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The Falſe and Scandalous REMONSTRANCE OF The Inhumane and Bloody Rebells of Ireland, DELIVERED To the Earl of St. Albans and Clanrickard, the Earl of Roſco­mon, Sir Maurice Euſtace Knight, and other His Majeſties Commiſſi­oners at Trim, the 17. of March, 1642. to be preſented to His Majeſty, by the Name of The Remonſtrance of Grievances preſented to His Majeſtie in the behalf of the Catho­licks of IRELAND. Printed at Waterford nine Moneths after, by Tho: Bourk Printer to the Confederate-Catholicks, and untill then concealed from His Majeſties good Proteſtant Subjects. Together with an ANSWER thereunto, on the behalf of the Proteſtants of Ireland. Alſo a true Narration of all the Paſſages concern­ing the Petition of the Proteſtants of IRELAND, preſented to His Majeſty at Oxford the 18. of April, 1644. With the Reaſons inducing the ſaid Proteſtants to Petition, The Proceedings and Succeſſes thereof in Ireland, and afterwards in England, untill the Proteſtant Agents were diſmiſſed by His Majeſty, 30. Maii, 1644. (Collected in obedience to the Order and Command of the Honorable Houſe of Commons of England) For the manifeſtation of the Truth, and Vindication of the Proteſtants.

Auguſt 27. 1644.

IT is this day Ordered by the Committee of the Houſe of Commons in Parliament concerning Printing, That the Books, intituled, An Anſwer preſented to His Ma­jestie at Oxford, unto the falſe and ſcandalous Remonſtrance of the Inhumane and Bloody Rebells of Ireland; Together with A Narration of the proceedings at Oxon, be forthwith printed and publiſhed:

JOHN WHITE.

London, Printed for Edw. Husbands, in the Middle-Temple. 1644.

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A Remonſtrance of Grievances Preſented to his moſt Excellent Majeſtie, in the behalfe of the Catholicks of IRELAND.To the Kings moſt Excellent Majeſtie.

MOſt gratious Soveraigne, We your Majeſties moſt dutifull, and loyall ſubjects, the Catholicks of your Highneſſe king­dom of Ireland, being neceſſitated to take armes for the preſervation of our Religion, the maintenance of your Ma­jeſties rights and prerogatives, the naturall and juſt de­fence of our lives and eſtates, and the liberties of our coun­try; have often ſince the beginning of theſe troubles at­tempted to preſent our humble complaint unto your Roy­all view, but were fruſtrated of our hopes therein, by the power and vigilancy of our adverſaries (the now Lords-Iu­ſtices and other miniſters of State in this kingdome) who by the aſſiſtance of the malignant party in England now in Arms againſt your Royall per­ſon, with leſſe difficulty to attaine the bad ends they propoſed to themſelves of extirpa­ting our Religion and Nation, hither to debarred us of any acceſſe to your Majeſties ju­ſtice, which occaſioned the effuſion of much innocent bloud and other miſchiefes in this your kingdom, that otherwiſe might well be prevented. And whereas of late notice was ſent unto us of a Commiſſion granted by your Majeſty to the right honorable the Lord Marques of Ormond and others, authorizing them to heare what we ſhall ſay, or pro­pound, and the ſame to tranſmit unto your Majeſty in writing, which your Majeſties gracious and princely favour, we find to be accompanied with theſe words; viz. (Albeit we do extreamly deteſt the odious rebellion which the recuſants of Ireland have without ground or colour raiſed againſt us, our Crown and dignity) which words, we do in all humility con­ceive to have proceeded from the miſrepreſentations of our adverſaries; and therfore do proteſt, we have been therein maliciouſly traduced to your Majeſty, having never enter­tained any rebellious thought againſt your Majeſty, your Crown, or dignitie, but alwayes have been and ever will continue your Majeſties moſt faithfull and loyall ſubjects, and do moſt humbly beſeech your Majeſty ſo to owne, and avow us, and as ſuch we preſent unto your Majeſty theſe enſuing grievances, and cauſes of the preſent diſtempers.

1 In primis, the Catholicks of this kingdom, whom no reward could in­vite, no perſecution inforce to forſake that Religion profeſſed by them, and their anceſtors for thirteen hundred yeares or thereabouts, are ſince the ſe­cond year of the raigne of Queen Elizabeth made incapable of places of ho­nor, or truſt in Church or Common-wealth, their Nobles become con­temptible, their Gentry debarred from learning in Vniverſities, or pub­lick Schooles within this kingdome, their younger brothers put by all man­ner of imployment in their native country, and neceſſitated eyther to live4 in ignorance and contempt at home, or (to their great diſcomfort and impoveriſhment of the land) to ſeek education and fortune abroad; mis­fortunes made incident to the ſaid Catholicks of Ireland only (their num­bers, quality, and loyalty conſidered) of all the Nations in Chriſtendome.

2 Secondly, that by this incapacity, which in reſpect of their Religion was impoſed upon the ſaid Catholicks, men of mean condition & quality, for the moſt part, were in this kingdom imployed in places of greateſt honor and truſt, who, being to begin a fortune, built it of the Ruines of the Catholick Natives, at all times lying open to be diſcountenanced, and wrought upon, and who becauſe they would ſeem to be carfull of the government) did from time to time, ſuggeſt falſ & malicious matters againſt them, the ſaid Catho­licks, to render them ſuſpected & odious in England; from which ungroun­ded informations & their many other ill Offices, theſe miſcheifs have befal­len the Catholicks of Ireland: Firſt the oppoſitions given to all the graces, and favors of your Maieſty, or your late Royall Father promiſed or intend­ed to the Natives of this Kingdom. Secondly, the procuring of falſe inqui­ſitions upon fained Titles of their eſtates againſt many hundred yeares poſ­ſeſſion, and no travers or petition of Right admitted thereunto, and Iurors denying to find ſuch Offices, were cenſured even to their publicke infamy, and ruine of their eſtates, the finding thereof being againſt their conſciences and cleere evidences, and nothing muſt ſtand againſt ſuch offices taken of great and conſiderable parts of the Kingdom, but Letters-patents under the great Seale, And if Letters-patents were produced, (as in moſt caſes they were) none muſt bee allowed, valid, nor yet ſought to be legally avoyded: So that of late times by the underhand working of Sir William Parſons, now one of your Lords-Iuſtices here, and the arbitrary illegall power of the two impeached Iudges in Parliament, and others drawne by their advice and counſell, one hundred and fifty Letters-patents were avoyded in one morn­ing, which courſe continued untill all the Patents of the Kingdom, to a few, were by them and their aſſociates declared voyd, ſuch was the care thoſe miniſters had of your Maieſties great Seale, being the publick faith of the Kingdom, this way of ſervice, in ſhew only pretended for your Maieſty, proved to your diſſervice, and the immoderate and too timely advancement of the ſaid miniſters of ſtate, and their adherents, and too neere the utter mine of the ſaid Catholicks.

3. That whereas your Majeſties late Royall Father King James, having a princely and fatherly care of this Kingdom, was graciouſly pleaſed to grant ſeverall large and beneficiall Commiſsions under the great Seal of England, and ſeverall inſtructions & Letters under his privie Signet, for the paſſing and ſecuring of the eſtates of his ſubjects here by Letters Patents under the great Seal, and Letters Patents accordingly were thereof paſſed, fines payed, old rents increaſed, and new rents reſerved to the Crown, And5 the ſaid late King was further graciouſly pleaſed, at ſeverall times to ſend divers honorable perſons of integrity, knowledge and experience, to exa­mine the grievances of this kingdom, and to ſettle and eſtabliſh a courſe for redreſſe thereof. And whereas your Majeſty was graciouſly pleaſed, in the fourth yeare of your raign, to vouchſafe a favourable hearing to the grie­vances preſented unto you by agents from this kingdom, and thereupon, did grant many graces and favours unto your ſubjects thereof, for ſecurity of their eſtates, and redreſſes, or remove off thoſe heavy preſſures under which they have long groaned; which acts of Iuſtice and grace extended to this people, by your Majeſty and your ſaid Royall Father, did afford them great content, yet ſuch was, and is yet, the immortall hatred of ſome of the ſaid Miniſters of Sate, and eſpecially of the ſaid Sir William Parſons, the ſaid im­peached Iudges and their adherents; to any welfare and happineſſe of this Nation, and their ambition, to make themſelves ſtill greater and richer, by the totall ruine and extirpation of this people, that under pretence of your Majeſties ſervice the publike faith involved in thoſe grants was violated, and the grace and goodneſſe intended by two glorious Kings ſucceſſively to a faithfull people, made unprofitable.

4 The illegall, arbitrary, and unlawfull proceedings of the ſaid Sir Willi­am-Parſons, and of the ſaid impeached Iudges, and their adherents, and inſtru­ments in the Court of Wards, and the many willfull erroneous decrees, and Iudgements of that Court, by which the heires of Catholick Noblemen, and other Catholicks were moſt cruelly and tyranically dealt withall, de­ſtroyed in their eſtates, and bred in diſſolution, and ignorance, their Parents debts unſatisfied, their Siſters and younger brothers left wholy unprovided for, the Ancient and appearing Tenures of Meſne Lords unregarded, eſtates valued in Law, and made for valuable conſiderations, avoyded againſt Law, and the whole Land filled up with the frequent ſwarmes of Eſcheators, Feo­daries, Purſevants, and others by authority of that Court.

5 The ſaid Catholicks notwithſtanding the heavy preſſures before men­tioned, and other grievances in part repreſented to your Majeſty by the late Committees of both houſes of Parliament of this kingdom, whereunto they humbly deſire that relation be had, and redreſſe obtayned therein, did readily and without reluctation or repyning contribute to all the Subſidies, Loanes, and other extraordinary grants made to your Majeſty in this kingdom, ſince the begining of your Raign, amounting unto well neer on Million of pounds, over and above your Majeſties Revenue, both certain, and caſuall: And al­though the ſaid Catholicks were in Parliament, and otherwiſe the moſt for­ward in granting the ſaid ſums, and did bear nine parts of ten in the pay­ments thereof, yet ſuch was the power of their adverſaries, and the advan­tage they gained by the opportunity of their continuall addreſſes to your Majeſty, to increaſe their reputation in getting in of thoſe Moneys, and their6 authority in the diſtribution thereof, to your Majeſties great diſſervice, that they aſſumed to themſelves to be procurers thereof, and repreſented the ſaid Catholicks as obſtinate and refractary.

6 The Army raiſed for your Majeſties ſervice here at the great charge of the kingdom, was disbanded, by the preſſing importunity of the malignant party in England, not giving way that your Majeſty ſhould take advice there­in with the Parliament here, alleadging the ſaid Army was Popiſh, and therefore not to be truſted: And although the world could witneſſe the un­warrantable, and unexempled invaſion, made by the malignant party of the Parliament in England, upon your Majeſties Honour, Rights, Preroga­tives, and principall Flower of your Crown, And that the ſaid Sir William Parſons, Sir Adam Loftus Knight, your Majeſties Vice-Treaſurer of this kingdom and other their adherents, did declare that an Army of ten Thou­ſand Scots was to arrive in this kingdom, to force the ſaid Catholicks to change their Religion, And that Ireland could never doe well without a Re­bellion, to the end the remain of the Natives thereof might be extirpated, and wagers were laid at generall Aſſizes, and publike meetings, by ſome of them, then, and now imployed in places of great profit and truſt in this kingdom, that within one year no Catholick ſhould be left in Ireland, & that they ſaw the ancient and unqueſtionable priviledges of the Parliament of Ireland unjuſtly, and againſt Law incroached upon, by the orders, Acts, and proceedings of both houſes of Parliament in England, in ſending for, and queſtioning to, and in that Parliament, the Members of the Parliament of this kingdom, ſitting the Parliament here, And that by ſpeeches, and orders Printed by the authority of both houſes in England, it was declared; that Ireland was bound by the Statutes made in England, if named, which is con­trary to known truth, and the Laws here ſetled, for four hundred yeares and upwards. And that the ſaid Catholicks were throughly informed, of the proteſtation made by both houſes of Parliament of England, againſt Catholicks, and their intentions to traduce Laws for the extirpation of Ca­tholick Religion, in the three kingdoms, and that they had certain notice of the cruell and bloudy execution of prieſts there, only for being prieſts, and that your Majeſties mercy and power could not prevail with them, to ſave the life of one condemned prieſt, and that the Catholicks of England, being of their own fleſh and bloud, muſt ſuffer or depart the Land, and conſequent­ly others not of ſo neer a relation to them, if bound by their Statutes, and within their power. Theſe motives, although very ſtrong, and powerfull, to produce apprehenſions and feares in the ſaid Catholicks did not prevail with them to take defenſive Armes, much leſſe offenſive, they ſtill expect­ing that your Majeſty in your high wiſdom, might be able in a ſhort time, to apply ſeaſonable cures, & apt remedies unto thoſe evils and innovations.

7 That the Committees of the Lords and Commons of this King­dome,7 having attended your Majeſty for the ſpace of nine Moneths, your Majeſty was graciouſly pleaſed (notwithſtanding your then weighty and urgent affaires in England and Scotland) to receive, and very often with great patience to heare their grievances, and many debates thereof at large, du­ring which debates, the ſaid Lords-Iuſtices, and ſome of your privy Coun­ſell of this Kingdom and their adherents, by their malicious and untrue informations conveyed to ſome Miniſters of ſtate in England (who ſince are declared of the malignant party) and by the continuall ſolicitation of o­thers of the ſaid privy Counſell gone to England of purpoſe, to croſſe and give impediment unto the juſtice and grace your Majeſty was inclined to afford to your ſubjects of this Realm; did as much as in them lay, hinder the obtaining of any redreſſe for the ſaid grievances; and not prevayling therein with your Majeſty, as they expected, have by their Letters and inſtruments, labored with many leading Members of the Parliament there, to give ſtop, and interruption thereunto, and likewiſe tranſmitted unto your Majeſty, and ſome of the ſtate of England, ſundry miſconſtructions, and miſrepreſentations of the proceedings and actions of your Parliament of this your Kingdom, and thereby endeavoured to poſſeſſe your Majeſty, of an evill opinion thereof, and that the ſaid Parliament had no power of Iudicature in Capitall cauſes (which is an eſſentiall part of Parliament) thereby ayming at the impunity of ſome of them, and others, who were then impeached of high Treaſon, and at the deſtruction of this Parliament. But the ſaid Lords-Iuſtices and privy counſell, obſerving that no art, or practiſe of theirs, could be powerfull to withdraw your Majeſties grace and good intentions from this people, and that the redreſſe granted of ſome principall grievances was to be paſſed, as Acts in Parliament; The ſaid Lords Iuſtices, and their adherents, with the height of malice envying the good union, long before ſetled, and continued between the Members of the houſe of Commons, and their good correſpondency with the Lords, left nothing unattempted, which might raiſe diſcord and diſunion in the ſaid houſe, and by ſome of themſelves, and ſome inſtruments of theirs in the ſaid Commons houſe, private meetings of great numbers of the ſaid houſe were appointed, of purpoſe, to raiſe diſtinction of Nation, and Re­ligion, by meanes whereof a faction was made there, which tended much to the diſquiet of the houſe, and diſturbance of your Majeſties, and the publicke ſervice. And after certaine knowledge that the ſaid Committees were by the waterſide in England with ſundry important and beneficiall Bills, and other graces to be paſſed, as Acts in that Parliament of purpoſe to prevent the ſame, the ſaid faction by the practiſe of the ſaid Lords-Iuſtices and ſome of the ſaid privy Counſell, and their adherents, in tumultuous, and diſorderly manner, on the ſeventh of Auguſt 1641. and on ſeverall8 dayes before, cryed for an adjournment of the houſe, and being over­voted by the voyces of the more moderate part, the ſaid Lords-Iuſtices and their adherents told ſeverall honorable Peeres, that if they did not adjourne the Lords houſe on that day, being Saturday, that they would themſelves prorogue, or adjourne the Parliament on the next Monday following; by meanes whereof, and of great numbers of pro­xies of Noblemen not eſtated, nor at any time reſident in this Kingdom (which is deſtructive to the liberty and freedome of Parliament here) the Lords houſe was on the ſaid ſeventh day of Auguſt adjourned, and the houſe of Commons by occaſion thereof and of the faction aforeſaid, adjourned ſoone after, by which meanes thoſe Bills and graces according your Ma­jeſties intention, and the great expectation, and the longing deſires of your people, could not then paſſe as Acts of Parliament. Within a few dayes after this fatall, and inforced adjournment, the ſaid Committees arrived at Dublin, with their diſpatch from your Majeſty, and preſented the ſame to the ſaid Lords-Iuſtices and Councell, expreſſing a right ſenſe of the ſaid adjournment, and beſought their Lordſhips for the ſatisfaction of the peo­ple, to require ſhort heads of that part of the diſpatch, wherein your Majeſty did appeare, in the beſt manner, unto your people, might be ſuddainly con­veyed unto all the parts of the Kingdom: atteſted by the ſaid Lords-Iuſti­ces, to prevent diſpayre or miſunderſtanding, this was promiſed to be done, and an inſtrument drawn, and preſented unto them for this pur­poſe; and yet (as it ſeemes) deſiring rather to adde fuell to the fire of the ſubjects diſcontent, than quench the ſame, they did forbeare to give any notice thereof to the people.

8 After this, certain dangerous and pernicious petitions, contrived by the advice and Counſell of the ſaid Sir William Parſons, Sir Adam Loftus, Sir Iohn Clotworthy knights, Arthur Hill Eſquier, and ſundry others of the malig­nant party, and ſigned by many thouſands of the malignant party in the Ci­ty of Dublin, in the province of Vlſter, and in ſundry other parts in this king­dom, directed to the Commons houſe in England, were at publick Aſſizes, and other publick places 'made known and read to many perſons of quality in this kingdom; which petitions contayned matters deſtructive, to the ſaid Catholicks, their Religion, lives and eſtates, and were the more to be feared by reaſon of the active power of the ſaid Sir Iohn Clotworthy in the Commons houſe in England, in oppoſition to your Majeſty, and his barbarous and in­humane expreſſions in that houſe againſt Catholick Religion, and the profeſ­ſors thereof. Soon after, an order conceived in the Commons houſe of Eng­land, that no man ſhould bow unto the name of IESVS (at the ſacred ſound whereof all knees ſhould bend) came to the knowledge of the ſaid Ca­tholicks, and that the ſaid malignant party did contrive, and plot to extin­guiſh9 their Religion and Nation, hence it did ariſe that ſome of the ſaid Catholicks begun to conſider the deplorable and deſ­perate condition they were in by a Statute Law here found a­mong the records of this kingdom, of the ſecond yeare of the raigne of the late Queen Elizabeth, but never executed in her time, nor diſcovered till moſt of the Members of that Parliament were dead, no Catholick of this kingdom could injoy his life, eſtate or libertie, if the ſaid ſtatute were executed, whereunto no impediment remained, but your Majeſties prerogative, and power, which were indeavoured to be clipped or taken away, as is before rehearſed, then the plot of deſtruction, by any Army out of Scotland, and another of the malignant party in England muſt be executed; the feares of thoſe twofold deſtructions, and their ardent deſire to maintain that juſt prerogative, which might encounter and remove it, did neceſſitate ſome Catholicks in the North about the two and twentieth of October, 1641. to take Armes, in maintenance of their Religion, your Maieſties rights, and the preſervation of life, eſtate, and liberty; and im­mediately thereupon, tooke a ſolemne Oath, and ſent ſeverall Declarations to the Lords-Iuſtices and Counſell to that effect, and humbly deſired they might be heard in Parliament, unto the determination whereof they were ready to ſubmit them­ſelves, and their demands: which Declarations being received, were ſlighted by the ſaid Lords-Iuſtices, who with the ſwaying part of the ſaid Counſell, and by the advice of the ſaid two im­peached Iudges, glad of any occaſion to put off the Parliament, which by the former adjournment was to meet ſoon after, cau­ſed a Proclamation to be publiſhed on the three and twentieth of the ſaid Moneth of October 1641. therein accuſing all the Catho­licks of Ireland of diſloyalty, and therby declaring that the Par­liament was prorogued, untill the ſix and twentieth of February following: within a few dayes after the ſaid three and twentieth day of October, 1641. many Lords and other perſons of rank and quality, made their humble addreſſe to the Lords-Iuſtices and counſel, & made it evidently appear unto them, that the ſaid pro­rogation was againſt Law, and humbly beſought the Parliament might ſit, according to the former adiournment, which was then the only expedient to compoſe or remove the then growing diſ­contents and troubles of the land; And the ſaid Lords-Iuſtices, and their party of the Counſell, then well knowing that the Members of both houſes throughout the kingdom, (a few in10 and about Dublin only excepted) would ſtay from the meeting of both houſes, by reaſon of the ſaid prorogation, by procla­mation two dayes before the time, gave way the Parliament might ſit, but ſo limited, that no Act of grace or any thing elſe for the peoples quiet or ſatisfaction might be propounded or paſſed; and thereupon a few of the Lords and Commons appeared in the Parliament houſe, who in their entrance at the Caſtle-bridge and gate, and within the yard to the Parliament-houſe door, and receſſe from thence, were invironed with a great number of Armed men, with their match lighted, and Muskets preſented even to the breaſts of the members of both houſes, none being admitted to bring one ſervant to attend him, or any weapon about him within the Caſtle-bridge; yet how thin ſoever the houſes were, or how much over-awed, they both did ſupplicate the Lords-Iuſtices and Counſell, that they might continue for a time together, and expect the coming of the reſt of both hou­ſes, to the end they might quiet the troubles in full Parliament, and that ſome Acts of ſecurity granted by your Maieſty, and tranſmitted under the great Seale of England, might paſſe to ſet­tle the minds of your Maieſties ſubiects. To theſe requeſts, ſo much conducing to your Maieſties ſervice, and the ſettlement of your people, a flat denyall was given, and the ſaid Lords-Iuſtices and their party of the Counſell, by their working with their party in both houſes of Parliament, being then very thin as aforeſaid, propounded an order ſhould be conceived in Parlia­ment that the ſaid diſcontented Gentlemen took Arms in re­bellious manner, which was reſented much by the beſt affected of both houſes, but being awed as aforeſaid, and credibly in­formed of ſome particular perſons amongſt them, ſtood in op­poſition thereunto, that the ſaid Muſquetiers were directed to ſhoot them at their going out of the Parliament houſe; through which terrour, way was given to that order. Notwithſtanding all the before mentioned provocations, preſſures, and indigni­ties, the far greater and more conſiderable party of the Catho­licks, and all the Cities and Corporations of Ireland, and whole provinces ſtood quiet in their houſes, whereupon, the Lords-Iuſtices and their adherents well knowing that many powerfull Members of the Parliament of England, ſtood in oppoſition to your Majeſty, made their principall application, and addreſſed their diſpatches full fraught with calumnies and falſe ſuggeſti­ons againſt the Catholicks of this kingdom to them, and pro­pounded11 unto them to ſend ſeverall great forces to Conquer the kingdom; thoſe of the malignant party here were by them armed; the Catholicks were not only denyed Arms, but were diſarmed, even in the City of Dublin, which in all ſucceſſions of ages paſt, continued as loyall to the Crown of England, as any City or place whatſoever, all other ancient and uſuall Cities and Cor­porate Townes of the kingdom, by means whereof principally the kingdom was preſerved in former times, were denyed arms for their money to defend themſelves: and expreſſe order given by the ſaid Lords-Iuſtices, to diſarme all Catholicks in ſome of the ſaid Cities, and Towns, others disfurniſhed, were inhi­bited to provide Arms for their defence, and the ſaid Lords-Juſtices and Counſell having received an order of both houſes of Parliament in England, to publiſh a proclamation of pardon, unto all thoſe who were then in rebellion (as they tearmed it) in this kingdom, if they did ſubmit by a day to be limited. The ſaid Sir William Parſons, contrary to this order, ſo wrought with his party of the Counſell, that a proclamation was publiſhed of pardon, only in two Counties, and a very ſhort day prefixed, and therein all free-holders were excepted: through which every man ſaw that the eſtates of Catholicks were firſt aimed at, and their lives next: The ſaid Lords-Iuſtices and their party having advanced their deſign thus far, and not finding the ſucceſſe an­ſwerable to their deſires, commanded Sir Charles Coot Knight and Baronet, deceaſed, to march to the County of Wickloe, where he burnt, killed, and deſtroyed all in his way; And in a moſt cruell manner, man, woman and child, perſons that had no appearing wills to doe hurt, nor power to execute it; ſoon af­ter ſome foot-companies did march in the night by direction of the ſaid Lords-Iuſtices, and their ſaid party, to the Town of Sawntry in Fingall, three miles off Dublin; a Country that neither then, nor for the ſpace of four or five hundred yeares before did feel what troubles were, or war meant, but it was too ſweet and too neare, and therefore fit to be forced to armes; in that town innocent husband-men, ſome of them being Catholicks, and ſome Proteſtants, taken for Catholicks, were murthered in their Inne, and their heads carried triumphant into Dublin; next morning complaint being made of this, no redreſſe was obtained therein; whereupon ſome Gentlemen of quality, and others the inhabitants of the Country, ſeeing what was then acted, and what paſſed in the ſaid laſt march towards the Coun­ty12 of Wickloe, and juſtly fearing to be all murthered, forſook their houſes, and were conſtrained to ſtand together in their own de­fence, though ill provided of Arms or Ammunition. Hereupon a proclamation was agreed upon at the Counſell board on the thirteenth of December, 1641. and not publiſhed or printed till the fifteenth of December, by which, the ſaid Gentlemen, and George King by name, were required to come in, by or upon the eighteenth of the ſaid Moneth, & a ſafety was therein promiſed them. On the ſame day, another proclamation was publiſhed, ſummoning the Lords dwelling in the Engliſh-pale near Dublin, to a Grand-Counſell on the ſeventeeth of the ſaid Moneth; but the Lords-Juſtices, and their party of the Counſell, to take a­way all hope of Accommodation, gave direction to the ſaid Sir Charles Coote, the ſaid fifteenth day of the ſaid Moneth of December, to march to Clontarff, being the houſe and Town of the ſaid George King, and two miles from Dublin, to pillage, burn, kill, and deſtroy all that there was to be found; which di­rection was readily and particularly obſerved (in manifeſt breach of publike faith) by meanes whereof the meeting of the ſaid Grand-Counſell was diverted, the Lords not daring to come within the power of ſuch notorious faith-breakers; the conſide­ration whereof, and of other matters aforeſaid, made the Nobi­lity and Gentry of the Engliſh-pale, and other parts of the pro­vince of Leinſter ſenſible of the preſent danger, and put them­ſelves in the beſt poſture they could, for their naturall defence, and imployed Lieutenant Colonel Read, to preſent their humble Remonſtrance to your Sacred Majeſty, and to declare unto you the ſtate of their affaires, and humbly to beſeech relief and re­dreſſe therein; the ſaid Lieutenant Colonel, though your Ma­jeſties ſervant and imployed in publike truſt (in which caſe the Law of Nations affords ſafety and protection) was without re­gard to either, not only ſtopped from proceeding in his imploy­ment, but alſo tortured on the racke at Dublin.

10 The Lord-preſident of Munſter, by direction of the ſaid Lords-Iuſtices (that province being quiet) with his accompli­ces, burnt, preyed, and put to death, Men, Women and chil­dren, without making any difference of quality, condition, age, or ſex, in ſeverall parts of that province. The Catholicks, No­bles and Gentlemen there miſtruſted and threatned, and others of inferior quality truſted and furniſhed with Armes and Am­munition; The province of Connaght was uſed in the like mea­ſure;13 whereupon, moſt of the conſiderable Catholicks in both the ſaid provinces were inforced (without Arms or ammunition) to looke after ſafety, and to that end to ſtand on their defence, ſtill expecting your Maieſties pleaſure, and alwayes ready to o­bey your commands: Now the plot of the ſaid miniſters of State and their adherents, being very ripe, applications were in­ceſſantly by them made to the malignant party in England, to deprive this people of all hopes of your Majeſties juſtice or mer­cy, and to plant a perpetuall enmity between the Engliſh and Scottiſh Nation and your ſubjects of this kingdom.

11 That whereas this your Maieſties kingdom of Ireland, in all ſucceſſions of ages, ſince the raign of King Henry the ſecond, ſometimes King of England, & Lord of Ireland, had a Parliament of their own, compoſed of Lords and Commons in the ſame manner and forme, qualified with equall liberties, powers, pri­viledges, and immunities with the Parliament of England, and only dependant of the King and Crown of England and Ireland; and for all that time, no prevalent Record, or authentick preſi­dent can be found, that any Statute made in England, could or did bind this kingdom before the ſame were here eſtabliſhed by Parliament: yet upon untrue ſuggeſtions and informations given of your ſubiects of Ireland, an act of Parliament, intituled, An Act for the ſpeedy and effectuall reducing of the Rebells in his Ma­ieſties kingdom of Ireland, to their due obedience to his Maieſty, and the Crown of England; and another Act, intituled, An Act for adding unto & explaining the ſaid former Act, was procured to be enacted in the ſaid Parliament of England, in the 18. yeare of your Maieſties raign, by which Acts, and other proclamations your Maieſties ſubiects unſummoned, unheard, were declared Rebels, and two Millions and a halfe of Acres arrable, meadow and profitable paſture within this kingdom, were ſold to under­takers for certain ſums of money, and the Edifices, Loghes, Woods, Bogs, waſtes and their appurtenances, were thereby mentioned to be granted and paſt gratis: which Acts the ſaid Catholicks doe conceive to have been forced upon your Ma­ieſty, and although voyd, and uniuſt in themſelves, to all pur­poſes, yet continue matters of evill conſequence, and extreame preiudice to your Maieſty, and totally deſtructive to this Nation. The ſcope ſeeming to ayme at Rebels only, and at the diſpoſition of a certain quantity of Land, but in effect and ſub­ſtance, all the Lands in the kingdom, by the words of the ſaid14 Acts may be diſtributed in whoſe poſſeſſion ſoever they were, without reſpect to age, condition or quality, and all your Ma­ieſties Tenures, and the greateſt part of your Maieſties ſtanding Revenue in this kingdom taken away, and by the ſaid Act, if it were of force, all power of pardoning, and of granting thoſe Lands, is taken from your Maieſty; a preſident that no age can inſtance the like; againſt this Act the ſaid Catholicks do proteſt, as an Act againſt the fundamentall Laws of this kingdom, and as an Act deſtructive to your Maieſties right and prerogatives; by colour whereof moſt of the forces ſent hither to infeſt this king­dom by Sea and Land, diſavowed any authority form your Ma­ieſty, but doe depend upon the Parliament of England.

12 All ſtrangers and ſuch as were not inhabitants of the city of Dublin, being commanded by the ſaid Lord-Iuſtices, in and ſince the ſaid Moneth of November, 1641. to depart the ſaid city, were no ſooner departed then they were by the direction of the ſaid Lords-Iuſtices, pillaged abroad, & their goods ſeized upon and confiſcated in Dublin, and they deſiring to returne under the protection and ſafety of the ſtate, before their appearance in any action, were denyed the ſame; and divers other perſons of ranke and quality by the ſaid Lords-Iuſtices imployed in pub­lick ſervice, and others keeping cloſe within their doores with­out annoying any man, or ſiding then with any of the ſaid Ca­tholicks in Arms, and others in ſeverall parts of the kingdom, living under, and having the protection and ſafety of the ſtate, were ſooner pillaged, their houſes burnt, themſelves, their Te­nants and ſervants killed and deſtroyed then any other, by di­rections from the ſaid Lords-Iuſtices, and by the like direction when any Commander in cheif of the Army promiſed or gave quarter or protection, the ſame was in all Caſes violated, and many perſons of quality, who obtained the ſame, were ruined before others. Others that came into Dublin, voluntarily, and that could not be juſtly ſuſpected of any crime, if Iriſhmen, or Catholicks, by the like direction were impriſoned in Dublin, robbed and pillaged abroad, and brought to their tryall for their lives; The city of Dublin, and Cork, and the ancient Corpo­rate Townes of Drogheda, Yeoghell, and Kinſale, who volunta­rily received garriſons in your Majeſties name, and the adjacent countries who relieved them, were worſe uſed, and now live in worſe condition than the Iſraelites did in Aegipt: So that it will be made appeare, that more murthers, breaches of publick faith,15 and quarter, more deſtruction and deſolation, more cruelly not fit to be named, were committed in Ireland, by the direction and advice of the ſaid Lords-Juſtices and their party of the ſaid Counſell, in leſſe then eighteen Moneths, then can pe paraleld to have been done by any Chriſtian people.

13 The ſaid Lord-Juſtices and their adherents, have againſt the fundamentall Lawes of the Land, procured the ſitting of both houſes of Parliament for ſeverall Seſſions (nine parts of ten of the naturall and genuine Members thereof being abſent) it ſtanding not with their ſafety, to come under their power, and made up a conſiderable number in the houſe of Commons, of Clerks, Souldiers, Serving-men and others, not legally, or not choſen at all, or returned, and having no manner of eſtate within the kingdom; in which ſitting, ſundry Orders were conceived, and diſmiſſe obtained of perſons before impeached of Treaſon in full Parliament, and paſſed or might have paſſed ſome Acts againſt Law, and to the prejudice of your Majeſty and this whole Nation; and during theſe troubles, Tearmes were kept, and your Majeſties Court of chief place, and other Courts ſate at Dublin, to no other end or purpoſe, but by falſe and illegall Iudgements, Outlawries, and other Capitall proceedings, to at­taynt many thouſands of your Majeſties moſt faithfull ſubiects of this kingdom, they being never ſummoned, nor having no­tice of thoſe proceedings, and Sheriffs made of obſcure mean perſons, by the like practiſe appointed of purpoſe, and poore Artificers, common ſouldiers, and mecanicall ſervants returned Iurors, to paſſe upon the lives and eſtates of thoſe who came in upon protection and publick faith.

14 Therefore the ſaid Catholicks, in the behalfe of them­ſelves, and of the whole kingdom of Ireland, Do proteſt and de­clare againſt the ſaid proceedings, in the nature of Parliaments, and in the other Courts aforeſaid, and every of them, as being heynous crimes againſt Law, deſtructive to the Parliaments, and your Majeſties prerogatives and authority, and to the rights and juſt liberties of your moſt faithfull ſubjects.

Foraſmuch, Dread Soveraign, as the ſpeedy application of apt remedies unto theſe grievances and heavy preſſures, will tend to the ſettlement and improvement of your Majeſties revenue, the prevention of further effuſion of bloud, the preſervation of this kingdom from deſolation, and the content and ſatisfaction of your ſaid ſubjects, who in manifeſtation of their duty and16 zeale to your Majeſties ſervice, will be moſt willing and ready to imploy 10000. men, under the conduct of wel-experienced Commanders in defence of your Royall rights and prerogatives. They therefore moſt humbly beſeech your Majeſty, That you will vouchſafe gracious anſwers to theſe their humble and juſt complaints. And for the eſtabliſhment of your people in a laſting peace and ſecurity, The ſaid Catholicks do moſt humbly pray, that your Majeſty may be further graciouſly pleaſed to call a free Parliament in this kingdom, in ſuch convenient time, as your Majeſty in your high wiſdome ſhall think fit, and the ur­gencie of the preſent affaires of the ſaid kingdom doth require; and that the ſaid Parliaments be held in an indifferent place, ſummoned by, and continued before ſome perſon or perſons of honour, and fortune, of approved faith to your Majeſty, and ac­ceptable to your people here, and to be timely placed by your Majeſty in this government, which is moſt neceſſary for the advancement of your ſervice and preſent condition of the king­dom; in which Parliament, the ſaid Catholicks doe humbly pray theſe and other their grievances may be redreſſed, and that in the ſaid Parliament, a ſtatute made in this kingdom in the 10. yeare of K. Henry the 7. commonly called Poynings Act, and all acts explayning or inlarging the ſame, be by a particular Act ſuſ­pended, during that Parliament, as it hath been already done, in the 11. yeare of Q. Eliz. upon occaſions of far leſſe moment then now do offer themſelves; And that your Majeſty, with the adviſe of the ſaid Parliament, will be pleaſed to take a courſe for the repealing, or further continuance of the ſaid Statutes, as may beſt conduce to the advancement of your ſervice here, and peace of this your Realme, and that no matter wherof Complaint is made in this Remonſtrance, may debarre Catholicks, or give interruption to their free votes, or ſitting in the ſaid Parliament; And as in duty bound they will ever pray for your Majeſties long and proſperous Raign over them.

FINIS.

THis Remonſtrance was delivered, by the Lord Viſcount Gormonſtown, Sir Lucas Dillon Knight, Sir Robert Talbot Baronet, and John Walſh Eſquire, thereunto authoriſed by the Confederate Catholicks of Ireland, to His Majeſties Commiſsioners at the Town of Trim in the County of Meath, on the 17. of March, 1642. to be preſented to His moſt Excellent Majeſtie.

Printed at Waterford by Thomas Bourke, Printer to the Confederate Catholicks of IRELAND. Anno Dom. 1643.

17

To the Kings moſt excellent Majeſtie.

YOur Majeſties moſt loyall and obedient Proteſtant Subjects of Ireland, groaning under the heavy preſſures of the confederate Romane Catholiques of Ireland, who to adde to all their other injuries, have printed a booke intituled A Remonſtrance, delivered by the Lord Viſcount Gormanſtowne, and others, authoriſed by the ſaid confederate Catholiques, to Your Majeſties Commiſsioners at Trym, the 17. of March, 1642. (which came not to the knowledge of Your Majeſties Proteſtant Subjects of Ireland till of late) wherein they have endeavored by confounding of times, and by other ſubtile conveyances, to put a ſhew of reaſon upon their wicked and unnaturall acts: We therefore beſeech Your moſt ſacred Majeſtie to caſt your eye upon the en­ſuing Collection of ſome paſſages and unknown truths, wherein will ap­peare part of the grievances of Your Majeſties ſaid Proteſtant ſubjects, and part of the many untruths and ſcandalous aſperſions by the ſaid Remonſtrants caſt upon Your Majeſties gracious government, and up­on Your ſaid Proteſtant ſubjects. And although theſe Collections in ſome meaſure anſwer the Remonſtrance, and come attired in round and plaine expreſsions, as the wofull caſe requireth, the juſt vindication of Your Majeſties gracious government preſsing alſo that all vizards and palliations be laid aſide; yet it is humbly prayed, that nothing herein may be conſtrued as to proceed of malice, or deſire of aggravation a­gainſt any perſon therein concerned, how intollerable ſoever the projects and actions of many of them have been; or to be contrived to avert, fore­cloſe, or ſhorten Your Majeſties grace or clemencie, which Your Majeſtie ſhall extend to any of them in Your Majeſties abundant indulgence, as a Princely parent to your people, and may ſtand with Your Majeſties honour and ſoveraignty, and the peace and future ſecurity of Your Ma­jeſties Kingdome and good people of Ireland.

Firſt to the Preface.

THat the Remonſtrants were no way neceſſitated to take Armes for the preſervation of their Religion; for which long time before their taking arms they were not troubled, nor ſo much as queſtioned (having alſo in their actions varied from the rules of all Chriſtiā Religion) nor for maintenance of your Maties rights & prerogatives, there being no opponents in the kingdom of Ireland in that matter, except the Remōſtrants themſelves, who knew that18 Governours and Officers there, have with all zeale, and conſtancy from time to time maintained, and with extreame hazard of their lives to main­taine the ſame, and that none in the ſaid Kingdome hath offered to oppoſe or diminiſh them, ſave what theſe Remonſtrants have done by laying aſperſions on your Majeſty in your Goverement, and ſtriving to abridge both your profit and Authority under that popular and ſpecious pretence of grievances, which is one of their maine ends in all their unruly actions; and now having poſſeſſed themſelves almoſt of all your Majeſties Revenues both certaine and caſuall, and alſo of the eſtates of your Proteſtant Sub­jects, doe undutifully aſſume unto themſelves, and exerciſe a Papall Iuriſ­diction in that Church, and a tyrannicall power in that Common-wealth, as well by ſea as by land, a preſumption never adventured upon in any for­mer rebellious times, and which can be nothing but a ground-plot of inſurrections hereafter: They publiſh new Lawes for Government, erect new Courts, and Tribunalls of all kind of Iudicature; they ordaine Magi­ſtrates, Iudges, and Officers of all ſorts, as well of State, as Civill and Mar­ſhall; they make War and Peace at pleaſure, they puniſh with death, and all other corporall puniſhments, they pardon and protect at pleaſure, they publiſh Proclamations as well in paine of death as otherwiſe in their owne names; they convoke generall Aſſemblies out of all Counties in nature of Parliaments; they have Aſſembled, and held Synods and Convocations of their Titulary Arch-Biſhops, and Biſhops, and other Popiſh pretended Clergy, and therein made Canons and Conſtitutions for the government of the Church; they have excommunicated many of your Majeſties Sub­jects, and thereby inforced them to joyne with them in their confederacy; they have taken poſſeſſion of the Churches, and ſeized the whole meanes of the Proteſtant Clergy into their owne hands, and exerciſe the whole Eccleſiaſticall Iuriſdiction and function; they have received, and yet enter­taine a Nuncio from the Pope, and two Agents from France and Spaine, as themſelves give out; they treat with forraigne States in matters of the Kingdome; they annoy the ſeas, and hinder traffique; they coyne money, make it currant, and advance and Decree Coynes already currant; they ſettle and alter Poſſeſſions, and in ſumme by way of excluſion to all Your Majeſties Prerogatives, Rights, and Authorities, they publiſhed an Act in print that no temporall Government or Juriſdiction ſhall be aſſumed, kept or exerciſed within that Kingdome, or any Province or County thereof, during the troubles, other then what is approved, or inſtituted by their generall Aſſembly, or ſupreame Counſell, and have in this and other acts ſhewed themſelves in the higheſt degree to be Antimonarchicall, and con­temners of Your Majeſties Royall Scepter and Soveraignty; neither were they neceſſitated to take up Armes for the defence of their lives, eſtates, and liberties of their Country, they being in no feare of their lives or eſtates by any violence, or illegallity, ſo much as offered or intended by Your Maje­ſties Governours, or Proteſtant Subjects, neither can it be inſtanced than at any time ſince the Reformation of Religion, either Your Majeſties Go­vernours,19 or Proteſtant Subjects ever offered any open violence againſt the perſon or eſtate of any Papiſt quatenus a papiſt, nor otherwiſe except in caſe of Rebellion, wherein there was neceſſity to deſend Your Majeſties good people, or repreſſe the Rebells unjuſt inſolence by way of juſt chaſtiſement; Your Majeſties Governours and Officers there uſing all their skill and la­bour to preſerve the happy peace of that Kingdome, which they well knew Your Majeſty eſteemed the higheſt bleſſing of Almighty God upon earth; and for juſt Liberties of Subjects it equally concernes Your Majeſties Pro­teſtant Subjects with the Papiſts, and each of them have ſo freely enjoyed them during the gracious Raigne of Your Sacred Majeſty, and Your moſt illuſtrious Father untill this preſent Rebellion, as no Nation in Chriſten­dome hath exceeded them in that bleſſing, as it will beſt appeare, if com­pariſon be made with former times, when for many ages there was in Ire­land abſolute tyranny in the Chieftaines ruling in an Iriſh manner, and di­rect ſlavery in the inferiours, which it ſeemes theſe Remonſtrants doe rather affect, then the legall peaceable regiment of Your ſacred Majeſty, and the wholſome Lawes of England; and ſince that Rebellion began, Your Maje­ſties people of Ireland have by the confederates been wholly ſubjected to illegall Ordinances, oppreſſions, and Arbitrary powers, and indeed to the will of a raging, and ſiniſterly incenſed multitude; and therefore thoſe Figg-leaves of their faigned excuſes are ill put together, pretending the murther, robbery, and deſtruction of Your Majeſties Proteſtant Subjects ſhould be for the preſervation of the ſaid confederate, whereas in truth Re­ligion might teach them to diſcerne that the innocent blood they have thus cruelly and wantonly ſpilt would cry to Heaven, and to Your Sacred Ma­jeſty, Gods Vicegerent within Your Dominions, for a juſt revenge againſt them.

Touching the fruſtrating of theſe Remonſtrants attempts to preſent com­plaints to Your Majeſty ſince the Rebellion began, there will appeare no truth in this ſuggeſtion, when all things are duely examined; nay it will ap­peare that the Lords Iuſtices and Counſell have not concealed or debar­red them, or any thing that came from them, to their Lords hands, but have furthered the ſame to Your Majeſties view or knowledge ſo faſt as they could: As firſt about the ſixt of November 1641. the Rebells of the County of Cavan ſent up a preſumptuous Propoſition to the Lords Iuſtices and Counſell, which their Lordſhips anſwered with all the moderation and ſatisfaction that could ſtand with their duty, as may appeare by the ſame, and forthwith certified the one and the other to the late Lord Lieutenant, to whom Your Majeſty had expreſly commanded them to ſend all addreſſes for the affaires of Ireland; after that when about the 23th. of December, 1641. certaine Lords of the Pale had declared by a former Letter that they would ſtand on their guard, and after they had joyned with the Northerne Rebells in the ſiege of Drogheda, the Lords Iuſtices received a Letter from ſeven Lords of the Pale, wherein (after ſome unjuſt Challenges made to the Lords Iuſtices and Counſell) they ſignified they would not come to20 them (though before they the Lords Iuſtices and Councell, had ſent them ſecurity for their perſons, and publiſhed the ſame by Proclamation) and deſired that the Lords Iuſtices and Councell, would ſend them certaine Commiſſioners to conferre concerning the Common peace, and other things. This the Lords Iuſtices and Councell thought not good to diſ­cend unto, conſidering their former great undutifullneſſe. And hereof they forthwith certified the late Lord Leiutenant alſo; but the truth is that (for ſeverall moneths in the beginning of this Rebellion) they little re­garded any thing the Lords Iuſtices could ſay or doe, while they hoped to carry all before them by ſurprize, or open force; And indeed untill your Majeſties Armies (by acceſſe of ſuccours ſent out of England) had redeemed ſuch of your proteſtant Subjects, as with life only eſcaped from that overwhelming deſtruction by theſe confederates prepared a­gainſt them, and enabled your Majeſties diſtreſſed ſubjects to make head againſt their bloudy cruelties, and that they felt their owne weakneſſe to maintaine their diſloyalty againſt ſo potent a Monarch as your Majeſtie is; Neither indeed had they any colour of complaint, the cauſe of griefe be­ing intirely on our ſide. And at the beginning of this Rebellion they had leſſe reaſon then ever, having lately received ſo much grace. And ſatiſ­faction in all their pretended greivances, though they had not he duty and patience to forbeare force, and humbly to reape the fruits thereof.

The ſecond overture which any of them made unto the Lords Iuſtices and Councell, was by a Letter written to the Earle of Caſtlehaven, dated the 16th of March 1641. ſigned onely by the Lords Gormonſtowne, Netterville, and Slane, in the ſtile of united Lords, wherein they deſired to have a meeting in ſome convenient place, and that in the meane time there might be a Ceſſation of Armes: This the Earle ſent to the Lords Iuſtices the 23th of the ſame moneth, which was long after the Iriſh Army was beaten from Drogheda, and that your Majeſties Army was fully Maſter of the field in all parts of the Pale, And then the Lords Iuſtices and Councell thought not fit of themſelves to har­ken unto it, but forth with certified the ſame to the then Lord Lieutenant, deſiring your Maieſties directions therein. And for their further proceed­ing on the 23th of March 1642. the Lord Montgarret ſent to the Earle of Ormond then Lientenant Generall of your MaieſTies Army, a paper of the grievances, aſwell concerning things done in England as Ireland, and deſired it might be ſhewed to the Lords Iuſtices and Councell, that redreſſe might be given (which lay not in their Lordſhips powers) yet this alſo they ſent to the then Lord Lieutenant to be ſhewed to your Maieſtie. About Auguſt, one thouſand ſix hundred forty and two, the Re­monſtrants ſent to the ſaid Lieutenant Generall of your Maieſties Army, a Petition directed to your Maieſtie, which his Lordſhip preſented to the Lords Iuſtices, who forthwith ſent it away to your Maieſties principall Se­cretary, and ſince then no other complaint hath beene heard of except21 that Remonſtrance, and except ſome particular motions hereafter men­noned; By all which it fully appeares the Lords Iuſtices and Councell, did no way fruſtrate any of their attempts to complaine to your Maieſtie.

For the ſenſe theſe Remonſtrants ſeeme now to have of the late effuſion of innocent bloud there: Tis well if they now beginne to be ſenſible of the effuſion of the innocent bloud whereof indeed them­ſelves only are guilty, which will more plainely appeare by diſtinguiſh­ing the times, which they cauſeleſly confound: Your Maieſties ſub­iects being in full peace, and truſting only to the protection of your Maieſties lawes, theſe confederates and their bloudy inſtruments did in many parts of the Kingdome ſuddenly and treacherouſly aſſault and glut their long contealed malice, in cruelly murthering by ſun­dry kinde of tormenting deaths, ſome hundred thouſands of your Maieſties harmeleſſe Proteſtant ſubiects, and diſpoiling both them, and all the reſt of all their eſTates and ſubſtance, as is too manifeſt to the world, nothing limiting their outragious aymes, but pro­feſſEd to all, extirpation of all Brittiſh and Proteſtants. All which time neither your Maieſties Governours, nor your ſurprized ſubiects were able to make any conſiderable reſiſtance: And when afterwards your Maieſties forces out of England enabled your ſubiects to ſtand upon their defence, and by your Maieſties Princely direction and authority to take due vengeance on their unparraleld wicked­neſſe, no man, no not the confederates in their owne conſciences can iuſtly charge your Maieſties Governours or proteſtant Subiects with bloud undeſervedly ſhed in that neceſſitated way of their own defence; and iuſt puniſhment of thoſe former heynous acts. But the confederates ought to bewayle the bloud of your Maieſties officers and ſervants fight­ing in your iuſt quarrell, as an addition of waight to their former guilt. Vid. Pro­clamation Octob. 3. 1641.

Whereas on the other ſide, aſwell your Maieſtie by your Princely Pro­clamation under your royall ſignature and privy Signer, commanded them to lay downe Armes,Vid. Pro­clamation 1 Novēa. 1641. with intent doubtleſſe to have mercy on them in a fit meaſure; And your Maieſties Governours there partly by Proclama­tions promiſing in your Maieſties name mercy to all that ſhould deſiſt from force (as hereafter is ſet downe) And partly by imploying unto them a committee of Parliament there, whom they ſcornefully reiected by tear­ing aſwell the Committees Letters ſent to them from Drogheda, as the order of Parliament therewith ſent; And at another time by ſending unto them certaine of their owne Clergy to treate and perſwade with them, whom they abuſed; And partly by letters and faire meſſages moving them to ceaſe and ſtay violence, by appointing the Lord Moore and others to treate with them: By appointing Sir Richard Barnwell, and Patrick Barnwell to treate and perſwade with them; Did their utmoſt to induce them to returne to due obedience, To come and ſubmit their diſcontents to your Maties known Cle­mency, and ſtop the iſſue of bloud, which they ſo willfully had opened & en­raged; And which gives further evidence of your Maties ſervants & ſubjects22 peaceable inclination: Your Majeſties Iuſtices and Counſell did in the be­ginning of this Rebellion give ſeverall Commiſſions to Lords and prime Gentrie of the Natives in the Pale, and all the adjacent Counties, authori­ſing them to gather the Forces of the Countrey, and to governe and com­mand them for preſervation of the Subjects in peace, authorizing them in thoſe Commiſſions to parley with Rebels, protect, and promiſe mercy to all that would returne to obedience; ſo much confidence had the Lords Iuſtices in thoſe old Engliſh, and did deſire to make them aſſured of their truſt: As the Lord Gormanſton in Meath, Lord Montgarret in Kilkenny, Nicholas Barnwell in Dublin, Walter Bagwell in Catherlagh, Lord of Lowth in Lowth, Sir Thomas Nugent in Weſtmeath, Sir Robert Talbot in Wickloe, Sir Iames Dillon in Longford, and ſeverall others as well in Munſter as Conaught. All which Commiſſions ſo iſſued, even to ſo many of of the Remonſtrants them­ſelves, were iſſued after the 23 of October, and before the laſt of November, 1641. In all which time, or afterwards, if they pleaſed, they might have ſtaid the ſpreading of the Rebellion, if promiſe of mercy could have done it, beſides ſeverall Commiſſions of Martiall Law to the Natives in each County. But they, contrary to all hope, not only forbare to protect or re­duce any, but they ſoone after joyned with the Northerne and other Re­bels, to the confuſion of the State and Government, and deſtruction and ba­niſhment almoſt of all Britiſh and Proteſtants: and as for thoſe few Ro­man Catholicks who ſtood firme in loyaltie in thoſe unſeaſonable times, they have been embraced and uſed with that love and affection by your Majeſties Governours and Proteſtant ſubjects, which the Proteſtant ſubjects formerly ſhewed to them, and as the Proteſtants have been.

As to their undutifull Challenge to your Majeſties Princely and deeply merited expreſſions in your gracious Commiſſion to your ſaid Lieutenant Generall of your Army, granted in compaſſion to theſe Remonſtrants, Your Majeſties loyall ſubjects cannot obſerve their preſumption without griefe of heart, but doe in all humilitie leave the ſame to Your Majeſties moſt diſ­cerning judgement: Your Majeſties Proteſtant ſubjects doe not beleeve, nor ever could obſerve that any of Your Governours or Proteſtant ſubjects there have either directly or collaterally in adverſe affection towards the Confederates, advertiſed againſt, or otherwiſe repreſented thoſe Confede­rates to Your ſacred Majeſtie, then the truth urged, and their bounden duty to Your Majeſtie and your ſervice preſſed them to doe.

To the firſt Article.

Artic. 1. It runneth upon generalls, and is in ſubſtance generally un­true: yet in further dutifull care to give Your Majeſtie ſatisfaction, Inſtances herein are humbly offered to maintaine the truth.

Firſt; as to their vaunt of 1300 yeares unalterable profeſſion of the now Romiſh Religion: It is moſt apparent in the learned Treatiſes of the Lord Archbiſhop of Armagh, and otherwaies, that for above 600 yeares within the ſaid time of 1300 yeares, the Religion profeſſed by the Clergie and peo­ple of Ireland, was more agreeable to the true Proteſtant Religion now by23 law eſtabliſhed, and by publique Authoritie maintained in that Kingdom, then unto that Roman Catholike Religion, as they call it, which they doe now profeſſe, the free exerciſe whereof throughout that Kingdome, they by their confederacie and oath of Aſſociation are to maintain, and doe now by force authorize: And for moſt of the time after the ſaid 600 years, the Re­ligion profeſſed in that Kingdome was far otherwiſe then now it is profeſ­ſed and practifed by theſe Confederates and ſome of their Anceſtors; for the Councell of Trent (which ended about the yeare 1563.) brought Arti­cles of Faith into the Church, farre different from the former Catholique faith; And this new Religion of Popery, is the Romiſh Religion, which they call Catholike, and is now profeſſed by them. And this is the great Antiquity of theſe Romaniſts preſent profeſſion, which they fay, they and their Anceſtors have ſo long unalterably profeſſed (though that alſo in ſo large an extent is utterly untrue) for beſides what is declared in the Statute lawes in Ireland, enacted in the Reigne of King Henry the 8. and Queene Elizabeth, expreſſing the deteſtation of thoſe Paliaments againſt the Popes uſurped authority in that Kingdome, his wreſting of Gods holy word and Teſtament to his worldly and carnall affection, and entangling and troubling the juriſdiction and Regall power, and much unquieting the peo­ple, making that unlawfull which by Gods Word is lawfull, and many ſuch like expreſſions in ſeverall Statutes; which ſhewes the genius of the peo­ple of Ireland at that time. It is cleere, that ſince the Reformation in the latter end of the Reigne of King Henry the 8 in all the time of King Ed­ward the 6. and Queen Elizabeth, the Natives of that Kingdome, Anceſtors to theſe Confederates, (howſoever perhaps in mind popiſhly affected) ac­cording to the ignorance of thoſe times, did generally without ſcruple re­ſort to the Proteſtant Ceurches in all places where any Proteſtant Clergie could reſide, untill about the 13. yeare of Queene Elizabeth, that the Bull of Pius Quintus was ſent into Ireland; And then began ſome perſons of note to ſtand at diſtance: But after that they did alſo generally come to Church both in Townes and Country, till about the 30 yeare of Queen Eli­zabeth, that the Spaniards, wracked upon that Coaſt, diſperſed themſelves into the Townes and ſeverall other parts, and left generally many evill im­preſſions, which cauſed ſome more wilfulneſſe in Recuſancie; yet after that moſt of the Natives of Ireland, all the reſidue of Queen Elizabeths Reigne, (for then there were few new Engliſh) and moſt of the Reigne of King James, partly by faire inducements, and partly by the weake impulſives of the Statute of 2. Eliz. did ſtill for the moſt part, till of late yeares, come to Church, which is all that Your Majeſties Government, and Your Laws there do enjoyn them generally unto, not offering to enforce the Conſcience with torture, death, or otherwiſe, as the Romaniſts doe: Neither were they ſo unalterable in their ſuppoſed Catholique profeſſion, but that of late yeares ſeverall of them (even of noted pregnancie in the Doctrinal part) did for a Majoraltie in a City, or to ſave a penſion in ſome times, or ſome other im­ployment in others, forſake their Maſſe for that ſeaſon, to come to Church:24 Sir Philonty O Neal makes it more plain in his Letters of triumph to his ho­ly Confeſſor, that his purpoſe was conqueſt, and not defence of Religion, his Majeſties Prerogative, or their Liberties, there being none there that offered any offence to either of them, and for Liberty in their profeſ­ſion, they had little or no reſtraint,Vid. the epiſtle of Paul Harris Prieſt, to P. Vrban the 8. in his booke intituled Fratres ſobrii e­ſtoie. An 1634. It is as hard to find what numbers of Friars be in Dublin, as to count how ma­ny frogs therewere in the 2d. plague of Egypt. for they had by the patience of the Governours, their titular Archbiſhops, Biſhops, Vicar generall, and provinciall Conſiſtories, Eccleſiaſticall Deanes, Abbots, Priors, Moncks, Nunnes, Ieſuites, Prieſts, and Friers without number, all officers pro­per to that Hierarchy, and free uſe of Maſſe, aſwell in Townes as Coun­try (they not ſo much as in truth doubting or fearing any violent cruelty of the Engliſh, knowing their nature and diſpoſition as they did) ſo as feare of being maſſacred for their Catholique Religion, was not their motive for taking Armes, as they fraudulently pretend.

It is utterly untrue that ever ſince the Statute of ſecond Elizabeth, the Catholiques of that Kingdome, were debarred from places of honour and truſt in Church or Common wealth, for after that Statute many Noble­men of the old Engliſh were made Councellours; who were bred in the ignorance of thoſe times, though afterwards they came to Church; And af­ter that Statute tenne ſeverall Iudges of that Birth and education, poſſeſ­ſed ſucceſſively all the prime Places of all the Benches of the Law, and like­wiſe all the Inferior Iudges of thoſe Benches were of the ſame birth and education, though afterwards moſt of them came to Church, and the of­ficers in Courts of Iuſtice and otherwayes were exerciſed by men of like condition, the Malignity of Popery being in thoſe times not diſcerned to be ſo perillous, as of later times, the Spaniſh Armado in 88; Tyrones Re­bellion, the Powder Treaſon, this preſent Inſurrection, and many other treacherous and miſchievous machinations and plots have diſcovered it to be; (Tis true, that about the 29. yeare of the Reigne of Queen Elizabeth, upon the death of Sir John Plunket Chiefe Iuſtice of the Kings Bench, Sir Robert Gardner was ſent out of England, who was the firſt Engliſh Iudge ſent into that Kingdome in many yeares before: And after upon the death of ſome of the reſt, a little before the end of the Raigne of the ſame Queen, three more were ſent thither, and ſo from thenceforth, as the reſt dyed, o­thers were ſent thither; And how the reformation of the Kingdome, and Your Majeſties ſervices were advanced before the comming of thoſe Eng­liſh Iudges, the Stories and Records doe ſhew: And for the Natives of that Kingdome, ſuch as would conforme and come to Church, were freely ad­mitted to be Counſellors, Iudges, and Officers, as many of them were, and yet are; Beſides, for matter of truſt, many of the Lords, and prime Gentry of the old Engliſh (though reputed Catholiques) were throughout that Queenes time made Commanders of men in her Army, and very many made chiefe Commanders in ſeverall Counties, and of the forces in thoſe Coun­tries; All which time that Kingdome was kept almoſt in continuall gar­boyle; and as well then as ever ſince her deceaſe, the Noblemen and other Natives of fit capacitie and breeding, have been truſted and imployed in all25 Commiſſions from the Courts, or otherwiſe, in all matters as well concer­ning the King as other ſubjects in equall degree with Proteſtants; the Gen­try alſo from time to time, even till this Rebellion were appointed Sheriffes, Iuſtices of the Peace, high Conſtables, Marſhalls upon occaſion, and all o­ther Officers in the Country that the Law appoints: They were alſo allow­ed chiefe Officers, and Iudges in Corporations, and other Liberties and Franchiſes (their ſonnes alſo admitted Clarkes in the Courts, and other un­der Officers, which are graces and favours rarely allowed to the preten­ded Catholiques in England, though Natives of this Kingdome, ſo as very few of that Kingdome have been obſerved to ſeeke fortunes in other Coun­tries, except ſome that doe paſſe into this Kingdome for their preferment, and except ſuch as do voluntarily travell beyond Seas to the warres, and to become Clergy-mer, and ſome ſtudents in the Arts, as natives of England doe the ſame; their Lawyers alſo to our deare experience, notwithſtanding different in Religion, are and have been admitted to the Bar, and all other practice as Proteſtants are, by which they grow popular, and in ſhort time farre richer, and greater purchaſers then the Proteſtant Lawyers, or Iudges now imployed can doe in many yeares, a favour not allowed to like natives here in England, which hath been an extreame miſchief to that Kingdome of Ireland, as hereafter ſhall appeare, many of the prime Gen­try have by ſuite to Your Majeſty, and Your moſt bleſſed Father, been ad­vanced to honour of ſeverall degrees, have been dignified with titles of Baronets and Knights, and for preferment in the Church; It is apparant that after the Statute of Secundo, many of that Nation were then continued Biſhops, and other Dignitaries, and many newly created upon the yeel­ding to the externe part of the Reformation (though it is to be remem­bred what is declared of ſome of them by Statute in that Kingdome enacted in the eleaventh yeare of Queene Elizabeth, Cha. 6. In which is this ex­preſſion, viz. Where the right honourable ſir Henry Sidney, Knight of the honourable Order, now Lord Deputy of Ireland hath in his late progreſſE into Munſter and Connaught found (amongſt other experiences) the great abuſe of the Clergy therein, admitting of unworthy Perſonages to Eccleſi­aſticall dignities, which hath neither lawfulneſſe of Birth, Learning, Eng­liſh habit, or Engliſh Language, but diſcended of unchaſt and unmarried Abbots, Priors, Deanes, Chaunters and ſuch like, getting into the ſaid digni­ries, either with force, ſymony, friendſhip or other corrupt meanes, to the great overthrow of Gods Holy Church, and the evill example of all honeſt Congregations. Be it therefore, &c.

Yet they were continued during their lives, howſoever afterwards none were admitted to thoſe places, but ſuch as were knowne Proteſtants, and therein the Natives of that Kingdome being ſo conditioned, were freely en­tertained, and many of them ſo dignified, as they are at this day, it being not thought fit to put that charge into the hands of Recuſants; becauſe it hath been ſince obſerved, as it is now clearely manifeſt, that they are in that Kingdome of Ireland, the Seedſ-men and wombe of all the diſtempers26 and miſer able ſufferings of the now deplorable Common-wealth, which is by many of conſiderable quality now lamentably acknowledged; neither indeed are the Recuſants capable of that charge by the Lawes of the Land; and if they take offence at thoſe Laws, ſupplications, not Murthers, Rebel­lions and depredations, were a proper way to ſue for the repeale of them; but the Nobles, (that they are become contemptible) is a ſtrange affirma­tion (they have been graced by Your Majeſty, and Your Governours from time to time, with all the reſpects of Honour and Priviledge, that is any way due to them, and in no leſſe meaſure then the Proteſtants have been; beſides it is well knowne that ſince the Proteſtant ſubjects, Brittiſh and o­thers, became their neighbours and Tenants, and inhabited their now deſo­late eſtates, the Rents and Revenues of thoſe Lords were ſo raiſed, as they were brought into a condition to livel ike Noblemen in a civill Common­wealth, which they were not before able to doe, nor (it is beleeved) will ever be againe, if ſome as perillouſly credulous as the Proteſtant Subiects (now ruined, have been) do not make ſuch adventures, as they have done to their coſt. Laſtly, where thoſe confederates doe boldly, and untruely af­firme that their Gentry were debarred from Learning in Univerſities, and publique Schooles; firſt their children (though themſelves and their Pa­rents Papiſts) were freely admitted into all publique Schooles, as well of Your Maieſties foundation as other waies, without queſtion of Religion, wherein they attained to the knowledge of the Latine and the Greeke Tongues, and full introduction into the Arts, and all other humane lear­ning. And for Univerſities, they know there is but one only Colledge in Ire­land founded by Queene Elizabeth, and endowed by Your Maieſties moſt bleſſed Father for the education of the youth of that Kingdome. That Col­ledge is of ſmal capacity, yet can it not be inſtanced, that any the ſon of a no­ble man, or Gentleman were refuſed to be admitted thereunto, if they would conforme to the Lawes of the Land, and Statutes of that Society, neither are they there preſſed with the Law, till they come to be Graduates, and it is well knowne that as well from that Univerſity, as Innes of Court here in England, very many of them have gained learning and knowledge, which in many of them now is imployed to the extream annoyance and harme of Your Maieſty, and Your Kingdome, and though they were not ſo freely admitted into thoſe Societies, and in Corporations, becauſe they would not conforme to the Lawes of the Land, and Charters, Orders, and Cuſtomes of that ſociety, yet many of thoſe lived there and here with greater free­dome from thoſe Lawes, then the Natives of England of the Popiſh Religi­on did in England; and yet it is humbly conceived (that if their numbers, quality, and loyalty be rightly weighed and conſidered, there will not be found any good cauſe or found reaſons, why the Native Papiſts of Ireland ſhould have more freedome in Ireland, then the Native Papiſts of England have in England; and whereas they ſo needleſly preſſe for the free admit­tance into the Schoole of the Kingdome, as they have clearely received that freedome as is above mentioned (which alſo well appeares in the men of27 this age, educated ſarre beyond all former times) ſo they ſhould have laid their challenge with all hample acknowledgment and thankefulneſſe to Your ſacred Majeſty, and the famous ProreſTant Princes preceding Your Mueſty, and Your Engliſh Government. For firſt in the 28th. yeare of King Henry the 8th. it was enacted that every incumbent ſhould keepe a Schoole in his Pariſh to teach Engliſh. Secondly, Queene Elizabeth by a Statute in the 12th. yeare of her Reigne, ordained that there ſhould be a Free Schoole kept in every Dioceſſe of that Kingdome, to be maintained by her owne Clergy, and her ſenants of impropriate Parſonages and Vicca­ridges. Thirdly, Your Maieſty, and Your Royall Father in all the Plantati­ons erected many Free Schooles and endowed them. Fourthly, many Pro­teſtants have built, and endowed Free Schooles in ſpeciall places, whereas before there were few, and thoſe only in ſome Townes, ſupported by very ſmall ſalaries; not able to give the Teachers ſubſiſtance, and ſo in a manner diſcontinued, as well appeared by the ill iteratenes, and indeed barbariſme of the people in former times; and it cannot be ſhewed that any Papiſt there has built or endowed any Schoole: nay which is worſe, all the Popiſh Clergy, and all other Popiſh Laiety, from whom that Clergy can draw any ſuch charity (much being ſo gotten) doe ſend all that can be ſo gathered to Schooles and Univerſities beyond the ſeas, whereby that Kingdome is much impoveriſhed, and the love and dependency of the people much tranſlated from Your Crowne to forraigne Princes and Potentates.

To the ſecond Article.

As they have not ſpared ſcandalous and untrue aſperſions againſt Your Maieſty and your Government, and againſt Your Officers and Miniſters,Arti. 2. which is no other then Art uſed to cover, or (if it were poſſible) excuſe their odious murthers, and other cruelties now committed upon Your Ma­jeſties Proteſtant Subjects, ſo they have preſumed to taxe Your gracious Majeſty, and Your glorious predeceſſors with want of love and care of their Subjects of that Kingdome, by placing, (as the Remonſtrants pretend) in the ſeate of Government and other Offices of eminency, men of mean condi­tion and quality, who were to begin their fortunes upon the ruines of the Catholique Natives, which taxe untrue in it ſelfe, is ſo undutifull to thoſe Soveraign and gracous Princes, as no perſon of honour will appeare in it; but it muſt be deviſed by the Romiſh adverſaries of the Clergy or Ieſuited Lawyers, who now appeare to have been the chiefe firebrands of all theſe horrible flames, which have almoſt conſumed that Kingdome, for it cannot be denyed that Your Royall Majeſty, and the other excellent Princes Your predeceſſors have ſince the ſaid Statute of Secundo, ſent thither to governe, Earles, Barons, and others of noble extraction, and plentifull eſTates in England; and when in intervalls for ſhort times Iuſtices were appointed, they were ſometimes Noble men, and otherwiſe men of the beſt ranke, ſuf­ficiency, and ability to undergoe that charge, and it cannot be ſhewed that many of them have built their fortunes on the ruines of Your. Majeſties Sub­jects, either Proteſtants or Preiſts, to whom they〈…〉;28 equally in all things; but on the contrary, ſome of them have loſt themſelves and have been much damnified in their eſtates by their imployment there, partly by the unjuſt clamours and maliciou; accuſations of of ſome of thoſe Catholique Natives, never enduring long any Engliſh Governour, or other ſervants of the King; of England, that endeavoured the peace­able and legall obedience to the Crowne; And it is manifeſt, that of 21 Lieutenants, Deputies, and Iuſtices ſucceſſively, Thirty Privy Coun­ſellors, and Twelve prime Iudges, and ſeveral inferior Iudges ſent thither out of England, ſince the Statute of 2do. no one of them hath left any Eſtate there, neither were they inriched by that ſervice: And though ſome others (and not many) left eſTates, it onely was for the moſt part by bounty of the Crowne, and very few or none by their purchaſe, except the Earle of Strafford, who paid great ſummes of money for all he bought: whereas on the other ſide, of eleven prime Iudges, and many inferiour Iudges of the birth of Ireland, imployed there ſince the Statute of 2do. every one of them left viſible and valuable eſtates, many of them equall at leaſt with the prime Gentry, and ſeverall of them, in themſelves or their poſteritie, ſince advanced to titles of honour, by the fa­vour of your Majeſtie and your Royall Anceſtors; whereby your Majeſtie may be pleaſed to judge whether the Engliſh or Iriſh officers have moſt built their fortunes on the ruines of Catholique Natives. It is true, that no Natives have been imployed as Chiefe Governours there, ſince the 27. of King Henry the 8. but in former times many of them were, untill the laſt of them gave cauſe to the King to alter that courſe; And yet ſince that time, moſt of the prime and inferiour Iudges and the Officers were of the Natives, even untill towards the latter end of the Reigne of Queen Eliz. as is before ſaid. Vid. the Stat. of 10 H. 7. c. 8. and other Sta­tutes for the proſperitie of Ireland, while the Engliſh lawes were executed, and how it decaied afterwards.And if times be compared, it will appeare by good records and hiſto­ries, that from the end of the firſt 90 yeares after the firſt comming of King Henry the 2d. (in which time of 90 yeares the Engliſh Colonies ſpread over all the then moſt habitable parts of the Kingdome) the Townes being alſo wholly Engliſh and the Engliſh lawes then only uſed and obeyed throughout all the Engliſh Colonies. The Iriſh then and many yeares after, declared ene­mies and aliens, did encroach and prevaile ſtrangely againſt the Engliſh Co­lonies, which happened by reaſon of the unwiſe and irregular behaviour of many of the Engliſh Lords and Chieftaines of Iriſh birth, who then and after degenerated into Iriſh manners and uſages, caſt off the Engliſh lawes, ſub­jected themſelves to the Brehon and Iriſh cuſtomes,The Engliſh Lords falling into mortall quarrels a­mong them­ſelves, called in and waged the Iriſh in their contenti­ons, who for­merly lived in mountaines & bogs, & were of no force; whereby the Iriſh grew powerfull and bold, and ſo wreſted out the Engliſh freeholders by allowance of the Engliſh Lords, which hapned chiefly in the times or by occaſion of the civill wars in England. joyned with the Iriſh in marriage, foſtering, goſſoprick, and all other things, even againſt their own fellow conquerors the Engliſh freeholders, almoſt to their utter ruine; The Governours alſo, and otehr Officers, being for the moſt part of thoſe old Engliſh, gave way, (perhaps neceſſitated in ſome times) to the Iriſh en­croachments and cuſtomes, though ſome of them at ſeverall times behaved themſelves nobly and dutifully, yet others raiſed Coyne and Livery, and o­ther Iriſh exactions upon the remaining Engliſh Colonies, and all other In­feriors; (All which by the Engliſh governours and officers were after ta­ken29 away, inſomuch as before the end of the Reigne of King Henry the 8. even al lthe Kingdome, except the ſive Shires of the Pale, walled Townes, and ſom ſmall parts about them, which alſo were much degenerated, were turned Iriſh (except a few of prime Nobility) the Engliſh Law renounced, Iriſh Captainſhips advanced, many of the old Engliſh Lores turned Iriſh Captaines; All which Captainſhips, and all exactions, coyne and taxes belonging thereunto, were after taken away by Act of Parliament) And all the Inferiors for the moſt part wholly reduced into Iriſh ſlaverie, having neither lands nor goods but at the will of thoſe uſurping Chieftaines; And that Kingdome in a manner from age to age infeſted with continuall bloody inſurrections, and inteſtine commotions. In which caſe it continued even un­to the end of the Reigne of Queen Elizabth, notwithſtanding all that the Engliſh Governours ſent by her, coulde doe, being aſſiſted for the moſt part all that time with Iriſh Counſellors, Iudges and Officers, as is herein for­merly metioned, The Kingdom being held in great poverty and barbariſme, notwithſTanding the vaſt expence of Engliſh bloud and treaſure ſpent there, by that gracious Queen and ſome of her Royall predeceſſors: Neither could the Revenues and Profits of the Crowne, in any of thoſe times, be advanced to above 11000 l. per annum, and many times far leſſe, (yea ſometimes no­thing at all) And all it was advanced to, was ſpent there, beſides the continu­all exhauſt of treaſure out of England, even to keep life in the few Engliſh that continued there obedient to the Crown and Lawes of England,; where­as on the other ſide, ſince the beginning of the Reigne of the bleſſed King James, and Your ſacred Majeſtie ſucceſſively;Vid. Statute 11 Iac. c. 1. in Ireland, for the benefit of Law and Engliſh government. by His and Your wiſe and pi­ous couduct and direction, the Engliſh Governours, with the aſſiſtance of Engliſh Iudges and officers, have wholly aboliſhed and removed all thoſe Iriſh powers and juriſdictions, and placed the dependencie of the people en­tirely on the Crown ſetled and ſecured a Legall property in every ſubject of their lands and goods, bringing them abſolutely into the ſtate of free ſubjects, utterly raſed out the Iriſh Gavelkinde and Tainſtry, the very peſt of the Nation, the Farmers and Yeomanry being formerly ſcarce able out of the earth to gaine meat and ſuſtenance for themſelves, and for idle Gentry and unimployed youth: They introduced Civilitie, peace, and legall obedience to your Majeſtie throughout that Kingdome, diſperſed Engliſh habitations and manurance in all parts and Provinces, even formerly the moſt rude Iriſh and uninhabited, who built and erected Corporations and civill ſocieties, ſet up Markets and Faire, for Commerce, built and placed Churches, bridges, cawſies and paſſages, gaoles, Seſſion houſes, Schooles for education of youth, and thouſands of Caſtles, and houſes of ſtone and brick, for habitation and defence, (as did alſo then by their example, many of the old Engliſh and I­riſh, which were civilized) beſides foure walled Townes, built in neceſſary places, now (ſince that Rebellion begun) maintained for your Majeſtie by Garriſons. They cauſed incloſures of lands, planting of Orchards and Gar­dens, and drayning of Bogs in all places; as farre as time could permit: They alſo brought in Engliſh habit, language and uſage, and the full and u­niverſall30 exerciſe of the Engliſh lawes in all parts of the Kingdome, turning all (not formerly turned) into Shire grounds, ſetting known limits to all the Counties and Baronies thereof; Into all which Iuſtices of Aſſize and Gaole delivery were halfe yearely ſent, for the happy and orderly admini­ſtration of Juſtice, and ſetling mens properties: Whereas before the Reigne of King James, the Iudges could travell no where but in the Pale, and that not ordinarily, becauſe of Rebellions; They placed Sheriffes, Iuſtices of Peace, and all Officers of Law, in each County, well inſtructed to execute their offices: They cauſed eſtates for lives, yeares, and otherwayes, to paſſe between Lord and Tenant, for comfort and ſettlement of the people, who were before generally Tenants at will in all parts; And by commixture of new Engliſh and old Engliſh with Iriſh, eſtabliſhed indifferencie of Tryall by Iurie in moſt parts, which before by reaſon of combined Iriſh Septs, and the power of Iriſh Lords, could not be. They cauſed the Iriſh and o­thers to live in Town-Reads, not wandring with their cattell and creates diſperſedly and barbarouſly in mountaines and waſtes, as formerly. They enchartered the Townes and Corporations with enlarged and neceſſary Franchiſes, Liberties and Juriſdictions, aſwell for government, as ornament and benefit, to the great enriching of thoſe Inhabitants, and increaſe of Mer­chandiſe; they ſetled a learned Proteſtant Clergy of all degrees in all the parts of that Kingdom, and Ordained the Conſiſtories in a Legall form; They cauſed to be enacted Laws for the courſe of Juſtice, and quieting mens Eſtates and Intereſts, agreeable as far as was neceſſary to the Laws made in England ſince the 10. of H. 7. They reformed the exorbitancy of Sheriffs, who after the Captainſhips were taken away, did in many places ſucceed them in extortion and oppreſſion: They had ſetled an Army of 2000 foot, and 1000 horſe, intended to be Engliſh, who tooke nothing of the Country without ready money; and a competent Navy to guard the Coaſt; all paid there without charge to England. And laſtly, they had advanced your Ma­jeſties Revenues certain and caſuall, from under 8000 l. per annum, (as it was when King James began) to above 85000 l. per annum, beſides a great gaine the Farmers of the Cuſtomes had, for a few yeares to come: and all this done with little or no charge to England. And as an addition of bleſſing to all this, the people generally by this meanes did wonderfully increaſe in riches and ſubſtance far beyond all other times; Rents raiſed as high as in many parts of England, where before lands yeelded little or no­thing: The breed of Cattell of all ſorts wonderfully enlarged, bettered, and prized, and infinite numbers of cowes, horſes and ſheep, with very great quantities of wooll yearely ſent into this Kingdome, and corne multiplied in all parts, which redounded to the benefit of the Natives equally, (if not more) then to the Engliſh, as may appear, as by many other things, ſo particularly by the large mariage portions given by the Lords, Gentry, and others, with their daughters, ten times above the rates of for­mer times; dowries and joyntures of wives, and purchaſe of lands propor­tionably encreaſed; Mony let at Ten in the hundred at moſt, whereas for­merly31 it was at 15 l. 20 l. and 30 l. and ſometimes higher. And laſtly, whereas in all Queen Elizabeths time they could give her but one Subſidie, and that but a meane one of 13 s. 4 d. out of every plough-land occupied or manured, to continue for ten yeares (very few Subſidies having beene granted in Ireland to any former Kings) that Subſidy of Queene Elizabeth (by reaſon that the Townes and Corporati­ons were by a Statute freed, and that divers exceptions of Gentle­mens eſtates and other waies were incerted, and that great quanti­ties of the Kingdome were in the hands of the Iriſh, not till then divided into Plow Lands, much whereof was never ſo done; and laſtly by reaſon of the Rebellions (of thoſe times) did never amount to any conſiderable ſumme; now in the happy and plentifull Raigne of Your Majeſty, they were able to raiſe and grant unto Your Majeſty ten Subſidies of one and forty thouſand pounds each Subſidy, and ſome of them 45000. l. beſides Lords and Clergy, over and above great contributions be­fore that; all which, and what remained unpaid thereof, when the Rebellion begun, would have been leavied and paid with little complaint or grie­vance, had the affections of the Remonſtrants been as free, and reall to Your Majeſty as they pretend, and as the affections of Your Subjects the Proteſtants were, and are, and all this beſides one Subſidy of neare thirty thouſand pounds, granted to Your Majeſties moſt bleſſed Father: by all which it plainly appeares, that thoſe Governours, Iudges and Offi­cers, imployed not their time in building their fortunes on the ruines of Catholique Natives, as is unconſcionably ſuggeſted, nor yet in conſpiring Rebellions, and deſtructions againſt Kings and Kingdomes, nor indeed can it be juſtly proved that any of them have ſo in any kind built their fortunes; neither can it appeare that ever any of the Governours or Magiſtrates did ſuggeſt malicious matters againſt thoſe Catholiques for their hurt, the whole labour of the Governours being by all meanes to unite them, and the Proteſtants in all legall and peaceable amity; which the Popiſh Clergy and Lawyers obſerving, (and envying the ſo great proſperity, and encreaſe of livelihood in the people of all ſorts, as well Engliſh as Iriſh, fore-ſeeing that the unity, and proſperity would certainly ſettle a conſtant ſubjection to a Proteſtant Prince) they wrought by all under hand, and wicked ſurmiſes and ſuggeſtions to breake up and confound that happy peace and unity, the Clergy on the one ſide poſſeſſing the miſcogniſant and uninſtructed mul­titude that the Proteſtants were Heretickes, and not Chriſtians, nor to be ſuffered to live in the Kingdome; that it was meritorious to deſtroy the Proteſtants, promiſing immediate paſſage to Heaven to all that dyed in that action, and that ſo was the pleaſure of the Pope; for which purpoſe a Bull of Indulgence of the Pope hath been publiſhed in ſeverall parts of that Kingdome, even ſince the Ceſſation of Armes agreed on there, the tenor whereof followeth:

32

Urbanus Octavus, &c.

AD futuram rei memoriam, Zelum Orthodoxa fidei quo averHi­berni CatholicBellatores exercituum Regni Hiberniae (ob eximi­um ejuſdem fidei cultum patriam Sanctorum olim appellatam) ab hereti­corum oppreſsionibus et injuriis, quibus jamdudum affligitur armis vindicare, et operarios iniquitatis qui maſſam Catholicae puritatis eo­dem in regno hereticae Contagionis fermento inficerunt, et iugiter in­ficere nituntur extirpare, ſatagunt, ſpiritualium gratiarum quarum diſpenſatores in terris a Domino conſtituti ſumus largitionc confovere volentes de omnipotentis Dei miſericordia, ac beatorum Petri et Pauli Apoſtolorum ejus aucthoritate confiſi ex illa liganai atque ſolvendi poteſtate, quam nobis Dominus meritis minime ſuffragantibus contulit, univerſis et ſingulis Chriſti fidelibus in praedicto Hiberniae Regno contra hereticos et alios Catholicae fidei hoſtes nunc et pro tempore mi­litantibus vere pernitentibus et confeſsis ac facrâ Communione refectis plenariam omnium peccatorum ſuorum Indulgentiam, et remiſſionem ſicut in anno Iubilei viſitantibus certas Eccleſias intra et extra ur­bem concedi conſuevit tenore praeſentium pro una vice tantum pro quolibet concedimus et elargimur, cupientes autem omnes Chriſti fide­les militantes, ut praefertur, participes fieri hujus pretioſiſſimi Theſauri, univerſis et ſingulis Chriſti fidelibus praedictam licentiam concedimus et facultatem damus ut ſibi ad hunc effectum quemcunque, Con­feſſarium tam ſecularem quam cujuſvis Ordinis Regularem etiam ex a­liis approbatis a locorum Ordinariis eligere poſſent, qui eorum con­feſſionibus diligenter auditis ab omnibus Excommunicationis ſuſ­penſionis et aliis Eccleſiaſticis ſententiis et cenſuris a viro vel ab ho­mine quavis cauſa latis ſeu inflictis, nec non ab omnibus peccatis ex­ceſsibus criminibus et delictis quantumvis gravibus et enormibus etiam locorum Ordinariis ſive nobis et ſedi Apoſtolicae etiam in Caena Domini legi conſuetis contentis et alias per quaſcunque noſtras et Romanorum Pontificum, Praedeceſſorum noſtrorum conſtitutiones quarum tenore praeſentibus haberi volumus pro expreſſis quomodocun­que reſervatis in foro Conſcientiae et ea vice tantum eos abſolvere et liberare valeat, et inſuper vota quaecunque (Religionis et Caſtitatis exceptis) in alia pia et ſalutaria opera commutare, Injuncta tum eis et eorum cuilibet in ſupra dictis omnibus caſibus paenitentia ſalutari33 aliisque ejuſdem Confeſſoris Arbitrio injungendis, Quapropter tenore praeſentium in virtute ſanctae obedientiae diſtrictae praecipimus et man­damus omnibus et quibuſcunque venerabi libus fratribus Archiepi­ſcopis, Epiſcopis, et aliis Eccleſiaſticis Praelatis ac quibuſcunque Or­dinariis locorum in Hibernia exiſtentibus eorumque vicarijs et offi­cialibus vel ijs deficientibus illis qui curam animarum inibi exercent ut praeſentium literarum tranſumpta aut exempla etiam impreſſa acceperint, illa ſtatim abſque ulla mora retardatione vel impedi­mento per ſuas Eccleſias Diaeceſes, Provincias Civitates et Oppida terras et loca publicent et publicare faciant, Non intendimus autem per praeſentes ſuper aliqua irregularitate publica vel occulta nota de­fectu incapacitate ſeu inhabilitate quoquo modo coutracta diſpenſare, velaliqua facultate tribuere diſpenſandi ſeu habilitandi et in priſti­num ſtatum reſtituendi etiam in foro conſcientiae neque etiam eoſdem praeſentes ijs quia nobis et Apoſtolica ſede vel ab aliquo Praelato ſeu Iu­dice Eccleſiaſtico excommunicati, ſuſpenſi, interdicti ſeu alias in ſen­tentias et cenſuras incidiſſe Declarati vel publice denunciati fuerint, niſi prius ſatisfecerint, aut cum partibus concordaverint ullo modo ſuffragari poſſe aut debere. Non obſtantibus conſtitutionibus et ordi­nationibus Apoſtolicis quibus facultas abſolvendi in_____tunc ex­preſsis caſibus ita Romano Pontifici pro tempore exiſtenti reſervatur, ut nec etiam ſimiles vel diſsimiles Iubilei Indulgentiarum et faculta­tum hujusmodi conceſsiones niſi de illis expreſſa mentio aut ſpecialis derogatio fiat, cuique ſuffragari queant, nec non Regula noſtra de non concedendis Indulgentiis ad inſtar ac quibus vis etiam juramento con­firmatione Apoſtolica vel alia quavis firmitate roboratis ſtatutis et con­ſuetudinibus privilegijs quoque indultis et literis Apoſtolicis in con­trarium praemiſſorum conceſſis quomodo libet, approbatis et innovatis quibus omnibus et ſingulis etiam ſi de illis eorumque totis tenoribus ſpecialis ſpecifica expreſſis,This is a true Copy of the originall Bull as it came to Dubline where­in there was two words that could not be read being worne out. et individua ac de verbo ad verbum non autem pro clauſulas generales idem importantes mentio ſeu quavis alia expreſſio_____aut aliqua alia exquiſita forma ad hoc ſer­vanda foret illorum tenorum praeſentibus pro ſufficienter expreſſis ac formam in illis traditam pro ſervata habentes hac vice ſpecialiter no­minatim et expreſſe ad effectum praeſentium derogamus. Caeteriſque contrarijs quibuſcunque. Vt autem praeſentes noſtrae quam ad ſingula loca deferri non poſſunt ad omnium noti facilius deveniant, volumus et earundem praeſentium tranſumptis, vel exemplis etiam impreſſis manu alicujus notarij publici ſubſcriptis et ſigillo alicujus perſonâ in34 dignitate Eccleſiaſtica conſtitutae munitis, eadem prorſus adhibeatur fides quae adhiberetur praeſentibus, ſi forent exhibitae vel oſtenſae.

M. A. Maraldus.

It is Tranſlated into Engliſh thus: Ʋrbanus Octavus, &c. AD FUTURAM REI MEMORIAM.

HAving taken into Our ſerious conſideration the great zeal of the Iriſh, towards the propagating of the Catholick faith: and the pietie of the Catholick warriors in the ſeverall armyes of that King­dome (which was for that ſingular fervency in the trus worſhip of God, and notable care had formerly in the like caſe by the inhabi­tants thereof, for the maintenance and preſervation of the ſame Or­thodox Faith, called of old the land of Saints) and having got cer­tain notice, how in imitation of their godly and worthy Anceſtors, they endeavour by force of armes to deliver their thralled nation from the oppreſſions, and grievous injuries of the Hereticks, wherewith this long time it hath been afflicted, and heavily burthe­ned, and gallantly do what in them lyeth to extirpate and totally root out thoſe workers of iniquity, who in the Kingdome of Ireland had infected, and alwayes ſtriven to infect the maſſe of Catholick purity with the peſtiferous leaven of their hereticall contagion; We therefore, being willing to cheriſh them with the gift of thoſe ſpirituall graces, whereof by God we are ordained the only diſpo­ſers on earth, by the mercy of the ſame Almighty God, truſting in the authority of the bleſſed Apoſtles Peter and Paul, and by vertue of that power of binding, and looſing of ſouls, which God was pleaſed (without our deſerving) to conferre upon us. To all and eve­ry one of the faithfull Chriſtians in the foreſaid Kingdome of Ire­land now, and for the time militating againſt the Hereticks, and other enemies of the Catholick Faith, they being truly and ſincerely penitent, after confeſſion, and the ſpirituall refreſhing of them­ſelves with the ſacred communion of the body and blood of Chriſt. Do grant a full and plenary Induigence, and abſolute remiſſion35 for all their finnes, and ſuch as in the Holy time of Iubilée, is uſu­all to be granted to thoſe that devoutly viſit a certain number of pri­viledged Churches, within and without the walls of our City of Rome, by the tenor of which preſent letters for once only and no more, we freely beſtow the favour of this abſolution, upon all and every one of them, and withall deſtring heartily all the faithfull in Chriſt now in armes as aforeſaid, to be partakers of this moſt pre­cious treaſure.

To all and every one of theſe foreſaid faithfull Chriſtians, we grant licence, and give power to chooſe into themſelves for this effect any fit Confeſſor, whither a ſecular Prieſt, or a Regular of ſome Order, as likewiſe any other ſelected Perſon approved of by the Ordinary of the place, who after a diligent hearing of their confeſſions ſhall have power to liverate and abſolve them from ex­communication, ſuſpenſion, and all other Eccleſiaſticall ſentences and cenſures by whom ſoever or for what cauſe ſoever pronounced, or inflicted upon them: as alſo from all ſinnes, treſpaſſes, tranſ­greſſions, crimes, and delinquencies how haynous and Atrocious ſoe­ver they be, not omitting thoſe very enormities in the moſt pecu­liar caſes which by any whatſoever former conſtitutions of Ours, or of our Predeceſſor Popes (then which we will have theſe to be no leſſe valued in every point) were deſigned to be reſerved to the Or­dinary, or to the Apoſtolick Sea, from all which the Confeſſor ſhall hereby have power granted him to abſolve the foreſaid Catholicks at the barre of conſcience, and in that ſenſe only. And furthermore we give them power to exchange what vow or vows ſoever they were formerly aſtricted to (thoſe of religion and chaſtity excepted) into any other pious and good work or works: impoſed or to be impoſed on them and every one of them to performe in all the foreſaid caſes by a wholeſome penance according to the mind and will of the Con­feſſor.

Therefore by the tenour of theſe preſent Letters, and by the ver­tue of that Holy ſtrict obedience, wherein all Chriſtians are bound unto Us, we charge and command all and every one of the reverend Brethren, Archbiſhops, Biſhops, and other Eccleſiaſticall Prelats, and whatſoever Ordinaries of places now reſiding in Ireland, toge­ther with all Vicars, ſubſtitutes and officials under them, or theſe failing, We command all ſuch to whom in thoſe places the care of ſouls is incumbent, that as ſoon as they ſhall have received the copies of theſe Our Letters, they ſhall forthwith without any ſtop or delay publiſh them, and cauſe them to be publiſhed thoroughout all their Churches, Dioceſſes, Provinces, Countrys, Cities, Townes, Lands, Villages, and places whatſoever.

Nevertheles we do not intend by theſe preſent Letters, where any publick or ſecret irregularity is made known, or any defection, apo­ſtaſie,36 incapacity or inhability in any manner of way contracted, to diſpenſe therewith, or grant to any other any power or faculty of diſpenſation, rehabilitation or reſtoring the Delinquent to his for­mer condition, though but at the barre of conſcience: neither can nor ſhould theſe our preſent Letters availe or be ſtedable to thoſe, who by us and the Apoſtolick Sea, or by any Prelate or Eccleſiaſ­tick Iudge have been excommunicated, ſuſpended, interdicted, or declared, and publiquely denounced to have juſtly incurred the ſen­tences and cenſures of the Church, till firſt they have ſatisfied and agreed with the parties therein concerned, notwithſtanding all other Conſtitutions and Apoſtolicall Ordinations, whereby uever­therleſſs the faculty of Abſolution in theſe as well as other expreſ­ſed caſes is ſo reſerved to his Holineſſe the Pope for the time being, that no kind of Iubilée nor power of granting ſuch indulgences can in any ſort availe, unleſſe expreſſe mention be made of the fault or faults in particular, and the whole tenour of them fully deduced by an individuall relation from word to word, and not by generall clauſes importing the ſame thing: this or ſome other exquiſite form of the like nature being carefully obſerved, we in that caſe eſpeci­ally, expreſſely, and namely by the effect of theſe preſents do totally aboliſh and remit them all and every one of them their offences, not­withſtanding any thing to the contrary.

Now that theſe principall Letters of ours, which cannot be con­veniently brought to every place, may the ſooner come to the notice of all, Our will and pleaſure is, that any whatſoever Copies or Tranſumpts whether written or printed, that are ſubſcribed with the hand of a publick notary, and which have the ſeale of ſome emi­nent Perſon in Eccleſiaſticall dignity affired thereunto, be of the ſame force, power, and authority, and have the like credit in every reſpect given unto them, as would be to theſe our principall Letters if they were ſhewen and exhibited.

M. A. Maraldus.

THe Recuſant Lawyers on the other ſide ſecretly infuſing into the cre­dulous Iriſh and many old Engliſh, pretended grievances and quarrells againſt your Majeſtie and your Government, and the Engliſh Iudges and officers; which pretended grievances, even thoſe Lawyers themſelves knew to be of no importance, towards any prejudice to the Kingdome in generall, and which they well faw the Engliſh Iudges and Officers were moſt earneſt to redreſſe, and did it as faſt as could be, being to ſtrive againſt ſuch irregularities and reluctances, as they found when they began;37 And to prepare for this Rebellion, they did in the preſent Parliament de­clare that killing in rebellion was no forfaiture of lands, though the Law was heretofore held other wayes, and much of your Majeſties revenew ſtands upon that Title, And for petitionary wayes, and ſome other illegall parts in the Government, the Popiſh Lawyers now chief leaders of the Remonſtrants, were the chiefe practizers at Councell board, and moſt ſo­licitous to lead the people into thoſe wayes, to flatter the Governours: All which they did of purpoſe as it now appeares, to poyſon the minds of the people, and to heape up matter whereout to gather diſcontent in them a­gainſt your Majeſty and your Government, that when the Clergy could worke in them a grounded hatred to the Proteſtants, and gaine in their hearts a further loathing of Engliſh Government; how juſt and profitable ſoever, both might meete towards deſtruction of the Kingdome in a Warre, as they have now brought to paſſe, And yet if a thorough Scru­tiny were made, and the ſtate of that Realme with other Kingdomes, not­withſtanding their loud clamors of pretended Grievances no ſuch enor­mities or abuſes, will be found to have been there, when the Rebellion began, as do exceede others in forraigne Kingdomes, but rather farre leſſe, and not any ſuch as might ſtirre up ſuch implacable malice, and ha­tred againſt your Majeſty and the Engliſh Government and nation, as now they ſhew: Beſides it is obſervable that in the Proteſtation, and Declaration of the Lords and Comons in this Parliament of Ireland, they do proteſt and declare that that Kingdome at the Earle of Straffords firſt comming to that Government was in a flouriſhing, wealthy and happy eſtate, and that for many yeares paſt before his coming the Government was Laudable, Mild, and Legall, and yet in ſome Prints they now call it Tyrannicall for forty yeares paſt.

Touching the oppoſing of the graces, this is as untrue as the reſt, for as to the graces in the fourth yeare of your Majeſties raigne they were al­lowed the benefit of them for the moſt part, as in particular:

THe placing of the Souldiers in Garriſons, and ordering them ſo as they were no burthen to the Country, neither were they from thenceforth uſed to collect Your Maieſties rents other then thoſe graces allowed, and that rarely.

The licences for retailing Ale and Beere were called in, and ſo remained till ſetled by Law.

Orders were made for regulating the Clarke of the Market.

The impoſition upon the ſhort Plowes ceaſed untill a Law was made for it, and the penalty of that Law alſo forborne at the motion of the Lords in Parliament.

Limitation for Tanning of Leather quite taken away.

Free Libertie given for Tranſportation of Corne, Tallow, Hides, Beefe, and other Commodities.

38

Biſhops and Abby Liberties in Townes did contribute with the Townes.

Creation money allowed to Lords, who had it graunted to them by Patent, Liveries, Ouſter Lemaines, &c. paſt without Oath of Supremacy, notwithſtanding the Lawes then and now in force otherwayes ordeyned.

Divers Lands in Connaught put out of charge on thoſe graces.

Rates of Compoſitions obſerved.

Commiſſioners of the Country appointed to ioyne with of­ficers for inquiry, and all other directions mentioned in the graces, concerning the Court of Wards, were obeyed.

The ordering of Fees of Officers in Court was left to the Parliament, who tooke paines in it through not fully finiſhed.

Eſtates of undertakers in Vlſter were confirmed according to the graces, and no man denied it, that ſued for it.

The Recuſant Lawyers without taking the Oath of Supre­macy admitted to the barre, and all others to practize as Pro­teſtants were.

The Plantations of Longford, Leytrim, &c. had their allowance of two years for performance of Covenants as was required.

The towne of Athlone had time given them, as in the graces was commanded.

The Iudges were required to take order for ſummoning of convenient numbers of Iurors at Aſſizes, and Kings Bench; Not to allow accuſation and teſtimony of infamous perſons (convicted of treaſon) for evidence.

Not to bind over Iurors in caſe of tryall betweene ſubiects.

To diſpatch poore mens cauſes in Courts; Not to aſſeſſe Re­compence upon robberies.

Not to bind over Witneſſes upon Tryalls, and to forbeare Reprivalls except upon caſe of neceſſity, All which were ob­ſerved by the Iudges as farre as might be.

The Biſhops were required to take care that Pluralities ſhould not be beſtowed on unqualified or unworthy perſons, which was obſerved generally.

Provoſt Marſhalls were forborne in all places except upon rare occaſions of neceſſity, and commonly at the ſuite of the Country while the neceſſity required, and then to ceaſe.

The Scottiſh men were generally made Dennizens either by39 Patent or Act of Parliament, and none were refuſed it, and now lately all the reſidue naturalized by Act of Parliament.

Strict courſe was taken to recover Vicaridges out of Im­propriators and Laymens hands, many recovered, and where no Vicars were, the Impropriators compelled to give good maintenance to Curates.

Protections againſt Iudgments in Courts, and Decrees in Chancery very rarely graunted.

Corporations were Aſſeſſed towards contributions, and other Country charges.

Order was given for Sherifes Fees as well in Leets, as for re­moving poſſeſſion, and for effecting their Fines by Iuſtices of peace, which was obſerved, ſo as it was not complained of.

The Exchequer was commanded to proceed touching Cuſto­diaries, as was required by the graces, and not to compell poſſeſ­ſours to plead to charges upon Patents graunted to ſtrangers: All which was obſerved.

Warrants of Aſſiſtance to the Clergie were wholly for­borne, only in one Dioceſſe of Downe foure yeares ſince or thereabouts, which was called in; And in effect all thoſe gra­ces were yeilded unto and allowed as faſt as the times could permit: Except the enrolling the ſurrenders of Connaught and granting away thoſe lands, and Tenures, and except the li­mitation of Your Majeſties Titles above ſixty yeares, which were ſtaid by the then Lord Deputy and Counſell upon great and waighty reaſons of ſtate, as they then repreſented to your Majeſty, till your Majeſty might be well informed of the truth of the caſe, yet afterwards by your Majeſties command, Bills for Acts of Parliament to reſettle all thoſe lands in the Natives and other poſſeſſours, and their heires, were ſent over, un­der the great Seale of Ireland, and returned under the great Seale of England according to Poynings Act, and were ready to paſſe by Parliament there, at the then next ſeſſion, and three other Acts, parcell of thoſe graces, if the confederate Catholiques had not raiſed this fearfull Rebellion, before the beginning of that Seſſion, which was appointed to be in No­vember following; And where in one of thoſe graces it was deſired that all diſtinctions betweene the Natives and Brittiſh40 might be taken away, That was a thing moſt deſired by the Brit­tiſh and Proteſtants, But theſe Remonſtrants have now ſhewed that they never ſo intended; They were ſo farre from that, as they have to their uttermoſt, extirpated all the Brittiſh and Proteſtants, although the Engliſh Governours, in the Raigne of your Majeſty, and your royall father, had by Statutes re­pealed thirteen ſeverall old Statutes againſt Iriſh, many of which were penall to them in a high degree, and tended to deſtruction.

Touching the Complaints of falſe Inquiſitions taken upon faigned titles, and no traverſes or petition of right admitted, It is a faigned and ſcanda­lous information, for when any particular Inquiſitions were found, either for tenures, or title of land, no traverſes or petition of right, as farre as Law would allow,Vide the ſta­tute of 10 Ca­roli: Cap: 3 for the be­nefit of plan­tations. were ever denied to the ſubject: But where generall Inquiſitions were found for Plantations in Iriſh Countries, in reſpect they were for ſetling the people in a full peace, And becauſe the Deputy, ma­ny of the Counſell, your Majeſties learned Counſell, and chiefe Officers of eminent truſt, were Commiſſioners and alwayes preſent, And that the lurors were alwayes the prime men in each Territory, and the Offi­ces moſt publiquely found by their free conſent, all parties fully heard, And that thoſe people had neither legall title, nor evidences whereon to to ground traverſes, And by reaſon of the great difficulty to obteine indif­ferency of tryall for the Crowne; In theſe caſes which could at beſt but breed diſturbance, contrary to the true intent of thoſe publique and be­neficiall workes, It was thought fit for quieting of thoſe eſtates by Pa­tents, that traverſes ſhould not be admitted unto thoſe graund Officers, upon every light ſurmiſe, but only upon good, juſt and legall cauſes, firſt made knowne, and well conſidered of by your Majeſties Counſell, nei­ther were ever Jurors ſentenced for not finding any of thoſe Offices, ex­cept in the County of Galway in the Province of Connaught, where the Iurors upon only willfullneſſe would not find upon juſt and full evidence, as appeared after in the Starrechamber, And upon the ſame evidence, In­formations being filed in the Exchequor for thoſe lands, the prime Law­yers, and many of the Gentry of that Countrey, in their anſwers upon oath confeſſed your Majeſties Title, and ſo Judgment paſſed for your Ma­jeſtie, and ſeizures iſſued, And afterwards in a Petition ſigned and pre­ferred by all the Prime Inhabitants in that County, your Majeſties Title was acknowledged, and a plantation deſired, beſides in the Lord Faulk­lands time many of the prime men, Lords and others, in three other Counties of that Province tendred to your Majeſty a Plantation upon certaine conditions appearing under their hands, they well knowing the benefits ariſing by plantations, and your Majeſties juſt Title to thoſe lands, and being conſcious to themſelves of their unjuſt intruſion into them.

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And touching the illegall avoyding 150 Patents in a morning by under­hand working; It is an untruth, and as to their naming Sir William Parſons in this Article, he was none of the Committee that conſidered of the Patents in Connaught or Munſter, where this muſt be meant, neither had any thing to doe in that part of the proceedings, neither were any thing neere ſo many Pattents ever queſtioned in Connaught, and the Territories in Munſter lately found for your Majeſtie, which muſt be the places intended by this Article; the debate wherof continued ſeveral moneths, neither was any ſuch courſe conti­nued, or intended to avoid other Patents, except what was done by the means of one Iames Cuſack Eſquire, on of his Majeſties Counſell at law and Clark of the Commiſſion for defective tytles, (A Papiſt Lawyer) now a Remonſtrant, but where the parties in that intended Plantations brought in their Pattents as was required; A Committee of ſome of the prime Judges, & your Majeſties learned Counſel were appointed by the E. of Straford late Lord Lievtenant to view them, And where they found them good, as many were, they were allow­ed & where they conceived them void in law; Counſel was fully heard, where they confeſſed the ſame it was ſo agreed, where they doubted, they were left to tryall, if they would ſtand upon it (as few did.) This was done for avoiding of trouble & needleſſe charge, neither was it a new courſe, for in the Vlſter Plan­tation the like courſe was found fitteſt, and books of the Caſes ſent to his then Majeſtie, and by him referred to the Judges of England, and by them agreed unto, and certified back, and ſo the lands paſſed, and in many other caſes, aſ­well for pretended grants of Cuſtomes, Franchiſes, and other things in former times, the Caſes were ruled by opinion of the Judges, directed by the Deputies, and in this Parliament both Houſes required the Judges opinions on certaine Queries concerning the Government tendred to the Houſe of Lords, by the Houſe of Commons; but in moſt of all the other Plantations, all Pattents, whether void or otherwayes (being not many) were allowed, and the Pattentees had regraunts, for the moſt part of the ſame lands, or if the neceſſity of the ſervice ſo required it) of others of like quantitie and value as neere as might be, ſometimes of better value, paying only the old Pattent Rents, and ſervices, except in ſome caſes when generall Pattents (being void in themſelves) were in Queene Elizabeths time made to Iriſh Lords of whole Countries upon falſe ſurrenders, where poſſeſſion did never runne according