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A TRUE RELATION Of what hath been Tranſacted in behalf of thoſe of the Reformed Religion, During the TREATY OF PEACE AT RESWICK. WITH AN ACCOUNT OF THE Preſent Perſecution in France.

Remember them that are in bonds, as bound with them; and them which ſuffer adverſity, as being your ſelves alſo in the body,Hebr. xiii. 3.

LONDON, Printed for Sam. Lowndes over-againſt Exeter-Exchange in the Strand, and to be Sold by E. Whitlock near Stationers-Hall. 1698.

To the Right Honourable CHARLES, Earl of Macclesfield, Viſcount and Ba­ron of Brandon, Lord Lieutenant of the County Palatine of Lancaſter, and of the Six Northern Counties of Wales, Major General, and Colonel of a Regi­ment of Horſe in His Moſt Sacred Ma­jeſty's Army, &c.

My LORD,

HE is a great Stranger in the World, who doth not know how Kind, Generous, and Charitable, Your Lordſhip has been to all the French Refugees in General, and in a Special Man­ner to many of them, whom You have put in an Honourable Way of Serving at once His Ma­jeſty, Your Lordſhip, and Themſelves. And, in­deed, My Lord, the Nobleneſs of Your Birth is Supported by the Greatneſs, and Solidity of Your Virtues; The Greatneſs of Your Titles and Dig­nities Adorned with an Unparallel'd Conduct and Undaunted Courage; Your Conduct and Cou­rage united to a Tender and Compaſſionate Ge­neroſity towards the Unfortunate; and all theſe Indowments attended with a ſteady and unwea­ned Conſtancy, which is the Proper Character of Great Souls.

And therefore, My Lord, the true Account of the Preſent Sufferings of the Proteſtants in France, which I give to this Nation, will, I hope, ob­tain a Favourable Audience and Reception from Your Lordſhip, and You will undoubtedly Pity their Lamentable Caſe, as well as be Pleaſed to vouchſafe the Continuance of Your Protection to thoſe who have both the Honour and Hap­pineſs of being already ſheltered under it. I am, My Lord, one of thoſe who have obtained a great Share in Your Generous Liberality, and am very glad to have this Opportunity to Ac­knowledge Publickly, how much I do Reſpect Your Perſon, Eſteem Your Virtues, and am Thankful for Your many Favours, which I find my ſelf under an impoſſibility of Anſwering any other way than by being as long as I live,

My LORD,
Your Lordſhips Moſt Obliged, and most Dutiful Servant, and Chaplain, P. G. D.

THE PREFACE.

A Little Book needs no Preface, nor a good one any Com­mendation; The former carries an Excuſe in its Brevity, and the other's own Worth will ſufficiently recommend it to the Judicious. The Papers which we here preſent to the Publick have a juſt Title to both theſe Characters, as containing in a little room many important Tranſactions and Circumſtances re­lating to the French Proteſtants, which the World has not hi­therto been acquainted with; ſo that a true Engliſhman will not think an hour or two miſpent to be informed as well of the ſeve­ral Motions that were made at Reſwick, though without ſucceſs, by Perſons of great Zeal and no leſs Ability, for the Relief of the French Proteſtant Church, as of the lamentable Condition ſhe hath lain under ever ſince the Peace, by a moſt Violent and Barbarous Perſecution. And therefore he will not take it amiſs, if we give him before-hand an Abſtract of theſe Papers, with the Deſign of the Reverend and Learned Author in their Publi­cation, which is to relate the paſt, and preſent Condition of the Proteſtants in France, and to give them ſome good Advices for their future Deportment.

As to the time paſt, he informs the Proteſtants, as well thoſe who are now perſecuted in France, as thoſe who are diſperſed for Chriſt's Name over the face of the whole Earth, (and who expected that the end of the War would have put a Period to their Miſeries) that the Proteſtant Princes, and the States, and all thoſe who could either by the Eminence of their Stations, or Learning, or Zeal be uſeful to them, have done what they could towards their Deliverance and Comfort. And by this faithful Relation, he undeceives them of the Error they were in, viz. That thoſe who could and ought to have re­lieved them, had quite forſaken them, and only minded their own Concerns, but neglected theirs. He tells them, that one muſt not meaſure the Conduct of an Affair by the Event, but by the Integrity and Induſtry of the Perſons imployed in it. If, when thus qualified, they do not ſpeed, they are not to be blamed for it, but rather we ought to be Thankful for what they have done already, and had a deſire to have done further. And if God Almighty did not think fit to bleſs them with ſucceſs in the Management of a good Cauſe, we muſt ſubmit to his Will, poſſeſs our Souls in patience, and conclude, that it is now the Hour of the Papiſts, and the Power of Darkneſs.

As to the preſent time, the Author makes a ſad, but true Re­preſentation of the Barbarous Perſecution which rages now in France; and the ſeveral Inſtances he gives of the Inhumanity of the Papiſts on one hand, and of the unparallel'd Sufferings of theſe poor Proteſtants on the other, do plainly diſcover, that Popery is in this Particular, worſe than the Heathen Religion, and that they have outdone the Pagan Emperors, and even the Ferity of the wild Beaſts in the Amphitheaters.

The principal End of this Diſcourſe is, firſt to acquaint all thoſe who being grown weary of their long Exile, may have a mind to return into France, what welcome they are like to ex­pect there: Our Author clearly demonſtrates, that unleſs they fully reſolve to turn Papiſts, they ought by no means to expoſe themſelves to the unavoidable danger of ſo great and certain a Temptaion.

Secondly, The Author's Aim is, to Confute thoſe Papiſts, who either for ſhame, or becauſe they have received ſome ſecret Or­der ſo to do, make it their buſineſs to give out in all Proteſtant Countreys, and chiefly here in England, that there is no ſuch thing as a Perſecution in France, and that the Proteſtants are not moleſted there, but on the contrary, permitted to live quietly. But what Monſtrous Impudence is this, to give the Lie not only to Thouſands of Travellers, and many of them Perſons of Qua­lity, who are every day Eye-witneſſes of theſe new Cruelties, as well as Abhorrers of thoſe Miſcreants that execute them; but alſo to ſeveral rigorous Declarations of their own King, iſſued out ſince the Peace againſt the French Proteſtants ſtill in his King­dom. Is it Shame that prompts them to it? if it be ſo, then their groundleſs denial argues in them a tacit Horror and Condem­nation of theſe Proceedings. A Highwayman doth not uſe to Confeſs, but rather deny his Crimes, though evidently proved againſt him. But the Myſtery of their Policy is this; The French Court is very unwilling to loſe ſo many Subjects, witneſs the Bills that were ſet up at the Doors of ſeveral French Churches in London, whereby the Refugees were invited to apply themſelves to the French Ambaſſador, and promiſed that they ſhould have Paſſes gratis, and be furniſhed with Money to car­ry them home. This was not done, you may be ſure, by Prote­ſtants, but by Papiſts. The Council of Perſecution is jealous of the Kindneſs and Charity of the Proteſtant States to the Refu­gees, and fears that their uſual Benevolence and Fellow-feeling will be a prevalent Encouragement to thoſe who lie now under the Croſs to come over to them and that Thouſands will make their eſcape, though the Paſſes be never ſo ſtrictly guarded. To prevent this loſs, as well as to recover the old Refugees, they have ordered it to be given out every where, that all this Report of a new Perſecution which the French Proteſtants Complain againſt, is a meer trick and ſham without any ground of Truth in it. Hoping thereby to incite the Hatred of all Proteſtant People againſt them; to ſtop the Charitable Benevolence of all Rank and Qualities, and conſequently to conſtrain them by Hun­ger to return home: But, How can ſuch a notorious Falſity gain any Credit? No matter for that. Politicians will do what they think may ſerve their turn, if they get no Advantage, they are ſure to loſe nothing by the Impoſture. 'Tis poſſible, they may miſcarry, but 'tis poſſible they may ſucceed too, and they will have this Satisfaction, that if the Event doth not anſwer their Endea­vours and Expectations, they have no Reaſon to Blame them­ſelves for any neglect on their part: Though the Popiſh Emiſ­ſaries are not ignorant, that the Proteſtant Princes and Great Men know as well as the Perſecutors themſelves, how ſeverely the French Proteſtants are uſed, ſince the Peace; nevertheleſs, they muſt try, both by a flat denial of the Fact, and by repre­ſenting the Refugees as Impoſtors, to render them odious to all, and chiefly to the common and illiterate People, who not being ſo well able to examine the Truth, may give Credit to what is unanimouſly ſaid againſt them, by ſo many Papiſts, and in ſo many different Places. From whence it may follow, that either they will hate and fall upon them, or elſe be hereafter as hard to them, as hitherto they have been kind and charitable. In ſhort, if they cannot compaſs their whole Deſign, they hope to effect it in ſome part, and to do at leaſt, a conſiderable prejudice to ſome, if not to all of the Refugees, and conſtrain them by that means to return into the French King's Dominions. But the French Refugees hope, that thoſe who have never been abroad, and have not ſo good Intelligence of the new Perſecution, as Perſons of greater Rank and better Ʋnderſtanding, will more narrowly in­quire into their Affair, from the many Travellers of their own Country, as well as of others of unqueſtionable Credit; and then we doubt not but that their grievous Sufferings, and unſpotted Inno­cence, will as plainly appear, as the Cruelty, Malice, and Impudence of the Popiſh Emiſſaries; And conſequently, all good Prote­ſtants every where, and particularly here in England, will be ſo far from hating, and withdrawing their Charity from the French Refugees, that on the contrary, they will both Abhor the Inhumanity and Slanders of the Papiſts, and pity the lament­able Condition of their Brethren, increaſe their Benevolence and Charity, even as the Papiſts increaſe their Fierceneſs; and laſt­ly, that they will continue to invite and receive kindly all thoſe who may hereafter be caſt upon their Shores. Nay, We hope, that neither the great number of thoſe who are already come, and may hereafter come over unto them, nor the ſad proſpect of their long Exile, will in the leaſt damp their Liberality, but rather make it abound more and more. Theſe are the true and genuine Fruits of Chriſtian Charity, to the practice whereof, our Zealous Author doth ſo Pathetically Exhort in the latter part of his Second Letter, all Proteſtants of what Nation and Quality ſoever, as the only way for them to demonſtrate, that as the Character of Popery conſiſts in forcing Conſciences, Slandering, Lying, Tormenting, and Killing; ſo that of true Chriſtians and Proteſtants is to be ſeen in their practiſing thoſe many Precepts of Humanity, and Charity, which are ſo often Incul­cated in the Holy Scripture, the Rule both of our Faith, and of our good Life, and without which no body can pretend to Chri­ſtianity, much leſs to the great Rewards that are chiefly pro­miſed to thoſe who are Long-Suffering, Meek and Charitable, particularly in perſecuting times, which call for a more than ordinary Liberality, and a ſteddy perſeverance in the ſame; as you may ſee, 2 Cor. 8, 9. Matth. 25.34, 40. And let us not be weary in well-doing, for in due ſeaſon we ſhall reap, if we faint not; as we have therefore opportunity, let us do good unto all Men, and ſpecially unto them that are of the houſhold of Faith, Gal. 6.9, 10. For God is not un­righteous to forget your work, and labour of love, which ye have ſhewed towards his name, in that ye have miniſtred to the Saints, and do Miniſter, Heb. 6.10. Let brotherly love continue, be not forgetful to entertain Strangers, for thereby ſome have entertained Angels unawares, Heb. 13.1, 2. As to the time to come, our Author preſcribes to the Perſecuted Proteſtants, the Manner how they ought to behave themſelves; firſt, towards their Perſecutors, by loving them with a Love of Charity, though not of Eſteem, and by avoiding both their Com­pany and Snares: And fecondly, Towards God, by an abſolute Submiſſion to his Will, without Murmuring againſt it. Next, He Cenſures them for their Neglect, Lukewarmneſs, Ill Lives, and Inſenſibility under the heavy hand of God; and Exhorts them to a ſpeedy Converſion and ſincere Repentance, without which they muſt not expect any Deliverance, whereas with it, they will put themſelves in a Condition to hope for it: It be­ing certain, That when a Man's ways pleaſe the Lord, he maketh even his Enemies to be at Peace with him, Prov. 16.7. And when his People hath been driven. out of their Native Country, and ſcattered over the face of the whole Earth for their Sins, if they return unto the Lord their God, then the Lord will return and gather them from all Na­tions, whither the Lord their God had ſcattered them, Deut. 30.3. Theſe Exhortations are followed with this Com­fortable Promiſe, That God Almighty will never permit the to­tal Ruin of the Reformed Religion in France: Then he pro­ceeds to ſhew, That the Romiſh Church is in a worſe Con­dition, and conſequently more likely to be ſooner Deſtroyed than that of the Proteſtants; and demonſtrates, that they may pre­vent their Ruine, by Patience and Conſtancy in their Suffe­rings, and by their often meeting together. At laſt, He gives them good and charitable Advices, in order to keep their Children from Popery; and concludes with a fervent and excellent Prayer, wholly taken out of the Holy Scripture, which may ſerve as a Form to the Afflicted Church.

When we began this Preface, we had a mind to do for the end of it, theſe two Things; Firſt, To ſet down at length all the De­clarations iſſued out, and the particular Orders ſent to the Inten­dants of Provinces againſt the French Proteſtants ſince the Peace. And ſecondly, To ſhew the ſpeedy and ſevere Execution of them by ſeveral Particulars, which prove to the full the Violences, Outrages and Murthers committed upon the Reformed, and eſpe­cially the Barbarous Ʋſage of almoſt 300 of them who have been ſent to the Gallies upon account of Religion, but becauſe the men­tioning of all theſe Particulars, would have Swolln theſe Papers into a bigger Bulk than it was intended at firſt, we are conſtrained to put off the Execution of our Deſign to another opportunity; and beſides we muſt conſider, that we are not Writing a Book, but a Preface.

ERRATA.

PAge 13. line 32. after Ratification, read of Peace, p. 14. l. 2. r. which we are not concerned in, l. 16. dele who was, l. 31. r. which calls her ſelf, p. 24. l. 18. r. have done, p. 25. l. 27. r. Ce­vennes, p. 27. l. 7. after France, r. made many Martyrs, p. 28. l. 10. dele yet, p. 30. l. 13. dele their, l. 14. r. as many uſe to do, p. 40. l. 22. r. all in vain. p. 41. l. 32. r. of the Perſecutors, p. 43. l. 31. after Church, r. Newremberg, p. 48. l. 4. r. may expect, p. 60. l. 30. r. righteouſneſſes.

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LETTER I. Wherein an Account is given to the Proteſtants Perſe­cuted in France, of what hath been done, in their be­half, at the Peace of Reſwick.

YOU may juſtly wonder, dear Brethren, that having openly pro­feſſed for ſome years paſt, how great a ſhare we bore in your Sufferings, you have not of late heard any thing from us; parti­cularly this laſt year, wherein the Peace, Europe now ſeems to enjoy, hath been tranſacting. We have been told indeed you expected very much from us, and lookt upon thoſe of your Brethren, whom God's Provi­dence hath ſettled in the neighbourhood of that Place, wherein the moſt important Affairs were tranſacted, as your Agents, who for many Reaſons were engaged to omit nothing that might contribute either to your Delive­rance, or your Comfort; and therefore they were obliged to give you a faithful Account how far they had diſcharged the Commiſſion, which you had either expresſly or tacitly given them. We had certainly reſolved to do it long ſince; but were hindred, and kept ſilent for ſeveral Reaſons; chiefly for fear of preventing the good Effects of ſome ſecret Reſolution or other, which our Perſecutors might have made of abating their Fury, and moderating their exceſs of Cruelty; as they had all the Reaſon in the World to do it, ſo we had juſt cauſe to think, they would at laſt hearken to ſome of thoſe Remonſtrances, which from all parts of Europe were thus addreſſed unto them:What blind Rage puſhes you forwards to ruine a great Kingdom; to baniſh out of it by your Barbarity, thoſe who have never acted any thing, but for its advantage; to diſoblige ſo many of the Allies, who had no other End in Fighting with you, but the procuring a ſolid Peace; to ſhew ſuch implacable Hatred againſt a Religion, the Pro­feſſors whereof have been for theſe Hundred years the Glory of your Crown; to inſtill into and foment an immortal Jealouſie in the Minds of thoſe Proteſtants with whom you would be glad to live peaceably? How can one rely upon the Word of thoſe who break the moſt Sacred Promiſes, and the Laws which they had Sworn to with the greateſt Solemnity? Will2 you be more faithful to your Friends, than to your own Children? Do you think that an Opportunity will not ſome day or other offer it ſelf to expreſs our Reſentments of ſuch a Contempt?

But all theſe Remonſtrances have been to no purpoſe, nay they have not ſo much as vouchſafed to hear them; in the mean while we kept ſilence that theſe formentioned Complaints being offered without any interruption, might be the better heard. We were afraid, leſt a Word taken in a contrary ſenſe, might either give occaſion, or at leaſt be made uſe of, as a colour to prevent the Effects, of what they called good Secret Intentions. But there is not now any Reaſon for us to hold our peace any longer, ſeeing we are Eye-Witneſſes of the ill Conſequences of a Peace ſo pernicious to the Church; it is high time for us to inform you, both of what we have already, and further had a mind to have done both for the Comfort of the Reformed Church in general, and your Repoſe in particular. Know then, dear Brethren, that nothing has been omitted, which might either put a ſtop to, or allay the preſent Perſe­cutions of the Church; and in order thereto, be pleaſed to obſerve, that the Foundation of this great Work, they had a mind to build upon, hath been laid above theſe Ten years; for they have made uſe of every Moment, and Opportunity, that might be moſt ſeaſonable to move the Proteſtant Princes and States to the moſt tender Compaſſion, and prevail upon them to contribute to the Eaſe and Relief of the Afflicted Church; eſpecially in the year 1688, in which happened the Revolution of England. As it was very eaſie to foreſee that ſo great a Turn would be attended with Conſe­quences of the higheſt importance, ſo they endeavoured to improve it to the beſt advantage, and prepared aforehand all things in order to another kind of Revolution. Accordingly, their firſt Eſſays ſucceeded as well as one could wiſh; the Princes who had an hand in this extraordinary Event, did expresſly promiſe, they would ſacrifice all things, even their own Lives for the good of the Church; They were pleaſed not only to ſay ſo, but more than that, they gave it under their Hands. Since the time of this Promiſe ſo much valued by us, every, even the leaſt Opportunity hath been improved to the keeping up of ſo great a Zeal: This was chiefly done in the year 1694, when the Famine raged in France; it was thought that the Govern­ment of that Kingdom would pity the Caſe of ſo many Wretches ſtarving before their Eyes, and Court Europe to a Peace in behalf of their own Sub­jects of both Religions. Upon this, new Motions were made, which had as good ſucceſs as the former; The Protectors of the Proteſtant Religion gave freſh Aſſurances, that they would uſe their utmoſt Intereſt to promote this great Work, and ordered Memoirs at that very time to be drawn for it. The famous Author of that Excellent Hiſtory of the Edict of Nantes, was particularly choſen for that purpoſe; with what Succeſs he diſcharged that3 Employment, he may perhaps himſelf one day inform you of. But as we were ſtrictly injoined to keep the whole Affair private, ſo it was communi­cated but to few Perſons, who religiouſly concealed it; there were among them ſeveral of great Quality, and many Zealous Members of high Courts. Perhaps it might have been wiſhed, that the ſecret had been kept a little longer, but it broke out when they began to diſcourſe publickly about the Peace. One of the moſt conſiderable Refugees, a Counſellor of the ſu­preme Court of Paris, was informed by one of the chief Members of the Republick of Holland, that it was high time for us to look after our Con­cerns; he had often promiſed to give us timely warning, he was as good as his Word; and the Perſon who received it, ſet himſelf about drawing up the Memoirs they had deſired of him, after having firſt diſcourſed it with thoſe whom he thought fit: God hath taken him ſince into his reſt: The Memoirs he had drawn proved very good, and ſo well digeſted, that there was nothing either wanting or ſuperfluous in them; and ſo there were Two Perſons who prepared theſe Inſtructions. And though they did not act jointly, or communicate their Work one to another, nevertheleſs the things they laid down agreed exactly, becauſe Truth and Right are conſtantly the ſame, and cannot vary. We deſire you to take notice, that thoſe amongſt us, who have taken care of the Publick Cauſe, have not done it of their own Heads, but were impower'd by the Permiſſion, nay, by a ſpecial Order of their Superiors; and ſo you are not to impute the ill Succeſs, to the Im­prudence of thoſe who might have meddled with theſe Material Affairs with­out any Power and Warrant ſo to do. The Inſtructions then, I ſay, were well drawn, and exhibited in due time, for they were delivered a little before the Conferences about the Peace begun at Reſwick. The ill Succeſs muſt be laid, neither upon theſe Inſtructions, nor upon the Authors of them, nor upon the Sollicitors, nor upon the Sollicitations themſelves, which were made by the moſt Eminent Refugees, and that, with a great deal of Zeal and Conduct; ſeeing they have obeyed the Advices of thoſe Superiors, by whom they were to be directed, and who ſet us upon uniting together all the Proteſtant Powers of both Communions, that of Augsburg, and that of Ge­neva. We muſt plainly tell you, that we had almoſt no other Reaſon for our undertaking theſe our Sollicitations, but to pay our Duty to Truth and Juſtice, though with a ſlender proſpect of Succeſs; for we ſaw well enough, that the Authors of our Miſeries were fully reſolved not to leſſen them in the leaſt, and that our Friends and Protectors were not able to give Laws to a Prince who is a Perſecutor out of an Erroneous Conſcience; but we ought however to act after ſuch a way, as you ſhould have no reaſon to blame our Conduct in the leaſt.

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This is the Conſideration we often repreſented to the Proteſtant Plenipo­tentiaries, who were pleaſed to give us ſeveral favourable Hearings; and we begg'd them many times, to put us in a Condition to acquaint you, that the Proteſtant Princes had done their utmoſt towards the leſſening of your Miſeries, and the recovering of your Liberties; ſome of them did very No­bly, and with all the Marks of Sincerity, promiſe us to do it. However, after having as well as we could diſpoſed the Embaſſadors of the Princes of our Communion in our favour, we endeavoured, purſuant to their Advice, to bring both Communions ſeparated from the Church of Rome to an agree­ment, not for ſuch an union as it was reported abroad we have ſo often de­ſired, but only to prevail with them to concur, and join their good Endea­vours to obtain from the Moſt Chriſtian King an abatement of the Perſecu­tion. We plainly diſcovered in every Member of the Auſgburg Communion, not only a tender Compaſſion for our Sufferings, but alſo very favourable Intentions towards us; they were very ſenſible it concerned them as well as us. We made bold to repreſent unto them, that if the Proteſtant Princes did not ſtir up their Zeal, they would ſee the great Work of the Reforma­tion, that had coſt their Illuſtrious Anceſtors a great deal of Sweat and Blood, quite ruined under their Hands. We deſired them to conſider, how much Popery had in this Age incroached upon the true Religion. We ex­poſed to their View the Churches of Bohemia and Auſtria quite deſtroyed, thoſe of Hungary in extream diſtreſs, thoſe of the Palatinate devolved to a Popiſh Prince; The City and Church of Strasburg in the power of a Zealous Popiſh King; The Church of England, who had lately ſeen her ſelf upon the brink of ruine, by the Conſpiracy of two Kings; and laſtly, the E­lectorſhip of Saxony, now in the hands of a Prince who lately changed his Religion to purchaſe the Crown of Poland. We begg'd them to obſerve, that by adding the Ruine of the French Church to the former Loſſes, it was evident that the true Religion was expoſed to the greateſt danger more than ever. We told them, it was high time for them to look out for the fitteſt Methods to ſtop the ſucceſsful progreſs of Popery, and to raiſe a Bank againſt the fierceneſs of Perſecution; That there was as yet ſome hopes to ſave the reſt, and recover either the whole, or ſome parts of our Loſſes; That the Proteſtant Religion, as weak as it was, was ſtrong enough to counterpoiſe all the united Forces of Popery. The Moſt Potent King of England, the High and Mighty States of Holland, the Moſt Serene Elector of Branden­burg, the Landgrave of Heſſe, the Kings of Sueden and Denmark, many Princes and Free Towns of Germany, the Cantons of Swiſſerland and their Allies; all theſe, I ſay, make up a Body able to compel others to hearken to their Demands, ſince they are able when they pleaſe to keep them in awe.

5

There was not one among theſe Plenipotentiaries to whom we repreſented theſe Arguments, but did acknowledge the Equity of our Requeſts, and the ſolidity of our Reaſons; They did both promiſe and act, for they a­greed to Name Seven or eight Perſons to draw up their Demands. We did what we could to have this Buſineſs Negotiated, ſo as not to be ſatisfied with a bare Interceſſion, from which we ſaw we could reap but ſmall advan­tage. We did repreſent, that in the Treaties of Weſtphalia at Munſter and Oſnabruck, the Affairs of Religion had been treated of; That the French King himſelf had acted in behalf of the Proteſtant Princes of Germany, that the Houſe of Auſtria ſhould reſtore what they had taken from them. We did alledge twenty Preſidents of Subjects, who being protected by other Princes, had treated with their own. We ſaid indeed, that although the preſent War, was not properly a War of Religion, Religion however had done all, becauſe England and Holland had not made ſo powerful a League, but for the preſervation of their Religion as well as their Liberties, for they had underſtood that they bore an ill will againſt both; and there­fore, ſaid we, ſince Religion hath under other pretences armed the Proteſtant Princes, it is not reaſonable that Religion ſhould be forſaken in this Treaty of Peace; We added, That the ſaid Proteſtant Princes had a right to de­mand their being reimburſed for the vaſt Charges they had been at in this War, and for the Blood of ſo many Subjects whom they had loſt in it; That it was not fit that the Proteſtant Princes ſhould have no ſatisfaction for the Money they had advanced towards carrying on the War, in which they had ſpent four times as much as the Roman Catholicks; To the King of Spain they would have Catalonia, Luxemburg, Heinant, and part of Flan­ders to be reſtored; To the Duke of Lorrain his Dukedom; To the Emperor Philipsburg and Friburg; To the Prince Palatine the Palatinate; To the Em­pire many Places upon and on this ſide the Rhine; all this put together made up a Kingdom of Reſtitutions. England as well as the States of Holland ſued for nothing, and ſo it was but reaſonable they ſhould procure the Pro­teſtant Religion ſome advantage, ſince this was the only concern they had in the preſent Caſe.

It ſeemed to us they could oppoſe nothing to all this, but their uſual An­ſwer, viz. The impoſſibility of making the beſt of all theſe good Reaſons in the preſent Juncture of Affairs: To this we were ſain to ſubmit. But you will ſee however by what we have ſaid, that we did not omit any thing neceſſary to perſwade the Plenipotentiaries into a neceſſity of Nego­ciating our Reſtauration. When we perceived it could not go that way, we were forced to have recourſe to a bare Interceſſion, and endeavoured that it ſhould be at leaſt powerful, urgent, unanimous, and drawn after ſuch a manner, as might be beſt able to anſwer our End. In ſhort, after many6 Conferences among theſe Gentlemen upon the Matter, they agreed to Word their Interceſſion after the Form you may have already ſeen, and may ſee here, as follows.

Memoirs of the Embaſſadors, and Plenipotentiaries of the Proteſtant Princes in behalf of the Reformed Churches in France.

WE the Confederates of the Proteſtant Religion Conſidering the Calamities many of the Subjects of his Moſt Chriſtian Majeſty, profeſſing the ſame Religion with us, have ſuffer'd, and ſtill do ſuffer upon the account only of ſerving God, according to the Dictates of their Conſcience: A Liberty the ſaid diſtreſſed Subjects might reaſonably hope for by the Law of God, by the Precepts of Charity, and eſpecially by the Laws of France, confirmed by his Moſt Chriſtian Majeſty, and which they are to enjoy as good and faithful Subjects, who have conſtantly kept themſelves within the bounds of their Duty and Allegiance to their Sovereigns.

The ſaid Allies moved by theſe Motives of Juſtice and Compaſſion, are ſo much the more concerned for theſe Afflicted People, by how much the more that the Miſe­ries they ſuffer continuing ſtill, ſince the Peace has been re-eſtabliſh'd, might be im­puted to the hatred of his Moſt Chriſtian Majeſty againſt all the Proteſtants in ge­neral, a Conſideration which would mightily diſquiet the Princes of that Religion, who hope by the Peace to live in Amity, and keep a good Correſpendence with his Moſt Chriſtian Majeſty; and therefore it concerns them alſo, to know, what will become of ſo many of the ſaid Subjects of France, who have forſaken their Native Country, and fled into the Dominions of the ſaid Proteſtant Confederates for ſhelter, to the end that they may incourage them after the Peace to return home, if they can do it with freedom and a good Conſcience. Therefore the Embaſſadors and Plenipotentiaries of the ſaid Allies of the Proteſtant Religion, having full Power to Treat about a General Peace, think themſelves obliged to recommend earneſtly, in the Name of their reſpective Sovereigns and Maſters, to their Excellencies the Em­baſſadors of his Moſt Chriſtian Majeſty; having alſo entreated his Excellency the Mediator to contribute his good Offices thereto, that that Eaſe which this Diſtreſſed People have a long time moſt paſſionately deſired be granted them, and they may be re­eſtabliſh'd in their Rights, Immunities, and Priviledges in Point of Religion, in order to enjoy a full Liberty of Conſcience; and that thoſe who are either in Priſons, or otherwiſe detained, be releaſed, and ſet at Liberty, that ſo the ſaid Afflicted Pro­teſtants may reap their ſhare of the Peace, which Europe is in all probability ſhortly to enjoy.

Delivered into the Hands of his Excellency the Mediator,
LELIENROOT.
7

It cannot be denied but theſe Memoirs are very Good, Judicious, Wiſe, Reſpectful, and yet very preſſing, as much as the Juncture of time could permit. The firſt thing the Miniſters of the Proteſtant Princes did, was to declare, That they did not look on themſelves as two diſtinct Bodies, but that they eſpouſed the Intereſts of the Reformed in France, as of their own Brethren; They repreſented to the French King very nicely, but yet with great plainneſs, how much it concerned him not to reject the joint Interceſſion of the Proteſtant Princes; That this great Concern of his was to give them good grounds to truſt him for the future; To make Peace with ſuch powerful States as England, Holland, the Elector of Brandenburg, the Princes of the Mighty Houſe of Brunſwick, and ſo many Princes and Towns of Germany profeſſing the Proteſtant Religion; and at the ſame time to refuſe them a thing ſo reaſonable, was to renounce all the Maxims of the beſt Policy, and leave in Men's Minds immortal ſeeds of a War, which will break out at the firſt opportunity. Thoſe who truly love the Proteſtant Religion will no doubt remember it; and thoſe who have no great kindneſs for it, will not be ſorry to have a Pretence ready of being angry at, and revenged for thoſe many Affronts they have received from the French Court.

It was a piece of great Prudence and Wiſdom of the Proteſtant Confede­rates to mention, the Laws of the Kingdom of France confirmed by his Moſt Chriſtian Majeſty, by Virtue whereof the Reformed are to enjoy all the Priviledges granted them, as good and faithful Subjects, who conſtantly kept them­ſelves within the bounds of their Duty and Allegiance to their Sovereign. This Clauſe fully anſwers the Objection the French had very often made unto them; What authority had they to pretend that the Proteſtant Religion ſhould be re-eſtabliſhed in France, ſeeing moſt part of them would not ſo much as tolerate the Publick Exerciſe of the Catholick Religion; nay, ſaid they, in ſome of the ſaid Proteſtant States, it was Death for one to turn Roman Catholick? To this they prudently reply'd, That they kept the Laws of the Kingdoms and States made either in the firſt Settlement, or Reformation of the ſame; but that on the contrary, the Moſt Chriſtian King by expel­ling the Reformed, had broke all the Laws of his Kingdom, Laws, I ſay, Fundamental; Laws ſtiled Perpetual and Irrevocable, Laws ratified in all the Supreme Courts of France, received and approved by all the Orders of the State; Laws renewed by all the Predeceſſors and Anceſtors of the Prince who now ſits upon the Throne; and in ſhort, Laws Confirmed by his Ma­jeſty himſelf. This Article of the Allies Demand ſuggeſts another Anſwer, which is this; The Subjects of the Moſt Chriſtian King profeſſing the Re­formed Religion, have all along behaved themſelves as good and faithful Subjects, and conſequently have not deſerved to forfeit theſe Priviledges, which Henry the Fourth, and Lewis the Fourteenth himſelf had granted8 them, as a Reward not only of their Fidelity, but of their great Services too; Whereas the Popiſh Subjects in the Reformed Dominions, are as ſo many fierce Lions kept in Chains, who get looſe at every turn, and Plot againſt their Sovereigns, and the Government, as occaſion ſerves. In fine, we muſt obſerve, that in theſe Memoirs, the Allies demand all, not in hope of getting all, but in proſpect at leaſt of obtaining ſomething; for they did not queſtion but the French would wrangle, and maintain their ground with a great deal of Erroneous Zeal; but they thought that by yielding by degrees, ſomething would be granted.

Theſe Memoirs being finiſhed, and the Plenipotentiaries agreed there­upon, the Queſtion was only, how to deliver them into the hands of the French Embaſſadors, but they could not agree about the time, ſome were of Opinion not to have them delivered till after the Peace was ſigned, and their Reaſons for it were ſuch different Motives as need not be related here; and yet we cannot deny but that the fear of delaying, and ſtopping a Peace ſo much wiſh'd for by all, was the chief ſpring of this Motion. This O­pinion had carried it, and the Memoirs had been put off till the Signature Ratification of the Peace, had it been made the laſt of Auguſt 1697, as the Allies, and chiefly the Spaniards, required it: But the new Memoirs of the French Embaſſadors, whereby they declared in the Name of their Maſter, that he would take off Strasbourg out of his firſt Offers, and keep that Place in lieu of Barcelona, which he had lately taken; This Propoſal, I ſay, the Germans were frighted at, and that was the Cauſe why the Concluſion of the Treaty was put off to the 20th of September.

This little reſpite we lookt on, as particularly deſigned by God's Provi­dence, to put us upon doing his Cauſe further Service once more, and there­fore we waited on the Proteſtant Plenipotentiaries again, and repreſented unto them, that a Memoir in our behalf delivered after the Peace was ſigned, would ſignifie nothing, but make the Perſecutors of France believe they were not ſollicitous for our Concerns, and that the French Court would think ſo too; we went through great oppoſitions upon that Point, but the ſteadineſs of that Noble Lord, who was the chief of the Engliſh Embaſſy, and of the firſt Miniſter in Ordinary of that State, carried it; They were alſo very much ſupported by the Embaſſadors of the Confeſſion of Auſgburg; The Memoirs were then delivered into the Hands of the Mediator, two days before the Peace was ſigned. The French Embaſſadors did abſolutely reject it at firſt, ſaying, they were ſtrictly forbidden by the King their Maſter, either to receive, or give Ear to any ſuch thing: The Chief of that Embaſſy acted very Honourably, but as one that is willing withall to follow exactly his Maſters Orders; The others did not conceal their hatred againſt the Proteſtants, and let us ſee that by obeying their Maſter, they9 did the ſame time gratifie their own Inclinations. The chief of the Embaſſy did not think fit to refuſe obſtinately the Proteſtant Allies this ſmall Cour­teſy, which could do no hurt to his own Religion; ſo that at laſt he pro­miſed to ſend the Memoirs to his Maſter; accordingly it was ſent to the French Court, with all the Articles of Peace ſigned by England, Holland, and Spain, and they were in great expectation of an Anſwer to the Memoirs together with the Ratification of the Peace. When the Expreſs was come, they diſcovered that the French King had ſent Orders to his Embaſſadors to pretend the Memoirs had not been ſent, and had through forgetfulneſs been left in the Chief Embaſſador's Pocket. This was their Excuſe to the Mediator, when at the Meſſengers arrival he required an Anſwer to them: However no body gave any credit to it, but look't rather on it as a ſham; for they knew very well that all the Miniſters of Princes are ſo exact, as to omit nothing upon ſuch Occaſions, and that there is no Writing, though never ſo little, nor even of the leaſt importance, but they will take care to tranſmit it to their Maſters; and if the French Embaſſadors had ſo neg­lected their Duty, they would undoubtedly have loſt their King's Favour; but the Council of France had ſome Reaſons, for not irritating the Prote­ſtant Allies by a down right denial at a time, when nothing was as yet ratified, and they ſtood in need of every body.

For all this the Mediator would not ſo give over, but urged that the Memoirs ſhould be ſent, if they had not done it already, and that they ſhould require an Anſwer to it, which came at laſt, but a great while after, when all was done, and the Chief of the French Embaſſy departed; The two others pleaſed themſelves with Anſwering in their Maſters Name, That his Majeſties Conſcience could not conſent to re-eſtabliſh a Religion of which he had a very bad Opinion; That he was ſo far from reſtoring the ſaid Reli­gion, that he would not ſo much as ſee in his Dominions any of thoſe Re­fugees who had fled out of it; That if they had a mind to come back again, he was willing to forgive them, upon condition they ſhould diſcharge all the Duties of good Catholicks; That as to their Eſtates he could not reſtore them, not even to thoſe who ſhould have a mind to return, becauſe he had already given them to others, from whom he did not intend to take them away. No body did wonder at ſuch an Anſwer, nevertheleſs it ſtruck a great many, who could never have believed, but they would at leaſt deal as favourably with the new Subjects of England, Holland, and Brandenburg, as with the old ones; and as it was Lawful for thoſe to go into and come out of France about their own Affairs, they thought the ſame liberty would have been granted to thoſe, who 12 or 15 years ſince had ſheltered them­ſelves in Foreign Countreys. The ſecond and ſixth Articles of the Treaty with Holland are ſo plain in this Cauſe, that ſeveral Inhabitants of Rouen.10 and other Places had ſent word to their Friends, that by virtue of the Treaty they had liberty to come back and manage their Affairs in France, without any fear of moleſtation. The ſecond Article includes a general Pardon without reſtriction, in behalf of all the Subjects of the Moſt Chri­ſtian King now in Service of the United-Provinces; for it is there provided by this Article, That the ſaid Perſons, of what Quality and Rank ſoever, may and ſhall re-enter upon, and be fully reſtored to the Poſſeſſion, and peaceable Enjoyment of all their Eſtates and Honours, &c. without any Clauſe excluding Religion. And in the ſixth Article Religion is expreſly named, Thoſe whoſe Goods and Eſtates have been ſerſed upon, and eſcheated upon the account of the ſaid War, their Heirs or Aſſigns, of what Condition and Religion ſoever, ſhall enjoy the ſaid Goods and Eſtates, and take poſſeſſion of them by their own private Authority, without any need of going to Law. The Treaty of Commerce is yet more particular as to the Liberty of the Subjects of theſe two Sovereigns for Go­ing, Coming, Travelling and Trading within all the reſpective Harbours and Towns of each others Dominions: There is not a word in all this im­porting any Excluſion or Diſtinction between New and Old Subjects; and no body queſtioned, but that ſome Frenchmen who had been Naturalized in Holland, made free of their Towns, and owned as Members of the State, might however enjoy the Priviledges granted to the whole Nation, and to thoſe who many years ago were incorporated into it. So evident did the Caſe appear, as may be ſeen by Letters from Rouen, and other Places, which took this Liberty for granted without any difficulty; ſo that we may ſay, that to deal in this manner, one had need be maſter of that Power the Court of France hath theſe many years aſſumed; which is, to make uſe of all the Treaties for its own Intereſts and Purpoſes, without any regard to Words naturally appointed to ſignifie things. Theſe Articles ſhould undoubtedly have prevented ſuch a denial; but for all that, it was made in peremptory and plain Words.

Upon this flat and evident Refuſal, we were put to a nonplus, and ſaw we had no more to do. 'Tis true an Act of Proteſtation was ſtill to be made a­gainſt this unreaſonable Denial: As the ſad event of this Affair was foreſeen, they had alſo much diſcourſed of ſuch an Act: Many concerned in the thing were for it, but all thoſe who had in France been accuſtomed to Slavery, were ſtill afraid of King Lewis the XIV. though they ought to have look'd then on him, as having laid down his Arms. They ſaid, that the French Court being grown to ſuch a height, eſpecially over her own Subjects, would be offended at ſuch a Proceeding, and conſtrue it as a new Inſtance of Diſobedience and Rebellion. But there is nothing more groundleſs than ſuch a Chime­rical Imagination; for we ought not to ſacrifice our Duty to God, out of reſpect to a Court that ſo barbarouſly perſecutes the true Religion. But11 Hope is the laſt thing that dies in Man, thoſe who had left great Eſtates in France could not ſtill forbear hoping, that ſuch as had been faithful to their King, even in Foreign Countreys, would by that means recover his Favour.

This was the chief Reaſon that hindred the moſt Zealous from making the Proteſtation, but the principal ones were theſe; Firſt, Before one can legally Proteſt, he muſt have authority for it, which we then wanted upon many accounts, becauſe the Votes were divided, and it was impoſſible for them to agree on the Matter, and chiefly becauſe we could not keep any Correſpondence and concert Meaſures about it, with you, my Brethren, who live under the Croſs, and whoſe Rights were the chief Buſineſs in hand, as being the greateſt part of us. Beſides, we ſaw no body willing to re­ceive our Proteſtation, the French Embaſſadors into whoſe hands it was to be delivered, were far enough from accepting it, who had with much diffi­culty received the aboveſaid Petition. But you will ſay, they might put their Proteſtation into the Mediator's hands, true, but 'tis evident he could not approve of that Proteſtation, as not being in due form; for we had not been admitted into the Negociations as Demanding Parties. Our Prote­ctors had thought fit, we ſhould not appear in the Buſineſs, but in their Perſons, and under their Names; and it ſeems a Rule founded upon good Reaſon, that the Proteſtation ought to be made by thoſe only, who pre­ſented the Petition which hath been rejected. Now this was properly their own Buſineſs, and they might after having received an unjuſt denial of ſo reaſonable a Demand, have proteſted, at leaſt, in behalf of the preſervation of all the Rights of the French Reformed Church; and repreſented, that though they did for the preſent deſiſt from any further application, yet they pretended not for all that, that the ſaid leaving off for a time ſhould be conſtrued a total deſiſting, or conſenting to the Moſt Chriſtian King's Will, that they did not intend thereby, that any thing of what was thereupon done, ſhould be in the leaſt prejudicial to the Rights of the Proteſtant Church, which might be reſumed at a better opportunity. Such a Proteſta­tion had been very reſpectful, and of ſome uſe; and indeed ſome of the moſt conſiderable Members of this Auguſt Aſſembly gave us hopes, that the thing would be done, and acknowledged our Petition to be reaſonable. But o­thers did ſo much oppoſe it, that the bare Propoſal of it could not by any means be offered according to the Rules. The Treaty was haſtened with great precipitation; all were for it, and would not do any thing that might retard its Concluſion: Beſides, they made us believe, that the French King himſelf would mitigate our Miſeries: They ſaid, that ſo great a Prince would not receive Laws from his Neighbours, and eſpecially about a Do­meſtick Concern. Some Words ſpoken at random by ſome Frenchmen of12 the Embaſſadors Retinue begot that hope; Others went ſo far as to ſay, Have a little Patience, the King is Gracious. Many alſo of the Proteſtant Embaſſadors and Mediators of this Buſineſs dropt ambiguous Words, which made us believe that we were not to look on our Concerns as wholly de­ſperate, though no favour has been granted to us in the Treaty of Peace; and ſo they thought it not convenient to diſpell theſe ſmall ſhadows of Hope by a Proteſtation, which they were not in a condition to ſupport and render valid.

But now all is over, theſe hopes are vaniſh'd away, and attended by the moſt terrible and unforeſeen Conſequences imaginable, ſo that we are now reduced to the neceſſity of referring the Publick to that Excellent and Em­phatical Proteſtation, which concludes Maſter Claude's laſt Work, Intituled, The Complaints of the Proteſtants, in which are related the Wrongs and Out­rages done us in the laſt Perſecution; and in the end you have the Rea­ſons, why all they have done againſt us, can do no prejudice to the Rights confirmed by ſo many irrevocable Decrees, and a poſſeſſion of them for One hundred years, which are enough to make up three or four Preſcrip­tions. Since that Work was publiſhed, our Brethren have ſuffered Miſeries beyond Expreſſion, Maſſacres, Puniſhments, Impriſonments, Sentencings to the Galleys, Seiſures of their Goods and Eſtates, and all other ſorts of Calamities. But Maſter Claude's Proteſtation holds as well for what follows, as for what went before, ſeeing it is all a Series of the ſame ill Uſage.

The Account we now give you of what we have done already, and in­tended further to have done, will not be pleaſing to you, but it ought not to make you diſſatisfied with any body, not with us, who with the moſt ſenſible Affliction we ever felt, have ſeen the World make its Peace, with the excluſion, nay, and to the great prejudice of the Church; but as theſe are our Enemies Triumphs, 'tis needleſs to expoſe them to publick View, the Children of this World are Wiſer in their Generation, than the Children of Light, and an Erroneous Zeal, which is nothing but Rage attended with Ignorance, moves much more violently, and effectually, than Zeal for the Truth. Neither are you to be diſpleaſed at thoſe Princes, whom you have lookt upon as your future Deliverers: We muſt do them juſtice, and confeſs, that how expreſs ſoever their Promiſes were, they ſuppoſed them all along ſubject to Circumſtances; and we cannot deny but that theſe Circumſtances did not prove favourable to us. We may add beſides, they might really have ſhewn a great deal more eagerneſs than they did; but all the Sollici­tations of theirs, though never ſo urgent, had been unſucceſsful, becauſe our Adverſary is implacable. The continuance then of your Miſeries is a Diſeaſe without Remedy, this is indeed a very wretched Comfort; but we may perhaps afford you at the end of theſe Papers ſome more effectual Con­ſolations:13 For we do intend to go on in the Hiſtory of your Calamities, and Relate the Conſequences of this Peace, in reſpect of the afflicted Church only. We ſhall receive Information of the Condition you are now in, and give you ſome Advices of what we think neceſſary to be done by you for the time to come.

LETTER II. Giving an Account of the Lamentable State of the Re­formed Church in France, ſince the Peace; with an Exhortation to all Proteſtants, whether Sovereigns, or Subjects, Refugees, or Others, in order to move them to Compaſſion.

TO go on in our Undertaking, we muſt now draw the Picture of the Miſeries of the Reformed Church in France; not for the Information of thoſe who live under Perſecution, (for by ſad Experience they feel their Calamities too, much to be ignorant of them,) But to acquaint the Prote­ſtant States with them, to ſtir up their Zeal and Pity, and let them know, how neceſſary it is that their Charity ſhould be more and more than ever inflam'd, to releive the multitude of thoſe poor Wretches who will fall un­der their Care, and to Comfort thoſe who ſhall be detained in the Captivity of Babylon. But where ſhall we find Colours lively enough to draw that Picture? We muſt then be on this occaſion, ſhorter than the matter re­quires.

When thoſe who hope for the Deliverance of Iſrael, ſaw, how Matters ſtood, and how Mens Minds were affected, they did not expect very much, yet they could not think to ſee what they now do; The moſt Judicious a­mong them were of Opinion, That the French King would by an Ambiguous Declaration allure his Subjects into his Kingdom, and ſtood already upon their own Defence againſt it. But they were not put to any Trouble to avoid that Snare; For the Council of Perſecution thought it more conveni­ent, to let his Deſigns be laid wholly open: This was done by a new De­claration of War Publiſh'd in Paris, ſome weeks after the Ratification with England, Holland and Spain: For ſo one may call the Pyramidal Firework erected in Greve for the Peace, Novemb. 16. 1697. There were Four Fronts14 on the Body, and as many on the Pedeſtal of the Obelisk. All theſe Fronts were filled with lofty and magnificent Inſcriptions, which we are concerned in. But there was one of them deſigned chiefly againſt us, and which we muſt here Examine. Upon one of the Four Fronts of the that Pedeſtal, was repreſented an Hydra, with all her Heads cut off, and this Motto, Audendi ſpes nulla ſuper, that is, There is no more Hope, nor Help left her: And to the end the Affront ſhould be the more Conſpicuous, and without Riddle expo­ſed to the view of all Europe, they took care to give it this Explanation; Fidelity's Deviſe, ſay they, being an Hydra, the Emblem of Hereſie, with all her Heads lopped off, there is no more hope, nor help left her. And in the Explica­tion of the Deſign, which they have publiſh'd, they ſay, Fidelity is the Daughter of Religion, as Rebellion is conſtantly the miſchievous Product of Hereſie. The Memory of the Calamities ſhe hath brought upon France, will give occaſion to Bleſs for ever the Reign of Lewis the Great, who by his Wiſdom hath eternally ba­niſh'd out of his Dominions, this Dangerous Enemy of the Loyalty and Piety of the French Nation. The Jeſuit who was Author of this curious piece of Fancy, applauded himſelf for it, as much at leaſt as he did for his Inſcription on the Pyramid erected 9 or 10 years ago in the ſame place, and for the like Ceremony; viz. That twas a Temple Built to the Honour of the Deity of Lewis the Great, Numini Ludovici Magni, &c. Templum. But the Devout People took offence at it, ſo that the Jeſuit thought himſelf obliged to make an Apo­logy for it. This hath been no better reliſh'd by Good Men, and we know for certain, that were not their Mouths ſtopt by fear, they would cry out upon ſuch Extravagancies.

This Man by pretending to repreſent the Reformed Religion in little, hath really drawn the Image of his own Society, which is indeed an Hydra, if ever there was any, come out of Hell to War againſt the Saints. The Beaſt of the Revelation aſcending up out of the Bottomleſs-Pit, is in many Reſpects very like the Infernal Hydra iſſued out of the Poets Fancy. She hath Seven Heads, and Ten Horns; in the laſt Age, God cut off ſeveral of them, but that Society which her ſelf the Society of Jeſus, hath made them ſpring up again. In this hideous Repreſentation, the Jeſuit hath diſcovered the Genius of his Sect, which is Calumny, Lying, Rage, and all the Wicked Deſigns of Popery are lively delineated there. This is ſuch an Abuſe as can never be Exaggerated too much, but we ſhall only make ſome few Re­marks upon it.

Firſt, We deſire the Reader to obſerve, what a pitch of Impudence a Je­ſuit may come to, when he finds himſelf Countenanced; the Proteſtant Princes and the Moſt Chriſtian King are by the Peace made Freinds again, and on this occaſion he ſhould at leaſt have ſhewn them ſome Reſpect; and in ſo doing, he had not in all probability Deviated from his King's Intenti­on,15 who after the Peace ordered his Ambaſſadors to ſpeak with great Kind­neſs and Civility to the Confedetate Princes; But here is a pittiful Pedant, who with a daſh of falſe Wit, makes nothing of Affronting a great number of Crown'd Heads and Soveraigns. He Tranſubſtantiates them into ſo many Heads of Hydra, and for a further Aggravation of the Injury, and his own Purpoſes, he ſets them out as Heads cut off, and lying on the Ground. By what he ſaith, That Rebellion hath conſtantly been the carſed Fruit of Hereſie, 'tis plain he reflects on the Revolution of England, the Event whereof doth Gall him extremely. Nor is he contented to Diſguiſe his Malice, or to lie behind the Curtain of a Riddle; for he has in expreſs Terms laid open his Deſign in the Explication of the Project: Every body knows, ſaith he, that thoſe who were ſo unhappy, as to perſevere willfully in their Errours, and retire into theſe Countries where they are profeſſed, have contributed very much to the Troubles of the laſt War; But one may now confidently ſay, there is no more cauſe to fear, &c. in acknowledgement of this extraordinary benefit we enjoy by his Majeſty's Courage and Conduct, they have put an Hydra with her Heads cut off into the Hands of Fidelity, with thſe words, Audendſpes nulla ſuper. Thoſe who fled out of France did ſhelter themſelves under the Protection of the Proteſtant Princes, who were very willing to be their Heads: And they are the Hydra's, Heads re­preſented by the Author as cut off by the Peace that the King bath lately procured to his People.

The Republick of the United Provinces is counted very mild and indul­gent, but for all that, they would not permit ſuch an Affront as this ſhould be put upon a King, a Friend, and an Allie. After the Peace of Breda, and the Campagne of the year 1667. they made a ſtrict ſearch after an Indiſ­creet Fellow who was accuſed of cauſing a Medal to be Coined with the Figure of Gideon ſtopping the Sun. What they found out we do not know, but 'tis certain, That the Medal hath never appeared abroad ſince, and per­haps there never was any ſuch.

This Jeſuit, beſides his Impudence, ſhews in this Abuſe a great Stock of Raſhneſs and Indiſcretion: Perhaps he was over-haſty in Celebrating the Fu­neral, and making the Epitaph of the Reformed Religion: We could eaſily prove by ſeveral Inſtances to the good Fathers, and all thoſe who are led by their Zeal and Example, that their Prophecies and Viſions do not al­ways prove true: Witneſs the Sede a Dextris of the Famous Anthem. Sede a dextris meis donec ponam inimicos tuos Scabellum pedum tuorum, perſequar inimi­cos tuos, Confringam eos, nee convertar donec deficiant; That is, Sit thou at my right hand untill I make thine enemies thy footſtool, I will purſue them, I will deſtroy them, I will not give over purſuing them till they be quite deſtroyed. This was Solemnly Sung in all the Churches of Paris. They have not made for above theſe Ten years, any Speech, Sermon, Verſes, or Thankſgivings, but they16 have all along ſuppoſed, that Heaven was engaged to Reſtore King James upon the Account of King Lewis XIV. his Piety, who took up Arms to Vindicate this Prince's Quarrel, thus diſpoſſeſſed of his Throne, and puniſh the Uſurper of it. They did not Diſcourſe about the Event as a thing du­bious. In the mean time James was ſtill at St. Germains, and William Tri­umphing in London.

Every Body will be convinced, that there is nothing more improperly ap­plied than this Compariſon; Since King William hath been all along alive, and Calvin's Hereſie is dead and utterly deſtroyed in France. But they would do well to remember, that Sick People do frequently Recover of the moſt dangerous Diſtempers. The Death of King William was ſome years ago be­lieved at Paris, with more Confidence than that of Calviniſm is now; And how many extravagant Fooleries were committed upon that Suppoſition every body knows; but ſome weeks after, they got nothing elſe but Shame and Confuſion by it. We have ſome ground to Hope, that the magnificent Pro­miſes of the Fathers of the Society will prove ineffectual: VVe ſee young People often get out of apparent Dangers; And this Religion, as young and new as it is, may yet very well be Cured of this violent Diſeaſe. There are many Heads yet behind on this Hydra to be cut off; more than a Mil­lion of People muſt be put to Death. And we do not believe, That the Moſt Chriſtian King's Wiſdom and Humanity will ever allow ſuch Execu­tions. They make him in this Pyramid, hold a Diſcourſe not much be­coming the Grandſon of Henry IV. Without the help of this Hydra bereft at this day of all her Heads, the Glory of Extirpating Hereſie had conti­nued in the Houſe of Guiſe, and never come to that of Bourbon.

One word more about the Injury the Jeſuiſt does us in that Emblem. 'Tis indeed a great peice of Indiſcretion in him to force us to Recriminate. The Hereſie of Calvin and Luther is the Root of Rebellion. Rebellion, ſaith he, Is the Product of Hereſie: But what is Popery, I pray, and what hath it been all along? Would theſe Gentlemen have us to expoſe to their view at every turn, the Aſſaſſinations committed at the Inſtigation of the Devout and Catholick Cabal, upon King Henry III. and Henry IV. upon William Prince of Orange, and many other great Perſons, upon ſcore of their being either Hereticks, or not Zealous enough, to the liking of the Holy Society? Who can Read without Horrour the Hiſtory of England for theſe Ten years paſt? When we ſee Murtherers upon Murtherers, and Heads cut off ſtill grow­ing up again, and ſupplied by new Aſſaſſinates of every Nation. Theſe are not only Engliſh Jacobites, but French-Men alſo, ſent into the Camp upon that Service, ſuch as Grandval, Dumont, and ſuch like Monſters. There are at this very time, lying in our Goals, Murtherers, who are no Engliſh Men, who are ſo far from loving King James, that on the contrary they perfectly17 deſpiſe and hate him; and who for the Catholick Gang's Sake had devoted themſelves to Murder this Prince, with whom they are reſolved never to be at Peace. There is matter enough to write whole Books upon this Subject, therefore we will lay it aſide. I will only ſay this, in behalf of theſe poor Reformed, whom they diſguiſe in the ſhape of Monſters, the better to re­preſent their Cruelty and Rebellion, that Thanks be to God, they have not done any thing in the laſt War that looks like a Treaſonable Attempt.

They are not very much obliged to them for it, will the Jeſuit our Ad­verſary ſay, they were well enough aſſured, that all their Endeavours had been to no purpoſe: But who does not know, that Revenge is Sweet to thoſe whoſe Patience is tired out, and are not reſtrained from it by the Fear of God? The good Catholicks and Bigots of the Society would have put all, and the Towns of France too, to Fire and Sword, had they been Perſecuted and Tortured, asCruelly as we have been. The Holy Catholick Church under the conduct of Garnet and Oldcorn, two Engliſh Martyrs after the Je­ſuitical Faſhion, had in the time of King James I. contrived the Gun-Powder Treaſon, in order to Blow up at once, the King, all the Royal Family, and whole Nation; but they were not dealt with ſo ſeverely as they do now with us.

It did not lie in our power to be ſhorter in complaining of ſo Notorious an Affront. Had the Jeſuit acted as a private Man, we ſhould have taken no notice of him; for this is the way and practice of his Society. But this is an Injury ſupported by publick Authority, and a piece of Baſeneſs atten­ded with all the Evidences of Approbation. 'Tis a great inſtance of Cru­elty to perſecute the Unfortunate even to the Scaffold. Comforters are granted even to Malefactors, and 'tis not lawful for any to Revile them at the very place of Execution; But theſe Men, even whilſt they are putting us on the Croſs, add to our Torments the moſt terrible Abuſes. Well then! It ſeems we are appointed to Die, our Heads muſt be taken off without Hope of Redemption. However, let them give us leave to Die with our Innocence about us; This is a Refining upon the implacable Revenge of the Italian, who finds out a way to kill both the Body and Soul of his Enemy: They do intend with the ſame ſtroke to Bereave us at once both of our Honour and our Life.

I deſire you, Dear Brethren, to obſerve, That God's Providence hath over-ruled in this Caſe, in order to Comfort thoſe that are concerned in it, by the conſideration of a wonderful Reſemblance of ours with our Savi­our's Sufferings. You are lifted up on a ſhameful Pyramid, as your Lord Jeſus was on a Curſed Croſs. His Puniſhment was the Work of the Scribes and Phariſees, who ſat on the Chair of Moſes. Your Diſgrace is expoſed to the view of all, by theſe Wretches, wicked and ignorant Bigots, who call18 themſelves the Maſters of Chriſt's Chair. Jeſus is Crucified on Mount Cal­vary, and expoſed Naked to the Sight of all, as a Rebel to his Sovereign, as an Impoſtor making himſelf the Son of God, that he might become a King, and gathering People together to intice them from their Allegiance to Caeſar, and they put over his Head an Inſcription, ſignifying all that; King of the Jews; that is, who had a mind to be ſo, and had moved the Subjects of the Empire to Rebellion: And as for you Poor and Faithful Members of Chriſt, you are Crucified in Greve on the Pyramid, as Hereticks, Rebels, Impoſtors, and Diſturbers of the publick Tranquillity, and Enemies to your Kings: The Figures and Words of the Emblem, are the Title of your Croſs.

Another likeneſs of yours with Chriſt, and his Members, is this: The Ancient Tyrants put Skins of Lions, Tygers, and other Wild Beaſts, on the Primitive Martyrs, to render them thereby more Odious to the People. But now a-days, Wild Beaſts are not horrid enough in the Eyes of your Adverſaries; They fetch out of Hell, a Monſter with a Hundred Heads to Cloth you with all. Nevertheleſs, Let us take Comfort, My Dear Brethren, God hath better Notions, both of us, and our Holy Religion, than they will have the world to conceive; and our Enemies have juſt cauſe to fear, that God judges of them as they would have others to think of you, and will at the laſt day deal with them as Blood-Thirſty Tygers: That will be the day of our Triumph, but it will alſo be a day of Retribution. The Princes of Perſia being jealous of the favour Daniel was in, got Surreptiti­ouſly from the King's Goodneſs, unjuſt Decrees againſt him. Daniel is in­deed caſt into the Den of Lions, but reſpected by them, and in the morning comes ſafe and ſound out of it; and his Accuſers are caſt into it, and the Lions brake all their Bones in pieces before ever they came at the bottom of the Den, and Eat them up: So you will get out of your Anguiſhes, and your Life ſhall be unto you as a Prey; and your Perſecutors ſhall go into a Pit full of Lions, that is, Devouring Devils. We do not wiſh them this dreadful Calamity; on the contrary, we do pray unto God for their Salva­tion and Converſion, and ſay, Father forgive them, for they don't know what they do. Grant them, O God, true Repentance, whereby they may ſay, Men and Brethren, What ſhall we do to Expiate the Sin of having Crucified the Lord of Glory. But let us finiſh the Picture of our Miſeries.

After ſo terrible a Declaration of renewing the War againſt us, as that of the Pyramid of Greve, we could expect from thence nothing elſe but the moſt Barbarous Hoſtilities. The Firſt of that Kind, which appeared, was the King's Declaration prohibiting his Subjects to ſettle themſelves in Orange, and Exerciſe there the pretended Reformed Religion: This bears date No­vember 23. and the Pyramid November 16. there is betwixt theſe two dates19 but ſeven days difference, they had no mind to allow the Reformed any time to breath, or conceive any hope. This Declaration was back'd by another dated the 13th of January following, which explains, or annuls rather, an Article of the foregoing Declaration, whereby it was lawful for the Kings Subjects to go to Orange, and ſojourn there upon the account of Trading. The Bigots ſaw very well, as they ſuppoſed, that the new Con­verts would make a very ill uſe of that Clauſe, and often pretend a great deal of Buſineſs in that Town, and therefore they thought fit to Enact. That the new Converts ſhould not go and Trade at Orange, without taking out a Licenſe and a Paſs from the Governors of their reſpective Abodes, and approved of by the Commanders of the Towns in the Neighbourhood of Orange, that is, they put them upon an impoſſibility. The Penalty to be inflicted on thoſe who contrary to the prohibition would preſume to go thi­ther, either to hear Sermons, or perform any Religious Exerciſe whatſoever, is Death; and on thoſe who ſhould take no Paſs, to be ſent forthwith to the Galleys for Life if Men, and Five years Priſon, and Three thouſand Livres Fine, if Women. There are ſome Particulars in this way of Proceeding worthy our Attention, or at leaſt ſome Glances by the way. The Pain of of Death pronounced againſt the New Converts, who going to Orange under pretence of Trading, ſhould aſſiſt at any Congregation of the Inhabitants of that Place, is one of theſe Particulars; and it is ſuch as perhaps the like could not be found in all the Hiſtories, both of Perſecutors and Perſecuti­ons. 'Tis an horrid thing for one to extend his Authority on the Con­ſcience ſo far as the Dominions of other Sovereigns; it was generally be­lieved that a Criminal had nothing elſe to do to get a ſanctuary, but to re­move into Foreign Territories. A Rivulet ſecures an unfortunate Wretch, nay a Parricide; The Mercileſs Creditors of his, and the Avengers of Blood have no more authority to proſecute him, becauſe he is fled into ano­ther Juriſdiction; but the Crime of Calviniſm is of ſo high a nature, that nothing can protect it againſt puniſhment. We ſhould be amazed at it, had we not ſeen the French King's Conſuls and Envoys at Lisbon, the Seat of the Inquiſition; at Smyrna and Conſtantinople, which are inhabited by Turks and Infidels, enjoined to proſecute, drive away, and ruine all the French Merchants of the Proteſtant Religion. This kind of Zeal was never ſeen before. Our Aſtoniſhment would not perhaps be ſo great, had this Prohibition been enforced by a Puniſhment leſſer than the Wheel and Gib­bet. But this is certain, that all Europe ſtood amazed at that Clauſe.

'Tis eaſie to diſcern, that both Declarations have a double end; Firſt, To deprive the new Converts of the Means of receiving any Comfort or In­ſtruction; And Secondly, To ruine the poor Inhabitants of Orange, the ſad Remains of a Barbarous Perſecution. Since they were not diſpatched by the20 Blows of the Dragoons, who forced them to Maſs, their Puniſhment now muſt be to Starve, by being bebarred of all Commerce with their Neigh­bours. This is ſufficient to undeceive thoſe who believe the King of Eng­land Soveraign of Orange hath not done what he could to break off the Yoke of the Reformed in France, he who could not continue Maſter in his own Dominions, would have had much ado to make himſelf Maſter in the Territories of ſuch a Neighbour.

Here is another Particular; The Zeal, make they King Lewis the XIV ſay, we have conſtantly had for the only and true Religion, having excited in us the deſire of ſuppreſſing Hereſy. This is a new way of Expreſſing ones ſelf, in all the Declarations and Decrees formerly publiſhed againſt us, they were pleaſed to deſign us by the Name of R. P. R. that is, Pretended Reformed Religion; but now this Religion is improved to an Hereſie, even in the De­clarations ſet out againſt the Proteſtant Princes, to whom they ſhould be more Civil than they are to Subjects. The Declaration is iſſued out under what Title ſoever you pleaſe, but really and defacto againſt the Sovereign of Orange, who is not at all ſubject to the French King; They make no ſcruple to declare him an Heretick, and his Religion a Hereſie, both at Rome, and whereſoever the Bull of Caena Domini is publiſh'd; and in France, where the Deciſions of the Council of Conſtance, one whereof is, That no Faith is to be kept with Hereticks, are ſo much reverenced, any body may eaſily underſtand the Conſequences of ſuch a Declaration, in reſpect to the King of England; but 'tis very well for this Prince, that he is not liable to the Inquiſition, and God hath put him in a Capacity of being able to deal well enough with all thoſe who will not perform what they have promiſed to him.

Here is another Clauſe at which Judicious Men have been mightily ſur­priſed; As all our Deſires had no other Aim, but the Glory of God, and the main­taining of his Church, he has been pleaſd to bleſs them hitherto with all the ſuc­ceſs we could wiſh; and we were extreamly pleaſed to ſee, that even the greateſt part of thoſe whoſe Converſion lookt the moſt ſuſpicious, have acknowledged, and ſin­crely profſſed the true Religion, but as there ſtill remains ſome, &c. 'Tis not a Matter of great Wonder to ſee a King lying under ſo groſs an Ignorance, ſince they have raiſed ſo many Rampiers, and Bulwarks about him, on purpoſe to hinder thereby all the Truths of De jure and De facto, all the In­ſtructions, Complaints, Grievances, and all the Objects capable of con­veying Light into the Mind, and Equity into the Heart, from having ac­ceſs unto him; but one cannot forbear being aſtoniſhed at the boldneſs of thoſe who impoſe upon that Prince's Credulity, it is ſo far from being true, that the moſt part of the Reformed are termed Papiſts bona fide, that on the contrary the number of thoſe who have been miſled, and continue in the21 Romiſh Religion, by ſome ſlender degree of perſuaſion, is ſo ſmall, that not one in a hundred, and perhaps in a thouſand, could be found. There are ſome Women, and young Girles, who although of the Proteſtant Re­ligion, were filled with a ſort of a Whimſical and Blind Devotion, proceed­ing rather from the weakneſs of their Underſtanding, than the tenderneſs of their Conſciences: Theſe poor Creatures have let themſelves be deceived by the Pompous outſide of the Romiſh Religion, and by the ſhews of Piety which are to be ſeen chiefly in Nunneries; but theſe being excepted, we can aſſure you, that all Wiſe, Ingenuous, and Judicious Men, are ſtill of the ſame Opinion; only that their averſion againſt Popery is mightily increaſ­ed, ſince the time they ſee it under the Garb of the Dragon. If there are no Proteſtants left, but a few obſtinate People, why then is ſo much care taken before-hand againſt ſo ſmall a number? Why then did ſo many Frenchmen ſay both in Holland and Paris, that if ſome Courſe or other was not taken about it, all the Countrey of Orange would become a Town as big as the Principality it ſelf? Why have the Neighbouring People of O­range been ſo eaſily perſuaded, that Poperty was the true Religion, and the Inhabitants of that Place bewitched with ſuch an unbelief, as to hold out for the ſpace of 10 or 12 years againſt any Inſtruction and Perſecution whatſoever, in ſo much as they returned as ſoon as poſſibly they could to the Reformed Religion? The Biſhop of Orange and his Clergy are indeed Bunglers, in Compariſon with the Biſhops of Montpellier, and Niſmes, &c. who made ſo many ſincere Converts? One muſt confeſs that ſuch overſights afford thoſe who ſuffer Perſecution ſome little ſatisfaction, and a kind of re­venge. If it be ſo, that the number of ſtubborn People be ſo inconſider­able, to what purpoſe then do they take ſo great a care to ſhut up the Gates of the Kingdom? Why then do they ſee yet Four or five thouſand of the Reformed at once meeting in one ſingle Precinct of it?

It were to be wiſhed, that the Moſt Chriſtian King would get better in­formation in this Matter, for then he would not ſuffer himſelf to be ſo ex­poſed as he is in this Declaration, and in that of February the 10th, the Title whereof is this: The Kings Declaration giving leave to thoſe who are gone out of the Kingdom contrary to his Majeſties Command, to return within ſix months, upon Condition of Profeſſing and Exerciſing the Religion of the Catholick, Apo­ſtolick and Roman Church; wherein they ſet forth, that a great number of thoſe who were ſo unhappy as to be gone into Foreign Dominions, notwithſtanding all the prohibition to the contrary, have deſired to return into their own Country to profeſs the C. A. R. R. and that we out of our accuſtomed Goodneſs to all our Sub­jects, have granted them particular Licenſes ſo to do, and have been alſo graci­ouſly pleaſed to grant a general one to all others who deſire the favour. What Equity can one expect, I pray, from a Council who hath either ſo bad In­telligence,22 or ſo little Fidelity? They make the King believe and ſay, a great number of thoſe who departed the Kingdom for the ſake of Religion, deſire to return to Maſs, than which nothing was ever more falſe, with re­ſpect to his Majeſty be it ſpoken, into whoſe Mouth theſe Impoſtors have put theſe Words. True it is, that thoſe who are called Refugees, did en­deavour to get Liberty to return into France, and withdraw their Effects from thence; but 'tis not true, that they have declared, and let the Court know, that they had a mind to come back again into that Kingdom, in order to profeſs the Romiſh Religion; on the contrary, they look on this Calumny as the moſt Barbarous Perſecution they can inflict on them in the Countreys wherein they enjoy a perfect Security; This is to make them to be eſteemed in the Eyes of the World, as Vile Wretches, without Religi­on, Conſcience, and Honour, who are willing to ſacrifice all the Truths they profeſs, and betray their own Conſciences for the ſake of a little In­tereſt I ſay a little Intereſt; for they do not promiſe them ſo much as the Reſtitution of their Goods and Eſtates, which were forfeited, and adjudged to their Relations; To what end then ſhould they return into France? To ſtarve there, and not enjoy ſo much as what is neceſſary to lay their Con­ſciences aſleep, after they have given them ſuch Mortal Wounds. We know all thoſe who have deſired the Embaſſadors Paſſes to return home, but the number of them is inconſiderable, and there was not any among them dig­nified and diſtinguiſh'd by any Title or Merit; they are for the moſt part young People of Looſe and Scandalous Lives. We were lately told of a younger Brother of a good Family near Lorrain, who is gone thither, but this Example is ſo extraordinary, that I do not know whether they can find out the like, and were it followed with many more, as the Declaration ſup­poſes, they would not have taken ſo much notice of it.

All theſe Declarations were but the Preliminaries and Skirmiſhes to the greateſt Aſſault that ever Perſecution ſtormed us with. 'Tis true they did not intermit their Hoſtilities, but committed them in the moſt bloody manner even during the Treaty of Peace: Witneſs thoſe who were Hang'd at Poitiers, and St. Maixant, though accuſed of no other Crime but of Praying to God againſt the Commands of the Court. But they were all along willing to flatter themſelves, and believe theſe were the laſt Acts of the Tragedy, and now they ſee that theſe Puniſhments had no other end, but to undeceive us of our vain hopes, as they termed them. The Peace was not yet made with the German Princes, the greateſt part of which are Proteſtants, when they began afreſh, and in good earneſt the fatal War a­gainſt the Reformed Religion. From whence it appears that the French Court hath no regard to the Proteſtant Princes of Germany, and ſtands in fear of no body elſe but of England and Holland; ſhe hath kept a kind of23 Truce with the Reformed till the Ratification of Peace with theſe two Powers; but no ſooner was ſhe ſecured on that ſide, but ſhe took no fur­ther notice of the Sollicitations, Demands, Memoirs, and Diſcontents of all the Germans upon the Point of Religion; Witneſs the Articles concern­ing the re-eſtabliſhment of Religion in the reſtored Countreys, which ſhe would not in the leaſt conſent unto.

The Treaty with the Empire was not yet Signed, much leſs Ratified, but Orders were ſent into all Dioceſes, to make a new Viſit to all the New Converts, and eſpecially to thoſe who did not (as they term it) do their Duty. Accordingly they went from Houſe to Houſe, in order to have them declare what they intended to do for the future; The moſt of them did Courageouſly profeſs, they were reſolved never to go to Maſs any more. The Perſecutors were extreamly enraged at that Anſwer, and reſolved to trie the Patience of the Reformed to the uttermoſt, and in order thereto they ſent them to Priſons, renewed the Prohibitions formerly made againſt going out of the Kingdom, and gave publick notice in all the Seaports, that if any Maſter of a Ship ſhould preſume to receive any Fugitive of ours, he ſhould be puniſhed with the loſs of his Ship, Goods, Liberty, and Life, of what Nation ſoever, Engliſh, Dutch, Dane, Swedes, Dantzickers, and be dealt with without Mercy. They ſent reiterated and ſtrict Orders to all the Governors of the Frontiers to keep the Paſſes with the utmoſt diligence, under ſevere Penalties to be inflicted on thoſe Officers who ſhould neglect their Duty herein. A Decree was publiſhed in Montpellier, enjoining all Perſons whatſoever immediately to give in the Names of the Reformed who either were already, or ſhould hereafter come from Foreign Countreys, in order to have them ſeized and conſtrained to abjure their Religion. If we add to this what we have before-mentioned concerning the Declarations publiſhed, and precautions uſed to hinder the Reformed of Languedoc from going to Orange, on purpoſe to receive any Comfort and Inſtruction there, we muſt confeſs that Meaſures were never better taken in the Council of Hell, nor Prudence more overſtretched, and puſh'd on to damn People in­fallibly, than theſe are. You ſhall go to Maſs, you ſhall Adore a piece of Bread, you ſay you believe it to be an Idol, 'tis no matter, you muſt for all that Adore; but I ſhall be damn'd in ſo doing, 'tis no matter, that is it we deſire; and to the end you ſhall be ſo, you ſhall find no Gate left open to make your eſcape; You ſhall be ſtript of all you have, and diſpatched out of the way by all kinds of Miſery, 'tis true your Death will be more lingering, but then 'twill be attended with deſpair, and this is what we wiſh for, becauſe you will thereby be more certainly Damned. It is to be feared that thoſe who find ſuch ſure ways of Damning Men, may alſo find as ſure a way to go to Hell themſelves. In this caſe 'tis not one blind Man leading24 another, but a Blind Man dragging one that is clear ſighted into the ſame Pit: If either of them eſcapes, ſurely it will not be he that forceth, but he who ſuffers force.

Having thus ſhut all the Gates upon theſe Wretches, they have drawn the Sword, let looſe the Hounds upon them, and ſet up the Standard of Perſecution againſt them. It is impoſſible for us to relate all particulars, as being too numerous: The publick News inform us of ſome of them, and thoſe Eye-witneſſes who come every day to us, confirm them, and the reſt are to be ſeen in private Letters, which are no Myſtery to any Body, and whereof they give Faithful Copies, and Communicate them to the Su­preme Powers, that they may ſee what regard is given to their Interceſſion. The Provinces of Poitou, Guienna, and Languedoc, as the moſt populous, are aſſaulted with greateſt Violence. A Decree was publiſh'd in thoſe Pro­vinces, enjoining Fathers and Mothers to have their Children Baptiz'd at Maſs, within 24 hours, upon pain of forfeiting Five hundred Livres. For­merly they were contented to take away Children one after another, but now they ſweep them away as it were with a Net, 20 or 30 at once, and ſhut them up into Monaſteries as they have at Bourdeaux. The Biſhop of Luſ­ſon in Poitou, ordereth, not only Boys, but all the Girls and Women, from five to forty years of Age, to be taken away by force, and after that to be confined and inſtructed. Upon the New Converts, who do not take their Children along with them to Maſs, they have ſet Fines of 25 Livres for the firſt time, more for the ſecond, and ſo on, to a Bodily Puniſhment. They have lodged Gariſons in all Houſes to levy by force theſe Fines. There are ſome wherein they have Quartered 15 or 20 Soldiers, and allow'd them 5 Groats per head a day; and ſo theſe poor People are ruined both in Body and Eſtate. They have baniſh'd at Rochelles very many of the Chief Inhabitants, and alſo of the Officers in the Admiralty, and Mint, becauſe they refuſed to go to Maſs; and removed them into remote Priſons the better to deprive them of the Comfort, which the Neighbourhood of their Relations and Friends might miniſter to them.

Baville, both Intendant and Tyrant of Languedoc, ſtrives to have in Hi­ſtory a diſtinguiſh'd place among the moſt Barbarous Miniſters of the Perſe­cution of Nero and Diocleſian: One may ſay, That now his Heart ſwims in Joy, as well as in Blood. 'Tis impoſſible to relate the Maſſacres he hath committed ſince the year 1685. in Cavennes, Vivarets, and other Diviſions of Languedoc, He is Ingenious to contrive the fitteſt ways to Torment the Innocent, with the moſt horrid Racks and Impriſonments. The Court ſeemed to have curb'd him for a while; but now he has all the Authority poſſible to practice his Cruelty to the full: He diſcharges his Commiſſion extremely well, and by his innumerable Proſcriptions hath reduced that Country to25 ſo ſad a Condition as cannot be expreſſed. He cauſed one Duplan, a young Man, and the laſt of Three Brethren whom he had before ſent to the Gal­lows, to be Hanged, for Comforting his Brethren, as he was moved by the Holy Spirit. A Nephew and Fellow-Traveller of this Martyr was ſeiſed upon with him, and Sentenced to the Gallies; who therefore complains that he was not thought worthy, as well as his Uncle, to Die for the Name of Jeſus Chriſt; but he will ſoon have occaſion enough to be ſatisfied; for they ſend him into a place, where they will make him ſuffer a thouſand Deaths inſtead of one, and he will every day have opportunity to Glorifie his Sa­viour by his new Sufferings.

They have planted Gariſons both of Soldiers, and the Militia, in every Dioceſs. Theſe Soldiers Levy the Fines, and under that colour take away whatſoever they find, which you may think amounts to much more than the Fines themſelves. Where they cannot get Buyers for theſe plundered Goods, they let them have Free-Quarters in their Houſes, where they uſe their utmoſt fury upon both Perſons and Goods. They let looſe the Reins to the Rage of theſe Murderers, who may, if they pleaſe, Kill a Proteſtant, or Maim him in any of his Limbs, as Arms, Thigh, Head, without being inquired after: If they make their Complaints, they will not ſo much as hear the Plaintiff. Children are dragged into Churches, and theſe poor Babes do cry and lament at the foot of their Prophane Altars, ſo bitterly, as to Rent the moſt obdurate Heart: But for all that, they are ſoundly beaten in the preſence of that God they will have them Adore. Caſtres, and many other Towns are almoſt depopulated of the Reformed, every Body hath betaken himſelf to flight, and forſook his own Houſe in order to avoid theſe Outrages. But the Perſecutor hath begun to make uſe in Avennes of a way, whereby the flight of theſe poor perſecuted Creatures, will be hereafter rendred uſeleſs. Although the Perſecution is very fierce, the Faithful for all that do not give over Meeting together, and Wor­ſhipping God in Woods and Caves, as they uſed to do in the Primitive Ages of Chriſtianity: As many as can be ſeized on, are deſigned either for the Gallows or Gallies. But if they were all ſent to Priſon, to be put to Death, they would make ſuch a ſlaughter of them, as the very thought of it ter­rifies the Perſecutors themſelves. Therefore they have thought it more con­venient to Decimate theſe poor Martyrs, either to Death or the Gallies, and next to Condemn the others to wander in the Foreſts, and live among Wolves and Wild Beaſts. The accuſed are not only forbidden going into their reſpective Houſes, but they prohibit alſo, any private Perſon, or Cor­poration whatſoever, to give them any Shelter, Victuals, or Apparel. And ſo you ſee many thouſands, even Noble Women and Virgins, without any help, and periſhing in the greateſt Miſery imaginable. This new kind of26 Cruelty is perhaps without a Parallel in Hiſtory. But if theſe happy Chriſtians are driven into the Company of Savage Beaſts, we have reaſon to hope they will ſind more Humanity among them than among their own Countrymen. It is very obſervable, that theſe new Perſecutions are uſed on purpoſe to inſult the Proteſtant Powers, for the Executioners of theſe Outrages uſe to ſpeak to our People thus; You ſee now, how ſuch an one hath delivered you; This is the fruit of your fine hopes. And who queſtions, but that they have upon this very ſcore increaſed the Perſecution, at the ſame time the Miniſters of the Proteſtant Princes arrived at the French Court? They have taken away by force, before their Eyes, many Women and Vir­gins, and ſhut them into Nunneries. Till now they had kept ſome Deco­rum in the chief City of the Realm, where all the Embaſſadors and Mini­ſters of the Proteſtant Princes reſide; but now they have no regard to it, and have carried away by violence more than three or fourſcore Perſons, on purpoſe to let the Reformed States know, that they are not afraid of them. The Council of Perſecution hath omitted nothing which could defeat the hopes of the Reformed in France. When they ſaw all the Endeavours uſed in their behalf before the concluſion of the Negociations of Reſwick proved ineffectual, they hoped however that they might reap ſome benefit by the Prefence of the Foreign Embaſſadors in Paris; but the Bigot Cabal to un­deceive them once for all, ſuborned a falſe Witneſs againſt one of the Chap­lains of his Majeſty of Great-Britain, to depoſe, that he had preached in a Citizen's Houſe, and thereupon the Lieutenant Civil, without any regard to the Right of Nations, ſummon'd, and ſent for the Chaplain by one of his Officers. This was an open Violation of the Embaſſador's Priviledges. They knew very well he was a falſe Witneſs, who being not able to con­troll the Truth, did confeſs his Villany, they begg'd Pardon for it; but no matter, the thing is done, and the intimation legally made, that all thoſe who expected to receive any Conſolation by means of the Proteſtant Embaſſadors were mightily miſtaken. In this Relation all the Matter of Fact is certain and notorious. We know very well, that the French Court gives its Miniſters Orders to charge this Publick Evidence with Falſhood; but I do not know, how they can give the Lie to the Pyramid, the Royal Declarations, the Decrees of the Intendants, and to ſo many Eye-Witneſſes as we have upon the reſpective Places.

We cannot inſiſt any longer on ſuch ſad and doleful Particulars, and therefore we have but juſt touched upon them, but this ſhort glance is enough for our purpoſe, to ſtir up the Compaſſion of all Proteſtants. Now the Compaſſion we deſire, is not ſuch as conſiſts in Words and Complaints, much leſs in Expreſſions as evaporate only in Reproaches, and have no real Effect: 'Tis properly Aſſiſtance and Relief we beg for the Afflicted Church,27 and that not for the French Church only, but alſo for all the Proteſtant Churches of Europe, which are now more fiercely attack'd than ever they have been ſince the Reformation. No ſooner were they born, but there was a Conſpiracy to ſtiffle them in the Cradle; and in order thereto the Anti­chriſtian Rome became every where a Boutefeu, increaſed the Cruelties of the Inquiſition, ſet up Gibbets, kindled Fires in Spain, Germany, England, and France, many Rivers of Blood, and many horrid Maſſacres in France, and in the Netherlands, under the Reigns of Francis I. Hnry II. Charles IX. and Henry III. all French Kings, and of Philip II. King of Spain. In the beginning of this Age the Proteſtant Church ſound ſome protection, and enjoyed ſome eaſe, whereby ſhe recovered ſtrength; but we muſt alſo con­feſs, that ſhe degenerated very much during the time of her tranquility.

God Almighty therefore being juſtly provoked by our Iniquities and Con­tempt of his Truth, hath about the middle of this laſt Age raiſed up three Princes, great Perſecutors of his Church, viz. Leopold Emperor of Germany, and King of Hungaria, Lewis the XIV, and James the II. There is no queſtion to be made, but that the deſtruction of the Proteſtant Church was reſolved upon by theſe three Princes; The natural, and we may ſay, irre­concilable Enmity between the two Families of France and Auſtria, is no hindrance to ſuch an Agreement, becauſe Popery hath contrived a way for its own preſervation which no other Religion can have, and the Proteſtants are wholly deprived of, that is, the Biſhop of Rome, the Center of a Tem­poral Union; The ſeveral and diſtinct parts united to that Center need not hold any Correſpondence to adjuſt their Deſigns; they are joined to a com­mon Head, and have nothing elſe to do but to follow its Motions, even at that very time when they are the moſt divided by their Temporal Intereſts.

The Emperor began the Perſecution; He put the Churches of Hungaria and Sileſia to incredible Sufferings. The Publick hath ſeen the Hiſtory of that Perſecution, and chiefly the Relation of the Calamities of thoſe Glo­rious Confeſſors who were ſent to the Galleys of Naples, and releaſed by the means of the Dutch. Lewis the XIV immediately after the Pyrenan Treaty, formed the Deſign of rooting the Proteſtant Religion out of his Domini­ons; This Undertaking he durſt not attempt during the Life of Cromwell, who was indeed an Uſurper, and a Parricide too if you will; but who for all that perfectly underſtood, that the true Intereſt of England, and of the Rulers of it, conſiſted in becoming the Head and Protectors of all the Pro­teſtants in Europe: This was his Maſterpiece of Policy, whereby be kept all Europe in awe. After his Death Charles the II. was re-eſtabliſhed on the Throne of his Anceſtors: This Prince being Educated by a Popiſh Mother in Popiſh Courts, was in his youth prepoſſeſſed againſt the Proteſtant Rel­gion, and many Hereſies increaſed in his Reign. James the II. ſucceeded28 him, and it was chiefly between this Prince and the French King, that the Meaſures for the ruine of the Proteſtant Religion were concerted: No ſooner did the French Court ſee him on the Throne, but ſhe reſolved to give the fatal Blow. K. Charles died in February, and K. James was at the ſame time proclaimed King. His Advancement to the Crown was more firmly Eſta­bliſh'd by the Death of the Duke of Monmouth in England, and that of the Earl of Argyle in Scotland. The Edict of Nantes was recall'd in October the ſame year, and every body knows what hath been done ſince. King James, though he was influenced by the ſame Jeſuitical Spirit which ſwayed in both Courts, could not however go on ſo faſt as Lewis the XIV, and yet never­theleſs he had in three years time promoted his Religion more than Lewis had in thirty five, when unexpectedly it pleaſed God Almighty by a Revolution which ſurpriſed all Europe, to advance William the III. to the Throne of England, and by that means to make the greateſt part of the Deſigns of that Antichriſtian League to prove abortive.

Theſe ſhort and curſory Obſervations have no other Aim, but to make the Proteſtant Princes ſenſible, that there is a Plot on foot for their ruine. The laſt Treaty of Peace with the Emperor confirms this truth, for by a mutual Agreement with the Emperor's Plenipotentiaries they have inſerted an Article, whereby the Proteſtant Princes of Germany are deprived of the Authority of regulating Eccleſiaſtical Affairs in their own Dominions, which had been formerly granted them by the Peace of Paſſaw, and the Treaty of Oſnabruck. Nay they are conſtrained to tolerate the Publick Service of the Romiſh Religion in all the Countreys lately conquered, and now reſtored by France. True it is, that theſe Proteſtant Princes have oppoſed it, but their Oppoſitions are but bare Proteſtations, which will always prove in­ſignificant, if not ſupported by other Means more effectual. The Popiſh League will every day get ſtrength, and the Proteſtant Party decline, now in one place, now in another; and ſhall we ſtand ſtill unconcerned, and ſee, to the reproach of our Profeſſion, the ruine of the only pure Chriſtianity, which hath coſt us the beſt of our Blood. If they do not awake and exert themſelves in the preſent Circumſtances, the Wrath of God will not fail to awake againſt ſo heinous a Neglect. We will not preſume to preſcribe the Means, proper to prevent the Conſequence; of the League, ſince they are obvious to every body. It will be enough for us to ſay, that it is high time to think on't, and that e're it be long the Diſeaſe will be paſt Remedy. The great Revolution in Europe, which now ſeems near at hand, by the Death of a King leaving no Iſſue to ſucceed him in his vaſt Dominions, will give a fair opportunity to take the fitteſt Meaſures for the Preſervation of the Proteſtant Religion: For whilſt theſe two great Adverſaries of ours ſhall be obliged to employ themſelves in deciding the greateſt Controverſy29 they have had for theſe two hundred years, they may be prevailed upon to let fall their Perſecution, and then the Reformation, if powerfully aſſiſted, may be able to gain ground upon the Common Enemy.

In this general Deſign of protecting and promoting the Reformation, up­on which Popery hath in this Age ſo much incroach'd, the Princes and People concerned ought in our Opinion to take a ſpecial care to preſerve the Reformed Religion in France; becauſe they are to look upon it, as the Mother Church of all thoſe, which by a purer Reformation are diſtinguiſh­ed from the Lutherans. And Hiſtory informs us, that from France the Re­formation was brought into the Netherlands, and from thence into the United-Provinces, where it got the upper hand. The defection of Henry the VIII from the Pope made way for it in England, where it made ſome progreſs un­der Edward the VI, which was ſoon ruined by the Perſecution under Queen Mary. In the mean while the Church of France was reforming, and ſetling her ſelf in the midſt of Fire and Faggots; ſhe held her firſt National Synod under the Reign of Henry the II, a great Perſecutor, and the moſt Abſolute King that ever was in France, till the King now reigning. And ſince it is very true that the Blood of Martyrs is the ſeed of the Church, all the We­ſtern Churches muſt needs confeſs, that thoſe of France have laid on them ſuch an Obligation as can never be enough acknowledged; for they have afforded an infinite number of Martyrs, they have had Rivers of Blood ſhed in the Maſſacres committed on them, both in the laſt and this preſent Age, and lived all along under the Croſs; inſomuch as all the Sufferings of all other Churches, are but little in compariſon with thoſe of the Proteſtant Church in France; ſhe is the only Church which hath maintained her ſelf in the midſt of Torments, and been continually fruitful both of great Men and great Examples; and therefore all other Reformed Churches, though under whatever different kinds of Eccleſiaſtical Government, cannot plead any Exemption from acknowledging their Obligation to the French Church, which hath been either their Mother, or at leaſt their Predeceſſor; and con­ſequently they cannot excuſe themſelves from doing all that lies in their power, both for its Preſervation and Comfort. The moſt proper Means, in our Opinion, to be made uſe of at the preſent, are, to undeceive her of that erroneous and groundleſs Conceit taken up by her, that ſhe is quite forſaken. There are ſtill ſufficient Arguments remaining, to convince her, that though hitherto ſhe hath not been effectually relieved, yet at leaſt a good will to do it has not been wanting. There is nothing in the World can ſo much diſcourage our ſuffering Brethren, as the Opinion, that no body will ſtir any more in their behalf. This the Perſecutors now labour to make them believe. But the Proteſtant Princes and States are neceſſarily obliged to let them ſee the contrary. Not by taking up Arms; for the30 Wars being ſwayed by Humane motives only, are not in all probability the Means deſigned by God's Providence for the reſtauration of his Church. Perhaps God Almighty will in a ſhort time reveal unto us, what he intends to do towards the fulfilling of his purpoſes; in the mean time 'tis our Duty, firſt to turn to the Lord with all our Hearts, of which I ſhall Treat more fully hereafter; and ſecondly to ſtir up our Charity afreſh, of which we muſt ſpeak a Word or two, and ſo conclude.

The Reformed in France have been ſo much caſt down and diſpirited, to ſee themſelves excluded from the benefit of the Peace, that nothing can leſs raiſe their Courage than ſuch extraordinary efforts of Charity, as we ſaw immediately after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes; all the Proteſtant Princes and States did in that Juncture open both their Gates, and the Bowels of their Mercy, to thoſe diſtreſſed People, who in great multi­tudes quitted their own Habitations juſt as we uſed to do an Enemy's Coun­try; They collected great Sums of Money for them, ſet up Manufactures to help the Tradeſmen to a Livelihood, and ſettled yearly Penſions upon Perſons of Quality. Particularly the moſt Serene the Elector of Branden­burg of Bleſſed Memory, and his moſt Religious Son now Reigning, have ſignalized their Charity in an extraordinary manner; not only by the Colo­nies they have Eſtabliſh'd in the chief Towns of their Dominions, but chiefly by the Penſions they have allowed all Ages, Sexes, and Conditions; and that with ſo great a liberality as one would think might have lain very heavy upon their Exchequer. But ſince it hath not proved ſo, 'tis an unde­niable Inſtance of the greatneſs of their Revenues and Power, as well as of their Charity. We ſhall only add this, that unleſs the ſame Zeal be now re-kindled, the Truth and the Defenders of it will ſuffer mightily; for the Miſeries and the Neceſſities of the Proteſtants are now much greater than they were at that time: The moſt of them when they made their eſcape from France, had ſaved ſome part of their Effects, and lived upon them for ten or twelve years, and waited patiently in hope that the War and the Peace following would better their condition; but now they have ſpent all, and have not ſo much left them as a glimpſe of Hope. So that we ſee the old Refugees lying under ſo great extremity, as they muſt of neceſſity pe­riſh, if not ſpeedily ſupplied with Neceſſaries by the Charity of the Prote­ſtant States. But what ſhall we ſay of thoſe who ſtill live under the preſ­ſure of their Sufferings, who groan, and long for an opportunity of ſetting themſelves at liberty? The fear of ſtarving puts a ſtop to them, for this is one of the greateſt Temptations one can be expoſed to, and there are but few able to cope with this Idea of the utmoſt Poverty. Notwithſtanding a great many do come every day out of France, and we are told by them, that there are thouſands who have a mind to follow them, as ſoon31 as they hear, that the Proteſtant's Charity is grown as liberal as formerly; and therefore we do earneſtly intreat, and beg all Princes and States, and all private Men, whom God Almighty hath bleſſed with Ability, to be willing and ready to relieve theſe diſtreſſed Brethren, who groan under the heavy burden of Chriſt's Croſs. Theſe new Refugees by their flight will compleat the depopulation of that Kingdom, which is already weakned by ſo many publick Calamities, and continue to bring their Money, Induſtry, Arts and Trades, into theſe Countreys whereinto they will retire, and fill up the places of thoſe Inhabitants the War hath taken away. We eaſily be­lieve, that our Complaints and Prayers will not reach the Ears of thoſe whom we do chiefly intend to perſuade. But at laſt having done what lies in our power, God Almighty out of his Gracious Goodneſs will perform the reſt, and move the Heart of thoſe from whom we may receive any Comfort and Relief.

LETTER III. Containing ſome Directions for the Proteſtants Behaviour towards their Perſecutors, and for their Reſignation to the Will of God, who will not permit the total ruine of the Reformation in France; The Neceſſity of keeping up their Common Aſſemblies, and their Duty of Watching carefully over their Children, who are daily taken from them; With a Form of Prayer for the Afflicted Church.

WE now proceed to the Advices we promiſed you about your Beha­viour both towards your Perſecutors, and towards God in theſe your Afflictions, and begin with the Motions, that the ill uſage of your Enemies is apt to beget in you. As the Faithful by becoming Chriſtians, do not ceaſe from being Men; ſo it is very eaſie to apprehend, that your Re­ſentment muſt needs be ſo much the greater, becauſe you have not been guil­ty of doing any thing to deſerve theſe Outrages. The Zeal you have con­ſtantly32 ſhewn for the Houſe of Bourbon, ſince its coming to the Throne, and the eminent Services you have done, eſpecially to the Prince now Reigning, in preſerving his Crown during his Minority, ought to confirm you in the Peaceable Enjoyment of theſe Edicts, which three or four Kings had given and eſtabliſhed as perpetual and irrevocable. One muſt needs be an Angel, to ſee without ſome Emotion and Sorrow, Soldiers coming to ruine your Anceſtors Eſtates, and deſtroy your own Goods, and ſnatch your Children, the deareſt part of your ſelves, out of your Arms. If you are concerned as ye ought to be for the Intereſt of God, you cannot but with great grief ſee his Holy Name Blaſphemed, his Churches raſed to the Ground, his Truths inſolently oppoſed, his Children dealt with like profligate Wretches, and his Miniſters Tortured, Hanged, and Broken upon the Wheel. Ne­vertheleſs it is very convenient we ſhould give you ſome Directions ſuitable to this Occaſion for your keeping the middle way betwixt two extreams. The firſt Advice we would give is this, That you be not like thoſe indiffe­rent Perſons, who though they are fully convinced that the Romiſh Church is very corrupt, and the Reformed Religion without compariſon the better of the two, can for all that, without any Concernment and Tears, ſee the Enemy burning the Holy Cities of God, that do not avoid keeping Com­pany with the Perſecutors, or ſhew in the leaſt either any Pity towards their Brethren, or any Senſe of their Condition. This they call Moderation, Prudence, and obeying Chriſt's Command to love your Enemies, and to bleſs thoſe which Curſe you. We know very well, Dear Brethren, that you have among you too many of theſe Lukewarm Profeſſors, who are the Nurſery of Apoſtates, and whom our Saviour will ſpue out of his Mouth.

Neither is it to be queſtioned, but that you have alſo a great many in the other Extreme, who ſuffer their Zeal to be accompanied with unruly Paſſions. If theſe Men would throughly examine and know themſelves, perhaps they would find in their own Hearts, at leaſt, as much ſelf-love as love to God. Self-love cannot endure any reſtraint, and a Heart given up to Covetouſneſs, and yet not able wholly to ſhake off the conviction of Truth, and the deſire of Salvation, is under a terrible Diſtemper when ſtript of its Worldly Goods, and is much more concerned upon that account than for the intereſt of the Truth. Hence it is, that we have obſerved a­mong thoſe who have courageouſly forſaken their Native Country, that there were not ſo many Covetouſly minded, as of their kinds of Sinners; and this is the reaſon that induces theſe Worldly Men to continue ſtill under the Yoke, in which condition they think to compound for the guilt which their Conſciences reproach them with, by entertaining in their Hearts thoughts of Wrath and Fury, and venting them in Reproaches and Injuries againſt the Perſecutors as often as they can do it without danger.

33

The more dangerous Caſe in theſe two Extreams is that of the Timorous, who know the Truth, and hold it in Unrighteouſneſs; They are not whol­ly Impious, and would fain be ſaved by the Ways of Righteouſneſs and Truth, but are not willing to part with their Worldly Intereſts for their Salvation. But remember the Oracle, If any love the World, the love of the Father is not in him. Theſe Weak People among you do flatter and deceive themſelves, by comparing themſelves to thoſe wicked Apoſtates who are gone ſo far, as to ſin againſt the Holy Ghoſt, ſince they perſecute the Truth they have known; but they ſhould conſider, that an