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THE ORDERS AND Directions, Of the Right Honourable the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen, to be diligently obſerved and kept by the Citizens of London, during the time of the preſent Viſitation of the PLAGUE.

As alſo, Rules and Inſtructions, to all Brewers, Butchers, Fiſh­mongers, Victualling-houſes, Hackney-Coaches, Brokers, and the reſt of the Inhabitants, both in City and Suburbi.

With divers excellent Receipts, as well for the Cure of the Plague, as for preventing the further Increaſe and Infection thereof, by Gods bleſſing and Aſſiſtance: Set forth and appro­ved of by the Learned Sir Walter Rawleigh, Mr. Culpepper, and divers other famous Phyſicians and Doctors;

And now publiſhed for the uſe and benefit of all His Majeſties Liege Subjects.

Printed for George Horton, living near the Three Crowns in Barbican.


Health better then Gold: Or, Rules and Directions, as well for the Cure of the Plague, as for preventing the Infection, &c.

VVHereas it hath pleaſed Almighty God to ſend forth his deſtroying Angel amongſt Us, to ſcourge and chaſtiſe a ſtiff-necked and perverſe Generation of People, by ſpreading the Black-Cloud of Plague and Peſtilence, over many famous Nations & Cities beyond the Seas; but hath alſo out of his Divine Juſtice, even now brought it to the very Doors of many who have ſleighted his gra­cious Tenders and Mercies; and indeed who can ſay, I am free from ſuch provocations, from provoking a juſt and righteous God, and from crucifying afreſh a precious, dear and bleſsed Saviour, by their wick­ed and abominable Oaths, by their ſad and lamentable Imprecations, by their vitious Vices of Whoredom, Drunkenneſs, Sabbath-breaking, &c. O let every one therefoe ſeriouſly lay it to heart, the great and original cauſe of theſe our preſent Judgments, and by ſerious Repen­tance, and contition of ſpirit, endeavour to cure the ſinful Plague of the Heart, to amend their Lives, to become new Creatures, to bear a high eſteem of the Bleſsed Sabbath, and an ardent affection to his gra­cious Ordinances; That the Lord may ſay unto London, as he did un­to Iſrael, Return thou back-ſliding People, and I will not cauſe mine anger to fall upon you; for I am me ciful, ſaith the Lord, and I will not keep anger for ever. g acious ſaying, and worthy of accepta­tion. But now for the pbick benefit of all people, in theſe Times of Calamity, I ſhall not onely recite ſome Orders of the Right Ho­nourable the Lord Maor, and Court of Aldermen, for preſerving of Health; but alſo divers Receits and Directions as well for the cure of the Plague, as for preventing the Infection of it &c. And firſt it is thought requiſite that in every Pariſh there be one, two, omore perſons of good ſort and credit, choſen and appointed by the Alder­man,2 his Deputy, and Common-council of every Ward by the name of Examiners to continue in that Office the ſpace of two Moneths at leaſt: and if any perſon ſo appointed ſhall refue to undertake the ſame, the ſaid parties ſo refuſing, to be committed to Priſon until they ſhall conform themſelves accordingly. That theſe Examiners be ſworn by the Alderman, to enquie what houſes be viſited, what per­ſons ſick, and of what Diſeaſes, as near as they can and upon dubt, to command reſtraint of acceſs, until it appear what the Diſeaſe ſhall prove: and if they find any perſon ſick of the Infection, to give or­der to the Conſtable that the houſe be ſhut up; and if the Conſtable ſhall be found remiſs or negligent, to give preſent notice thereof to the Alderman of the Ward. That to every infected houſe there be appointed two Watch-men, one for the day, and the other for the night. That for the Women-ſearchers in every Pariſh, to be of ho­neſt reputation and ſworn to make due ſearch and true report: and tkat the Phyſitians appointed for the cure and prevention of the In­fection, do call before them the ſaid Searchers, who are or ſhall be appointed for the ſeveral Pariſhes under their reſpective cares, to the end they may conſider whether they are fitly qualified for that em­ployment: and that no Searcher, during this time of Viſitation, be permitted to uſe any publick work or imployment, or keep any ſhop or ſtall, or be imployed as a Landreſs, or in any other common em­ployment whatſoever. And for better aſſiſtance of the Searchers, it is ordered, that there be choſen able and diſcreet Chirurgions, to be reſi­dent in moſt convenient places, and to be ſequeſtred from all other cures, and kept onely to this Diſeaſe of the Infection, and every Chirurgion to haue twelve pence a Body ſearched by them, to be paid out of the goods of the party ſearched, if he be able, or otherwiſe by the Pariſh. And if any Nurſe-keeper ſhall remove her ſelf out of any infected houſe be­fore 28 days after the deceaſe of any perſon dying of the Infection, the houſe to which the ſaid Nurſe-keeper doth ſo remove, her ſelf ſhall be ſhut up until the ſaid 28 days be expired. Likewiſe, that the burial of the dead by this Viſitation be at moſt convenient hours, al­ways before either Sun-riſing or after Sun-ſetting, with the privity of the Churchwardens or Conſtables, and not othewiſe; and that no Neighbours nor Friends be ſuffered to accompany the Coarſe to Church, or to enter the houſe viſited, upon pain of having his houſe ſhut up, or be impriſoned. And further, all publick Aſsemblies at o­ther3 Burials are to be forborn during the continuance of this Viſita­tion. And to the end no infected Stuff ſhall be uttered, it is ordered, That no Clothes, Stuff, Beding, or Garments be ſuffered to be carry­ed or conveyed out of any infected houſes, and that the Cryers and Carryers aboad of Beding or old Apparel to be ſold or pawned, be utterly prohibited and reſtraned, and no Brokers of Bedding or Old Apparel be permitted to make any outward ſhew, or hang forth on their Stalls, ſhopboards or Windows toward any Street, Lane, Com­mon-way, or Paſsage, any old Bedding or Apparel to be ſold, upon pain of impriſonment: and if any Broker or other perſon ſhall buy any Bedding, Apparel, or other ſtuff out of any infected houſe, within two monens after the Infection hath been there, his houſe ſhall be ſhut up as infected, and ſo ſhall continue ſhut up 20 days at leaſt.

It is alſo ordered, that care be taken of Hackney-Coachmen, that they may not (as ſome of them have been obſerved to do) after car­rying of infected perſons to the Peſt-houſe, and other places, be ad­mitted to common uſe, till their Coaches be well aired, and have ſtood unimpiſtyed by the ſpace of 5 or 6 days after ſuch ſervice. Ordered, That every Houſholder do cauſe the Street to be daily pared before his door, and ſo to keep it clean ſwept all the Week long. And that the ſweeping and filth of houſes be daily carryed away by the Rakers, and that the Raker ſhall give notice of his coming by the blowing of a Horn, as heretofore hath been done. Likewiſe, that the Layſtals be removed as far as may be out of the City, and common paſſages, and that no Nightman or other be ſuffered to empty a Vault into any Garden near about the City. That ſpecial care be taken, that no ſtin­king Fiſh, or unwholeſom Fleſh, or muſty Corn, or other corrupt Fruits of what ſort ſoever, be ſuffered to be ſold about the City, or ny part of the ſame. That the Brewers andipling-houſes be look­ed unto, for muſty and unwholſome Cask. That no Hogs, Dogs, or Cats, or tame Pigeons, or Conies, be ſuffered to be kept within any part of the City, and that the Dogs be killed by the Dog-killers appointed for that purpoſe. That all publick Feaſting, and particularly by the Companies of this City; and Dinners at Taverns, Alehouſes, & other places of common entertainment be forborn untill further order and allowance; and that the money thereby ſpared, be preſerved and im­ployed for the benefit and relief of the poor viſited with the Infecti­on. That every houſe viſited be marked with a Red-Croſs of a foot long in the middle of the door, and with the uſual printed words,Lord have Mercy upon Us.


Directions for the Searchers.

1. They are to take notice whether there be any ſwellings, riſings, or botch under the ear, about the neck, on either ſide, or under the arm-pits of either ſide, or the groins, and of its hardneſs, and whether broken or unbroken.

2. Whether there be any blains which may riſe in any part of the body in the form of a bliſter, much bigger then the Small Pox, of a ſtraw-colour or livid colour, which latter is the worſer; either of them hath a reddiſh Circuit, ſomething ſwollen round about it, which Circuit remains after the bliſter is broken, encompaſſing the Sore.

3. Whether there be any Carbuncle, which is ſomething like the blain, but more fiery and corroſive, eaſily eating deep into the fleſh, and ſometimes having a black cruſt upon it, but always compaſſed about with a very fiery red (or livid) flat and hard tumour, about a finger-breadth more or leſs: this and the blain may appear in any part of the body.

4. Whether there be any tokens, which are ſpots ariſing about the skin, chiefly about the breaſt and back, but ſometimes alſo in other parts; their colour is ſomething various, ſometimes more reddiſh, ſometimes inclining a little toward a fait blue, and ſometimes brow­niſh mixt with blue; the red ones have often a purple-circle about them, the browniſh, a reddiſh.

Perfumes againſt the Plague.

Such as are to go abroad, ſhall do well to carry rue, anglica, Maſterwort, myrrhe, ſcordiu, or water-germander, wormwood, valetian, or ſetwall-root, Virginian-ſnake root, or Zedoarie in their hands to ſmell to; and of thoſe they may hold or ſhew a little in their mouths as they go in the ſtreets; they may anoint their noſtrils with oyl of Amber, or balſam of ſulphur; eſpecially if they be afraid of any place: Fear, as well as preſumption, being hurtful.

Take rue one handful, ſtamp it in a morter, put thereto Vineger enough to moiſten it, mix them well, then ſtrain out the juce, wet a piece of ſpunge, or a toaſt of hrown bread therein, tye it in a thin cloath, bear it about to ſmell to.

Take the root of angelica beaten groſly, the weight of ſix pence, of rue and wormwood, of each the weight of four pence, ſetwall the w••gt of three pence b••ſe theſe, then ſteep them in a lttle Wine Vineger, tye them in a l nnen cloath, which they may carry

Inward Medicines againſt the Plague.

Let none go faſting forth, every one according as they can procure, let them take ſome ſuch thing as may reſiſt putrefaction.

Some may take Garlick with Butter, a Clove two or three, accor­ding as it ſhall agree with their boies: And for Women with child, children and ſuch as cannot take bitter things, uſe this. Take Conſerve of Red-Roſes, Conſerve of Wood-ſorrel, of each 2 ounces, Conſerves of Borage of Sage-flowers, of each 6 drams, Bole-Armoniack, ſhaving of Harts-horn, Sorrel ſeeds of each two drams, yellow or white Sanders half a dram Saffron one ſcruple, Syrup of Wood-ſorrel, enough to make it a moſt Electuary; mix them well, take ſo much as a Cheſnut at a time, once or twice a day, as you ſhall find cauſe. It will be good to for­bear all crude and moiſt Fruits; as Cucumbers, Melons, Plumbs, Cher­ries, Peaches, and raw Hearbs and Sallas, as Lettice, Spinage, Ra­diſh, and ſuch like, or to be moderate in the uſe of them, mixt with Oyl and Vinegar.

A Remedy ſent to the Lord Mayor of London, by King Henry the Eighth, againſt the Plague.

Take a handful of Sage, a handful of Herb-grace, a handful of Elder-leaves, a handful of Red-bramble leaves, ſtamp them all, and ſtrain them through a fine cloth, with a quart of White-wine, and then take a quantity of Ginger, and mingle them together, and take a ſpoonful of the ſame, and you ſhall be ſafe for twenty four dayes; Nine times taking of it, is ſufficient for a whole Year by the Grace of God. And if it be ſo, that the Party be ſtricken with the Plague, before he hath drank this Medicine; then take the Water of Scabios a ſpoonful, of Water of Bettony a ſpoonful, and a quanaity of fine Treacle; and put them all together, and cauſe him to drink it, and it will expel all the Venome. If the botch appear, then take the Leaves of Brambles, Elder Leaves, Muſtard ſeed, and ſtamp them together, and make a Plaiſter thereof, and lay it to the Sore, and that ſhall draw out the Venome, and the party ſhall be whole, by the Grace of God.

A Medicine, that was taught King Henry the Seventh, by his Phy­ſitian, againſt the PESTILENCE.

Take of Rue, Maudragories, Featherfew, Sorrel, Barnet, of each half a handful; of crops and roots of Dragons a like quantity; waſh them clean, and ſeeth them, with a ſoft fire, in running Water, from a6 bottle to a quart; and then ſtrain them together, through a clean cloath; and if it be bitter, put thereto a quantity of Sugar-Candy, or Sugar: And if this Medicine be uſed before the Purples do ariſe, you ſhall be whole by Gods Grace.

Sir Walter Rawleigh's Receipt againſt the Plague.

Yake three pints of Malmſey (or Canary-Sack) and boyl in it one handfull of Sage, and as much of Rue, till one pint be waſted away; then ſtran it, and ſet it over the fire againe, and put thereto one dram of long Pepper, half an ounce of Ginger, and a quarter of an ounce of Nutmegs, all well beaten together; then let it boyl a little, and put thereto one dram & a half of Mithridate, one dram of Venice-Treacle, and a quarter of a pint of Aqua-Vita, or hot Angelica-water.

Keep this as your life, above all worldly treaſure: take it alwayes morning and evening three ſpoonfuls at each time, if the party be diſeaſed: if not, every morning is ſufficient.

In all the Plague-time truſt to this; for certainly (God be praiſed for it) there was never man, woman nor child whom this drink de­ceived, if the heart were not poyſoned and downed with the diſeaſe before.

An approved Remedy againſt the Peſtilence be it never ſo vehement.

Take an Ounion and cut him overthwart, then make a little hole in each peece, the which you ſhall fill with fine Treacle, then ſet the peices together againe as they were before, then wrap them in a white linnen cloth. Puting it ſo to Roaſt in the Embers and Aſhes, then when it is Roaſted enough preſs out all the juce of it: and give the patient a ſpoonful thereof to drink, and ſo by Gods help he ſhall feel eaſe and moſt undoubtedly be healed.

For him that is ſick of the Plague.

Take white Dittany, Turmentil, white Coral, Genitine, Bole Ar­monick, Teria ſigilata, and Endive, water of Scabius; and the Accedent coming upon him, this muſt be made at leaſt four hours be­fore it be uſed, take of the ſaid things ſtamped each one by it ſelf, and put them ſeverally in glaſſes, and make of all of them a drink at your own diſcretion, making the Vineger mount in the glaſs a little above the other things, and let the patient take it hot, covering himſelf〈◊〉in his bed until he ſweat, and by Gods help he ſhall undoubtedly be Cured.


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TextThe orders and directions, of the right honourable the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen, to be diligently observed and kept by the citizens of London, during the time of the present visitation of the plague As also, rules and instructions, to all brewers, butchers, fish-mongers, victualling-houses, hackney-coaches, brokers, and the rest of the inhabitants, both in city and suburbs. With divers excellent receipts, as well for the cure of the plague, as for preventing the further increase and infection thereof, by Gods blessing and assistance: set forth and approved of by the learned Sir Walter Rawleigh, Mr. Culpepper, and divers other famous physicians and doctors; and now published for the use and benefit of all his Majesties liege subjects.
AuthorCity of London (England). Court of Aldermen..
Extent Approx. 17 KB of XML-encoded text transcribed from 5 1-bit group-IV TIFF page images.
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(EEBO-TCP ; phase 2, no. A88464)

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Images scanned from microfilm: (Early English books, 1641-1700 ; 2534:5)

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Bibliographic informationThe orders and directions, of the right honourable the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen, to be diligently observed and kept by the citizens of London, during the time of the present visitation of the plague As also, rules and instructions, to all brewers, butchers, fish-mongers, victualling-houses, hackney-coaches, brokers, and the rest of the inhabitants, both in city and suburbs. With divers excellent receipts, as well for the cure of the plague, as for preventing the further increase and infection thereof, by Gods blessing and assistance: set forth and approved of by the learned Sir Walter Rawleigh, Mr. Culpepper, and divers other famous physicians and doctors; and now published for the use and benefit of all his Majesties liege subjects. City of London (England). Court of Aldermen.. [2], 6 p. Printed for George Horton, living near the Three Crowns in Barbican,[London] :[1665]. (Place and date of publication from Wing (CD-ROM edition).) (Reproduction of original in the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, London.)
  • Plague -- History -- England -- Early works to 1800.
  • Medical laws and legislation -- England -- Early works to 1800.
  • Medicine -- Formulae, receipts, prescriptions -- Early works to 1800.

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ImprintAnn Arbor, MI ; Oxford (UK) : 2014-11 (EEBO-TCP Phase 2).
  • DLPS A88464
  • STC Wing L2864I
  • STC ESTC R232156
  • EEBO-CITATION 99897834
  • PROQUEST 99897834
  • VID 170971

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