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[holy inocency iſ. bleſſed:

Be wiſe as Serpents, innocent as Doves. THE SCOTISH DOVE Sent out, and Returning; Brings Intelligence from the Armies of both Kingdomes, and relates other Paſſages obſervable, for Information and Inſtruction.From Friday the of 1 Auguſt, till Friday the 8 of Auguſt, 1645.

THurſday laſt, after my Dove was fully plum'd, her Intelligence given her, and her Packet ſealed, there came ſome Intelli­gence of good Newes, which then I had no roome to inſert, (as you may remember) one was of the taking of Bash, of which I738 then gave you a briefe relation; another was of the taking of the Kings Life-guard, or the moſt part thereof; they were paſſing over the River from Wales to Min-head, and ſo to Briſtol, and in their paſſage were taken by a Frigot; The King (as is reported) was in­tended to follow, and in ſome danger, (or rather ſo neere to ſuch a happineſſe) to be taken about the ſame time: a third thing which I would have related laſt weeke, is the brave ſervice done by Cap­taine Shilburne of Alisbury, which I ſhall new briefly relate, be­cauſe I find the Relation thereof made by ſome to differ much from the truth of the action; in briefe, and for truth, it was thus: The Kings Garriſons at Oxford, Walling ford, and Boſtocke, being denyed the money they had Levyed upon the Countrie, toward Alisbury, threatned to come and Plunder the Townes, and burne their houſes, &c. The Committee therefore ſent out Captaine Shilburne, with a­bout 120 Horſe & Dragoons to ſecure the Countrie; he went out on the Saturday, and ſtayed till Tueſday; in all which time he ſaw no Enemie: But on Tueſday about noone, he (being at Wadſdon, and his Horſes unbitted) received Intelligence that the Enemie was comming againſt him with a ſtrong partie from Thame; Cap­taine Shilburne, with all ſpeed prepared, and encouraged his men: but before he could get readie, the Enemie got betweene him and Ethrop-houſe (which was their Garriſon) and in ſtriving to get a little lane, which is about the mid way betweene Ethrop and Wadſ­don, their forlorne parties fell to blowes, and preſently their whole bodies; the Enemie being 240, we not above 120. But gallant Shil­burne behaved himſelfe ſo bravely, that he gave great incourage­ment to his Souldiers, and as much diſ-heartned the Enemie; he charged the Enemie twice through, ſlew divers of them, ſome were men of quailitie, he wholly routed them, and tooke divers priſo­ners, he loſt not above 8 men: the Enemie fled towards Oxford, and as they paſſed through Winchington, divers of them that were wounded ſtayed; ſome dyed there, ſome a little farther: and by the judgement of the Countrie that ſee them, there was not leſſe then 100 of the Enemie wounded: Captaine Shilburne received two flight hurts in the fight. Had ſome men (more forward to uſe the Pen then the Sword) done ſuch a ſervice (which they ſeldome doe) all the Pamphlets would have rung of their Letters, in prayſe of the action: We know that emptie veſſels make the greateſt noyſe. This739 brave Gentleman hath done ſeverall gallant ſervices, and tels no bo­die, nor will he let one of our Pamphlets be beholding to him for one letter; others will be beholding to the Pamphleter to blaze their Letters and their tainter-ſtrecht Relations, which are fuller of words then of truthes; It is the beſt prayſe of Vertue or Valcur, when the actions flowing there-from, ſpeakes it more then their owne Pen.

The Commiſſioners ſent from the Parliament of England, to the Parliament of Scotland, ſet forward on their journey on Fryday laſt.

Colonel Harlow is made Governour of Cannon-Froome, the Gar­riſon lately taken by the Lord Generall Leven: From which Army was certified lately, that they were marcht over the Foreſt of Dean, and (as was conceived) they intended toward Monmouth: and thereupon it was generally reported, that the Lord Generall Leven had ſummoned the Towne: but it was not ſo, for he ſtruck off from the Foreſt to Hereford, and ſent ſummons to it, but was refuſed by the Towne: He is now before the Towne, hath layd cloſe ſiege to it; ſent for his great battering Peeces, and rayſed workes and ram­piers for batterie: what the iſſue will be, I cannot tell you; that we leave to God, who I hope will give that Towne and the reſt ſhort­ly into the Parliaments hands.

And thus much give me leave to ſay, for ſatisfaction to ſome, that although no great actions have beene done by that Army ſince they came into theſe Southerne or South-weſt parts, yet they have done great ſervice (though eaſie) in hindring the Kings deſignes & his re­cruits; and when God ſhall be pleaſed to put them upon greater action, I doubt not of their good and well performance of it; if men would have patience to ſtay Gods time, and not look upon men as if they were Gods, able to doe what they will; nor eſteeme of them worſe then men: which are two extrenies betweene which mens fancies are too much divided, and too often fall upon preju­dice by the one or by the other; it were well if men would avoyd both theſe evills, and looke upon men as men, without ſingularitie, or prejudice, but onely as inſtruments, by which God worketh to accompliſh his owne will.

The Parliament have intreated Generall Leven to take care to keepe the King on that ſide of Severne where he is, and to hinder his740 recruits as much as may be, and to keepe any partie from Cheſhire and thoſe parts; which no doubt he will doe, and ſomething elſe, of which I hope you will heare ſhortly. There are ſome Letters from Scotland this week, but they import no action or other newes that concernes our Intelligence.

There is care taken by the Parliament for the keeping in of the Enemie at Oxford, Boſtock, Banbury, Walling ford, Dunington, and Baſing, which will with all poſſible ſpeed be effected, to the eaſe of all the Counties adjacent, and the better if all would freely joyne in the worke for their owne good. The Reformadoes that laſt went to the reliefe of Taunton are all to be imployed in that ſervice. Care is alſo taken for the affaires in Cheſhire, &c. and for Newarke, though for the preſent they are injurious to the Countie of Lincolne. They have taken a Garriſon called Torſey-houſe, about 4 or 5 miles from Gainsborough, they have burnt the houſe, & drawn up ſome Sluces, ve­rie prejudiciall to the Countie. A care is taken to ſecure that Coun­tie, and not onely ſo, but to bring that helliſh ſanctuarie of diaboli­call robbers into a better obedience; which if God be pleaſed to bleſſe the deſigne, will be of happie concernment to all thoſe Counties, and to the Kingdome; I pray God proſper the worke.

Severall debates have beene in the houſe, about the eſtabliſhment of the government of the Church in a Presbyterie way, and ſetling all things therein according to the true meaning and ſenſe of Sacred Scripture: As alſo to diſtinguiſh (as farre as is poſſible) betweene them that are Chriſtians indeed, and thoſe that are onely Chriſtians by name, &c. that ſuch as are not fit to be partaker of holy things, (either by reaſon of their continued prophane lives, or by reaſon of their darke ignorance) to receive the bleſſed Sacrament of the Lords Supper, may be for a time ſeparated from thoſe that are fit & worthie receivers of thoſe holy miſteies, till they be better inſtru­cted and admoniſhed: yet ſo, as there ſhall not be any violence to force any mans conſcience (as ſome have dreamed and given out in words to retard the worke, and to rayſe jealouſies) no otherwiſe then by holy and Chriſtian exhortation, according to the rule of holy Scripture, that ſo we that profeſſe Chriſtianitie, may be Chri­ſtians indeed, and all of one mind, and one heart, as the Father and the Son are one; for Chriſt hath but one ſheep-fold and one Shep­heard; and he that entreth not in by the doore into the ſheep-fold,741 but by ſome other way, he is a thiefe and a robber. It is true, that all authorities and powers are made ſubject to Chriſt, both in heaven and on earth; yet all Chriſtians and men are by Chriſt made ſubject to all lawfull authorities on earth, for the powers that be are ordained of God, and we are all bound to ſubmit thereunto, even for conſcience ſake, for ſo the Apoſtle teacheth: that is, in all things commanded by God, and in all things not forbidden by God; elſe were the ſword put into the hand of the Magiſtrate in vaine, which it is not: for Scripture tells us, He beareth not the ſword in vaine. Therefore, he that diſobeyeth in either of theſe, reſiſts the ordinance of God; as he that obeyeth more then this, tranſgreſſeth againſt the command of God; both which make him lyable to wrath, and brings him in danger of damnation: I pray God we may all ſeriouſly conſider it, and learne to be godly wiſe, that we may denie our ſelves, forſake our owne wiſedomes, and our owne righteouſneſſe, that God in Chriſt may be all in all unto us: If we thus doe, and ſeeke Peace one with another, God will ſurely give Peace to the Kingdome; elſe we cannot expect it from God as a bleſſing.

The Garriſon of Banbury hath of late done verie much hurt to all the adjacent Counties, and doe dayly make incurſions into all Roads; & have robbed manie Carriers that paſſe, Coventry Road eſpe­cially; they are as perfect at that Trade, as if there were with them ſome of the Journy-men of the Lord of Loughboroughs which is the arch rob-Carrier of England; they beſtir themſelves devilliſhly, as if they were in their laſt yeare of libertie, now let looſe to trouble the Inhabitants of the Earth.

Sandall Caſtle, and Skipton in Yorkeſhire, are both beſieged, the Enemie are yet wilfull, and muſt be whipt into a better humour, which it is likely (by Gods bleſſing) will ſhortly be done: There is great hopes of Latham-houſe, but no certaintie.

Major Generall Skippon is recovered very well in his health, and in great meaſure healed of his wounds, which is a mercie to the Kingdome; for he hath, as is ſtill likely, to be a good inſtrument of good to the publique.

Lieutenant Generall Cromwell hath beene ſick of a Feaver in Bridgewater, but is in part recovered; God be prayſed for the lives of ſuch Worthies.

Major Generall Browne is now in London, he hath made knowne742 to the Houſe the eſtate of thoſe Counties within his Commiſſion, and is haſtening the ayd that ſhall be for their ſupport.

Major Temple is made Governour of the Garriſon of Newport. Pagnell.

Some Letters from Ireland, relate much crueltie dayly executed upon the Proteſtant partie by thoſe Antichriſtian Rebe's, or rather Helliſh Pagans; it is pittiſull to relate, and very grievous to con­ſider the immane dealings of thoſe bloudie men: let us all ſeeke God for them, and ſend them what helpe we are able, and God will in due time deliver them and us.

I ſhall now endeavour to give you intelligence of the paſſages in the Weſt. Laſt weeke I told you our Noble Generall, Sir Thomas Fairfax, was at Wells, and Major Generall Maſſey gone toward the enemie; which was true: but now the Generall is before Sherborne. He hath rayſed batteries, and made divers battering ſhot: his whole Armie is there with him, quartered at all the Townes adjacent; Major Generall Maſſey is marcht that way, towards him. The ene­mie, Goring and Greenvile, are betweene Exeter and Barstable; they have drawne out divers of their Ordnance from Exeter, to make them a Traine of Artillerie: his Majeſtie made our Noble Gene­rall Maſter of his Ordnance at Naesby field, and Goring delivered all that was in his cuſtodie unto his charge at Langport and Bridge­water, and is now bringing more to him out of Exeter; if God pleaſe, they may all ſhortly be delivered to our Generall to keepe, he knowes how to uſe them well. His Majeſtie is ſomewhere in Wales, but I cannot tell you where; I will at this time obey his Pro­clamation (yet I never ſee it) and will not tell any man where he is. I know he is not where he ſhould be; if he were, it would be a dou­ble happineſſe, not more to his ſubjects then to himſelfe: God open his eyes, and ſhew him the way to find out his errors, & miſ-leaders; they hate him, but his Majeſtie loves them: but his Majeſtie loves not them that loves him moſt; he takes counſaile with them that are the deſtroyers of counſaile.

It is by Letters certined from the Generals Armie, that hee in­tends to advance ſpeedily toward the enemie with his whole Body: the enemie drawes all out of Cornwall, and their Garriſons, to make up a Body: it ſeemes, they meane to have another field for their part; let them goe on, and let God fight his owne Battailes, and743 judge betweene us and them. The inhabitants of Cornwall (though they are really Gorings friends, and that partie to aſſiſt them) will not ſuffer Goring to come with his Armie into that Countrey: and to that end they ſupplicate, leſt our Generall following, their Coun­trey ſhould be deſtroyed by both Armies; they begin to faint: if God give their Armie now, with Greenvile and Goring, into the Ge­nerals hand, all Cornwall will crie for mercie.

Major Generall Maſſey is going toward Bristol (as is certified) with about 2500 Horſe and Dragoones, and two or three Regiments of foot, to block up the enemie at diſtance; the Plague is ſtill very hot in the Towne.

Farnley Caſtle, the Houſe of Sir Hungerford, in the Countie of Wilts, hath yeelded voluntarily to Sir Thomas Fainfax, and both Governour and ſouldiers ſubmit to the obedience of the Parlia­ment.

The Club men are little ſpoken of in any Countie, it ſeemes they are in a good way of ſubmiſſion; and it is not the leaſt of the reſt of Gods mercies, that hath diſpoſed ſo of things, that the enemie is diſappointed in that plot and hope. The Club-men of Hampſhire generally have declared themſelves, to caſt themſelves upon the Par­liament for all matters of right, and to ſubmit to ſuch government of the Church, as by the Aſſembly ſhall be propounded to the Par­liament, &c.

There was a partie from Baſing Houſe, that went to M. Wallops Parke, called Farreley Parke, and were there killing and ſpoyling the Deere; and the Countrey came in upon them, and beat them, tooke ſome of them, and divers of their Armes, the reſt fled away. At a place called Tadley, about five miles from Baſing, they in­tended to keepe a Wake, and there came divers to ſell Fruit, and Pedlars Ware, and it was to be kept the laſt Sabbath day; but on the Saturday night a partie from Reading went thither, and tooke from them all their proviſions, Pedlars packs, and other Knacks, which ſpoyled all their ſport.

There hath beene debate in the Houſe about ſending Propoſitions to the King, if yet his Majeſtie will be pleaſed to accept thereof; and it was voted they would ſend Propoſitions by Bill, but without any Treatie. The world may ſee the Parliaments deſire of peace, and744 their tender care of his Majeſties honour and preſervation; pro­vided it may ſtand with the ſafetie of the Kingdome.

There was publiſhed a Murcurous Britanicus on Monday laſt, diſ­honourable to the King; which the Parliament taking into conſide­ration, have impriſoned both the Author and Printer: it is not the Author that uſed to write the firſt Britanicus. Aulicus of Oxford hath continually abuſed the Parliament in the baſeſt language that a baſe heart could conceive, and his Majeſtie hath never given the leaſt check to him for it; but the Parliament would not ſo requite his Majeſtie.

Colonel Ruſſel is appointed to be Governour of the Iſle of Ely.

The Club-men in Dorſetſhire being tumultuouſly ga­thered together, and ſent to by the Generall to depart to their Dwellings, would not, but grew more nume­rous: The Generall ſent Lieutenant Generall Cromwell with two Regiments of Horſe, and two Regimenrs of Foot, and ſent them home with bleeding pates; a juſt reward for their boldneſſe.

Reports tell us of Ruperts comming to Banbury, and the Kings preparation toward the North; it were good to ſeare the worſt.

There is a Tract intituled Englands Preſſures, or, The Peoples Complaint, extant, which is uſefull to give ſatis­faction to all murmuring Complaints, and worth the Readers labour and charge, to read and buy.

Printed for L. C. according to Order.

About this transcription

TextThe copy of a letter, from Lieutenant Colonell John Lilburne, to a freind
AuthorLilburne, John, 1614?-1657..
Extent Approx. 19 KB of XML-encoded text transcribed from 5 1-bit group-IV TIFF page images.
SeriesEarly English books online.
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(EEBO-TCP ; phase 2, no. A88164)

Transcribed from: (Early English Books Online ; image set 115155)

Images scanned from microfilm: (Thomason Tracts ; 49:E296[5])

About the source text

Bibliographic informationThe copy of a letter, from Lieutenant Colonell John Lilburne, to a freind Lilburne, John, 1614?-1657., Marten, Henry, 1602-1680., Cromwell, Oliver, 1599-1658.. 61 [i.e. 16], [4] p. Larner's press at Goodman's Fields,[London :1645]. (Caption title.) (Dated at end: July, 25. 1645.) (Identification of printer from Wing.) (With a letter from Oliver Cromwell dated 10 July 1645.) (P. 16 misnumbered 61.) (Quire A is in the same setting, but a different imposition, as the edition with pagination: 20 p.) (Annotation on Thomason copy: "Aug: 9th. 1645".) (Reproduction of the original in the British Library.)
  • Lilburne, John, 1614?-1657.
  • Great Britain -- Politics and government -- 1642-1649 -- Early works to 1800.

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  • Text Creation Partnership,
ImprintAnn Arbor, MI ; Oxford (UK) : 2011-04 (EEBO-TCP Phase 2).
  • DLPS A88164
  • STC Wing L2090
  • STC Thomason E296_5
  • STC ESTC R202802
  • EEBO-CITATION 99862975
  • PROQUEST 99862975
  • VID 115155

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