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A SOLEMNE AND SEASONABLE WARNING To all Eſtates and Degrees of Perſons throughout the Land: For holding faſt the League and Covenant with England, and avoiding every thing that may prove a ſnare and ten­tation to the breach thereof:

By the COMMISSIONERS of the Generall Aſſemblie.

EDINBURGH: Printed by Evan Tyler, Printer to the Kings moſt Excellent Majeſtie. 1646.

THe Commiſsion of the Generall Aſſembly Ordains this War­ning to be forthwith Printed, and that thereafter it be ſent to Presbyteries; Requiring them, immediately after the receipt thereof, to cauſe every Miniſter of their number read the ſame diſtinctly, and explain it to their People upon a Sabbath day in their ſeverall Kirks, And that they report accompt of their diligence with the firſt conveni­encie: Appointing in the mean time, that to morrow the ſame be read in all the Kirks of this Citie.

A. Ker.

A Solemne and Seaſonable VVARNING, to all eſtates and degrees of perſons throughout the Land; By the Commiſſioners of the Generall Aſſembly.

THe conſcience of our duty, and of the great truſt repo­ſed in us, ſuffereth us not to be ſilent, nor to connive at the preſent dangers which may juſtly be apprehen­ded and expected from the enemies of this Cauſe and Covenant; Who although they cannot in this conjuncture of time appeare in the ſame manner as formerly they have done; yet having retained the ſame principles (while they ſeeme to lay aſide their former practiſes) do in a more covert and dangerous way ſtill drive at their owne ends; And as Sathan is neither ſleeping nor idle, though he appear not alwayes as a roaring Ly­on; So theſe who are inſpired and acted by him, have their wheeles ſtill moving, though ſometimes they make no great noiſe. Wherefore that we may truely and faithfully contribute what is incumbent to us, for preventing or removing any occaſi­ons of new troubles or differences betweene the King and his People, in both, or either of thoſe united Kingdoms, or between the Kingdomes themſelves; And leſt the Church of Chriſt, and the true reformed Religion be againe toſſed with another, and perhaps a greater tempeſt in the deepth, after we ſeemed to be neer the harbour; We have found it, not only competent to our place and calling, but neceſſarie for us (according to former laudable preſidents both old and late) To emit this new Seaſo­nable Warning to the People of God in this Land, and to all2 Eſtates and Degrees of men therein; Whom we exhort, That firſt, and above all things, They apply their thoughts to make peace with God, To take notice of the remaining and renewed tokens of divine diſpleaſure againſt the Land, To tremble at the remembrance of former, and appearances of future judgements, To lament after the Lord, To lye low before the Throne of Grace, To cry mightily to heaven for diſpelling that cloud of ſin which ſeparateth between our God and us, and for turning away that cloud of wrath which hangeth over our heads. There is cauſe to be humbled and to repent, as for all our iniquities, So for the too little aſſiſtance which hath bin given to ſuch as have born the heavieſt burthen, and ſuffered moſt in this Cauſe; And for the too much compliance with, and indulgence to many who have beene active in the late execrable Rebellion. We know that none can reach the perfection of their duety, neither will the Lord reckon with his People according to his Juſtice, but ſpare them who walk in the integritie of their Spirits, as a man ſpareth his own ſon, So that they may rejoyce in his mer­cy, notwithſtanding of their ſhort-comings, wherein they doe not allow themſelves; But wilfull neglects are juſt grounds of a great controverſie on the Lords part, and of deep humiliation on ours: And we conceive that the failings of many are ſuch, becauſe the Word of the Lord is a burthen unto them; And though they walk in the wayes of their own heart, yet they ſay they ſhall have Peace; We would have none that are thus guil­ty to account light of it, and ſay, Is it not a little one? Every du­ty whereto we are oblieged in the Covenant, is of great conſe­quence, and breaches even in ſmaller things prove inlets unto more grievous revoltings.

When we conſider how many who were once open oppoſers or ſecret underminers, being received to the Covenant, yet re­maines diſaffected to the ends of the ſame, We cannot but think3 that we walk in the midſt of ſnares, and that myſteries of ini­quitie work amongſt us, which may produce moſt ſad and la­mentable effects, unto the prejudice of our Religion and Liber­ties. Therefore, Becauſe God hath no greater quarrell againſt a Nation then that of a broken Covenant; Let all who feare an oath, remember the vows of God which are upon them, Watch and Pray, and take good heed that they bee not cheated nor charmed into a violation of all, or any of the Articles of that Sacred and Solemn League and Covenant; And let theſe eſpe­cially be obſerved and avoided, who do, or ſhall endeavour a di­viſion and breach between the Kingdoms, or the making of any factions or parties contrary to the Covenant, under pretence of preſerving the King and His Authority, whilſt they do not con­ſtantly and ſincerely proſecute and preſſe our frequent deſires of His ſubſcribing the League and Covenant, and giving ſatisfacti­on in all things to the juſt deſires of both Kingdomes; Which underhand dealing can prove nothing elſe, but an abuſing of His Majeſtie for mens own deſignes: We wiſh that none ſuffer themſelves to be deceived by any falſe gloſſes of the Covenant, under which ſome may poſſibly urge the keeping of it, ſo as to draw us into a certain breach thereof, and preſſe the defence of the Kings Authoritie and of Religion, to engage us in thoſe wayes that would tend to the ruine of both: We are not now to preſſe the want of full ſatisfaction in the much deſired work of Uniformity, as the ground of a breach betweene the Nations; Though we ſtill conceive, this Nation will never be wanting to proſecute that work to the uttermoſt of their power in all law­full wayes, according to the League and Covenant.

Theſe Kingdoms, after many fervent Supplications and faith­full endeavours of all the Lovers of Truth and Peace, have been happily united into a League and Covenant, which to this day hath been kept inviolably, notwithſtanding of all the oppoſition4 of open Enemies, and plotting of ſecret Underminers; And we are confident, that none but ſuch as have hearts full of Atheiſme and Treachery, will attempt the violation thereof, in whole, or in part; And that if any ſhall do the ſame, They ſhall expoſe themſelves to the Curſe of Almighty God, who wil be avenged upon all that Swear falſly by his Name. We know that men of perverſe mindes, wanting the fear of God, and meaſuring all things by their own ends, may conceive of it as alterable, or at leaſt, that all the Clauſes or Heads thereof are not ſo to be ſtuck upon, but that ſome one or mo may be diſpenced with upon civil advantages: But we have not ſo learned Chriſt or his Word; Both Nations have Covenanted with God, and each of them with another, in things moſt lawfull and neceſſary for the preſervati­on and good of both, without any limitation of time: And therefore we and our poſterity are obliged before God unto the obſervation thereof, as long as the Sun and Moon ſhall endure. The ſenſe of theſe things ought to be ſo deeply engraven upon the hearts of all that are in truſt, That as they ſhould from their ſouls abhor every thought of a breach with England; So ſhould they carefully and wiſely ſtudy to avoide every thing that may prove a ſnare and tentation unto the ſame. Amongſt other things, If his Majeſtie ſhall have thoughts of comming to this Kingdom at this time, he not having as yet ſubſcribed the League and Covenant, nor ſatisfied the lawfull deſires of his loyall Subjects in both Nations, We have juſt cauſe to fear that the conſequences of it may be very dangerous, both to his Majeſtie and theſe Kingdoms; Which therefore we deſire may be timely prevented.

For ſo long as his Majeſtie doth not approve in his heart, and ſeal with his hand the League and Covenant, we cannot but ap­prehend, that according to his former Principles, he will walk in oppoſition to the ſame, and ſtudy to draw us unto the violation5 thereof, and the diſſolution of the Union ſo happily begun be­tween Us and our Brethren, To weaken the Confidence and truſt, and to entertain Jealouſies, and make diviſions amongſt our ſelves; Neither is it poſſible, But that our receiving Him in this preſent poſture of affairs, will confirme the ſuſpicions of the Engliſh Nation, of our under-hand dealing with him before his coming to our Army; And make them, not without cauſe, to think, That We purpoſe to diſpoſe of him without their con­ſent, and to their prejudice; Which is contrary to the Profeſſion of theſe that were in truſt at His Majeſties firſt coming to the Scots Quarters, and overthroweth all the Arguments that have been uſed by the Commiſſioners of our Parliament in their Papers concerning The diſpoſing of His Majeſties Perſon by the joynt advice and common conſent of both Kingdoms given in to both Houſes of Parliament in England; Nor doe we ſee how we can vindicate ſuch a practice from a direct breach of our engage­ments to them by Covenant and Treaty; Which were not only to expoſe us into the hazard of a Bloody Warre, but to involve us in the guilt of Perjury. And what greater diſſervice could be done to His Majeſtie and his Poſterity, then to give way to a courſe that might prove prejudiciall to their intereſt in the Crown and Kingdome of England.

Our carriage now for many yeers paſt, in the midſt of many tentations, hath put us beyond all ſuſpicion in the point of our Loyalty, nor have wee the leaſt thoughts of deſerting the Kings Majeſty in a juſt and good cauſe, Being bound by our Cove­nant in our ſeverall vocations to endeavour with our eſtates and Lives, to preſerve and defend His Perſon and Authority, in the defence and preſervation of the true Religion and Liberties of the Kingdomes; And ſo farre as His Majeſtie ſhall be for theſe, We really are, and we truſt the reſt of his Kingdoms will be for him: Yet we cannot deny, but openly avouch it, That if His6 Majeſtie (which the Lord forbid) ſhall not ſatisfie the juſt de­ſires of His People, Both Nations ſtands mutually obliged by that inviolable Covenant to purſue the ends therein expreſſed (which cannot be divided) againſt all letts and impediments whatſoever. It is therefore our moſt earneſt and longing deſire, That as theſe who are in truſt with the publike affairs of this kingdom have heretofore with all earneſtneſſe & care in all their addreſſes dealt with His Majeſty, with much ſtrength of reaſon and vehemency of affection, ſo they would ſtill deal with him, to grant his Royall conſent to the deſires of both Kingdoms, for ſetling Religion according to the Covenant, and for ſecuring a perfit and durable Peace (which we look upon as the only hopefull means of preſerving himſelfe, His Crown, and Poſte­rity) That His Majeſty may return to His Houſes of Parliament in England as a reconciled Prince to ſatisfied Subjects; And that acclamations of joy may be heard in all His Majeſties Domini­ons, and no ſound of Warre heard therein any more, except againſt the bloody Iriſh Rebells, under whoſe barbarous and cruell perſecution, our diſtreſſed Brethren, both in this Kingdom and in Ireland, are ſtill groaning and crying out to us and to our Brethren in England, Be at peace among your ſelves and come to help us.

A. Ker.

About this transcription

TextA solemne and seasonable warning to all estates and degrees of persons throughout the land for holding fast the League and Covenant with England, and avoiding every thing that may prove a snare and tentation to the breach thereof: / by the Commissioners of the Generall Assemblie.
AuthorChurch of Scotland. General Assembly. Commission..
Extent Approx. 13 KB of XML-encoded text transcribed from 5 1-bit group-IV TIFF page images.
SeriesEarly English books online.
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(EEBO-TCP ; phase 2, no. A87697)

Transcribed from: (Early English Books Online ; image set 161355)

Images scanned from microfilm: (Thomason Tracts ; 66:E419[34])

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Bibliographic informationA solemne and seasonable warning to all estates and degrees of persons throughout the land for holding fast the League and Covenant with England, and avoiding every thing that may prove a snare and tentation to the breach thereof: / by the Commissioners of the Generall Assemblie. Church of Scotland. General Assembly. Commission., Ker, A.. [2], 6 p. Printed by Evan Tyler, Printer to the Kings most Excellent Majestie,Edinburgh :1646.. (Order to print signed: A. Ker.) (Reproduction of the original in the British Library.)
  • Solemn League and Covenant (1643).

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  • DLPS A87697
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