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The Knowledge of things Vnknowne.

Shewing the effects of the PLANETS, and Ot•••ASTRONOMICAL Conſtellations.

With the ſtrange Events that befall Men, Womeand Children borne under them

Compiled by GODFRIDUS ſuper palladium de Agricultara. Anglicarum.

Together with the Husband-mans Practice, or Prognoſtication for e•••as teacheth Albert, Alkind, and Ptolomey

With the Shepheards Prognoſtication of the Weather, and Pytha••his Wheele of Fortune


This is unknown to many men, Though it be known to〈…〉

Printed for Iohn Stafford and are to be ſold by Francis Coles, at the〈◊〉of the Lambe in the Old-Baily, 166.

The Table to the firſt Part.

  • THe Booke of Knowledge for the be­nefit of all People; and of the Na­tivity of our Lord, falling on any of the ſeven dayes in the Week, there­by ſhewing the Diſpoſition of the yeare. Fol. 1
  • 2 Of the birth of Children in the dayes of the weeke. Fol. 4
  • 3 The nature and Diſpoſition of the Moone in birth of Children. Fol. 5
  • 4 Of Saturne, and his diſpoſition. Fol. 7
  • 5 What the Thunder ſignifieth in every month of the yeare. Fol. 18
  • 6 Of the good dayes for Bleeding, and ill dayes for any worke. Fol. 19
  • 7 To know how a man ſhall keep himſelfe in health. Fol. 21
  • 8 The perilous dayes of every moneth. Fol. 22
  • 9 Ptolomies rule for the Zodiack. Fol. 24
  • 10 How the Twelve Signes doe rule the parts of Mans body. Fol. 25
  • 11 The diſpoſition of the Planets. Fol. 26
  • 12 The condition of Man diſcovered by crea­tures. Fol. 31
  • 13 The deſcriptions of the four Elements, and of the foure Complexions. Fol. 32
  • 14 Of the foure prime Qualities. Fol. 32
  • 15 The yeare divided, with the Knowledge of the ſtate of mans body by Urine. Fol. 35
  • 16 An A. B. G. Wherein you may know of what Planet every man is borne, his fortune and time of his death. Fol. 42
  • 17 Another Alphabet for the ſame pur­poſe. Fol. 44
  • 18 To know the Weather that ſhall be all the yeare after the change of the Moone, by the Prime dayes. Fol. 46
  • 19 A rule to know upon what letter, what hour, and what minute, as followeth. Fol. 46
  • 20 Of the moſt beſt and profitable dayes that be in the yeare to be let blood. Fol. 48
  • 21 Here followeth the nature of the twelve Signes. Fol. 5
  • 22 The Anatomy of Mans body, with the number of the bones. Which is in all, 248. Fol. 55
  • 23 The uſe and order of Phlebotomy, with the names of the veines and where they reſt. Fol. 58
  • 24 Of the yeare with the growth of things. Fol. 63
  • 25 The change of man twelve times according to the moneths. Fol. 65
  • 26 The Rutter of the diſtances of the harbors and havens in moſt parts of the World, from one to another. Fol. 69
  • 27 Of the Axtree and the Poles. Fol. 72
  • 28 Of the Circles of the Sphear. Fol. 73
  • 29 The Reaſon why that five paralell Circles are onely in the Sphear. Fol. 75
  • 30 Of the five grater Circles, of the appear­ance and non appearance of them: Fol. 76
  • 31 Of the bigneſs of the five parallel Cir­cles. Fol. 79
  • 32 Of the number of the Parallels. Fol. 80
  • 33 O the order of the five parallel circles. Fol. 81
  • 34 Of the power of the five Parallels. Fol. 81
  • 35 Of the ſpace between the Parallels Fol. 82
  • 36 Of the Colours. Fol. 83
  • 37 Of the Zodiack. Fol. 83
  • 38 Of the Horizon. Fol. 84
  • 39 Of the Meridian circles. Fol. 86
  • 40 Of the Circle Galaxias. Fol. 89
  • 41 Of the five Zones Fol. 87
  • 42 Of the Celeſtial Sgnes with their Seats Fol. 88
  • 43 Of the twelve windes, with their names and properties. Fol. 92
  • 34 Strange wonders moſt worthy of note. Fol. 91

The table to the Second part.

  • 1 THe Husbandmans Prognoſtication for ever, together with his Rules and Pra­ctice. Alſo ahriefe Chronologie of divers memorable Accidents.
  • 2 Of Chriſtmaſs day. Fol. 100
  • 3 The Husbandmans practice. Fol. 102
  • 4 The diſpoſition of the twelve Dayes known by the ſhining of the Sun. Fol. 103
  • 5 From the time of Chriſtmas to twelf day. Fol. 103
  • 6 How thou mayſt rule well thy beaſts that yeare. Fol. 109
  • 7 An old rule of the Husbandman. Fol. 110
  • 8 How the Winter ſhall be after two twelve moneths. Fol. 110
  • 9 The ſaying of Solyus and Petrus. Fol. 110
  • 10 The circles about the Sun, Moon, and other Starres. Fol. 111
  • 11 The colour and lights of the other Stars. Fol. 112
  • 12 How to know the weather by the riſing and going downe of the Sun. Fol. 113
  • 13 Albertus of the Lightning. Fol. 114
  • 14 Of the Rain-bow, from whence he is, and what it ſignifieth. Fol. 115
  • 15 Of Thunder and Lightning Fol. 116
  • 16 To know the weather by the four Quarters of the year as ſheweth, Lichtnb••ger, Fol. 117
  • 17 How to know the weather out of the New and Full Moone. Fol. 118
  • 18 Of the Eclips of the Moon, the cauſe thereof how and when they happen. Fol. 121
  • 19 To find when the Moon ſhall be Eclipſed and when not. Fol. 121
  • 20 To find when the Sunne ſhall be Eclipſed and when not. Fol. 122
  • 21 How to behold an Eclipſe of the Sun with­out hurt to the eyes. Fol. 122
  • 22 The mind of the Fathers of the nature of the Fire. Fol. 123
  • 23 A briefe diſcourſe of the Naturall cauſes of watery Meteors. Fol. 124
  • 24 Of the Rainbow. Fol. 124
  • 25 Of Raine. Fol. 124
  • 26 Of Haile, Fol. 125
  • 27 Of Snow. Fol. 125
  • 28 Of Froſt and Dew. Fol. 125
  • 29 Of Wind. Fol. 126
  • 30 Of ſodaine Blaſts. Fol. 126
  • 31 Of Earth-quakes. Fol. 127
  • 32 Signes of Earth-quakes, Fol. 127
  • 33 Of Thunder and Lightnings. Fol. 128
  • 34 What things be not hurt with Light­ning. Fol. 129
  • 35 Sundry rules of excellent uſe, and right neceſſary to be known of the Husband-man and all other perſons of what quality ſoever, as of Phyſick and Husbandry through the 12 moneths of the yeer. Fol. 130
  • The uſe of an Inſtrument to find the hour of the day. Fol. 142
  • A Table ſhewing the Intereſt of any ſum of mony from 1 pound to 1000 pound. Fol. 147
  • Tables ſhewing the value of any Leaſe or pure haſe either at 5, 6, 8, or 10 pounds in the hundred. Fol. 150
  • Of the Diſtances, Magnitudes, Motions, and Situations of the Planets fixed Stars. Fol. 155
    • 1 Of the Heaven of the fixed Stars. Fol. 155
    • 2 Of the Heaven of Saturn. Fol. 157
    • 3 Of the Heaven of Ipiter, Fol. 158
    • 4 Of the Heaven of Mars. Fol. 158
    • 5 Of the Heaven Sun. Fol. 159
    • 6 Of the Heaven of V••us, Fol. 159
    • 7 Of the Heaven of Mercury. Fol. 160
    • 8 Of the Heaven of the Moon. Fol. 160
  • A Table of the Kings Reigns, their beginning, ending and continuance. Fol. 162
  • How to make all manner of Bils, Bonds, Leaſes Indentures, Receits, Wills, &c. Fol. 166

The table to the Third part.

  • 1 THe Shepherds perpetuall Prognoſtica­tion for the Weather: and firſt, The ſignes of Raine, Fol. 183
  • 2 Signes of Stormes and Wind, Fol. 184
  • 3 Signes and tokens of faire Weather. Fol. 185
  • 4 Signes of Heat and hot Weather, Fol. 196
  • 5 Signes of cold and froſty Weather, Fol. 196
  • 6 Signes of Snow, Fol. 187
  • 7 Signes of Plenty and Abundance, Fol. 189
  • 8 Signes of Dearth, and want of Corne and Food, Fol. 190
  • A briefe Chronologie of Memorable Acci­dents. Fol. 191
  • A briefe Deſcription of all the Members of the body with their ſignification. Fol. 197
  • Of the ſignification of Moles. Fol. 215
  • A deſcription of the Wheele of Fortune.
[How the Moone appeares when ſhe is Eclipſed, and in this manner did ſhe appeare in the yeare 1661. upon Saturday being the 28. of September.: ]



THE BOOKE of Knowledge. Both neceſſary and uſefull for the bene­fit of all People.


IF the Nativity of our Lord come on Sunday Winter ſhall be good, the Spring windy, ſwéet and hot, Vintage flou­riſhing: Oxen and Shéepe multiplyed, Honey and Milke plentifull: Peace and accord in the Land,ea all the Sundaies in the yeare profitable. They that be borne ſhall be ſtrong great and ſhi­ning: and he that flyeth ſhall be found.


IF itall on the Monday, Winter ſhall be indifferent, Summer dry, or cleane contra­ry;2 ſo that if it be rainy and tempeſtuous, Vintage ſhall be doubtfull: in each Monday of the ſaid yeare, to enterpriſe any thing, it ſhall be proſperous and ſtrong. Who that fly­eth ſhall ſoone be found: Theft done ſhall be proved, and hee that falleth into his bed ſhall ſoone recover.


IF it come on Tueſday, Winter ſhall be good, the Spring windy: Summer fruitfull Vintage labourſome, Women dye and Ships periſh on the Sea. In each Tueſday of the ſame yeare, to begin a work it will proſper: he that is born ſhall be ſtrong and covetous, dreames pertaine to age. He that flyeth ſhall ſoone be found; theft done ſhall be proved.


IF it come on the Wedneſday, Winter ſhall be ſharpe and hard, the Spring windy and evill, Summer good, Vintage plentifull, good wit eaſily found, young men dye, honey ſpa­ring, men deſire to Travell, and Shipmen ſayle with great hazard that yeare. In each Wedneſday to begin a worke is good.


IF it come on the Thurſday, Winter ſhall he good, the Spring windy, Summer fruit­full3 Vintage plentifull, Kings and Princes in hazard. And in each Thurſday to begin a new work proſperous; He that is borne ſhall be of faire ſpéech, and worſhipfull; he that fly­eth ſhall ſoone be found: theft done by women ſhall ſoone be proved. He that falleth in his bed ſhall ſoone recover.


IF it come on the Friday, Winter ſhall be marvellous, the Spring windy and good. Summer dry, Vintage plentious: There ſhall be trouble of the ayre, Shéep and Bées periſh, Oats dear. In each Friday to be­gin a work it ſhall proſper, he that is born ſhall be profitable and lecherous. He that fly­eth ſhall ſoon be found, theft done by a child ſhall be proved.


IF it come on the Saturday, Winter ſhall be darke, ſnow great, fruit plentious, the Spring windy, Summer evill, Vintage ſpa­ring in many places: Oates ſhall be deare, Men wax ſick and Bées dye In no Saturday to begin a work ſhall be good, except the courſe of the Moone alter it: Theft done ſhall be found he that flyeth ſhall turne againe to his4 owne: Thoſe that are ſicke, ſhall long wail and uneath they ſhall eſcape death.

2. Of the Birth of Children in the Dayes of the Weeke.

ON the Sunday who that is be the ſhall be great and ſhining. Who that is born on the Munday ſhall proſper, if he begin a worke athat day. Who is borne on the Tuēſday, ſhall be Covetous, and periſh with Iron, and hardly come to the laſt age; and to begin all things is good. He that is borne on the Wedneſday, ſhall lightly leanue words. He that is borne on the Thurſday, ſhall be ſtable and wohipfull, and to begin all things is good. He that is borne on the Friday, ſhall be of long life and Lecherous, and to begin all things is good. He that is borne on the Sa­turday, ſhall••ldome be profitable, but if the courſe of the Moone bring it thereto.


3. The nature and diſpoſition of the Moon in the birth of Children.

The firſt day Adam created.

IN the firſt day of the Moon Adam was made: to doall things is profitable, and that thou ſéeſt in thy fléepe ſhall be well, and turne into joy; if thou ſéemeſt to be o­vercome, nevertheleſſe thou ſhalt overcome. A Child that is borne ſhall ſoone increaſande of long life, a•••rich; he that falleth ſicke ſhall long wall; a••ſuffer a long ſickneſſe. It is good to let a litt••Blood.

The ſecond day Eve made.

IN the ſecond day of the Moone〈◊〉made: to doe an errand is good〈◊〉prize any thing is profitable: as to〈◊〉ſell, and flye into a ſhip to make aa; and to ſo••ſéeds: theft done ſhall ſoon be found: What­ſoever thou ſhalt ſée in ſleepſudd••effect it ſhall have whether it he good or evill to let blood is good. A Child that is born, ſoon ſhall6 wax, and he ſhall be a Lecherer; and if a wa­man prove a ſtrumpet.

The third day Cain was borne.

IN the third day of the Moone Cain was borne; abſtain from doing of any thing, ex­cept thou wouldſt not have it proſper: draw up roots in the yard and in the field: theft done ſhall ſoone be found. Whatſoever thou ſéeſt in ſléepe is nought: the Man child ſhall grow for the time, but dye young. A ſick man that falleth in his bed ſhall travell, and not eſcape; To let blood is good.

The fourth day Abel was borne.

IN the fourth day of the Moone Abel was borne. Whatſoever thou doeſt is good in each travell: the dreame thou ſéeſt, hath ef­fect; hope in God, and counſell good. A child that is born, ſhall be a good creature and much praiſed. A man that falleth ſicke either ſoone ſhall be healed, or ſoone ſhall dye. It is good to let blood.

The fifth day no Sacrament.

IN the fifth day of the Moone, doe nothing of errand, nor worke; to receive the Sacra­ment is dangerous: He that flyeth ſhall be taken or killed; the dreame that thou ſhalt ſée ſhall be well. Beware that thou reject no counſel. A child that is borne ſhall dye young:7 He that falleth in his bed, ſoone ſhall dye: to let blood is good.

The ſixth day ſend Children to School.

IN the ſixth day of the Moone, to ſend Chil­dren to School is good, and to uſe hunting. The dreames that thou ſhalt ſée, ſhall not come to paſſe: but beware thou ſay nought to any man, nor diſcover thy counſel. A child borne ſhall be of long life, and ſickly. A ſicke man uneath ſhall eſcape; to let blood is good.

The ſeaventh day Abel was ſlaine.

IN the ſeventh day of the Moone, Abel was ſlaine. He that falleth ſſek ſhall dye: he that is borne ſhall be of long life: it is good to let blood, and to take drinke. A dreame that thou ſéeſt, long after ſhall be. Who that fly­eth, ſhall ſoon be found, and theft alſo. To buy Swine, to tame beaſts, to clip haires, and to take all manner of nouriſhing is good. A ſ••ke man if he be medicined he ſhall be healed.

The eighth day good to do any thing.

ANd in the eighth day of the Moone; whatſoever thou wilt doe is good: All things that thou wilt treet of to goe in coun­ſell, to buy Manciples and Beaſts to change folds of Shéepe, to lay foundations to ſo••8ſeeds to go in a way. A child that is born ſhall be ſick and dye young; but if he live, he ſhal be a Purchaſer. A dream ſhall be certain, and ſoon ſhal be. If thou ſéeſt ſory things turn them to the Eaſt. Though an old man wax ſick he ſhall live: their ſhall be found; to let blood it behoveth in the midſt of the day.

The ninth day, Lamech borne.

ANd in the ninth day of the Moon Lamech was born: to do all things is profitable, what thing thou wilt enterprize ſhall come to good offect. A dream that thou ſéeſt ſhall come in the day following, or in the ſecond day; and thou ſhalt ſée a ſigne in the Eaſt, and that ſhal appear in ſléep onely, within eleven dayes ſhal come to pae. A Child borne, in all things ſhall be a Purchaſer and good, and long of life. A ſick man ſhall wail much, and ariſe. Who ſhall be chaſed, ſhall not be found: and who that is oppreſſeſhall be comforted. Preſume thou not to be lt blood.

The tenth day Noah borne.

ANd in the tenth day of the Moone was b••ne the Patriark Noah. Whatſoever thou wilt do, ſhall prtain to light: Dreamse in vaine and within four dayes ſhall come9 without peril. A child that is born ſhall ſée many countries, and die old. Whatſoever is loſt ſhall be hid: who that is bound ſhall be un­bound: who that flyeth after ſhall be found: who that falleth in travel without peril, ſhall be delivered: who that falleth ſick in his bed he ſhall long abide. To let blood is good.

The eleventh day, Sem born.

ANd in the 11th day of the Moon, Sem was born: It is good to begin works; a Iourney; to make a Wedding; A dream within four dayes ſhall be fulfilled without peril; A child that is born ſhall be of long Life, and Religious, and he ſhall have a ſign lovely in the forehead, or in the mouth, or in theye, and in the latter age he ſhall be made better. A wench ſhall have a ſigne that ſhe ſhall be learned with wiſdom. To travel is good, and to change folds of Shéep from place to place. He that is ſick, if long ſick, ſhall be healed: each day to be let blood is good.

The twelfth day, Canaan born.

ANd in the twelfth day of the Moon was born Canaan, the ſon of Cham: nothing thou ſhalt begin, for it is a grievous day. A dream ſhall be certain, and joy to thee after: that thou ſéeſt, within nine dayes ſhall be ful­filled. 10To wed, and to do errands is profita­ble: that is loſt ſhall be found. A child that is born ſhall be of long life, angry and honeſt: a Sick-man ſhall be grieved, and ariſe: who that is taken ſhall be let go: theft done ſhall be found. To let blood at even, it is good.

The 13th. day, Noah planted Vines.

ANd in the thirteenth day of the Moon. Noah planted Vines, ſo that to plant Vines is good: After that thou wakeſt, thy dream ſhall be, and within four dayes come to gladneſs: but take heed to Pſalms and O­riſons. A child born ſhall come to adverſity, he ſhall be angry, and not long of life. Who that is bound ſhal be looſed, that is loſt ſhall be found. Who that waxeth Sick long time ſhall travel, and ſeldom ſhall recover, but die. To wed a wife is good, and each day let blood.

The 14th. day, Noah bleſſed all things.

THe fourteenth day of the Moon, is a good day, and a glad. Noah bleſſed all things, whatſoever thou wilt do, ſhall come to thee to good purpoſe. A dream within ſix dayes ſhall be. To make wedding is good, & to go in the way. Ask of thy friend, or thine enemy, and it ſhall be done to thee. A child that is born ſhal be a traitor, the ſick-man ſhal be changed11 and riſe, and healed by Medicine: to let blood is good.

The 15th. day, confuſion of Languages.

ANd in the 15th. day of the Moon, tongues were divided: do no work, begin no work for it is a grievous day. A Sick-man ſhall long travel, but he ſhall ecape. A dream that thou ſeeſt nothing ſhall annoy, but come to good event. A child born ſhall die young: that is loſt ſhall be found; to let blood is good.

The 16th. day, Pythagoras born.

ANd in the ſixteenth day of the Moon, Py­thagoras was born, and the Author of Philoſophy: to buy and ſell is good, and to tame Oxen and other beaſts. A dream is not good, after long time it ſhall come, and it ſhal be harmful; to take a wife, and make wedding is good: Folos of Shéep from place to place to change is good. A child that is born ſhall be of long Life, but he ſhall be poor, ſorſworn and accuſed. A Sick-man if he change his place, he ſhall live: to let blood is good.

The 17th. day, ill to be an Embaſſador.

IN the ſeventeenth day of the Moon it is e­vil to do an errand: a dream that thou ſéeſt after long time ſhall be, or within thirty12 dayes. A child that is born ſhall be ſilly; he that is ſick ſhall be much grieved, and ariſe: that is loſt ſhall be found: to ſend children to ſchool, to be wedded, to make Medicine, and to take it, is good, but not to let blood.

The 18 day, good to enterprize any thing.

ANd in the eightéenth day of the Moon, it is good for all things to be done, namely, to begin houſes, and to ſet children to ſchool; dreams are good, and ſhall be done within twenty dayes; who that ſickneſs hath, ſhall ſoon riſe, or long be ſick, and then recover; theft done ſhall be found; a man-child now born ſhall be valiant and eloquent, proud, un­peaceable, and not long of life: A maid-child then born, ſhall be chaſte, laborious, ſervice­able, and better in her latter age: they ſhall both be marked above the knees. Not too har­dy be thou to let blood this day.

The 19 day, a day indifferent.

IN the ninetéenth day of the Moon, it is in­different to begin any thing, dreams ſhall come within twenty dayes; who that hath ſickneſſe, ſhall ſoon riſe, if he take medicine: theft then dene ſhall not be found: A man-child then born, ſhall be true, begin, fight,13 wiſe, ever wax better and better in great worſhip, and have a mark in the brow. A maid-child then born, ſhall be right ſick; yet wedded to one man; that day is good to bléed.

The 20 day, Iſaac bleſſed his Son.

ANd in the 20 day of the Moon, Iſaac bleſ­ſed his Son; whatſoever thou wilt do is good. A dream that thou ſéeſt ſhall appear, but tell it to no man. To make a wedding is good; to buy a ſervant; to build houſes; to change folds of ſheep from place to place; to tame beaſts, and to ſowe ſéeds is good; a child that is born ſhall be a fighter, and he ſhal have many arriving; that is loſt ſhall be found; to change bées is good; A ſick man ſhall long wail, or ſoon ariſe; to let blood at even is good.

The 21 day, Saul was born.

IN the 21 day of the Moon Saul was born, firſt King of the Iews. A dream is true and come to paſſe within four dayes. A child that is born ſhall find••uch evil, he ſhall be a thief, and witty, or a traitor, and travellous. Eſau took the laſt bleſſing of his Father; it is good to heal Swine and other Beaſts; it behoveth to abſtain from gaming: to go in the way is good; a ſick man ſhall ariſe; theft ſhall14 be found; let no blood neither day nor night.

The 22 day, Joſeph was born.

IN the 22 day of the Moon, Joſeph was born: it is a day of holineſs; if thou doeſt any errand, thou ſhalt find it grievous: dreams ſhall be certaine, and ſhall come to joy. A child born, in all dayes ſhall be a Pur­chaſer, merry, fair, and religious. A ſick man both late is confirmed and healed. Bées to change from place to place, is good: and to let blood all day is good.

The 23 day, Benjamin was born.

IN the 23 day of the Moon, Benjamin was born, Son of the right ſide, the Eaſt of the Patriack Jacob. Whatever thou wilt do is good: a dream that thou ſéeſt, ſhall turn to joy, and nothing ſhall trouble thee; and other while it was wont to fall within eight dayes; To take a wife is good, to make wedding, to lay foundations, to open new earth, and to tame beaſts is good. A child born ſhall be an out-caſt, and many adventures he ſhall have, and in ſins he ſhall die; a ſick man ſhall a­riſe: it is good to〈◊〉blood.

The 24 day, Goliah was born.

IN the 24 day of the Moon, Goliah was born: a dream that thou ſéeſt, ſignifieth thy15 health, and nothing ſhall annoy: A child born ſhall be ſuddenly in his Actions, and do wonderful things; a Sick-man ſhall languiſh and be healed: to let blood before their hour is good.

The 25 day, the Plagues of Egypt.

IN the 25 day of the Moon, our Lord ſent Signes into Egypt by Moſes, and in each day he paſſed the red Sea; he that taketh the Sacrament, ſhall die a perillous death; fear is threatned. The dream ſignifieth hard things, and within ten dayes it was wont to come early, then bow thy head into the Eaſt; A child born ſhall be an evil man, ma­ny perils he ſhall ſuffer; a Sick-man ſhall ſuſtain injury, and unneath eſcape; it is good to let blood.

The 26 day, Moſes dryed the red Sea.

IN the 26 day of the Moon, Moſes dryed the red Sea: In that day Jonathan the ſon of Saul was born, and Saul died with his Sons. Thou ſhalt begin nothing; the dream ſhall be certain, and turned into joy. Pil­grims muſt beware of Spies, and Enemies. A child born ſhall be full lovely, but neither rich nor poor. A Sick-man ſhall travel and ariſe; if he have the Dropfie, he ſhall die: to16 let blood a little is needful.

The 27 day, Manna ent.

IN the 27 day of the Moon, our Lord rained Manna to the Children of Iſrael; what ever thou wilt do is good; uſe dili­gence; a dream that thou ſeeſt ſhall come either to good or evil. A child born ſhall be of long life, and moſt loved, and if a man, neither rich nor poor: a ſick man ſhall riſe to life, he ſhall be holden in much languor, but ſhall be healed: folds of Sheep from place to place to change is good. To let blood in the evening is good.

The 28 day, good to pitch Tents.

IN the 28 day of the Moon, War may begin, and Tabernacles fixed in the deſert; whatever thou wilt do is good; a dream that thou ſeeſt ſhall turn into joy. A Child born ſhall be much loved, he ſhall be holden in ſick­neſs; a ſick man that faſteth in infirmity, ſoon ſhall be ſaved; to let blood in the even, is good.

The 29 day, the Jews go into Canaan.

IN the 29 day of the Moon, the Iews went into the Land of Canaan: Herod the King cut off the Childrens heads. Be­gin nothing: the dream ſhall be certain and good, gladneſs and joy it ſignifieth; an er­rand begun is good to fulfill; to take a wife17 is good, but yet make no Dowers, nor write Teſtaments. A child born ſhall be of long Life, Wiſe, Holy, and Meek. To fiſh and hunt is good, a ſick man ſhall not be grievouſly ſick, but eſcape. It is good to be let blood.

The 30 day, Samuel was born.

ANd in the 30 day of the Moon, Samu­el the Prophet was born, whatſoever thou wilt do, is good. A dream that appear­eth to thee certain, and within two dayes thou ſhalt ſee, and thou ſhalt find a red figne in the Eaſt within nine dayes. A Child born ſhall be of long life, and profitable and well mea­ſured in each thing. A ſick man ſhall nigh come to death: In no manner let blood. Theſe and many other pertain to men, as the courſe of the Moon followeth.

4. Of Saturn and his Diſpoſition.

SAturn is the firſt Planet, and the wick­edeſt, and he beginneth the Zodiack but once in thirty years, reigneth in each Signe, two years and a halfe, which is in ſix Signes, fifteen years. And in all the twelve Signes thirty years: And aright as there are twelve Signes in the18 Zodiack, ſo are there twelve months in the year, each Sign to his month. Where­fore beware before, and look where Saturn reigneth in thrée winter ſigns, that is to ſay, Capricorn, Aquary, and Piſces, and all theſe ſeven years and half, ſhall be ſcarceneſs and hard of Corn, Fruit, Beaſts, and all other things; for in thrée years ſignes he hath might and moſt power to fulfill his malice, if he be not letted by neighbour-hod of any good Planet.

5. What the Thunder ſignifieth every Month of the Year.

THunder in January, ſignifieth the ſame year great winds, plentiful of Corn and Cattle peradventure. Thunder in Febru­ary, ſignifieth that ſame year many rich men ſhall die in great ſickneſſe. Thunder in March, ſignifieth that ſame year great winds, plenty of Corn, and debate amongſt People. Thunder in April ſignifieth that ſame year to be fruitful and merry, with the Death of wicked Men. Thunder in May, ſignifieth that year need, ſcarceneſſe, and dearth of Corn, and great hunger. Thunder in June, ſignifieth that ſame year, that woods19 ſhall be overthrown with winds, and great raging ſhall be of Lions and Wolves, and ſo like of other harmful Beaſts. Thunder in July, ſignifieth that ſame year ſhall be good Corn, and loſſe of Beaſts; that is to ſay, their ſtrength ſhall periſh. Thunder in Au­guſt, ſignifieth the ſame year ſorrow, wail­ing of many, for many ſhall be ſick. Thunder in September, ſignifieth the ſame year great wind, plentiful of Corn, and much falling out betwéen man and man: Thunder in Octo­ber, ſignifieth the ſame year great wind, and ſcantneſſe of Corn, Fruits and Trees. Thunder in November, ſignifieth that ſame year to be fruitfull and merry, & cheap­neſſe of Corn. Thunder in December, ſignifieth that ſame year cheapneſſe of Corn, and Wheat, with peace and accord among the People.

9. Of the good dayes for bleeding, and ill dayes for any work.

IN every month be two evil dayes, one in waxing of the Moon, and another in the waning. The Kalender ſheweth them and their hours openly enough: in the which dayes, if any folk take ſickneſſe, or begin20 any new thing, it is great grace if ever it fare well, or come to good end. And there are fifty Canicular, or Dog-dayes, that is to ſay, from the fifteenth Kalender of Auguſt, to the Nones of September, in which dayes it is forbidden by Aſtronomy to all manner of folks to let blood, or take Phyſick: yea, it is good to abſtain from Women: For why, all that time reigneth a Star, that is called Canicula Canis, in Latin, a Hound in En­gliſh: Now of the foreſaid Star Canicula, the foreſaid fifty dayes are called Canicular dayes, and biting as a Bitch, for the kind of the ſtar Caniculas, is boyling and brenning as fire, and biting as a Bitch-whelp: that time the heat of the Sun, and of the Star, is ſo fervent and violent, that mens bodies at midnight ſweat as at mid-day, and ſwel­eth lightly, bloweth and brenneth; and if they then be hurt, they be more ſick than at any other time, very near dead. In theſe dayes all venemous Serpents creep, fly, and gen­der, and ſo they overſet hugely the air, in feeding of their kind, ſo that many men are dead thereby. In theſe dayes a Fire is good night and day, and wholeſom: ſeeth your meats, and take heed of feeding violently.


And from the eighteenth Kalender of Octo­ber, to the ſeventeenth Kalend of November, look thou take no cold; for then the powers of man, of earth, and of all things elſe ſettle, and they may not open again till the ſeven­teenth Kalend of April: wherefore it is leſſe harm for thee to take cold at Chriſtmaſs, than at this time.

7. To know how a man ſhall keep himſelf in Health.

IF thou wilt keep thee long in health, fly anger, wrath, and envy, and give thee to mirth in meaſure, travel ſadly, ſo that thou ſweat not too much in the Summer, and namely, the Canicular dayes; fly all man­ner of ſtrong Drinks and hot Spices, bren­ning Meats, eſpeciaily their exceſſe; Faſt not too long at morn; Sup not too late at night; eat not too haſtily, nor overmuch at once, and that that thou eateſt chew it well: every time that thouateſt, reſt a little after; ſleep not after dinner except in May, June, July, and Auguſt; and yet the leſſe that thou ſleepeſt then, the better it is. To ſleep well in the waxing of the Night, and to be early up in the Morning, is the better: and22 every day beware of Myſts, that none enter into thee faſting; for thereof cometh great peſtilences and heat. And in great cold and peſtilences, eat much Garlike every day with nine Saffron Chieves, and iwill do thee much good. Eat enough in Winter, and the Spring, but little in Summer: look thy meat be well ſeaſoned: in Harveſt be­ware of fruits, for they are not good, except they be given thee for medicine: of all man­ner of meats, ſodden is the beſt; eat not too many hot Spices, nor eat but little at once, for better it wre to eat ſeven times in the day, than once thy fill: Fleſh is more nouriſhing than Fiſh: Eat not too much ſower meats, nor ſalt, for they will make thy bones ſore; look thy drink be not too new, nor too old: ſweet powdred Meats be moſt wholſome. Of all things take meaſure and no more: for in meaſure reſts vertue.

8. The perillous Dayes of every Month.

IN the change of every Moon, be two dayes, in the which what thing ſoever is begun, late, or ever, it ſhall come to no good end, and the dayes be full perillous for many things.

  • In January when the Moon is three or four dayes old,
  • In February, 5, or 7.
  • In March, 6, or 7.
  • In April, 5, or 8.
  • In May, 8, or 9.
  • In June, 5, or 15.
  • In July, 3, or 13.
  • In Auguſt, 8, or 13,
  • In September, 8, or 13.
  • In October, 5, or 12.
  • In November, 5, or 9.
  • In December, 3, or 13.

Aſtronomers ſay, that ſix dayes in the year are perillous of death: And therefore they forbid men to be let blood on them, or take any drink. That is to ſay,

  • The third day of the Month of January.
  • The firſt day of the Month of July.
  • The ſecond day of the Month of October.
  • The laſt of the Month of April.
  • The firſt day of Auguſt.
  • The laſt day going out of December.

Theſe ſix dayes with great diligence ought ſo to be kept, but namely the latter three, for all the Veins are then full. For then whether man or braſt be knit in them,24 wihin ſeven dayes, or certainly within four­teen dayes he ſhall die. And if they take any drinks within fifteen dayes, they ſhall die; and if they eat any Gooſe in theſe three dayes, within forty dayes they ſhall die; and if any child be born in theſe three latter dayes, they ſhall die a wicked death.

Aſtronomers and Aſtrologers ſay, that in the beginning of March the ſeventh night, or the fourteenth day, let thee blood of the right arm: And in the beginning of April, the eleventh day, of the left arm: and in the end of May, third or fifth day, on whether arm thou wilt; and thus of all that year, thou ſhalt orderly be kept from the Fever, the falling Gout, the ſiſter Gout, and loſſe of thy Sight.

9. Ptolomies Rule for the Zodiack.

EAch mans body is ruled by a certain Signe of the Zodiack.

Wherefore (as ſaith Ptolomeus, If thou be ſick in any limbe, do not medicine unto that limbe, for it ſhall rather hinder than further. And nainely, fly blood-letting at that time. Thus ſhalt thou know how the Signes reign in our limbs.


10. Of the twelve Signes.

[figure with twelve signs

ARies, or the Ram govern­eth the Head. The Bull reigneth in the neck, and in the Throat.

Geminy, or the Twins rule the ſhoul­ders, arms and hands, and theſe three are the ſigns of the Spring.

Cancer or the Crab, commandeth the Sto­mack, Limbs, Arteries, Milt, Liver and Gall.

The Lion reigneth in the Back, Sides, Bones, Sinews and Griſtles.

Virgo, or the Maid, guideth the Womb, Midriffe and Guts. And alſo ſhe reigneth o­ther-while in the Stomach, Liver, Gall, and Milt, and other nutriffe Limbs beneath the Midriffe; and theſe three are the Signes of Summer.

Libra or the Ballance holdeth in the Navel, the Reins, and the lower parts of the womb.

The Scorpion keepeth the Bladder, the Buttocks, and other Privities of Man or Woman. 26The Sagitary dwelleth in the Thighs and Buttocks, & theſe thrée are ſigns of Harveſt.

The Capricorn reigneth in the Knées.

The Aquary governeth the Legs & Anckles.

The Fiſh detecteth the fée: and theſe thrée be the Signes of Winter.

The Diſpoſition of the Planets.

SAturn, Jupiter, Mars, Sol, Venus, Mercu­ry, Luna.

Saturnius is the cauſe of death, dearth and peace.

Jupiter is the cauſe of long peace, reſt and vertuous living.

Mars is the cauſe of drineſs, debate, & war.

Sol is the cauſe of life, health and waxing.

Venus is the cauſe of luſty love and lechery.

Mercury is the cauſe of much ſpéech, mer­chandize and flights.

Luna is the cauſe of moiſtneſs, great wa­ters and violent fl••ds.

Saturn's hour is good and ſtrong to do all things that aseth••ength only, & to nought elſe, ſave to battle; for it is wondrous evil. That man or woman that hath the Star Sa­turn to his Planet, he is melancholly, black, and goeth ſwiftly, he hath a void heart, wicked and bitter as worm〈…〉he will lightly be27 wreth, he is quarelſome, witty, covetous and ireful; he eateth haſtily, and is falſe and in­clining to lie, with ſhining eyes as a Cat; he hath in the forehead a mark or wound of fire, he is poor, and his cloaths are rent unto a time. And thus he hath open ſigns, and all his coverous is by other mens poſſeſſions, and not by his own.

Jupiter's hour is good in all things, namely peace, love, accord; who that hath this Star to his Planet, he is ſanguine ruddy, and go­eth a large pace, neither too ſwift nor too ſoft; his ſtature is ſeemly and ſhining, he hath a fair viſage, lovely ſemblance, red lips, fair hairs, broad face, good brows; his cloaths are good and ſtrong; he is ſwéet, peaceable, and ſoft.

Mars's hour is evil, and better by night than by day; for it is Maſculine on the night, and Feminine on the day: It is good to do any thing, but with great ſtrength: by night it is good to enter battel and alſo by day, but not ſo much good as by night. Who that hath this Star to his Planet, his making is of good defence, and oftentimes his face is red with blood, his face is ſmall and ſu•••ll, and laughing, and he hath eyes as a Cat: and all the dayes of his life, he will acc••ſe many men28 of evil; he hath a wound of a Sword in his face, he is moſt cholerick. And thus he hath open ſigns.

Sol's hour is the worſt of all other hours, no man in his hour may do his will, ſave Rings and Lords, and that with great ſtrength: who ſo in this hour entereth battle he ſhall be dead there. Who that hath this ſtar to his planet, he hath ſharp eyes, great ſpeech, and wicked thoughts in his heart, he is wicked and avari­tious, neither white nor black, but betwixt both; he hath a mark in his face, or a wound, and hath a wound in his body of fire, and he is right wicked and grudging in his deeds.

Venus hour is good in all things, and it is better on night, then on day, ever til mid-day, at mid-day it is not good, for the Sun covereth it. On Sunday the ninth hour is Venus hour; ſus not then to any Lord nor Potentate; for if thou do, thou ſhalt find him wroth. Who that hath this ſtar to his planet, namely, if he be born by night in Venus hour, he is while, & hath a round face, little forehead, round beard, he hath middle noſe, and hairy eyes; he is laughing and litigious, and he hath a mark in his face; his making is fair and plain, and of­time his neather lipis greater than the up­per. 29And who that is born under Venus, when ſhe is not in full power, he hath a ſharp noſe, and ſomewhat crooked, fair hairs, ſoft eyes of running water; he is a ſinger, he longeth much after games, and loveth them well, and his tales be ſwéet.

Mercurie's hour from the beginning to the middle, is good in all things, & from the mid­dle to the end it is hard, and it is not much bet­ter on night than on day, and each time of the night and day, he ſtandeth before the Sun, or behinde; therefore he hath his power much more by night than by day; from morn, to the fifth hour of the day he hath his power, & from thence to the ninth he hath no power. Who that hath this ſtar to his Planet, he hath a ſharp ſtature, & a ſharp long face, long eyes, long noſe, great hairs on his eyes, and thick narrow forehead, long beard, thin hair, long arms, long ſingers, long feet, long head; he is méek and lovely, he will do each thing to cer­tain ſpace, he is more white than black, and oft-times right white, & he hath great ſhoul­ders: And who ſo is born under Mercurius, when he is not in his full power; that is to ſay, from the firſt hour of the day to the ninth, he is black and dry, he hath crowded téeth & ſharp; he hath a wound in his body with fire, he is30 ſcourged with wands, or ſmitten with a ſword, and men ſpeak evil of him, for lying and man-ſlaughter.

The Moons hour is right good and right evil; from the fourth day to the ſeventéenth it is good, namely, to all thoſe that are born in it; and from the ſeventéenth day to the twentieth it is ſomewhat good, but not ſo good, and from the twentieth day, to the ſeven and twentieth day, it is evil, namely, to all thoſe that are born in it. Who ſo hath that Star to his Planet, and is born there under, when it is in his full power, he hath a plain face, and pale, ſometime quarrelling, and doth his wills to men, he hath a ſéemly ſemblance, and he is rich, and he hath mean ſtature, nei­ther too long, nor too ſhort; he hath ſtraight lips and hollow eyes. Who that is born under this Star, when it is not in full power, he hath a ſtraight face and dry, and is malicious, he hath little téeth, abulgine, that is to ſay, a white ſtreak in the ear.

12. The Condition of Man diſcovered by Creatures.

  • 1 NAturally a man is hairy as the Lion.
  • 2 Strong and Worthy as the Oxe.
  • 3 Large and liberal as the Cock.
  • 4 Avaritious as the Dog.
  • 31
  • 5 Hardy and ſwift as the Hart.
  • 6 Debonarie and true, as the Turtle-dove.
  • 7 Malicious as the Leopard.
  • 8 Gentle and tame as the Dove.
  • 9 Crafty and guileful as the Fox.
  • 10 Simple and mild as a Lamb.
  • 11 Shrewd as the Apt.
  • 12 Light as thedrſe.
  • 13 Soft and pittiful as the Bear.
  • 14 Deat and pretious as the Elephant.
  • 15 Good and wholſome as the Vnicorn.
  • 16 Vile and floathful as the Aſſe.
  • 17 Fair and proud as the Peacock.
  • 18 Gluttonous as the Wolf.
  • 19 Envious as the Bitch.
  • 20 Rebel and inobedient as the Nightingale.
  • 21 Humble as the Pigeon.
  • 22 Fell and foaliſh as the Oſtrich.
  • 23 Profitable as the Piſmire.
  • 24 Diſſlate and vagabond as the Goat.
  • 25 Spiteful as the Pheaſant.
  • 26 Soft and meeas the Chicken.
  • 27 Moveable and varying as the Fiſh.
  • 28 Lecherous as the Boat.
  • 29 Strong and puiſſant as a Camel.
  • 30 Traiterous as the Mule.
  • 31 Adviſed as the Mouſe.
  • 32 Reaſonable as an Angel.

And therefore he is called the little world, or elſe he is called all Creatures, for he doth take part of all.

13. The Deſcription of the four Elements and of the four Complexions, with the four Seaſons of the Year, and the twelve Signs for each Month.

[elements, seasons, signs

IN each man and woman reigneth the Pla­nets, and every Sign of the Zodiack, and every prime Qaulity, & every Element, & eve­ry Complexion; but not in every one alibe,33 for in ſome men reigneth one more, & in ſome reigneth another: and therefore men be of divers manners, as ſhall be made apparent.

14. Of the four prime Qualities.

FOur prime Qualities there be; that is to ſay, Coloneſs, Heat, Drineſs & Moiſture, which be contraries: and therefore they may not come nigh together without a mean; for the hotneſs on the one ſide bindeth them toge­ther, and coidneſs on the other ſide. Alſo hot­neſſe and coldneſſe are two contraties; and therefore they may not come nigh together without a mean, for the moiſtneſs on the one ſide bindeth them together, and drineſs on the other. Moiſtneſs is cauſe of every thick ſub­ſtance, & of every ſwéet taſt: And there again, drineſs is cauſe of every thin ſubſtance, and of every ſower ſtinking ſaſte: and alſo hotneſs is cauſe of every red colour, and large quanti­fy: there again, coloneſs is cauſe of every white colour, and little quantity. Theſe four prime Qualities in their combination, make the four Elements. Aire, minſt and hot, the Fire hot and dry, the Earth dry and cold, the Water cold and moiſt. The Aire and Earth are two contraries, and therefore they may not come nigh together; but as fire binds them on the34 one ſide, and the water on the other ſide. Alſo Fire and water are two contraries, and there­fore they may not come nigh together; but as the air betwéen them binds on the one ſide, and the earth on the other ſide. The fire is ſharp, ſubtil and moveable. The Aire is ſab­til, moveable, corpulent, and dull. The Earth is corpulent and thick. The water is move­able, corpulent and dull. The Earth is cor­pulent, dull and unmodable: In the heart of the earth is the Center of the world; that is to ſay, the midſt point, and in every Center is Hell. And there again about the Fire are the ſtars, and about them in Heaven Chryſta-line; that is to ſay, waters of all bleſſe, de­parted in nine orders of Angels; then is Heaven in the highteſt rooms, and largeſt. And there again is Hell in the loweſt, nar­roweſt and ſtraiteſt place.

Right as there be four Elements, ſo there he four Complexions, according in all man­ner of qualities to theſe four Elements.

  • The firſt is Sanguine; that is to ſay, blood gendred in the liver, limbe, & like to the air.
  • The ſeend is Choler, gendred in the Gal, and like thereto, and it is according to the fire.
  • The third is M•••••cholp, gendred in the Milt, and like to the dregs of blood, and itccordeth to the earth.
  • 35
  • The fourth is Flegm, gendred in the lungs, like to Gall, and it accordeth to the Water.

A Sanguine man much may, and much coveteth, for he is moſt hot.

A Cholerick man much coveteth, and lit­tle may, for he is hot and dry.

A Melancholiue man little may, and lit­tle coveteth, for he is dry and cold.

A Flegmatick man little coveteth, and little may, for he is cold and moiſt.

A Sanguine man is large, lovely, glad of cheer, laughing, and ruddy of colour, ſteadfaſt fleſhy, right harry, mannerly, gentle, and well nouriſhed.

A Cholerick man is guileful, ſafe and wrathful, traiterous, and right hardy, ſmall, dry and black of colour.

A Melancholious man is evious, ſorry, covetous, hard, falſe, guileful, dreadful, ſloth­ful, and clear of colour.

A Fleg••atick man is ſlumbry, ſleepy, ſlow, ſleightful,humatick, dull and hard of wit, fat viſage, and white of colour.

15. The year divided with the knowledge of the ſtate of mans Body by Urine.

IN the year be four quarters, ruled by theſe four Completions; that is to ſay, the36 Spring, Summer, Harveſt and Winter: Spring hath three Months, that is to ſay, March, April, May, and it is Sanguine complexion. Summer hath alſo three Mo­neths, that is to ſay, June, July, and Auguſt, and this Quarter is Cholerick Complexion. Harveſt hath alſo three Months, that is to ſay, September, October, and November, and this Quarter is melancholious Complexion. Winter hath alſo three Months, that is to fay, December, January, and February, and this Quarter is flegmatick Complexion.

Each day alſo theſe four complexions reign­eth; that is to ſay, from three after mid-night, to nine, reigneth Sanguine, and from nine after mid-night, to three after mid-day, reigneth Choler, and from three after mid-day, to nine after mid-day, reigneth Melancholy, and from nine after mid-day, to three after mid-night reigneth Flegme.

Alſo in the four Quarters of the World, reigneth theſe four Complexions; that is to ſay, Sanguins in the Eaſt, Choler in the South, Melancholy in the Weſt, and Flegm inhe North.

Alſo the four Complexions reign in the four Ages of Man; that is to ſay, Choler in child-hood, Sanguine in man-hood, Flegme in37 Age, and Melancholy in old age. Child-hood is from the birth to fourteen years full done; Man-hood is from thence to Thirty years of age, and from thence to fifty years. And old age from thence to fourſcore years, and ſo forth to death.

All theſe four Complexions reign in the four parts of mans body.

Choler raigneth in all the ſoulet Limbs, from the breſt upward.

Sanguine reigneth in all ſmall Limbs, from the Midriff to the Weſand.

And Flegme reigneth in all nouriſhing Limbs, from the Reins to the Midriffe.

And Melancholy reigneth in all Limbs, from the Reines downward.

Wherefore every mans Vrine is caſt in four; that is to ſay, Corkil Superfice, mid­deſt of the ground, every part of the V­rine to his part of Mans body: and there­fore to four things in every Vrine we muſt take heed; that is to ſay, Subſtance, Quantity, Colour, and the Content. Three Subſtances there are; that is to ſay, Thick, Thiu and Middle.

[three substances

Thick ſubſtance be­tokeneth very much moiſt­neſſs.

Thin ſubſtance beto­keneth much drineſſe.

A middle ſubſtance be­tokeneth temperance.

Alſo three quantities be in Vrine, that is to ſay, much, little, mean.

Much quantity betokeneth great cold.

Little quantity betokeneth great heat.

Mean quantity betokeneth temperance.

Alſo takehed to the taſte, whether it be ſweet or not.

Sweet taſte betokeneth health.

And other taſte betokeneth ſtkneſſe.

Alſo in Vrines be twenty colours, of the which the firſt ten betokeneth cold, and the other ten betokeneth heat.

The ten colours that betoken cold are theſe.

The firſt is black, as dark coal, and co­meth of livid going before:

The ſecond is like to lead, and thoſe two betoken mortification.

Che third is white as clear water.


The fourth is lactick, like to whey.

The fifth is carauoſe like grey ruſſet, or to Camels-hair.

The ſixth is yellow, like to fallow leaves falling off trees; and thoſe four colours beto­ken indigeſtion.

The ſeventh is ſubpale, that is to ſay, not full pale.

The eighth pale, like to ſome ſodden fleſh.

The ninth is ſubſitrine, that is to ſay, not full ſitrine.

The tenth is ſitrine, like to pomfier, or to right yellow flowers.

And theſe four colours betoken digeſtion.

Now we have ſeen the colours which be­token cold; ſo we will ſee the other ten which betoken heat.

The firſt is ſubruſs, that is to ſay, not full ruſe.

Che ſecond ruſe, like to fine gold.

And thoſe two colours betoken perfect di­geſtion: ſo the urine he middle of ſubſtance, middle of quantity, ſwéet of taſte, and with­out contents.

The third is ſubruſe, that is to ſay, full red.

The fourth is red like Saffron dirt.

The fifth is ſubrugund, that is to ſay, not full rubigund.


The ſixt is rubicund, like a ſtrong flame of Fire. And theſe four colours betoken paſſing of digeſtion.

The ſeventh Ynopoſe, like to white wine.

The eighth is Kinanos, like to rotten blood.

And theſe two betoken aduſtion.

The ninth is green as the Cole-ſteek.

The tenth is as black as clear black horn, & this black cometh of a gréen going before. And theſe two betoken adiiſtion and death.

In Vrine be eightéen contents, that is to ſay, circle, amyul, grains, clouds, ſcum, atter farneſs, humour, blood, gravel, hairs, ſcalos, bran, crinodoſe, ſperm, duſt, esks, ſedimen, or ypoſt as.

The Circle ſheweh all the qualities of the head.

Ampul, that is to ſay, Creme ſheweth al­ſo the brain diſturbe.

Grains betoken of rhume and glut.

Clouds ſheweth vice in the ſmall limbs.

Scun, that is to ſay, foam, ſheweth vento­ſie, and ofen the Iaundies.

After, that is to ſay, quitture ſheweth vice of the reins of the Bladder, or the Liver.

Fatneſs, as oyle drops, ſheweth the waſting & diſſolution of the body, namely of the loyas.

Humonr like glet, or like dreſts of blood,41 or rotten gall, it ſheweth vice of the mid-riffe or above, or beneath.

Blood, ſheweth vice of the Liver, or of the reins, or of the bladder.

Gravel, ſheweth the ſtone.

Hairs, ſheweth the diſſolution of the fat­neſſe of all the body, eſpecially the reins.

Scalos and bran, ſheweth the third ſpice of Feverick incurable.

Sperm, that is to ſay, mankinde, ſheweth too much leachery.

Duſt, ſheweth the Gout or a woman con­ceived.

Eskes, the privy harneis to be grieved.

Sedimen, that is to ſay, clods in the ground of the urine, or breaking upward.

The circle called Ipoſtas, that is to ſay, the ground, and it hath moſt ſignification of all, and namely, of the lower parts.

Of every mans body be four principal limbs, that is to ſay, Soulet Limbs, ſmall Limbs, nouriſhing Limbs, and gendring Limbs.

Soulet Limbs, be the brains, and all that are thereabout down to the weſand.

Small limbs, be the heart and the lungs and all that be about them, betwixt the me­ſand and the mid-riffe.


Nouriſhing limbs, be the liver, milt, gall, and guts, and all that be about them, betwéen the weſand and the midriffe, and the reins.

Gendring limbs, be the reins, bladder, privy harneis, and the limbs about from the reins downward.

16. An A. B. C. whereby thou mayeſt know what Planet every man is born, his fortune, and time of his death

A E. 1. I. S. 1. B. K. 2. Q. R. 2. G. L. 3. D. M. 4. C. D. 6. V. 2. T. 7. F. 8. P. 1. X. 9.

Divide this by 9. unto a hundred; and if 1. or 8. be over, then the Sun is his Planet if 2, or 9. be over, then Venus is his Planet if 3. be over, then he is of Mercury; if 4. be over, then he is of the Moon; if 5. be over, then he is of Saturn; if 6. be over, then he is of Jupiter; if 7. be over, then he is of Mars.

Adam 31. Andren 1. Aldon 25. Nufos 12. Benafter is in 9. Becus 9. David 9.

Alſo here followeth another A. B. C. 〈◊〉know by, of what Sign in the Zodiack every man is; that is to ſay, under which Sign he is born, and to which Sign he is moſt like. Alſo43 hereby thou mayeſt know his fortune, and the moment in the which he ſhall die. Alſo hereby thou mayeſt know thy fortune, and infortune of many things, Towns, Ciries and Caſtles.

A. 2. B. 2. C. 20. D. 41. E. 5. F. 24. G. 3. H. 20. I. 10. K. 13. L. 42. M. 12. N. 22. O. 21. P. 21. Q. 24. R. 27. S. 22. T. 91. V. 13. X. 20. Y. 20. Z. 7.

If thou wilt know by this A. B. C. any man, as is ſaid before, take his name, and his Mothers name. And alſo, if thou wilt know of any Town by this A. B. C. as it is ſaid before, then take that Town's Name, and the Name of the City Jeruſalem, for that is the Mother of all Towns, and then ac­count the Letters of the Names by the num­ber of this A. B. C. and when thou haſt all done, divide this by 28. and if 1. or 2. be over, then that thou ſéeſt longeth to the Wether, and if three, 4. or 5. be over, then that that thou ſeekeſt longeth to the Bull, and if 6 or 7. be over, then longeth it to the Twins, and if 8, or 9. be over, then longeth it to the Crab, and if 10, 11, or 12. then longeth it to the Ly­on, and if 13, or 14. then longeth it to the Virgin, and if 15, or 16 be over, then long­eth44 it to the Ballance. and if 17, 18, or 19, then longeth it to the Scorpion, and if 20, or 21. then longeth it to the Sagitary, and if 22, or 23, then longeth it to the Capricorn, and if 24, or 25. then longeth it to the Aquary, and if 26, 27, or 28. then longeth it to the Fiſh.

Another Alphabet.

DIvide any thing in ſeven by the proper name of thoſe letters: I will tell which of the ſeven it is, by the other number divid­ed by nine.


18. To know the Weather that ſhall be all the Year, after the change of every Moon, by the Prime Dayes.

SVnday, Prime, dry Weather,

Monday Prime, Moiſt Weather.


Tueſday Prime, cold and windy.

Wedneſday Prime, mevailous,

Thurſoay Prime, fair and clear.

Friday Prime, fair and foul.

Saturday Prime, rain.

19. A Rule to know upon what Letter, what Hour, what Minute, as followeth.

Prime uponHours,Minutes.

EVermore thus reigneth theſe ſeven Pla­nets. Firſt reigneth Saturn, then Jupi­ter, then Mars, then Sol, then Venus, then Mer­cury, & then Luna. Saturn is Lord on Satur­day, Jupiter is Lord on Thurſday, Mars is Lord on Tueſday, Sol on Sunday, Venus on Friday, and Mercury on Wedneſday, and Lu­na on Munday: Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Sol, and46 Mercury is maſculine; that is to ſay, Mankind; Venus and Luna are teminine; that is to ſay, Womenkind: Saturn, Mars and Luna are evil Planers, Jupiter, Sol and Venus be good Pla­nets, Mercury is changeable.

On Saturday the firſt hour after midnight reigneth Saturn, the ſecond hour Jupiter, the third hour Mars, the fourth hour Sol, the fifth hour Venus, the ſixth hour Mercury, the ſeventh hour Luna.

And then again, Saturn the eight hour, and Jupiter the ninth hour, Mars the tenth hour, Sol the eleventh hour, Venus the twelfth hour, Mercury the thirteenth hour, and Luna the fourteenth hour. Then again, the third of day time, Saturn the fifteenth hour, Jupiter the ſixteenth hour, Mars the ſeventeenth hour, Sol the eightéenth hour, Venus the ninetéenth hour, Mercury the twentieth hour, and Luna the one and twentieth hour. And again, the fourth time, Saturn the 22 hour, Jupiter the 23 hour, Mars the 24 hour; and then beginneth Sol, in the hour after midnight on the Sunday, Venus the ſecond hour, Mercury the third hour, Luna the fourth hour, Saturn the fifth hour, and ſo forth, hour by hour, and Planet by Planet in order as they ſtand, each Planet to his own day, reigneth evermore certainly, the firſt hour,47 the eighth hour, the fiftéenth hour, and the 22 hour, and ſo forth, every one after another, and next after that reigneth the Planet that is next in order, as thus, Saturn, Juiter, Mars, Sol, Venus, Mercury and Luna.

20. Of the moſt beſt and profitable Dayes that be in the Year to let Blood.

IN the beginning of March; that is to ſay, the ſixth and the tenth day, thou ſhalt draw out blood of thy right arm.

In the beginning of April, of the left arm, and that in the 11 day for thy ſight. In the end of May, of which arm thou wilt, and that againſt the Fever; and if thou ſo doeſt, nei­ther thou ſhalt loſe thy ſight, nor thou ſhalt have no Fevers how long thou liveſt.

Quot retinente vita & non ſit mortis Imago

Si ſemper fuerint vivens morietur & infra.

Beſt. Beſt.113 Sorrow. Dearth.

Eſt veſper Eſplaton Deam pulle Philoſophie.

Vita Vita.719 Heavineſs. Ioy.

Collige per numeros aliquid cupus eſſe Phandre junge ſimulatum feriaque diem.




Thus endeth the Sphear of Platon.

VVHoſoever in the ſeventh day of March is let blood in the right arm, and in the eleventh day of April in the left arm, he ſhall not loſe the ſight of his eyes.

In the four or five laſt dayes of May, if both arms be let blood, he ſhall have no Fe­vers.

Whoſoever in the firſt day of each Month, falleth in any infirmity, the third day enſu­ing is to be feared, which if he paſſe, he ſhall eſcape till thirty dayes.

Who ſo falleth in the ſecond day, though he be long ſick he ſhall be delivered.

He that falleth in the third day, at next Change ſhall be delivered.

He that falleth ſick in the fourth day, he ſhall be grieved to the 28 day, which if he paſs he ſhall eſcape.


He that falleth ſick the fifth day, though he ſuffer grievouſly, he ſhall eſcape.

He that falleth the ſixth day, though he ſéem to be healed, nevertheleſſe in the fifth day of the other month he ſhall be dead.

He that falleth the ſeventh day with grief, he ſhall be delivered.

He that faileth the eighth day, if he be not whole at the twelfth day, he ſhall be dead.

He that falleth on the ninth day, though it be with great grief, he ſhall eſcape.

He that falleth the tenth day, without doubt he ſhall be dead.

He that falleth the eleventh day, he ſhall be delivered the next day.

He that falleth the twelfth day, except he be delivered within two dayes, within fiftéen he ſhall be dead.

He that falleth the thirtéenth day, till the eightéenth day he ſhall be ſick, which if he paſſe, he ſhall eſcape.

He that falleth ſick the fourteenth day, ſhall abide ſick till the fifteenth day, and ſo he ſhall eſcape.

He that falleth ſick the fifteenth day, except he recover within eighteen dayes, he ſhall be dead.

He that waxeth ſick the ſixteenth day, though51 he be grieved 24 Dayes, the 28 day ſhall eſ­cape.

He that waxeth ſick the 17 day, he ſhall die the tenth day.

He that waxeth ſick the 18 day, ſoon ſhall be healed.

He that waxeth ſick the 19 day, alſo ſhall eſcape.

He that waxeth ſick in the 20 day, in the fifth day he ſhall eſcape; but nevertheleſs in the month following he ſhall be dead.

He that waxeth ſick the 21 day, except he run into peril of death, within ten dayes of that other month, he ſhall be delivered.

He that waxeth ſick the 22 day, except he run into a peril of death, within ten dayes of that other month, he ſhall be delivered.

He that waxeth ſick the 23 day, though it be with grievouſneſſe of pain, in the other mo­neth he ſhall be delivered.

He that waxeth ſick the 24 day, in the 27 day he ſhall be delivered; but nevertheleſs, in the month following he ſhall be dead.

He that waxeth ſick the 25 day, though he ſuffer a little, nevertheleſs he ſhall eſcape.

He that waxeth ſick the 26 day, though he ſuffer to the out paſſing, nevertheleſſe in that other month he ſhall be delivered.


He that falleth ſick in the 27 day, it mena­ceth death.

He that falleth ſich in the 28 day, it mena­ceth death.

He that falleth ſick in the 29 day, by lit­tle and little in that other Month he ſhall be delivered.

He that falleth ſick on the 30 day, it is a doubt whether he ſhall paſs any of theſe.

Alſo he that waxeth ſick in the 31 day, whe­ther he ſhall eſcape it is unknown.

51. Here followeth the nature of the twelve Signs.

ARies is hot and dry of the nature of the fire, and governeth the head and face of Man, and it is good for bléeding, when the Moon is in it, ſave in the part it governeth and ruleth.

Taurus is evil for bleeding -

Taurus is dry and cold, of the nature of Carth, and governeth the neck, and the knot under the throat, and is evil for bleeding.

Geminy is evil for bléeding.

Geminy is hot and moiſt, of the nature of the air, and governeth the ſhowlders, the arms and hands, and is evil for bléeding,

Cancer is indifferent for bleeding.


Cancer is cold and moiſt, of the nature of water, and governth the breaſt, the ſtomack, and milt, and is indifferent, neither too good, nor too bad for letting blood.

Leo is evil for bleeding.

Leo is hot and dry, of the nature of fire, and governeth the back and the ſides, and is evil for blood-letting.

Virgo is indifferent for bleeding.

Virgo is cold and dry, of the nature of the earth, and governth the womb, and the in­ward parts, and is neither good nor evil for bleeding, but between both.

Libra is right good for bleeding.

Libra is hot and moiſt, of the nature of the air, and governeth the navel, the reins, and the lower parts of the womb, and is very good for bleeding.

Scorpio is indifferent for bleeding.

Scorpio is cold and moiſt, of the nature of the water, and governeth the members of man, and is neither good nor had for bléeding, but indifferent between both.

Sagitarius is good for bleeding.

Sagitarius is hot and dry, of the nature of fire, and governeth the thighs, and is good for bleeding.

Capricornus is evil for bleeding.


Capricornus is cold and dry, of the nature of the earth, and governeth the knées, and is evil for bleeding.

Aquarius is indifferernt for bléeding.

Aquarius is hot and moiſt, of the nature of air, and governeth the Lgs, and is neither good nor evil for bléeding.

Piſces is indifferent for bléeding.

Piſces is cold and moiſt, of the nature of wa­ter, and governeth the Féet, and is neither good nor evil for bléeding, but indifferent.

No man ought to make inciſion, nor touch with iron the members governed of any ſign, the day that the Moon is in it, for fear of thgreat effuſion of blood that might happen.

Nor in likewiſe when the Sun is in i, for the great danger and peril that might follow thereof.

22. The Anatomy of Mans Body, with the number of the Bones, which is in all two hundred forty eight.

IN the top of the head is a bone that cover­eth the brain, the which Ptolomeus called the capital bone. In the ſcull be two bones, which be called Parietals, that holdeth the brain cloſe and ſtedfaſt. And more lower in the brain is a bone called the crown of the55 head; and on the one ſide, and on the other, be two holes, within the which is the Palats, or roof bone. In the part heind the head be four like bones, to which the chain of the Neck holdeth. In the Noſe be two bones. The Bones of the Chapts above be eleven, and of the nether Iaw be two above the op­poſite of the Brain, there is one behind na­med Collateral. The Bones of the Teeth be thirty eight before, four above, and four under­neath, ſharp edged for to cut the Morſels, and there is four ſharp, two above, and two un­derneath, and are called Conines, for they he like Conies teeth: After that are ſixtéen that be as they were Hammers, or grinding teeth, for they chew and grind the Meat the which is eaten, and there are four above on every ſide, and four underneath••: And then the four Teeth of Sapience on every ſide of the Chaps, one above, and one underneath. In the Chin from the head downward are thirty Bones called knots or joynts: In the Breaſt before be ſeven bones, and on every ſide twelve Ribs: By the Neck, between the Head and Shoulders, are two Bones named the Sheers, and the two Shoulder-blades: From the Shoulders to the Elbows in each arm, is a bone called Ajutor: From the elbow56 to the hand bone, in every arm be two bones that are called Cannes: in each hand be eight bones, above the palm be four bones, which are called the comb of the hand. The bones in the finger in each hand be fifteen, in every finger three. At the end of the ridge are the huckle bones, whereto are faſtned the two bones of the thighs: in each knee is a bone called the knee plate. From the knee to the foot in each leg be two bones called Cannes, or marry­bones. In each foot is a bone called the anckle or pin of the foot, behinde the anckle is the héele-bone in each foot, the which is the low­eſt part of a man, and above each foot is a bone called the hallow bone. In the plant of each foot be four bones, then are the tombs of the foot, in each of which are five bones; the bones of the toes in each foot are fourtéen: Two bones are before the belly for to hold it ſtedfaſt with the two branches. Two bones in the head behind the ears, called Oculares: we reckon not the tender bones of the end of the ſhoulders, nor of the ſides, nor divers little griſtles and ſpelders of bones, for they are comprehended in the number aforeſaid.


23. The uſe and order of Phlebotomy, with the names of the Veins, and where they reſt.

THE Vein in the midſt of the Forehead would be letten blood for the ache and pain of the head, and for Fevers, Lethargy, and for the Megrim in the head.

About the ears behind be two Veins, the which be let blood to give clear underſtand­ing, and vertue of light hearing, and for thick breath, and for doubt of Meaſelly or Lepry.

[depiction of male human anatomy (ventral view)
[depiction of male human anatomy (dorsal view)

In the Temple be two veins, called the Ar­teries, for that they heat, which are let blood, for to diminiſh & take away the great reple­tion, and abundance of blood that is in the brain, that might annoy the head & the eyes, and it is good againſt the Gout, the Megrim, and divers other accidents that may come to58 the head. Vnder the tongue are two veins that are let blood for a ſickneſs called the Sequary, and againſt the Swelling and Apoſtumes of the throat, and againſt the Squinancy, by the which a man may die ſud­denly for default of ſuch bléeding.

In the neek are two veins called Origi­nals, for that they have the courſe, and abun­dance of all the blood that governeth the body of man, and principally the head; but they ought not to be let blood without the counſel of the Phyſitian: and this bléeding availeth much to the ſickneſs of the Lepry, when it cometh principally of the blood. The vein othe heart taken in the arm, profiteth to take away humours, or evil blood that might hurt the chamber of the heart, and is good for them that ſpet blood, and that are ſhort-winded, by the which a man may die ſuddenly for default of ſuch bléeding. The vein of the Liver taken in the arm, ſwageth the great heat of the bo­dy of man, and holdeth the body in health; and this bléeding is profitable alſo againſt the yellow-axes, and apoſtumes of the Liver, and againſt the Palſie, whereof a man may die for default of ſuch bleeding.

Between the maſter finger and the léech, Anger to let blood helpeth the dolours that59 come in the ſtomack and ſide, as Botches and Apoſtumes, and divers other accidents that may come to theſe places by great abun­dance of blood and humours.

In the ſides between the womb and the branch are two veins, of the which that of the right ſide is let blood for the dropſie, and ſhat of the left ſide for every ſickneſs that cometh about the Milt; and they ſhould bleed accord­ing to the fatneſs or leanneſs of the party: take good heed at four fingers nigh the inciſi­on; and they ought not to make ſuch bléeding without the counſel of the Phyſitian.

In every foot be three veins, of the which thrée, one is under the anckle of the foot, na­med Sophon, the which is let blood for to ſwage, and put out divers humours, as botch­es and Impoſtumes that cometh about the groins, and profitteth much to women, for to cauſe the menſtruoſity to deſcend, and delay the Emroids that cometh in the ſecret places, and other like.

Betwéen the wreſts of the féet and the great toe is a vein, the which is let blood for divers ſickneſſes and inconveniences, as the peſtilence that taketh a perſon ſuddenly by the great ſuper-abundance of humor, & this bleeding muſt be made within a natural day,60 that is to ſay, within 24 houres after that the ſickneſs is taken of the Patient, and before that the Feaver came on him; and this bléed­ing ought to be done according to the corpu­lence of the Patient.

In the angles of the eyes be two veins, the which be let blood for the redneſs of the eyes, or watry, or that runneth continually, and for divers other ſickneſſes that may hap­pen and come by over great abundance of hu­mours and blood.

In the vein of the end of the noſe is made bléeding, the which is good for a repimpleface, as red drops, puſtules, ſmall ſcabs, and other infections of the heart, that may come therein by too great repletion, and abun­dance of blood and humours, and it availeth much againſt pempled noſes, and other like ſickneſſes.

In the month in the gams be four veins that is to ſay, two above, and two beneath, the which be let blood for chauſing and canker in the month, and for tooth-ach.

Between the lip and the chin is a vein, that is to let blood to give amendment unto them that have an evil breath.

In each arm be four veins, of the which the vein of the head is the higheſt, the ſecond next61 is from the Heart, the third is of the Liver and the fourth is from the Milt, otherwiſe called the low Liver-vein.

The vein of the head taken in the arm, ought to bleed for to take away the great re­pletion and abundance of blood that may an­noy the head, the eyes, and the brain, and a­vaileth greatly for changeable heats, and ſwelling faces, and red, and for divers other ſickneſſes, that may fall and come by great abundance of blood.

The vein of the Milt, otherwiſe called the low vein, ſhould bléed againſt Feaver Ter­tians and Quartains, and it ought to be made a wide, and a leſſe deep wound than in any other vein, for fear of winde that it may gather; and for a more inconveniency, for fear of a ſinew that is under it, that is called the Lezard.

In each hand be three veins, whereof that above the thumb ought to bleed, to take away the great heat of the viſage, and for much thick blood and humours that be in the head, and this vein delayeth more than that of the arme.

Between the little finger and the leech fin­ger is letting of blood, that greatly availeth againſt all Feavers, tertians and quartians,62 and againſt the flames and divers other let­tings, that come to the paps and milt.

In the thigh is a vein, of the which bléed­ing availeth againſt pain of the Genitals, for to put out of man's body humours that are in the groins.

The vein that is under the ancle of the foot without, is named Sciot, of the which bléeding is much wroth againſt the pain of the flanks, and for to make, avoid and iſſue divers humours which would gather in the ſaide place; and it availeth greatly to women to reſtrain their menſtruoſity, when they have too great abundance.

24. Of the Year, with the growth of things.

THere be in the year four quarters, the which are named thus, Ver, Hyems, Aeſtas and Autumnus; Theſe are the four ſea­ſous in the year. Prime time is the Spring of the year, containing February, March, and April. In theſe three Months every green thing growing beginneth to bud and flouriſh.

Then cometh Summer, as May, June, and July, and in theſe three months every hearb, grain, and tree is in his moſt ſtrength and63 beauty, and then the Sun is at the higheſt. Next cometh Autumn, as Auguſt, September, and October, wherein all Fruits wax ripe, and are gathered and houſed.

Then cometh November, December, and January, and theſe three Months be in the Winter; that time the Sun is at the loweſt, and is of little profit. We Aſtronomers ſay, That the Age of man is threeſcore and twelve years, and that we liken but one whole year; for evermore we take ſix years for every mo­neth, as January or February, and ſo forth: for as the year changeth by the twelve mo­neths, into twelve divers manners, ſo doth man change himſelf twelve times in his life, by twelve ages, and every ſix times ſix ma­keth thirty ſix, and then man is at the beſt, al­ſo the higheſt; and twelve times ſix maketh threeſcore and twelve, and that is the age of man. Thus you may count and reckon for every Month ſix years, or elſe it may be un­derſtood by the four quarters and ſeaſons of the year, ſo man is divided into four parts, as to youth, ſtrength, wiſoom, and age. He is to be eighteen years young, eighteen years ſtrong, eightéen years in wiſdom, and the fourth eightéen years to go to the full age of threeſcore and twelve.


25. The change of Man twelve times according to the Months.

HE muſt take the firſt ſir years for Janu­ary, the which is of no vertue nor ſtrength, in the ſeaſon nothing on the earth groweth. So man after that he is born, till he be ſix years of age, is of little or no wit, ſtrength or cunning, and may do little or no­thing that cometh to any profit.

Then cometh February, and then the dayes lengthen, and the Sun is more hotter; then the fields begin to wax gréen. So the other ſix years till he come to twelve, the Child beginneth to grow bigger, and is apt to learn ſuch things as is taught him.

Then cometh the month of March, in which the Labourer ſoweth the Earth, and planteth trees, and edificeth houſes. The child in theſe ſir years waxeth big, to learn doctrine and ſcience, and to be fair and pleaſant, and loving; for then he is eigteen years of age.

Then cometh April, that the earth and the trees are covered with green flowers; and in every part goods increaſe abundantly.

Then cometh the young man to gather the ſweet flowers of hardineſs; but then beware that cold winds and ſtorms of Vices beat65 not down the flowers of good manners, that ſhould bring a man to honour, for then he is twenty four years of age.

Then cometh May, that is both fair and pleaſant; for then Birds ſing in Woods and Forreſts night and day, the Sun ſhineth hot; then man is moſt luſty, mighty, and of proper ſtrength, and ſéeketh playes, ſport, and man­ly-paſtimes, for then he is full thirty years of age.

Then cometh June, and then the Sun at the higheſt in his Meridional; he may aſcend no higher in his Station. His gleamering golden beames ripeneth the Corn: and then man is thirty ſix years, he may aſcend no more, for then nature hath given them cou­rage and ſtrength at the full, and ripeneth the ſeeds of perfect underſtanding.

Then cometh July, that fruits be ſet on ſuning, and our Corn a bardning; but then the Sun beginneth a little to deſcend downward. So the man goeth from youth toward age, & beginneth for to acquaint him with ſadneſſe, for then he is come to forty two years of age.

After that cometh Auguſt, then we gather in our Corn, and alſo the fruits of the earth, and then man doth his diligence to gather for to find himſelf, to maintain his wife, children66 and houſhould when age cometh on him, and then after that ſix years he is forty eight years of age.

Then cometh September, that winds be made, and the fruits of the trees be gathered: and there withal he doth freſhly begin to gar­niſh his houſe, and make proviſion of needful things, for to live with in winter, which draweth very near: and then man is in his moſt ſtedfaſt and covetous eſtate, proſperous in wiſoome, purpoſing to gather and keep as much as ſhall be ſufficient for him in his age, when he may gather no more: and then he is fifty four years of age.

Then cometh October, when all is gather­ed, both Corn and other manner of fruits, alſo the Labourers Plow, and ſow new ſeeds in the Earth for the year to come. And then he that nought ſoweth, nought gathereth: and then in theſe ſix years a man ſhall take him­ſelf unto God for to do penance and good works, and then the benefits the year after his death, he may gather and have ſpiritual pro­fit; and then man is fully the term of three. ſeere years.

Then cometh November that the dayes be very ſhort, and the Sun in a manner giveth but little heat, and the trées loſe their leaves, the67 fields that were green look hoar & gray; then all manner of hearbs are hid in the ground, and then appeareth no flower, and winter is come, that the man hath underſtanding of age, and hath loſt his kindly heat and ſtrength; his teeth begin to rot and fail him, and then hath he little hope of long life, but deſireth to come to the life everlaſting: and theſe ſix years ma­keth him threeſcore and ſix years of age.

Laſt of all cometh December, full of cold, with froſt and ſnow, with great winds, and ſtormy weather, that a man cannot labour, the Sun is then at the loweſt, the trées and the earth are hid in ſnow, then it is good to hold them nigh the fire, and to ſpend the goods that they got in the ſummer. For then men begin to wax crooked and féeble, coughing and ſpit­ting, and loathſom, and then he loſeth his perfect underſtanding, and his heirs deſire death: and theſe ſix years maketh him full thréeſcore and twelve years, and if he live any longer, it is by his good guiding and di­eting in his youth; howbeit, it is poſſible that a man may live till he be a hundred years of age; but there be few that live ſo long,


26. The Rutter of the Diſtances of Har­bours and Havens in moſt parts of the World.

  • THe compaſs of England round about is 4309 miles.
  • Venice doth ſtand from Flanders Eaſt and by South 80 miles.
  • And the next courſe by Sea from Flanders to Iaffe is this. From Sluſe to Calais is 70 m.
  • From Calais to Bucheffe 80 miles.
  • From Bucheffe to Lezard 260 miles.
  • From Lezard to Capfeneſter 650 miles.
  • From Capfeneſter to Lisbone 283 m.
  • From Lisbone to Cape St. Vincent to the69 Straits 240 miles
  • From the Straits of Gibralter unto the Iſſe of Sardine 110 miles.
  • From Malſitana in Sardine to Inalta is 460. miles.
  • From Inalta the courſe of Saragora and Sicil, to ſail to Iaffe in Surry 1800 m.
  • From Iaffe to Baffe, to Cypre, to the Ca­ſtle Roge 200 m.
  • From Caſtle Roge to Rhodes 100 m.
  • From Rhodes in Candy 250 m.
  • From Candy to Modon 300 m.
  • From Modon to Corfue 300 m.
  • From Corſue to Venice 800 m.
  • Tſhe length of the Coaſts of Surry, of the Sea coaſts is from the Gulf of Er­mony, to the Gulf Dalarze, next the South and by Weſt from Luzaria to Ryſe 65 m.
  • That is to underſtand, from Lazaria in E­remony to Soldin, that cometh from the River coming to Antioch 70 m.
  • ANd from Soldin to the Port of Lycha, next unto the Souch.
  • From Lycha to the Port of the South 50 m.
  • From Toroſa unto the Port of Tripo, South 50 m.
  • 70
  • From Bernet to Acres, South and by Weſt, 70 m.
  • From Acres to Port Iaffe, South and by Weſt, 70 m.
  • From Port Iaffe to Port Delazara, South, South-weſt. 130 m.
  • From Damiat to Sariza in Surry, to Da­miat in Egypt, 180 m.
  • From Damiat to Babylon, Alchare, 80 m.
  • From Damiat to Alexandria, 110 m.
  • THe length of Mare Major, is from the Gulf St. George, in the middeſt of the Gulf that is betwixt Tarpeſond, Senoſto­poly, to the Port Meſſembre, Weſt from St. George, 1060 m.
  • The breadth of the Weſt end, is from the Bras St. George of Conſtantinople upon the River Danubius, next the North from St. George Bras, 560 m.
  • FRom Pero to Caffa in Tartary, North­eaſt, 600 m.
  • From Caffa to the ſtraits of Tae, North­eaſt, 100 m.
  • The Gulf of Tane is about 600 m.
  • The Cape of Caffa is about 600 m.
  • From the head of Tane to Sanaſtopoly 4 m.
  • 71
  • From Sanaſtopoly to Trapeſond by Weſt, 250 m.
  • From Trapeſond to Synopia, next to the South, 430 m.
  • From Synopia to Pero, next to the Weſt, Southweſt, 230 m.
  • From Pero to Meſſember, next the North­weſt, 230 m.
  • From Meſſember to Manchro, North, Northeaſt, 160 m.
  • From Manchro Caſtro to Danobia, North­eaſt, 130 m.
  • From Danobia to the ſtraits of Caffa, next the Eaſt 200 m.
The Compaſs of the Iſlands.
  • THe Iſſe Cypre is about 500 m.
  • The Iſſe of Rhodes is about 180 miles.
  • The Iſſe of Lange is about 80 m.
  • The Iſſe of Negre Pont is about 300 m.
  • The Iſſe of Cicilia is about 737 m.
  • The Iſſe of Sardine is about 700 m.
  • The Iſſe of great Brittan is about two thouſand miles
  • The Iſſe of Ireland is about a thouſand and ſeven hundred miles.
  • 72
  • The Principality of Marre is about 700 m.
Thus endeth the Rutter of the Diſtance from one Port or Country to another.

27. Of the Axtree and Poles.

[depiction of axle and poles

THe Diamenter of the world is called his Axtree, whereabout he moveth, and the ends of the Axtree are called the Poles of the World. Of wham one is called the North Pole, and the other the South Pole. The Northern is he that is alwayes ſeen in our Habitations; And the Southern is that which is never ſeen above our Hori­zon. And there are certain places on earth, whereas the Pole that is eder in our ſight,73 cannot be ſeen with them that dwell there: and the other Pole, which is ever out of our ſight, is in ſight to them. Again, there is a place on earth, where both the Poles have even like ſcituation in the Horizon.

28. Of the Circle of the Sphear.

SOme of the Circles of the Sphear be pa­rallels, ſome be oblique, ſome others goe croſſe over the Poles. The parallels are they that hath the ſame Poles as the World hath; and there be five parallel circles, the Artick, the Eſtival, Tropick, the Equinoctial. The Artick circle is even the greateſt of all thoſe circles that we have continually in ſight, and he ſcarcely toucheth the Horizon in the point, and is altogether preſented above the earch,

And all the Stars that are inclued in this circle neither riſe nor ſet, but a man ſhall eſ­pie them all the night long, kéep their courſe round about the Pole. And that circle in our Habitation is drawn of the further foot of Ur­ſamajor. The Eſtival circle, moſt North­ward of all the circles that be made of the Sun, whom when the Sun removeth into, he turneth back from his Summer circuit, then is the longeſt day of all the year, and the ſhort­eſt night; and after the Summer return, the74 Sun ſhall not be perceived to progreſſe any further toward the North, but rather to recoil to the contrary parts of the world: wherefore in Gréece this Circle is called Tropocos, the Equinoctial Circle is the moſt greateſt of all the five paralled circles, and is ſo parted by the Horizon, that the one half circle is above the earth, the other half circle lyeth under the Ho­rizon. The Sun being in his circle, cauſeth two Equinectials, the one in the Spring, and the other in the Harveſt. The Brumal Tro­pick is a circle moſt South of all the Circles, that by the moving of the world, be deſcribed of the Sun; which, when the Sun is once on red into, he returneth back from his Winters pro­greſs; then is the longeſt night and the ſhort­eſt day in all the year. And beyond this Win­ter mark, the Sun progreſſeth never a whifur­ther, but goeth into the other coaſts of the World: Wherefore this Circle is alſo named Trevicos, as who ſo ſay, returnable. The Ant­artick Circle is equal in quantity and diſtance with the Artick Circle, and toucheth the Ho­rizon in one point, and his courſe is altogether underneath the Earth, and the Stars that be placed in this, are alwayes invifible unto us. The greateſt of all the ſaid Circles is the E­quinoctial, and then the Tropicks, and the75 leaſt (I mean in our Habitation) are the Ar­tichs: And theſe circles muſt be underſtood without breadth, and be reaſoned of by accord­ing to the ſcituation of the Stars, and by the beholding of the Dioptra, and but ſuppoſed onely in our Imagination, for there is no cir­cle ſéen in all the Heaven, but only Galaxias. As for all the reſt, they be conceived by imagi­nation.

29. The Reaſon why that five parallel Circles are onely in the Sphear.

FIve parallel Circles alone are wont to be deſcribed in the Sphear; not becauſe there be no more paralels than thoſe in al the world. For the Sun maketh every day one parallel Circle, equally diſtant to the Equinoctial, (which may be well perceived) with the turn­ning of the World: Inſomuch that 128 pa­rallel Circles are twice deſcribed of the Sun between the Tropicks, for ſo many dayes are within the two returns, and all the Stars are dayly carrted withall round about in the parallel Circles: Howbeit every one of them cannot be ſet out in the Sphear. And though they be profitable in diverſe things in Aſtro­logy, yet it is impoſſible that the Stars may be deſcribed in the Sphear, without all76 the parallel circles, or that the magnitude on dayes and nights may be prciſely found out without the ſame parallels. But in as much as they be not déemed ſo be ſo neceſſary for the firſt introduction of Aſtrology, they are left out of the ſphear. But the five parallel circles for certain ſpecial inſtructions are exhibited. The Artick circle ſevereth the Stars, which we ever ſée; the Eſtival Tropick containeth the going back of the Sun, and it is the further, moſt part of the progreſſe into the North: & the Equinoctial circle containeth the Equino­ctials, and the Brumal Tropick is the fur­thermoſt point of the way of the Sun toward the South, & it is even the mark of the Win­ter return: the Antartick circle determineth the Stars, whom we cannot ſée. And ſo ſéeing that they are very expedient for the introducti­on into Aſtrology, they be right worthy to take room in the Sphar.

30. Of the five greater Circles; of the Appea­rance and Non-appearance ef them.

ALſo the ſaid five parallel circles, the Ar­tick circle appeareth altogether above the earth; and the Eſtival Tropick circle is divided into two parts of the Horizon, where­of77 of the greater part is above the earth, and the leſſer lighteth underneath it. Neither is this Tropick circle equally divided of the Horizon in every Town and Country, but according to the variety of the Regions; it hath diver­ſities of upriſing: and this Eſtival circle is more unequally divided in the Horizon to them that dwell nearer the North than we do; and further there is a place where the Eſtival Tro­pick is wholly above the earth: and unto them that draw nearer unto the South than we the Eſtival Tropick is more unevenly parted in our Horizon. Furtheremore, there is a coaſt (but ſouth from us) wherein the Tropick cir­cle is equally divided of the Horizon. But in our Habitation the Eſtival Tropick is ſo di­vided of the Horizon, that the whole circle be­ing divided into eight parts, five parts ſhall be above the earth, and thrée under the earth. And indéed it ſéemeth that Aratus meant this Climate, when as he wrote his book of Phaelo­menon; whereas he ſpeaking of his Eſtival Tropick Circle, ſaith on this wiſe.

When this Circle divided is into eight parts even juſt,
Five parts above the earth, and three under­neath remain needs muſt.
The reſtleſſe Sun in Summer hot from this returneth back.

And ſo of this diviſion it followeth, the day to be of fiftéen Equiuoctial hours, & the night of nine Equinoctial hours long: and in the Ho­rizon of Rodes, the Eſtival Tropick is ſo di­vided of the Horizon, that the whole circle be­ing divided into eightéen parts, there ſhall ap­pear 29 diviſions above the Horizon, and nine­téen under the earth, by which diviſion it ap­peareth that the longeſt day in the Rodes, hath but fourtéen Equinoctial hours in it, and the night nine Equinoctial hours, with two half hours more beſide. The Equinoctial circle in every Habication, is ſo juſtly divided in the middeſt by the Horizon, that the one halfe cir­cle is above the earth, and the other half circle underneath the earth. And this is the cauſe that the Equinoctials happen alwayes in this circle. The Brumal Tropick circle is ſo di­vided of the Horizon, that the leſſer part ſhall be above the earth, and the greater part under the earth, and the unequality of diviſions hath even like diverſity in all Climats, as it is ſup­poſed to be in the Eſtival Tropick circle; and by this means the diviſions of both the Tro­pical circles be preciſely correſpondent each to other: By reaſon whereof the longeſt day is79 of one length with the longeſt night, and the ſhorteſt day equal with the ſhorteſt night. The Antartick circle lyech every whit hid under the Horizon.

31. Of the bigneſs of the five parallel circles.

BVt of the ſaid five parallel Circles, ſome keep ſtill the ſame bigneſs throughout al the world, and of ſome the bigneſs is altered by reaſon of the Climates, ſo that ſome circles be bigger than other, & ſome leſſer than other. The Tropick circles and the Equinoctial do no where alter their quantities, but the Ar­ticks vary in bigneſs, for ſomewhere they appear bigger, and ſomewhere leſſer. For unto the Northward dwellers, the Artick cir­cles ſeem bigger, the Pole being raiſed or high, the Artick circle touching the Horizon, muſt needs alſo appear bigger and bigger continually, and unto them that dwell further North, ſometime the Eſtival Tropick ſhall increaſe the Artick Circle, ſo that the Eſti­val Circle, and the Artick alſo meet toge­ther, and be taken but inſtead of one. And in places that be yet further North, the Artick Circles ſhall appear greater than the Eſtival Tropick Circle: but there is a place ſo far North, where that the Pole appeareth over80 head, and the Artick circle ſerveth for the Ho­rizon, and remaineth with it in the moving of the world, & is as wide as the Equinoctial, in­ſomuch that the thrée circles (to ſay) the Artick, the Equinoctial, and the Horizon, be placed in our order and ſcituation. Again, to them that dwell more ſouth, the Poles appear more lower and, the Artick circles leſſer. Yet again, there is a place being ſouth in reſpect of us, which lieth under the Equinoctial when the Poles be under the Horizon, and the Artick circles are altogether gone: ſo that of the five parallel cir­cles, there remain but three Circles, that is the two Tropicks and the Equinoctial.

32. Of the Number of the Parallels.

FOr al theſe ſpéeches, it is not to be thought that there continue five paralels alwayes, but ſo many to be imagined for our habitations ſake: for in ſome Horizons there be but thrée Paralels onely, and there be Habitations on earth, where the Eſtival Tropick circle touch­eth the Horizon, and even for the Tropick cir­cle is the ſecond taken which is called the Ha­bitation under the Pole. The third Habitation of whom we ſpake a little before, which is na­med the habitation under the Equinoctial.


33. Of the Order of the five parallel Circles.

THe order of the five parallel circles is not every where the ſame, but in our Habita­tion; the firſt ſhall be called the Artick, the ſe­cond the Eſtival Tropick, the third the Equi­noctial, the fourth the brumal, the fifth the ant­artick; but to them that dwell more north then we, ſometime the firſt is accounted as the Eſti­val Tropick, the ſecond as the Artick, the third as the Equinoctial, the fourth as the Antartick, the fifth as the Brumal Tropick; and becauſe the Artick circle is wider than the Equinocti­al, the ſaid order muſt needs be obſerved.

34, Of the Power of the five Parallels.

LIkewiſe, neither are the Powers of the ſame five parallel Circles alike. For the Circle that is our Eſtival Tropick, is to them that dwell in a contrary Habitation, the Bru­mal Tropick. Contrariwiſe, that which unto them is the Eſtival Tropick circle, is the Bru­mal Tropick unto us. But ſuch as dwell under the Equinoctial, even the three Circles be in power Eſtival Tropicks unto them; I mean them that dwell juſt under the courſe of the Sun; for in conferring one to another, that which is the Equinoctial with us, ſhall be their Eſtival Tropick Circle. And both the82 Tropicks ſhall be Brumals. So then the Eſti­val Tropick circle may be ſaid by nature um­verſally all the world over, which is next to the Habitation: Therefore unto them that dwell under the Equinoctial, the Equinoctial it ſelf ferveth for the Eſtival Tropick, as wherein the Sun hath his courſe dirctly over their head, and all the paralll Circles ſhall take the room of the Equinoctials, being divided by e­qual diviſions in the Horizon.

35. Of the Space between the Parallels.

NEither the ſpaces of the circle one from the other, do remain the Wine hrdughout all Habitations, but after the deſcription of the Sphears they are diſcuſſed on this ſort. Let any Meridian be divided into ſixty parts, he Artick ſhall be divided from the Pole ſixty ſix parts off; and the ſame on the other ſide ſhall be ſixty five parts diſtant from the Eſtival, and the Equinoctial ſhall be from either of the Poles ſixty four diviſions off. The Brumal Tropick circle ſtandeth from the Antartick ſixty five parts off. Neither have theſe circles the ſame diſtance betwéen them in every Town and Country: but the Tropicks in every declina­tion ſhall have even like ſpace from the Equi­noctial, yet have not the Tropicks equal83 ſpace from the Articks at every Horizon, but in ſome place leſſe, and in ſome place more diſtance.

Likewiſe, the Articks have not in every de­clination one certain ſpace from the Poles, but ſome where leſſe and ſome where more. All the Sphears be made for the Horizon, of Greece.

36. Of the Colours.

There are circles that go croſs overthwart the Poles, which of ſome men are called Colours, and they be ſo framed that they con­tain within their circuit the Poles of the world, & be called Colours, by reaſon of thoſe portions of them that be not ſéen. And for other Circles, they be ſeen whole the world moving round about. And there are certain parts of the coloursin viſible; even theſe parts that from the Antarick lie hid under the Horizon; and theſe circles be ſigned by the Tropical points, & they divided into two equal parts of the circles that paſſeth through the midſt of the Zodiack.

37. Of the Zodiack.

THe circle of the twelve Signs is oblique and is compounded of three parallel cir­cles, of whom two are ſaid to ſhew the breadth of the Zodiack, and one is called paſſing84 thorow the middeſt Signs: thus toucheth he the two equal circles and parallels, the Cſti­val Tropick in the firſt degrée of Cancer, and the Brumal Tropick in the firſt degree of Ca­pricorn. The breadth of the Zodiack is twelve degrees. This circle is called oblique, becauſe he paſſeth over the parallels awry.

38. Of the Horizon.

THe Horizon is a circle that divideth part of the World, ſéen from the part that cannot be ſéen: ſo he divideth the whole ſphear of the world into two parts, even that helea­veth the one half ſphear above the Earth, and the other half ſphear underneath the earth. And there be two Horizons; one ſenſible, the other imagined by underſtanding. The ſenſible Ho­rizon is that, which of our ſight is limited at the uttermoſt of our knowing: So that his Di­amerer is not paſſing a thouſand furlongs even throughout. The Horizon that is imagined by underſtanding, is for the ſpeculation of the Sphear of the fixed Stars, and he divideth the whole world into two parts. Wherefore there is not the