, for the more perfect incouragement of all that wish well to the generall cause of religion, the relieving of the Protestant brethren in Ireland, and the safety of this state and kingdome. England and Wales. Parliament.. 8, 7-13, [1] p. Printed by George Miller,London :Iune 24. 1643.. (Concerns the English colonization of Ireland.) (Also published with title: A declaration .. concerning the present lamentable estate and miserable condition ..) (Reproduction of the original in the British Library.)
  • Ireland -- History -- 1625-1649 -- Sources.

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