PRIMS Full-text transcription (HTML)

THE RESOLUTION of both Houſes of PARLIAMENT: Concerning The KINGS Majeſties laſt Letter.

ALSO An ANSVVER from His Excellency Sir THOMAS FAIRFAX: TO Papers from the Kingdome of Scotland, Concerning the deſires of the Eſtates of Scotland, about their Commiſſion­ers with the Kings Majeſtie.

WITH The Reſolutions of the Souldiers of the Army; and their Reaſons therein.

7ber 22 LONDON, Printed for R. B. Anno Domini. 1647.


AN ANSVVER from His Excellency Sir THO: FAIRFAX, to Papers from the Kingdome of Scotland.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

IN purſuance of the Commands I received for en­quiring into the buſineſſe of the affront done to the Earle of Loutherdale, I ſent Order to Collonell Whaley, to make enquiry of it, and to return to me an account thereof, I have hereupon received from him a Narrative under his hand, of the occaſions, and whole carriage of that buſineſſe (ſo farre as his own knowledge or preſent Informations concerning it do extend,) which I have ſent you here incloſed, I deſire it may be imparted to both Houſes, for their preſent better ſatisfaction concerning that buſineſſe, and if this doe not amount to their full ſatisfaction therein, but that they think fit to have any further enquiry or Exa­mination to be had about it, I ſhall upon further no­tice of their pleaſures therein give Order to Collonell Whaley accordingly, I remaine.

Your Lordſhips humble Servant THO. FAIRFAX.

Towards the latter end of July laſt, when the King lay at Woburne, the Lord Louderdale came one morn­ing about foure five of the Clock to the Court, loſt no time, but preſently made a repaire to His Majeſty with whom hee had much private communication. It was commonly reported and generally beleived that he had come poſt all the night before. But whether ſo or not, I know not, but this I know, that his early comming and haſty ſpeaking with His Majeſty at that Conjuncture of time, when that unparalled vi­olence was committed upon the Parliament, and that treaſonable engagement for fetching the King to Lon­don, and preparations for a new Warre, were ſo vi­olently proſecuted in the City, drove the Court into feares, and Souldiers into jealouſies, that his Lord­ſhip came to indeavour the perfecting at Court that deſigne, which was begun and proſecuted in the City and that which made them (as I conceive the more jea­lous of his intentions, was a common report, that his Lordſhip was a fomenter of the Cities Tumults, or correſponding with the Authours of them. And in­deed I finde, that the Souldiers had long entertained harſh toughts of the Lord louderdale ever ſince his Relation, concerning His Majeſties going from Hol­denby, made in the Painted Chamber ſo much to the prejudice and diſadvantage of the Army; and his un­dertaking there to ingage the whole Kingdom of Scot­land, as one man againſt the Army; they were playn with him at New-Market, then minding him of it, and told him he had publikely declared himſelfe their e­nemy; therefore they could not but think he came to doe them, and the Kingdome ill Offices.

And had not my ſelfe and other Officers interpo­ſed,3 they had then at leaſt perſwaded him away from the Court, but at that time the Souldiers indured his ſtay, though with ſome regret; But his Lordſhips ſecond appearance at that time and manner as before relared, ſo kightened, (it ſeems their former jealouſies and exaſperated them into ſuch reſolutions, as that divers of them whoſe names I proteſt I know not, not ſo much as one for preſent) being of ſeverall Regia­ments came about five of the Clock, next morning, to his Lordſhips Chamber doore, deſired to ſpeake with him, upon notice whereof, I haſtened to the Earl of Louderdales Lodgings, and the Earle of Denby with me: We found the Souldiers and the Lord Lou­derdale reaſoning very calmly together, his Lordſhip telling them he was a publike perſon, and they could offer him no affront, but it would reflect upon the Kingdome of Scotland, and tend to devide the two Nations, the Souldiers told him, they found he ma­ny times acted as a private perſon, as when in the painted Chamber hee undertooke for all Scotland to engage as one man againſt the Army, (which as they heard) he had no Commiſſion for from the State of Scotland, what they did was in Reference to the Lord Louderdale and not to the Scotiſh Nation: and had his Lordſhip ſhewed any Commiſſion, Paſſe, or War­rant, teſtifying his being ſent or imployed thither as a publique perſon from the States of Scotland, or their Commiſsioners, I conceive it might have ſatisfi­ed.

The Earle of Denbigh endeavoured with all the Reaſons and arguments he could to perſwade them to let the Earle of Louderdale ſtay, and not meddle with4 him, and my ſelfe commanded ſome of them to their Guard, and the reſt to be gone.

But from commanding, (the diſcontent being very high) I was inforced, for the preſent to fall to per­ſwading, I confirmed what the Earle of Denbigh before had ſaid to them, that it might bee conſtrued as an injury to the State of Scotland, that it would be an offence to the Parliament of Englaad, and ad­ded that it was a contemning of the Generalls pow­er, when they would not obey Commands, and would expoſe both themſelves, and me to danger, but all in vaine; for indeed that horrid violence, ſo late­ly done to the Parliament, and the forced flight of the Members of both Houſes (whereby that higheſt Authority of the kingdome ſeemed to be at a ſtand) as it put both the City and moſt parts of the King­dome into a monſtrous vein of confuſion, and of di­ſtracted and licentious workings, and weakned (for preſent) the hands of all men in Authority under the Parliament, ſo it wanted not its influence of like na­ture upon the Army and Souldiery throughout the Kingdome, ſo as Officers could not (at that time) have the like command of their Souldiers, as for­merly, nor as now again, ſince the Authority of the Parliament hath been vindicated, and both Houſes (through Gods bleſſing) reſtored to their Honour and Freedome:

For my owne part (as affaires then ſtood) I am confident the Lord Denbigh will witneſſe it for me? I did my utmoſt endeavours to have gotten the Soul­diers away, I commanded, I perſwaded, but neither commands nor perſwaſions would prevaile, the Soul­diers5 being unanimouſly reſolved his Lordſhip ſhould not ſtay at Court, nor ſpeak again with the King for that time.

And therefore they would not depart till his Lord­ſhip was ready and willing to take Coach.

When I ſaw I could not exerciſe my commanding power for the preſent in that matter, nor by it, nor by perſwaſion divert them from their Reſolutions: I deſired them at leaſt to be civill towards his Lord­ſhip, which they performed, not giving his Lordship an ill word, nor laying any hands upon him, Mr. Cheeſly his Lordſhips Secretary likewiſe ſeconded me, deſiring the Souldiers to be civill, and to give his Lordſhip leave to ſay his Prayers, the Souldiers an­ſwered with all their hearts, they would joyne with him; but his Lordſhip told them he had not the gift of prayer, he would not pray publikely, and preſent­ly after went quietly to his Coach, the Souldiers at­tending him.

Thus have I given a true relation of the demea­nour, and Carriage of that towards the Lord Lou­therdale at VVoburne, for the confirmation whereof I referre my ſelf to the Earle of Denbigh, who was preſent all the while, and in teſtimony of the truth hereof, I have hereunto ſet my hand.

Edward Whaley.

Reſolved upon the queſtion, by the Lords and Commons in Parlia­ment Aſſembled. That the Kings Majeſties Anſwer from Hampton-Court preſented to both Houſes Sep. 14. 1647. Is a denyall to the Propoſitions preſented to Him from both Kingdomes.


About this transcription

TextThe resolution of both Houses of Parliament: concerning the Kings Majesties last letter. Also an ansvver from His Excellency Sir Thomas Fairfax: to papers from the Kingdome of Scotland, concerning the desires of the estates of Scotland, about their commissioners with the Kings Majestie. With the resolutions of the souldiers of the Army; and their reasons therein.
AuthorFairfax, Thomas Fairfax, Baron, 1612-1671., ; Whalley, Edward, d. 1675?, ; England and Wales. Parliament..
Extent Approx. 9 KB of XML-encoded text transcribed from 5 1-bit group-IV TIFF page images.
SeriesEarly English books online.
Additional notes

(EEBO-TCP ; phase 2, no. A83427)

Transcribed from: (Early English Books Online ; image set 160535)

Images scanned from microfilm: (Thomason Tracts ; 64:E407[46])

About the source text

Bibliographic informationThe resolution of both Houses of Parliament: concerning the Kings Majesties last letter. Also an ansvver from His Excellency Sir Thomas Fairfax: to papers from the Kingdome of Scotland, concerning the desires of the estates of Scotland, about their commissioners with the Kings Majestie. With the resolutions of the souldiers of the Army; and their reasons therein. Fairfax, Thomas Fairfax, Baron, 1612-1671., Whalley, Edward, d. 1675?, England and Wales. Parliament.. [2], 6 p. Printed for R.B.,London, :anno Domini. 1647.. (Annotation on Thomason copy: "7ber [i.e. September] 22".) (Reproduction of the original in the British Library.) (Not an official document -- Cf. Lambert, Sheila. Printing for Parliament, 1641-1700.)
  • Charles -- I, -- King of England, 1600-1649 -- Early works to 1800.
  • England and Wales. -- Parliament -- Early works to 1800.
  • Scotland. -- Parliament -- Early works to 1800.
  • Great Britain -- History -- Civil War, 1642-1649 -- Early works to 1800.
  • Scotland -- Politics and government -- 1625-1649 -- Early works to 1800.

Editorial statement

About the encoding

Created by converting TCP files to TEI P5 using tcp2tei.xsl, TEI @ Oxford.

Editorial principles

EEBO-TCP is a partnership between the Universities of Michigan and Oxford and the publisher ProQuest to create accurately transcribed and encoded texts based on the image sets published by ProQuest via their Early English Books Online (EEBO) database ( The general aim of EEBO-TCP is to encode one copy (usually the first edition) of every monographic English-language title published between 1473 and 1700 available in EEBO.

EEBO-TCP aimed to produce large quantities of textual data within the usual project restraints of time and funding, and therefore chose to create diplomatic transcriptions (as opposed to critical editions) with light-touch, mainly structural encoding based on the Text Encoding Initiative (

The EEBO-TCP project was divided into two phases. The 25,363 texts created during Phase 1 of the project have been released into the public domain as of 1 January 2015. Anyone can now take and use these texts for their own purposes, but we respectfully request that due credit and attribution is given to their original source.

Users should be aware of the process of creating the TCP texts, and therefore of any assumptions that can be made about the data.

Text selection was based on the New Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature (NCBEL). If an author (or for an anonymous work, the title) appears in NCBEL, then their works are eligible for inclusion. Selection was intended to range over a wide variety of subject areas, to reflect the true nature of the print record of the period. In general, first editions of a works in English were prioritized, although there are a number of works in other languages, notably Latin and Welsh, included and sometimes a second or later edition of a work was chosen if there was a compelling reason to do so.

Image sets were sent to external keying companies for transcription and basic encoding. Quality assurance was then carried out by editorial teams in Oxford and Michigan. 5% (or 5 pages, whichever is the greater) of each text was proofread for accuracy and those which did not meet QA standards were returned to the keyers to be redone. After proofreading, the encoding was enhanced and/or corrected and characters marked as illegible were corrected where possible up to a limit of 100 instances per text. Any remaining illegibles were encoded as <gap>s. Understanding these processes should make clear that, while the overall quality of TCP data is very good, some errors will remain and some readable characters will be marked as illegible. Users should bear in mind that in all likelihood such instances will never have been looked at by a TCP editor.

The texts were encoded and linked to page images in accordance with level 4 of the TEI in Libraries guidelines.

Copies of the texts have been issued variously as SGML (TCP schema; ASCII text with mnemonic sdata character entities); displayable XML (TCP schema; characters represented either as UTF-8 Unicode or text strings within braces); or lossless XML (TEI P5, characters represented either as UTF-8 Unicode or TEI g elements).

Keying and markup guidelines are available at the Text Creation Partnership web site.

Publication information

  • Text Creation Partnership,
ImprintAnn Arbor, MI ; Oxford (UK) : 2013-12 (EEBO-TCP Phase 2).
  • DLPS A83427
  • STC Wing E2235
  • STC Thomason E407_46
  • STC ESTC R204664
  • EEBO-CITATION 99864130
  • PROQUEST 99864130
  • VID 160535

This keyboarded and encoded edition of the work described above is co-owned by the institutions providing financial support to the Early English Books Online Text Creation Partnership. Searching, reading, printing, or downloading EEBO-TCP texts is reserved for the authorized users of these project partner institutions. Permission must be granted for subsequent distribution, in print or electronically, of this EEBO-TCP Phase II text, in whole or in part.