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A LETTER OF Lieutenant Colonel John Lilburns, written to Mr. John Price of Colemanſtreet London, (and a Member of Mr. John Goodwins Congregation) the 31. of March 1651. about the harſh and unequal dealing that his Unckle Mr. George Lilburn, and ſeveral others of his Family findes from the hands of Sir ARTHUR HASLERIG.Unto which is annexed Mr. John Price his Anſwer thereunto.

Mr. Price,

HAving for ſome certain weeks by paſt, been out of the City in the North, at my coming home, I met with a reproachful caluminons pamphlet, without any Au­thours name to it, entituled Muſgrave muzled, or The mouth of Iniquity ſtopped, Printed by John Meacock of London: and inquiring as diligently after the Authour of it, as poſibly I can; I am confidently informed, that it came to the Preſſe in your handwriting, & that your ſelf in perſon were at the Printing houſe, to look after the correcting of it, and that you are the Authour of it: And finding my ſelf and ſome of my night relations, ſomewhat deply concerned in it; I have been at ſome pains in the peruſal of it, and it may be, have ſome thoughts, to deale with it as it deſerves: but leaſt any reflexion upon ſlender grounds ſhould be upon you; I judged it but the part of a man, that hath but either a gra••of ho­neſty, or a dram of metall in him, to write theſe few lines unto you, and to deſire of you, if you pleaſe within 3. dayes after the date hereof, to let me receive 2 or 3 lines from you, for the diſa­vowing2 of it to be yours, or elſe in the failer thereof, I ſhall take it for granted it is yours; and further if you own it, to avoid any further paper jangling, I ſhall if you pleaſe, give you a meeting face to face, with a few friends of yours and mine; where I doubt not but in every circumſtance fully to clear up unto you, that my Father Mr. Richard Lilburn, and my Uncle Mr. George Lilburn, have been as faithful Servants, hearty, as zealous, and as honeſt un­to the Parliament of England, and the true intereſt of the Nation of England, both before the warrs in the Kings prerogative time, and from the firſt day of the late warres, to this very hour, as any two Committeemen imployed by the Parl. in any County what­ſoever, in the whole Nation of England; & never did, either jointly or dividedly in the whole progreſs of their Committee actions, or any other actions, any one ſingle act, that in the ſtricteſt ſenſe comes within the compaſs of the Ordinance of ſequeſtration; and that they both have been great loſers, and not in the leaſt gainers by the warres and troubles of the Nation; and that they have neither jointly nor dividedly done any one action in all their publick imployments, or by any colour thereof, that juſtly de­ſerves to have them, or either of them branded, as cozeners and cheaters of the State of great ſums of money, as Sir Arthur Hazle­rig hath taxed them, or the one of them to be in the Speakers Chamber of late, before divers Members there: and alſo at Haberdaſhers-Hall, openly and ſeveral times; and although moſt unjuſtly he hath ſequeſtred the one of them, and endeavoured the deſtruction of them both, and their whole poſterity; and hath al­ſo ſtrongly endeavoured to root them out, for having a name or being in the County, where they have received their firſt breath, and have had their moſt conſtant abode: And that Sir Arthur himſelf is the man of all them three, guiltieſt of every particular thing he chargeth upon them. All which (if you decline a fair and friendly meeting, as is before deſired) I give you hereby authori­ty to acquaint Sir Arthur, that if he pleaſe to procure an Order from the Parliament, I will meet him at the open barre of their Houſe, upon equal, fair and juſt tearmes; and in the behalf of my Father and Unckle George, or either of them, I will meet him face to face, and will hazard my life and eſtate, as far as by Law any pretended crimes againſt them are capable of puniſhment, to juſti­fie and make good by credible witneſſes, appearing vivâ voce at the3 barre of the Parliament, at the intire charges of him or them, that they ſhall judge the offender and guilty party: provided his per­ſon and eſtate may be declared to be as liable to repair wrongs done to the State and us, (I mean the parties aforeſaid) as ours may be to repair wrongs done to the State or him: and I think this is fair and honeſt, eſpecially conſidering he hath ten times my intereſt in the Parliament. And that you may a little know, I ſpeak not at random; I muſt let you know, I loſt divers hundreds of pounds about 3. years agoe, that in probability I might have in­joyed, had not the malice of a North Countrey Parliament man been, who made uſe of a charge of delinquency, then prefered a­gainſt my Unckle, to be revenged of me his Nephew, to my loſſe and detriment of about 5 or 600 l. that I might juſtly have ex­pected to have poſſeſſed; of which being acquainted, by my faith­ful and never to be forgotten friend Col. Rigby, I haſtned down to the Countrey, and told my Uncle of it, and all the circumſtances of it; and further proteſted to him, his crimes ſhould not be my ruine; and therefore if he would not endeavour to bring his buſi­neſs to a final tryal, that thereby he might be cleared, I would be­come proſecutor in the States behalf, to bring him to his deſerts; but if he knew himſelf clear, and would endeavour his juſtification by a final Tryal, I would venter my life and eſtate with him, and be­come his Agent to mannage his buſineſs for him: upon which I digged into the very bottom of all he was charged with, and came to the Committee of Durham, and before Sir Arthur; and the then Committee, opened his caſe, and preſſed for a ſet day of hearing; which Sir Arthur and the Committee granted, and cauſed the Order to be ſent to Shadford, his proſecutor, a Delinquent in both the firſt and ſecond warre, or one of them, (I do aver it at my pe­ril, ingaging to make it good: now Sir Arthurs High Sherief of the County of Durham, whoſe heart failing him, and his Conſcience telling him my Unckle was an honeſt man, and free from all his falſe accuſations; for he pretended my Unckles power was ſo great in that Countrey, his witneſſes durſt not ſpeak the truth a­gainſt my Unckle; whereupon with my Unckles conſent, I mo­ved, that ſeeing the Gentleman had a Brother ſitting in Parliament (viz. Mr. John Blaxſton) and my Unckle had none, that therefore in regard he might not doubt of fair play, I deſired all things betwixt4 them, by that Committe might be tranſmitted to Parliament, which the Committee with Sir Arthur unanimouſly ordered; but after the Order was drawn by Iſaac Gilpin their Clark then ſitting a­mongſt them, according to all their deſires, and openly read: the proſecutor Shadford whiſpered Sir Arthur; upon which he took the Order, and turned him to the window, and of his own accord blotted out all thoſe lines and words that ordered the tranſmiſſi­on; and in their ſteads with his own hand interlined ſo many lines and words, as made the Order to amount to thus much in effect, That if George Lilburn would forgive Tho­mas Shadford, Tho Shadford ſhould forgive George Lilburn, and proſecute him no further; of which I cryed ſhame, and thereup­on Sir Arthur was over-ruled by the Committee, and the caſe tranſmitted to the Houſe of Commons, where by reaſon of Mr. Blaxſtones greatneſs, my Unckles Petition could not procure a hearing, till he was fain to print a Remonſtrance againſt Mr. Blax­ſtone and Shadford &c. and delivered it at the Houſe door; upon which it was eferred to the Northern Committee, where Sir Ar­thur got the Chair in the Speakers Chamber; where were preſent ſometimes 12. 16. and more Members of the then Houſe of Commons; and Major John Wildman and my ſelf being my Unckles Councel to mannage his buſineſs for him: in the opening of my Unckles cauſe, I paid Sir Arthur and his unwarrantable dealing in his carriage a Durham to the full, to his face, before the whole Committee; and Mr. Blaxſtone had ſo much of it there, that I have heard it credibly ſaid, with very grief he went home diſcontented, that he could not have his will of my Unckle; and after that, ne­ver ſtirred out of his Chamber, till he was carried to his grave: and my Unckle in the concluſion, by that very Committee, was honourably acquitted, and commanded to go home; ſome of them promiſing him to take care of his report to the Houſe, which be­ing not yet made, Sir Arthur and his Agents the laſt year, (pending the ſaid report, to the high diſhonour of the Parliament,) ſeque­ſtred him for thoſe very things then charged upon him out of ma­lice, that his Son Thomas Lilburn had ſo much honeſty, as to be the Countries Agent to complain above a year agoe to General Fairfax, &c. at White-Hall, of either Sir Arthur, or ſome of his Officers, detaining from the Souldiers, great ſtore of their billet5 money; for want of which they were connived at to take free billet of the Countrey, contrary to an Act of Parliament.

And now Sir, upon the forementioned Ingagement to my Un­ckle, I have lately and ſeriouſly and deliberately digged into the bottom of my Unckles buſineſs, that now he is by Sir Arthur troubled, and indeavoured to be deſtroyed for; and upon my Conſcience and life as in the ſight of God, I ſpeak it, I judge them al ſo juſt and honeſt, as that I judge my ſelf bound in duty before God and man, to diſcharge my foreſaid Engagement to him, and to venture my life and eſtate for his juſt preſervation, and if I pe­riſh, I periſh; but if God pleaſe to inble him to follow my ad­viſe, I doubnot but Sir Arthur ſhall purchaſe all the ground he gets of him, by Inches, and ſweat for it two: ſo as a friend, in a friendly way, I expect your ſpeedy anſwer, and reſt

Yours more then ever you were mine, JOHN LILBURN.
For Mr. John Price in Colemanſtreete, a Member of Mr. John Goodwins Congregation, in London.
Mr. Price.

I Muſt confeſs, I am now as hardly induced to appear again in Print, as ever I was to do any thing in my life; and if any other way in my judgement beſides printing, might have preſerved my Family from that fatal and cauſeleſs ruine Sir Arthur Haſlerig intends, and hath viſibly acted towards them, I ſhould rather now have loſt a peece of one of my fingers, then thus publickly to have ſpoken; but when I ſeriouſly conſider that ſtory that I have often heard, That the laying of the knite to the Fathers throat, cauſed the dumb Child in a miraculous way to ſtrain it ſelf, and to cry out for help to ſave its likely to be deſtroyed Father I am provoked and compel­led to ſay to my ſelf; and ſhall I (though lately reſolved in my ſelf, by never ſo much printing ſilence) hold my peace, when as I viſibly and apparently ſee (at leaſt to my underſtanding) not only the knife as it were laid to the throat of my Father, but even to the very eſſence and being of his Family, (and that for no other crime appearing to me, but only becauſe they dare be Engliſh-men, to ſtand to maintain their own rights, and will not be Sir Arthur Haſlerigs Vaſſals and ſlaves, to do what ever he pleaſeth?) O God forbid that I ſhould live to that day, to be guilty of that groſſe baſeneſs; and therefore have I throne fear aſide, once again to ap­pear to the world; yet with this reſolution, to ſpread before my eyes in my writing, both thoſe Acts of Parliament about treaſon, of the 14. of May, and the 17. of July 1649. upon which at my late Tryal at Guild-hall, I was arraigned, and which is printed in the 86. 87. 88. 89. & 90. pages of that Book, called Lieut. Col. John Lilburns Trial; with the conſtant looking upon which, I hope my pen will be kept from any pretended ſlip, failings, or diſtaſte to­wards the State, or the ſupreme Authority the Parliament of the Common-wealth of England; and therefore this being pre­miſed, I muſt acquaint you (with an intent that the world may know it) that after I had ſent you the Copy of the foregoing let­ter by a friend, on purpoſe to deliver it to your own hands; but you being gone out, he left it as he told me with your wife. And7 hearing nothing from you till the time prefixed in my letter was expired, I repaired to your houſe, and had a pretty large diſcourſe with you; but could not in the leaſt find by you, that you were willing to imbrace or forward any of thoſe juſt things I had pro­poſed to you in my foregoing letter; but for anſwer to it referred me to yours, you had lately ſent to my houſe; which at my coming home I found, the Copy of which thus followeth.

To Mr. John Lilburn, at his houſe without Lud-gate, theſe preſent.


I Have lately received a letter from you, importing ſomething concerning Sir Arthur Haſlerig and my ſelf. As for Sir Arthur, I preſume him a Gentleman of that honour and Conſcience, as that he is able to give a rational account, touching whatſoever he is chargeable withall, either by your ſelf, or any others. As for my ſelf and the Authour of the book you ſpeak of, though I pre­ſume my ſelf capable to give ſatisfaction in a direct anſwer; yet I have learned ſo much from your ſelf and others, as never to re­ſpond unto queſtions of that kind; and therefore ſhall leave you to your liberty, how you pleaſe to deal with

Your better friend then you preſume, JOHN PRICE.
Mr. Price,

I Hope you and Sir Arthur judge your cauſe ſo honeſt, that you will abhorre and deteſt to ſuppreſs either this, or an after anſwer to your fore-named Book, (for yours by your let­ter I judge it is) or to endeavour to puniſh the diſperſers8 thereof, eſpecially conſidering you are like to meet with fairer adverſaries then your ſelf, that dare ſet their names to what they do, which it ſeems you nor Sir Arthurs former Champi­ons durſt not; and I promiſe you, for my part, I ſhall own and avow before the Parliament it ſelf, what I about this buſines ſhall do; but if you do puniſh the publiſhers, and ſuppreſs the things themſelves; let me tell you, it will to the eyes of all rational men, argue your guilt: therefore in hopes you will be ſomewhat like men, till the anſwer to your Book come, take this in good part, with the abſtract of the depoſitions ta­ken in my Unckles caſe, before the ſaid Committee of Parlia­ment; where Sir Arthur was Chair-man, as is before decla­red: the Copy of which as they come to me, taken from the hands of Mr. Nicholas Mould, Clarke to the foreſaid Com­mittee of Parliament for the Norther Aſſociation, thus fol­loweth.

The Abſtract of the cauſe between Mr. Tho. Shadforth, and Mr. George Lilburn, referred to the Honourable Committee for the Northern Aſſociation, to be examined by Order of the Houſe, the 5. of March, 1648.

IMprimis, two Warrants were produced, directed to the chief Conſtables of the County of Durham, and dated at Newcaſtle Septemb. 12. 1642. Commanding them to furniſh the Earl of Newcaſtle with Horſes, to carry Ammunition for the Kings ſervice; and unto theſe was ſubſcribed George Lilburn, and a ſeal was ſet to them by the name, as the Seal of George Lilburn.

George Lilburn being examined, and asked whether the name of George Lilburn ſubſcribed to thoſe warrants produced, and the Seal ſet to them as his, were his Hand and Seal; he anſwered that he knew not that it was his Hand and Seal, ſaying his Hand and Seal had been divers times counterfeited, as he could prove.

For proof that the Warrants were ſigned and ſealed by George Lilburn, Mr. Martin Foſter was examined as a witneſs, who ſaith,That he was a Captain in the Kings ſervice, under the Earl of9 Newcaſtle, and that he ſaw (as he thinketh) about ſix years ſince, about the latter end of November, a Warrant for promoting the Kings ſervice, ſigned George Lilburn; but whether it were his hand or his Seal, he knoweth not.

Mr. Foſter further ſaith,That he knew one Chilton was in Col. Hiltons Regiment, under the E. of Newcaſtle, & that he came into the Regiment before they marched out of the Biſhopr. of Durham, which was after the Battel at Yareham, againſt Sir Hugh Cholmley, as he takes it, about Febr. 1642. And that he believes that the ſaid Chilton ſerved for Mr. George Lilburn, becauſe Chilton made an anſwer for George Lilburn, when the liſt of the names of thoſe which were charged with Arms in that County, was call­ed over;but he further ſaith,that he heard that George Lilburn was in priſon by the Earl of Newcaſtles forces, at the time of the raiſing Col. Hiltons Regiment.

Mr. Shadforth being the proſecutor, examined for information, but not as a witneſs, ſaith,that he ſaw not George Lilburn ſign or ſeal the Warrants produced, dated the 12. of Septemb. 1642. but ſaith, that George Lilburn did acknowledge voluntarily in the pre­ſence of Francis Wren, and others of the Committee of ſequeſtra­tions at Durham, who were then ſitting as a Committee, that he did ſign and ſeal the aforeſaid Warrants; ſaying, that when he ſigned them, he would have ſigned 20. more of the like nature, if they had been then offered unto him; for that he was then under a kind of reſtraint.

In the defence of George Lilburn Eſq againſt the charge exhibited againſt him by Mr. Thomas Shadforth.

CAptain Robert Sharp examined, ſaith,That about the 12. of Septemb. 1642. he was at the Town-houſe in Newcaſtle, where he ſaw ſitting Sir Wil. Carnaby, Sir Tho. Liddle junior, and Mr. Liddle Juſtices of the Peace, who ſent twice for M. George Lilburn, who came not, and thereupon a motion was made, that the ſaid George Lilburn ſhould be ſent for by Command; and at the third time the ſaid George Lilburn came to the ſaid Town-houſe, whe­ther by Command or not, he knoweth not; but being come, he was thruſt back by the ſhoulders, diſreſpectively, and the Kings Souldiers being at that time within 20. yards of the place, where Mr. Lilburn was thus uſed: the ſaid Rob. Sharp was afraid that they would keep Mr. Lilburn priſoner, and alſo apprehend him, and10 ſo he fled out of Town; for that he knew Mr. Lilburn was well af­fected to the Parliament, and that the Kings forces had a Liſt of all that were well-affected in that County.

Mr. Robert Carr examined ſaith,That he met George Lilburn at Newcaſtle in 1642. when the E. of Newcaſtle was raiſing forces for the King, the particular time he remembers not. And the ſaid George Lilburn did at Sir Thomas Riddles dore, in the Cloſe at Newcaſtle, complain to him the ſaid Carr, that he was in a ſad condition; becauſe Biſhoprick Gentlemen would force him againſt his Conſcience to ſign a Warrant, and ſaying further, that he thought he ſhould be ſent to priſon, and all that he had ſhould be loſt; and the ſaid Carre heard at that time, Sir Tho. Riddles man told the ſaid George Lilburn, that his Maſter required him to come to him.

Mr. Henry Lever examined ſaith,That George Lilburn in Auguſt 1642. met him at Newcaſtle, when the E of Newcaſtle was raiſing forces againſt the Parliament; and that the ſaid George Lilburn was then very ſolicitous to op­poſe thoſe forces, ſaying, he would rather die in a halter, then joyn with thoſe forces againſt the Parliament. And the ſaid Lever ſaith, that they then reſolved that George Lilburn ſhould go to Scotland for help for the well-affected.

Mr. Robert Carr, Mr. George Gray, and Mr. Hen. Lever ſay,That in Octob. 1642. the ſaid George Lilburn went to Edenburgh to Mr. Pickering, Agent in Scotland for the Parliament of England, to implore him to acquaint the Parliament with the ſad condition of the North, and to deſire help for the well-affected from the South, which Mr. Pickering promiſed to do for them.

Mr John Smart, and Mr. Gilbert Marſhall examined ſeverally ſay,That Mr. George Lilburn in Octob. 1642. at the meeting of the Countrey, to put the Commiſſion of Array in execution, did op­poſe it, ſaying, the Parliament did declare it to be illegaland they; further ſay,That Mr. George Lilburn had been then impriſoned for his affections to the Parliament, if he had not fled out of Dur­ham privately.

Mr. Robert Sharp, Mr. Rob. Carr, Mr. Henry Lever, Mr. Gilbert Marſhall, and Thomas Chilton ſay,That George Lilburn was about the 11. of November 1642. for his affection to the Parliament, taken priſoner by one of the Earl of New­caſtles11 Colonels, and was barbarouſly uſed, forced to go on foot, pinion­ed with ropes, arm to arm, with ſome other well-affected men through the dirt, after the Carriages from Durham to York Gate-houſe, having neither fire nor bed, meat nor drink, for 3. dayes and 3. nights, and that the ſaid George Lilburn was afterwards removed and impriſoned for above 6 moneths in York-Caſtle, where he was ſometimes in the Dungeon, ſometimes in the common Goale. And Martin Foſter ſaith, he ſaw the ſaid George Lilburn Priſoner in York, in the Kings forces in Auguſt 1643.

Mr. John Smart, and Mr. Robert Sharp, examined ſay,That in their hearing the ſaid George Lilburn during his impri­ſonment, was very often above ten times ſolicited by Mr. Raphe Hambleton, to give any ſmall matter to the aſſiſtance of the E. of Newcaſtle, either a Horſe or the like, and his inlargement ſhould be procured; but the ſaid George Lilburn refuſed alwayes, ſaying, he had rather rot in priſon then give any thing to that ſervice.

Thomas Chilton examined, being the party mentioned in the Charge to ſerve for George Lilburn, in Col. Hiltons Regiment, againſt the Parliamen, ſaith,That he never did bear Arms for George Lilburn againſt the Par­liament, neither did the ſaid George Lilburn ever deſire him ſo to do.And Mr. George Gray, Mr. John Smart, and the ſaid Thomas Chilton, ſaidthat Col. Hiltons Regiment begun to be raiſed about the beginning of Decemb. 1642.And Mr. George Gray relates from the ſaid Col. Hiltons mouth,that the Commiſſion of the ſaid Col. Hil­ton to raiſe his Regiment, bore date the 24. of Decemb.And they all ſay,that the ſaid George Lilburn was a priſoner before that time.

Mr. Gilbert Marſhall, Mr. Henry Lever, Mr. George Gray, Mr. Robert Sharp, examined ſay. That they having lived in the ſame Countrey with the ſaid George Lilburn, have alwayes obſerved, that the ſaid George Lilburn hath been from the firſt to the laſt, faithful and active for the Par­liaments12 ſervice, and one of the chiefeſt incouragers of the well-affected in that Countrey.

Mr. Price,

PEradventure you may wonder, why in theſe lines to you I ſay nothing of Mr. Muſgrave, ſo much reported and ca­lumniated in your Book: truly it is, becauſe he is of parts, reſolution and ability ſufficient to anſwer for himſelf; and by what I have heard from him, will rationally and fully do it in his own time; only as it may be, you may wonder at me for that: ſo give me leave to wonder at Sir Arthur Haſlerig, that he hath lien ſtill all this while, and never indeavoured to take his remedy at Law againſt Mr. Muſgrave, for writing his Book againſt him; ſeeing Sir Arthur hath an expreſs Order from the Honourable the Councel of State, to inable him ſo to do; for truly I and many others can render no reaſon for Sir Arthurs ſilence in that particular, unleſs it be the guilt of Sir Arthurs own Conſcience, which tell him Muſgrave will, if queſtioned, juſtifie and fully prove all or the chiefeſt part of that which he hath ſaid; which I do verily be­lieve in my very heart, he will very fully be able to do: for as much as I have often heard him ſay, he can, and deſires no­thing in the World more, then to come to a legal tryal, or teſte. So bidding you adieu at the preſent, I reſt,

A faithful Engliſh-man, JOHN LILBURN.

About this transcription

TextA letter of Lieutenant Colonel John Lilburns, written to Mr. John Price of Colemanstreet London, (and a member of Mr. John Goodwins congregation) the 31. of March 1651. about the harsh and unequal dealing that his unckle Mr. George Lilburn, and several others of his family findes from the hands of Sir Arthur Haslerig. Unto which is annexed Mr. John Price his answer thereunto.
AuthorLilburne, John, 1614?-1657..
Extent Approx. 27 KB of XML-encoded text transcribed from 7 1-bit group-IV TIFF page images.
SeriesEarly English books online.
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(EEBO-TCP ; phase 2, no. A88214)

Transcribed from: (Early English Books Online ; image set 117928)

Images scanned from microfilm: (Thomason Tracts ; 96:E626[19])

About the source text

Bibliographic informationA letter of Lieutenant Colonel John Lilburns, written to Mr. John Price of Colemanstreet London, (and a member of Mr. John Goodwins congregation) the 31. of March 1651. about the harsh and unequal dealing that his unckle Mr. George Lilburn, and several others of his family findes from the hands of Sir Arthur Haslerig. Unto which is annexed Mr. John Price his answer thereunto. Lilburne, John, 1614?-1657., Price, John, Citizen of London.. 12 p. s.n.,[London :1651]. (Includes a letter on page 7 dated and signed: April 3. 1651. John Price.) (Annotation on Thomason copy: "Aprill 8 1651".) (Reproduction of the original in the British Library.) (Caption title.) (Imprint from Wing.)
  • Lilburne, John, 1614?-1657.
  • Price, John, -- Citizen of London.
  • Hesilrige, Arthur, -- Sir, d. 1661.
  • England and Wales. -- Parliament -- Early works to 1800.

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The EEBO-TCP project was divided into two phases. The 25,363 texts created during Phase 1 of the project have been released into the public domain as of 1 January 2015. Anyone can now take and use these texts for their own purposes, but we respectfully request that due credit and attribution is given to their original source.

Users should be aware of the process of creating the TCP texts, and therefore of any assumptions that can be made about the data.

Text selection was based on the New Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature (NCBEL). If an author (or for an anonymous work, the title) appears in NCBEL, then their works are eligible for inclusion. Selection was intended to range over a wide variety of subject areas, to reflect the true nature of the print record of the period. In general, first editions of a works in English were prioritized, although there are a number of works in other languages, notably Latin and Welsh, included and sometimes a second or later edition of a work was chosen if there was a compelling reason to do so.

Image sets were sent to external keying companies for transcription and basic encoding. Quality assurance was then carried out by editorial teams in Oxford and Michigan. 5% (or 5 pages, whichever is the greater) of each text was proofread for accuracy and those which did not meet QA standards were returned to the keyers to be redone. After proofreading, the encoding was enhanced and/or corrected and characters marked as illegible were corrected where possible up to a limit of 100 instances per text. Any remaining illegibles were encoded as <gap>s. Understanding these processes should make clear that, while the overall quality of TCP data is very good, some errors will remain and some readable characters will be marked as illegible. Users should bear in mind that in all likelihood such instances will never have been looked at by a TCP editor.

The texts were encoded and linked to page images in accordance with level 4 of the TEI in Libraries guidelines.

Copies of the texts have been issued variously as SGML (TCP schema; ASCII text with mnemonic sdata character entities); displayable XML (TCP schema; characters represented either as UTF-8 Unicode or text strings within braces); or lossless XML (TEI P5, characters represented either as UTF-8 Unicode or TEI g elements).

Keying and markup guidelines are available at the Text Creation Partnership web site.

Publication information

  • Text Creation Partnership,
ImprintAnn Arbor, MI ; Oxford (UK) : 2011-04 (EEBO-TCP Phase 2).
  • DLPS A88214
  • STC Wing L2133
  • STC Thomason E626_19
  • STC ESTC R206552
  • EEBO-CITATION 99865679
  • PROQUEST 99865679
  • VID 117928

This keyboarded and encoded edition of the work described above is co-owned by the institutions providing financial support to the Early English Books Online Text Creation Partnership. Searching, reading, printing, or downloading EEBO-TCP texts is reserved for the authorized users of these project partner institutions. Permission must be granted for subsequent distribution, in print or electronically, of this EEBO-TCP Phase II text, in whole or in part.